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Troop Leading Procedures:

The Art and Science

1. Receive Mission

2. Issue the Warning Order

3. Make a Tentative Plan

4. Initiate Movement

5. Conduct Reconnaissance

3. Make a Tentative Plan Use FM 7-8 or Ranger Handbook as a guide to plan through the phases and critical events.

Estimate of the Situation:

6. Complete the Plan


A. Detailed Mission Analysis: (METT-TC):

7. Issue the Order


[] Mission: [Paragraph 2 Mission Statement]

8. Supervise & Refine


-ID purpose & intent (at least 2 levels up)

1. Receive Mission

-Understand your role in the big picture “Nested Concept” -ID Main Effort and Supporting Effort

Bring key leaders with you like your RTO, PSG, and SL it saves time with

-ID essential, specified, & implied tasks

WARNO and ensures they understand higher’s mission

-Understand your “Tactical Task”


A. Initial Mission Analysis:

-ID decisive point and Endstate in the phases



Back brief: Understand the mission & your task

-Analyze priority info requirements (PIR)


Post Graphs: Fold maps and copy overlays

-See Enemy, Terrain and Yourself


Read the OPORD with Graphics


Enemy [Paragraph 1 Enemy]


B. Initial Time Analysis:


Order of Battle:



Backwards Plan and create a tentative timeline: 1/3 -2/3

-Composition: What are they composed of, capabilities?



C. Request Assets: “Ask for the world and you may get a town.”


-Disposition: Where are they, what are they doing?



Interpreters, Air Assets, etc.

-Strength: How many, how well equipped? -Recent Activities: See daily INTSUM


Issue the Warning Order



Designed to give advanced notice of operations, provides as much information as possible to allow subordinates to begin parallel planning and preparation,

-Most Probable COA (MPCOA) -Most Dangerous COA (MDCOA)

do not sacrifice time to gain more info

Analyze by BOS:


WARNO – Keep to 5 paragraph format, must include




Situation: Enemy

-Fire Support



-Air Defense


Time Line: OPORD Brief, Rehearsals, SP



Specific Instructions: Issue Priorities of Work & Rehearsals,


begin PCI’s and ID mission specific items





Terrain & Weather: OAKOC (Effects on Enemy/Friendly)


Quick War gaming session with subordinate leaders to get input for plan


Terrain [Paragraph 1 Terrain]



-Obstacles: (Foot, Wheel, Tracked, Air) -Avenues of Approach

PSG Responsibilities: [Paragraph 4 Service and Support]


-Key Terrain -Observation and Fields of Fire



Current troops available

-Cover and Concealment


- total # - vehicle security = dismounted


- adjust task organization if necessary




Coordinate vehicle assets on hand/request



- # and type


- Vehicle manifest: who’s riding where

-Cloud Cover



Inventory available resources on hand/request

-Temperature and Humidity


Class 1: Sustenance-Water/MRE Class 2: BDU's, LBE, other clothing and tools. Class 3: POL/Fuel Class 4: Construction/Barrier (WIRE) Class 5: Ammo/Demo- how many rounds/magazines (SMOKE)


Troops Available -Task organization - current & changes -Available resources – vehicles/weapon systems/assets (translator) -Current/Request -Morale, Experience, Leadership

Class 6: Hygiene Items. Class 7: Major end items (Tanks & Trucks). Class 8: Medical supplies Class 9: Repair parts and Batteries.


