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Infinitives Los Infinitivos

The basic form of the verb


Form you would look up in the dictionary
In English it is the form that you would
use after to.
Ex. to laugh, to complain, to be

What would be the infinitive for walking?
tripped? fell? cries?
Los Infinitivos
In Spanish they are also the basic form of
the verb.
They end in -AR
-IR
-ER
Ex: cantar, bailar, comer, beber
Note: all words that end in these letters are
not verbs.
To be, or not to be?
Lets start out with
one of the most
important verbs in
Spanish: ser, which
means to be.
To be, or not to be
Look at the English
forms of this verb: I
am, you are, he is,
she is, we are, they
are
This verb doesnt
follow an expected
pattern; in other
words, its irregular.
Ser, o no ser
The Spanish verb ser is also
irregular.
ser = to be
yo soy = I am
t eres = you are
l es = he is
ella es = she is
usted es = you are
nosotros somos = we are
ellos son = they are
ustedes son = you (all) are
Atencin!
Unlike English, Spanish
sentences do not
always require a
subject.
Why not? The Spanish
verb always gives us
enough information
about the subject, so
we know who we are
talking about.
An example, please!
Soy de Chicago.
Soy is paired up
with yo, so we know
that the speaker is
talking about
him/herself.
And in English?
English verbs by
themselves dont
carry enough
information to tell us
who the speaker is
talking about: Work
in Chicago is pretty
ambiguous!
Trust me on this one!
All Spanish verbs
change, but
fortunately there are
predictable patterns.
The verb ser just
happens to be the
most irregular verb
in the language.
Thats a tough way
to start!
So lets practice!
Your mission, should
you decide to accept
it, is to complete the
following sentences
with the correct for
of the verb ser.
La forma correcta de ser
Yo ______
estudiante.
The envelope, please
Yo soy estudiante.
May I have another, please?
T _____
estudiante.
The envelope, please!
T eres estudiante.
Im still hungry!
Mi mam _____ de
Mxico, mi pap
____ de Nicaragua,
y yo _____ de
Chicago. Nosotros
_______
americanos.
Is that your final answer?
Mi mam es de
Mxico, mi pap es
de Nicaragua, y yo
soy de Chicago.
Nosotros somos
americanos.
To wrap it up
Here are those forms
again:
yo soy
t eres
l es
ella es
usted es
nosotros somos
ellos son
ustedes son
https://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=Yi8VW4xKciQ