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In todays modern era of science and technology plastics have

become one of the most used products all over the globe.

Plastic is an organic substance and it consists of natural or


synthetic binders.

In general, it stated that the plastics are compounds of carbon with


other elements such as hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen.

The finished product of plastic is rigid and stable at normal


tempetarure.

BEHAVIOUR WITH
RESPECT TO HEATING

THERMO
PLASTIC

THERMO
SETTINGS

STRUCTURE

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL


PROPERTIES

RIGID
PLASTIC
ELASTOMERS
PLASTIC

HOMOGENEOUS
PLASTICS

HETROGENOUS
PLASTICS

SEMI RIGID
PLASTIC
SOFT
PLASTIC

THERMO PLASTIC:

THE THERMO- PLASTIC OR HEAT NON-CONVERTIBLE


GROUP, IT BECOMES SOFT WHEN HEATED AND HARD
WHEN COOLED.

DURABLE, STRONG, HARD.

AVAILABLE IN COLOURS.

IMPORTANT ADVANTAGE, THE SCRAP OBTAINED FROM


OLD AND WARN-OUT ARTICLES CAN BE REUSED.

THERMO-SETTING:

THE THERMO- SETTING OR HEAT CONVERTIBLE GROUP,


IT BECOME RIGID WHEN MOULDED AT SUITABLE
PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE.

DURABLE, SRTONG AND HARD.

AVAILABLE IN A VARIETY OF BEAUTIFUL COLOURS.

HOMOGENEOUS PLASTICS:
THIS PLASTIC CONTAINS CARBON CHAIN I.e, THE PLASTICS
OF THIS GROUP ARE COMPOSED ONLY OF CARBON
ATOMS AND THEY EXHIBIT HOMOGENEOUS STRUCTURE.

HETEROGENEOUS PLASTICS:
THIS PLASTIC IS COMPOSED OF THE CHAIN CONTAINING
CARBON AND OXYGEN, THE NITROGEN AND OTHER
ELEMENTS EXHIBIT HETEROGENEOUS STRUCTURE.

RIGID PLASTICS:
THIS PLASTICS HAVE HIGH MODULE AND OF ELASTICITY THEY
RETAIN THEIR SHAPES UNDER EXTERIOR STRESS APPLIED AT
NORMAL OR MODERATELY INCREASED TEMPERATURES.

SEMI- RIGID PLASTICS:


THIS PLASTICS HAVE MEDIUM MODULUS OF ELASTICITY AND
THE ELONGATION UNDER PRESSURE COMPLETELY
DISAPPEARS, WHEN PRESSURE IS REMOVED.

SOFT PLASTICS:
THESE PLASTICS HAVE LOW MODULUS OF ELASTICITY AND
THE ELONGATION UNDER PRESSURE DISAPPEARS SLOWLY,
WHEN PRESSURE IS REMOVED.

SOFT PLASTICS:
HAVE LOW MODULUS OF ELASTICITY AND THE ELONGATION
UNDER PRESSURE DISSAPEARS SLOWLY, WHEN PRESSURE IS
REMOVED.

ELASTOMERS:
SOFT AND ELASTIC WITH LOW MODULUS OF ELASTICITY. THEY
DEFORM CONSIDERABLY UNDER LOAD AT ROOM
TEMPERATURE AND RETURN TO THEIR OROGINAL SHAPE,
WHEN THE LOAD IS RELEASED.

APPEARANCE:
SOME PLASTICS ARE COMPLETELY TRANSPARENT IN
APPEARANCE. WITH ADDITION OF SUITABLE PIGMENTS THE
PLASTICS CAN BE MADE TO HAVE APPEARANCE OF VARIETY
OF ATTRAVTIVE, OPAQUE, STABLE AND TRANSCULENT
COLOURS.

DUCTILITY:
THE PLASTICS LACKS DUCTILITY. HENCE, ITS MEMBERS MAY
FAIL WITHOUT WARNING.

DURABILITY:
THE PLASTICS ARE QUITE DURABLE. IF THEY POSSESS
SUFFICIENT SURFACE HARDNESS,THE PLASTICS ARE LIKELY
TO BE ATTACKED BY TERMITIES AND RODENTS.

FIRE RESISTANCE:

THE PLASTICS ARE ORGANIC NATURE AND HENCE, ALL


PLASTICS ARE COMBUSTIBLE. BUT DEPENDING ON THE
STRUCTURE, THE RESISTANCE TO HIGH TEMPERATURE
AND FIRE VARIES.
THE CELLULOSE ACETATE PLASTICS BURN SLOWLY.
THE POLYVINYL CHLORIDE PLASTICS ARE NONINFLAMMABLE.THE PHENOL FORMALDEHYDE AND
UREA FORMALDEHYDE RESIST FIRE AND USED AS
FIREPROOFING MATERIALS.

