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Approaches to Teaching and Learning Group Presentation; Elizabeth Ferguson, Bethany Nicholls, Tara Healy, Jason Grozdanovski

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LESSON PLAN INTRODUCTION TO THE OLYMPICS

Topic The Olympics from Ancient times to modern events.

Year Level 10

Aims for the
Lesson
Students will be introduced to general facts about the Olympic games, starting with Ancient
times before progressing to the modern Games.

Learning
Outcomes
Students will begin to develop knowledge of the basic facts surrounding present and past
events involving the Olympic Games.

Preparation Arrange the tables in groups of four, to encourage group work and discussion amongst
students.
Find two Youtube clips one explaining the Ancient Olympics, and one depicting an
unexpected finish to a modern race.
Create a poster of modern day facts about the Olympics.
Form a timeline of specific Olympic events from Ancient to modern times.
Create a template mind map for knowledge regarding the Olympics.
Build a questionnaire of 5-8 questions relating to the Olympics.
Compile two learning-related questions for the evaluation stage.

Resources
Used
http://www.historyonthenet.com/Olympics/olympics_timeline.htm
http://youtube.com/watch?v=ccDFpoF5tZw History of the Olympics.
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=g3XSoIMuVF4 Best Race- Womens 4x100 relay.
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=tpWna2NC94 Most Inspirational Moments.
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=fAADWfJO2qM Steven Bradbury Pulls a Win.
http://www.factmonster.com
http://www.olympic.org
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOyO6l75GU8

Attached Modern Day Facts about the Olympics.
Timeline of Olympic events.
Mind map template.
Questionnaire questions and answers.

Introduction















Introduction
(continued)
Blooms Taxonomy of Learning Domains is a learning-behaviour categorical system that was
created in the 1950s by educational expert Dr. Benjamin Bloom. It is widely used in the design
of an assessment of educational learning, because it can be used as a measure of development
within lessons.

The Blooms Taxonomy Model consists of three domains; COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE, and
PSYCHOMOTOR. Or, more simply put, intellectual capability, emotional behaviour, and physical
skill. Each domain of the model consists of levels of increasing difficulty, and each level must
be mastered before progression to the next level within that domain can occur.

The Task-Oriented Question Construction Wheel thats based on Blooms Taxonomy Model
states that a lesson should involve six different stages; KNOWLEDGE or information gathering,
COMPREHENSION or confirming knowledge, APPLICATION or making use of knowledge,
ANALYSIS or taking apart information, SYNTHESIS or putting together information, and
EVALUATION or judging the outcome. In order to successfully pass through each stage of the
lesson, each domain of Blooms Taxonomy must be addresses and completed.

For example, for the stage of KNOWLEDGE, students must have received the information with
awareness, and be able to recall and copy it, as this would satisfy all three of the cognitive,
affective, and psychomotor domains. In the COMPREHENSION stage of the construction wheel,
Approaches to Teaching and Learning Group Presentation; Elizabeth Ferguson, Bethany Nicholls, Tara Healy, Jason Grozdanovski
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students need to be able to understand, respond, and manipulate information. Once all three
domains have been satisfied for each stage of the Construction Wheel, students can progress
into the next stage of the lesson.

Each of the following activities will demonstrate a students progression through the cycle of a
lesson; knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation (Elizabeth).

Procedure KNOWLEDGE
Ask students what they already know about the Olympics.
Show the Youtube video summarising the Ancient Olympics (Jason).
Show the Youtube video depicting an unexpected ending to an Olympic race (Jason).
Present the poster of modern day facts about the Olympics (Beth).

COMPREHENSION
Draw a timeline on the board, showing a few dates. Reveal events to students and have them
guess which event belongs to which date (Elizabeth).

APPLICATION
Have students complete the mind map template as a table group (Tara).

ANALYSIS
Have students answer the questionnaire (Jason).

SYNTHESIS
Create a large scale mind map on the board, using groups mind maps (Tara).
Class discussion on the questionnaire answers (Jason).

EVALUATION
What did you learn today? (Beth).
Where do you see the Olympics in fifty years time? (Beth).

EXTENSION TASK (if time permits) A game of Celebrity Heads using Olympic athletes (Beth).

Conclusion The evaluation stage of the Construction Wheel.

Assessment Students will be assessed at each stage to determine their progression onto the next stages
activity, as per the Blooms Taxonomy Learning Model.










Approaches to Teaching and Learning Group Presentation; Elizabeth Ferguson, Bethany Nicholls, Tara Healy, Jason Grozdanovski
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KNOWLEDGE STAGE MODERN DAY FACTS ABOUT THE OLYMPICS
First place winners in the 1900 Paris Olympics received paintings instead of gold medals because they were
considered to be more valuable

Women were not allowed to participate in the first modern Olympics, but they were soon added to the
competition for the 1900 Paris games. More athletes than spectators attended the 1900 Olympics.