Time Analysis [Paragraph 3 Execution-Timeline] -ID critical times and useable time -Make a horizontal time line:

-Mission Received



Update on PLT Equip Status Card (SOP)

-OPORD Briefing


Initiate PCI’s


Point Man/Lead Vehicle Responsibilities: COA Sketch/Sand Table


-Rehearsals -SP



Set up Map Board & build Terrain Model



Post graphics & plot grids

-Backwards Planning: 1/3 -2/3


Prepare route brief

-1/3 – 2/3 Rule

RTO Responsibilities: [Paragraph 5 Command and Signal]


[] Civilians: Media, Religion, Economics -Town: Friendly/Neutral/Hostile



Load all radios

-ID key organizations (ICPC Iraq Civil Defense


Motorola inventory

Corp, IPS Iraq Police Service)


Como check, PLT and CO

-ID key leaders & locations (Sheik, Emon, Police

FO Responsibilities: [Paragraph 3 Fires]


Sheriff) -Calendar: Religious Holidays and Politics



Input GPS/Plugger/Blue Force Tracker

-Cultural Sites: Mosque, historic


Prepare Fires paragraph



B. COA Steps & Development:

-Analyze Relative Combat Power -Generate Options -SWOT: Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats -Array Initial Forces

Delivery Responsibilities (Paragraph/Section-Briefer):


C. War game -Involve Key Leaders! -“Just because it’s not my idea, doesn’t mean it’s not a good idea”

-Scheme of Maneuver/Route: Point Man -Fires: FO -Service and Support: PSG -Command and Signal: RTO


D. Compare COA’s

Briefing Techniques:

1. Feasibility: Time/Resources

2. Suitability: Aligned with higher

3. Acceptability: Risk/Casualty

4. Distinguishability

E. Make a Decision: [Paragraph 3 Concept of Operation]

-Start every OPORD briefing reading the ROE

-Meetings don’t last as long if we all stand up

-Give your subordinate leaders a copy of your OPORD shell to take notes

-Post mission statement so your leaders can copy -Back of map board use as a portable sand table


-Concept Paragraph: Prepare a COA Sketch and Statement -Develop a Synch Matrix -Develop a Scheme of Maneuver

-During concept of operation paragraph portion put all pen and papers down and listen -Write all issues, questions, problems on board and address at end

Briefing Tools:



Risk Assessment [OPORD Appendix – Safety]

-laser, pointers, marker board, butcher paper, overlay, sandtables

8. Supervise & Refine

1) ID Hazards 2) Assess Hazards

Rehearsals: (key leaders, force on force, radio, rock drills, sand table)

3) Develop Controls 4) Implement Controls


battle drills & CQC

5) Supervise & Evaluate


actions on the objective



CASEVAC (Friendly, COB, EPW)


Initiate Movement


EPW Search and Detain

-Can take place anytime



-PMCS & Stage Vehicles in Order of March


Translator ?’s Priority Information Requirements (PIR)

-Kick out Recon/Snipers/Quartering Party -Take up assembly area, attack position

Inspections & Spot Checks (PCI’s)


individual equip


Conduct Reconnaissance


weapons and ammunition

Used to confirm or deny assumptions about the enemy and the terrain. Also



helps leaders visualize the operation. Never go anywhere for the first time!


mission essential equipment


brief-back & spot checks

-Types: Map, Satellite, Arial, Predators, Choppers

- Ldr’s Recon, Route Recon, OBJ

Confirmation Back Brief:

-Bring digital camera & interpreter


Enemy most probable coa


Leave a GOTWA:


Higher’s intent

Going: Where are you going?


Mission analysis: specified & implied,

Others: Others you are taking with you.


Unit status: personnel, equip, limitations

What: What are you doing?


Concept of operation

Actions: Actions to do while I am gone or if I don’t return.







Complete the Plan



put all parts of OPORD together

AAR/Patrol De-brief



graphics, terrain model/sketch


Restate Mission & Objectives


designate the briefing area


Review & Make a Timeline: collect key events from participants


coordinate follow up on CSS and C2 requirements


Strengths/Sustain/What went well


final coordination with adjacent units


Weakness/Improve/What didn’t go well



Recommendations (each weakness needs a recommendation)


Issue the Order


Lesson Learned: Tactics, Techniques, & Procedures

Using the five paragraph format, the platoon leader concisely and


Feedback to improve training, safety, or Intel gathering

precisely explains how the platoon will accomplish its assigned mission. Subordinates share the PL’s vision. Walk away with a clear understanding of what has to happen