MAINTENANCE:
IT IS EASY TO MAINTAIN PLASTIC SURFACES. THEY DO NOT
REQUIRE ANY PROTECTIVE COAT OF PAINTS.

OPTICAL PROPERTY:
SEVERAL TYPES OF PLASTICS ARE TANSPARENT AND
TRANSCULENT.

USES OF PLASTICS:

FLOOR TILES
ROOF SHEETS
DECORATIVE LAMINATES AND MOULDING
ELECTRICAL INSULATOR
PAINTS AND VARNISHES
FOAMS FOR THERMAL INSULATION
SAFETY GLASS
WALL TILES
ROOF LIGHTS

POLYTHENES:

POLYTHENES ARE MADE FROM RENEWABLE


SUCH AS COTTON SEEDS AND CORNSTARCH.

MATERIALS

POLYTHENES ARE CONVENTIONAL PREDECESSORS BECAUSE


THEY RESIST BETTER TO RAIN AND BAD WEATHER.

SAFETY IN USE.

PVC PIPES IN BUILDINGS:


POLYVINLY CHLORIDE IS THE MOST VERSATILE PLASTIC AND USE
OF PVC PIPES IN BUILDINGS IS BECOMING POPULAR DAY BY
DAY.

ALSO USE IN DOOR AND WINDOWS.

THEY ARE TOTALLY RUSTPROOF, ROTPROOF, TERMITE-PROOF


AND WATERPROOF.

THEY DONT FADE, CORRODE, FLAKE OR WARP AND


CONSEQUENTLY, REQUIRE NO MAINTENANCE.

THEY PROVIDE AN ALTERNATIVE TO WOOD.

THEY PROVE TO BE ECONOMICAL AS COMPARED TO OTHER


PIPES OF CONVENTIONAL MATERIALS, SUCH AS ASBESTOS
CEMENT,CAST-IRON AND GALVANIZED IRON.

THEY CANNOT BE USED AT HIGH TEMPERATURES AS THEY


ARE BASICALLY THERMO-PLASTIC.

THEY DONT HAVE SAME STRENGTH AS CAST- IRON OR


GALVANIZED IRON PIPES.

THEY POSSES HIGHER COEFFICIENT OF EXPANSION AS


COMPARED TO CAST-IRON OR GALVANISED

THE THERMO-SETTING RESINS ARE JUST APPLIED ON


SHEETS OF PAPER, ASBESTOS, CLOTH, WOOD,GLASS, FIBER,
ETC.,

THE THICKNESS OF SHEETS VARIES FROM 0.12MM TO 15MM.

THEY POSSES EXCELLENT MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL


PROPERTIES.

DUE TO PLEASING FINISH SURFACE, THEY ARE USED FOR


ORNAMENTAL AND DECORATIVE PURPOSES.

POLYCARBONATE PLASTIC IS A LIGHTWEIGHT, TRANSPARENT


AND HIGH PERFORMANCE PLASTIC.

IT IS TOUGH, DURABLE,HEAT AND SHATTER RESISTANT


ITS VERSATILITY MAKES IT EXCELLENT FOR CREATING
FUNCTIONAL AND AESTHETICALLY PLEASANT PRODUCTS,UT
CAN BE MOULDED, SAWED, SCREWED FIXED, PAINTED ETC.
CAN BE USED AS WINDOWS PANEL, PARTITIONS, DOORS,FALSE
CEILING, TABLETOPS, MOULDED TO FORM CHAIRS, DOMES,
ETC.
THESE BEING BETTER PROOF ARE USED IN BANKS, MUSEUMS
AND CORRIDORS .
AVAILABLE IN PLAIN, TINTED, MULTI COLOURED, CORRUGATED
TEXTURED OR ENCLOSED ETC.

VIRTUALLY UNBREAKABLE, EVEN RESISTANT TO BULLET.


CAN BE MACHINED WITH STANDARD METAL WORKING
TOOLS.
CAN BE POLISHED TO HIGH GLOSS
IT DOES NOT CHIP, SPLIT OR BREAK WHILE WORKING.
THESE SHEETS ACCEPTS PAINTS, PRINTING ETC.
THESE SHEETS ARE NOT SCRACH PROOF BUT CAN BE
BUFFED IF SCRATCHES APPEAR ON THE SURFACE.