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Literature study sports complex

Literature study sports complex



A sports complex is an enclosed area, often circular or oval-shaped,
designed to showcase and practice of various sports events.
Sports complex will have a stadium complex that is to be the most
modern and advance which will be able to facilitate international sports
and mega-events.
It will have a dedicated cricket stadium , an outdoor multipurpose
stadium for sports like football and rugby.
An indoor multi-purpose stadium for sports like basketball swimming
pool , skating rink ,volleyball and a dedicated hockey stadium.
SPORTS COMPLEX
Literature study sports complex

In relation to a city a sports complex must fit in well with the following
local topography
Good transport
Supply facilities
Closeness to industrial area
Climatic conditions
As a rule the stadium is partly below the ground lvl with the excavated
earth heaped up around it.
The size of the inner sports field can be based loosely on the size of a
football pitch .
For athletics stadium there should be a running track surrounding the
field.




Full provision for all field events
A separate warming-up area (desirable)
Changing and washing facilities for 200 athletes in the proportion two-thirds
male to one-third female
Additional separate changing accommodation for boys and girls is desirable
A covered stand to seat least 2000 spectators.
Appropriate toilet and car parking facilities.
An announcers box and provision for the press, broadcasting and television
Officials room
Equipment rooms and store
The perimeter of the track not covered by the stand should, if possible, be
terraced to provide further spectator
BASIC REQUIREMNTS OF A SPORTS COMPLEX
The orientation of the the ancient stadiums were determined by the variable
timing of the contest .
Axes ran from west to east or north to south.
In present time the main axis is usually north-east to south-west to avoid
direct sunlight .
Access gates are situated to the east
Turnstiles are provided so as to direct the stream of visitors to the various
stadium entry points.
ORIENTATION OF THE STADIUM
DIFFERENT STADIUM LAYOUT
TYPES OF SEATING

Seating with backs, fixed and fold-up
Row width 780800mm recommended
Minimum clear seatway 305 mm
Width of seats 460500mm for seats without arms
500mm for seats with arms




Benches without backs.
Row width 610mm min recommended
Minimum clear seatway 400mm
Width of seats 460500mm
These allow closer spacing but are less
comfortable.
The assumed constant of the crown, i.e. the distance from the eye to
the top of the head which is known as the C value
The tread depth or seating row depth
The point of focus (the middle of the innermost athletics track or the
near touchline in football or rugby)
The height of the spectators eye in the first row
The sight of spectator is determined by the following principal factors :
SIGHT OF SPECTATOR
TYPES OF MULTIFUNCTIONAL HALL
TYPES OF GAMES HALL
SWIMMING POOL

Pool capacities may be determined by dividing the water
surface area by 2. Thus a 25 x 13 m pool can accommodate
to reasonable comfort standards 325 2 = 162 bathers.
Changing cubicles, lockers and car parking provision can be
based upon the same analysis plus the following allowances:
Locker allowance based upon pool capacity, with a further
162 changing = 324 lockers, usually in two- to three-tier
compartments
Changing cubicle provision may be based upon a time
factor of 510-minute occupation per bather. Thus in any
one hour 162 bathers in the pool plus a further 162
changing ready to enter the pool = 324 bathers 10 minutes
= 32 cubicles
Car parking provision may be calculated thus: 324 bathers,
3 persons per car average = 101 spaces + a further allowance
for staff, disabled, etc., say 125150 spaces.
Traditional layout of changing rooms
GYMNASIUM

SKATING
FIRST AID FACILITIES
Large numbers of spectators in sports
grounds are a source of
danger to themselves, particularly
from:
Tripping, slipping and falling
Crowd pressure on terraces and exits
and
Fire and chaos.
All spectators should be able to leave a sports ground within 8minutes.
If there are combustible stands (such as constructed of
timber) spectators must be able to be cleared from them within 2 Minutes.
An exit or escape route be less than 1.1 m wide, minimum headroom 2.4 m
No flight should have less than three or more
than 16 risers and two flights with more than 12 risers should have a turn
between.
Ramps should not be be steeper than 10 per cent ( 1:10 )

EXITS FROM SPORTS GROUNDS

ORIENTATION OF OUTDOOR PITCHES
TENNIS COURT
FOOTBALL
Football, Association (Soccer).
L B
International: 100110 m 6475 m
Senior: 96100 m 6064 m
Junior: 90 m 4555 m
CRICKET
HOCKEY BADMINTON
INDOOR BASKETBALL
OUTDOOR BASKETBALL

INDOOR TABLE TENNIS
RACE TRACK
DIVISION OF AREAS
Case Study 1 : Major Dhyan Chand Stadium
Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
DHYANCHAND national STADIUM
DHYAN CHAND NATIONAL
STADIUM IS A FIELD
HOCKEY STADIUM AT NEW
DELHI, INDIA.
It is named after former
famous Indian field hockey
player, Dhyan Chand.

The stadium was a
venue for the 2010
Commonwealth
Games for the
hockey.
Located in central
Delhi.
Accessecibility:
mathura rd and
purana qila rd.
Context:
- Patiala house
court
-india gate pragati
maidan.
Site area:
37 acre
stadium area:
17,500sqm





Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
Ground floor plan
Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
Second floor plan
Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
Seating plan
Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
elevation
Case study 1 MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
Case Study 2 : Talkatora Stadium
Case study 2 TALKATORA STADIUM
Talkatora Indoor Stadium is an indoor stadium located in New
Delhi, India.
Capacity - 3035 people
The stadium was a venue for the 2010 Commonwealth Games for
the event of boxing.
Project: M/S Raja Aederi Consultant Pvt. Ltd.

Talkatora Stadium
Site
Site Plan
Circulation
Services
Site
Three entries to site:
o Vehicular
o Pedestrian
o Players

Two parkings:
o Public
o Vip

Built area:
o Administrative block
o Boxing Stadium

Services:
o Main sewer along Park Street.
o Covered drains for storm water run off
throughout the site.
o 2 underground water tanks for rain
water harvesting.

Circulation
Services
Area analysis
Total area of the complex: 12.13
acres
Total built up area : 3.7 acres
Plans : Indoor Stadium
Plans : Indoor Stadium
Plans : Indoor Stadium
Basement Plan
It houses air-conditioning plants, hydro pneumatic
water supply system, emergency generating sets,
fire fighting pumps and an underground water tank.
Boxers will reach the ring from an
underground tunnel (30.5 feet)
inside the players facility centre,
walking a total of 60 steps.
Roof is at the level of ground and
can bear a load of a 40 ton fire
tender.
Cost of construction 25 lakh
Section : Indoor Stadium
Elevation : Indoor Stadium
Plan : Players Facility Centre
Elevation : Players Facility Centre
60 solar energy lights in the compound of Talkatora Indoor Stadium. These lights are made of Light Emission Diode chip
which consumes minimum energy. The 60 Watt of LED lights provides more illumination than 400 Watt of sodium vapour
lamps. The average life time of each LED light is 50,000 hours and due to their advanced technology these lights require
very little maintenance as well
Lighting and illumintion
Facilities
The stadium has:
one competition ring
four warm-up areas
a tunnel to facilitate movement of the athletes from the Facility Block to the
main stadium.
acoustic ceiling of dome,
scoreboard, video screens
sports lighting.
184 CCTV cameras,
a media centre with computers,
anti-doping centre,
gym
separate rooms for boxers with a bed, a cupboard and a rack.
A number of environment-friendly material and energy-efficient devices
have been used in this block to make it a green building. The venue has
been redesigned and oriented in such a way so as to take advantage of
solar angles and wind direction. The roof of the stadium will also have solar
energy panels.
Thank you