The first Winter Olympic Games were held in Chamonix, France in 1924

In 1936 the Olympics were televised for the first time, held in Berlin Germany

The five Olympic rings represent the five continents of the world Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and
Australia, and every national flag in the world includes one of the five colors, which are; blue, yellow, black,
green, and red.

The United States has won more medals (2,189) at the Summer Games than any other country

No country in the Southern Hemisphere has ever hosted a Winter Games

Michael Phelps has won the most gold medals ever; 18 gold but a total of 22 medals in total

Abebe, who hailed from Ethiopia, won the gold medal for the marathon in the 1960 Rome Olympics. He was
the first African to win a gold, and he did so barefoot.

The last Olympic gold medals that were made entirely out of real gold were awarded in 1912

The first opening ceremonies were held during the 1908 Olympic Games in London, it has been a hailed
tradition ever since

The modern Olympic Games have only been cancelled three times in 1916, 1940 and 1944. The 1916 games
scheduled for Berlin were cancelled because of World War I and the 1940 and 1944 games were cancelled due
to World War II.

The first eight athletes to finish in each event receive a diploma from the International Olympic Committee
(IOC). The first three finishers receive both a medal (bronze, silver or gold) and a diploma.

The oldest ever Olympian is Oscar Swahn of Sweden. He was 72 years, 281 days old when he competed and
won a silver medal at the 1920 Olympics in shooting. The Youngest ever Olympian is Dimitrios Loundras who
competed in the 1896 Athens Olympics. He was only 10 years old, he received a bronze medal in a gymnastics
team event.

The 2016 Olympic Games are taking place in Rio, and the 2018 Winter Olympics will be held in Pyeongchang
(South Korea)






Approaches to Teaching and Learning Group Presentation; Elizabeth Ferguson, Bethany Nicholls, Tara Healy, Jason Grozdanovski
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COMPREHENSION STAGE - TIMELINE OF OLYMPIC EVENTS
776 BCE The first recorded Olympics took place in Athens there was only one event the mens 200
metre sprint.
394 BCE The Romans banned the Olympics claiming that it was a pagan event.
1766 CE The site of the Ancient Olympics was discovered by British archaeologists.
1896 CE The first modern Olympic games were held in Athens. Winners were given a medal and an olive
branch.
1912 CE Athletes from all five continents compete in London.
1956 Snow had to be imported into the country of Italy before the Winter Olympics could be held.
1960 A swimmer with a slower time than the first-place finisher was awarded with the gold medal.
Close calls were determined by a panel of judges, and they has already decided that the slower
swimmer should be awarded the gold medal and changed the actual winners time.
2008 43 world records and 132 Olympic records were broken at these Games.

APPLICATION STAGE - MIND MAP




Approaches to Teaching and Learning Group Presentation; Elizabeth Ferguson, Bethany Nicholls, Tara Healy, Jason Grozdanovski
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ANALYSIS STAGE QUESTIONNAIRE
1. What Greek God were the first ever Olympic games held in honour of?
a) Hercules
b) Zeus
c) Apollo
d) Athena
2. Which of the following sports has not been an event at the Summer Olympics?
a) Roller hockey
b) Tug-of-war
c) Pigeon shooting
d) Croquet
3. The Olympic flag was introduced in 1896. What do the five rings on the flag symbolise?
a) The union of the five continents: America, Africa, Australia, Europe, and Asia
4. Which three cities in the United States have hosted the Summer Olympics?
a) Cleveland, Detroit and Atlanta
b) New York, Los Angeles and San Fransisco
c) Los Angeles, Atlanta and Boston
d) Los Angeles, St Louis and Atlanta
5. What does the Olympic motto Citius, Altius, Fortius mean?
a) Go Big or Go Home
b) Swifter, Further, Stronger
c) Faster, Longer, Deeper
d) Swifter, Higher, Stronger
6. Which athlete had won the most gold medals ever, and how many medals have they won?
a) Michael Phelps 18 gold, 22 medals in total
7. Which athlete has competed in the most Olympic Games ever?
a) Canadian equestrian athlete Ian Miller competed at ten Olympic Games
8. When were women first allowed to compete at the Olympics?
b) 1890
c) 1900
d) 1920
e) 1944
9. How many times have the Olympic Games been cancelled and why?
a) Once; not enough participants
b) Twice; threats of terrorist attacks
c) Three times; world wars
d) None; the Olympics have run since its opening in 776BC