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Troop Leading Procedures:

The Art and Science

1. Receive Mission

2. Issue the Warning Order

3. Make a Tentative Plan

4. Initiate Movement

5. Conduct Reconnaissance

3. Make a Tentative Plan Use FM 7-8 or Ranger Handbook as a guide to plan through the phases and critical events.

Estimate of the Situation:

6. Complete the Plan

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A. Detailed Mission Analysis: (METT-TC):

7. Issue the Order

 

[] Mission: [Paragraph 2 Mission Statement]

8. Supervise & Refine

 

-ID purpose & intent (at least 2 levels up)

1. Receive Mission

-Understand your role in the big picture “Nested Concept” -ID Main Effort and Supporting Effort

Bring key leaders with you like your RTO, PSG, and SL it saves time with

-ID essential, specified, & implied tasks

WARNO and ensures they understand higher’s mission

-Understand your “Tactical Task”

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A. Initial Mission Analysis:

-ID decisive point and Endstate in the phases

 

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Back brief: Understand the mission & your task

-Analyze priority info requirements (PIR)

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Post Graphs: Fold maps and copy overlays

-See Enemy, Terrain and Yourself

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Read the OPORD with Graphics

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Enemy [Paragraph 1 Enemy]

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B. Initial Time Analysis:

 

Order of Battle:

 

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Backwards Plan and create a tentative timeline: 1/3 -2/3

-Composition: What are they composed of, capabilities?

-Intelligence

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C. Request Assets: “Ask for the world and you may get a town.”

 

-Disposition: Where are they, what are they doing?

 

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Interpreters, Air Assets, etc.

-Strength: How many, how well equipped? -Recent Activities: See daily INTSUM

2.

Issue the Warning Order

 

-Capabilities

Designed to give advanced notice of operations, provides as much information as possible to allow subordinates to begin parallel planning and preparation,

-Most Probable COA (MPCOA) -Most Dangerous COA (MDCOA)

do not sacrifice time to gain more info

Analyze by BOS:

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WARNO – Keep to 5 paragraph format, must include

-Maneuver

 

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Situation: Enemy

-Fire Support

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Mission

-Air Defense

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Time Line: OPORD Brief, Rehearsals, SP

-Moblility/Countermobility/Surivablity

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Specific Instructions: Issue Priorities of Work & Rehearsals,

-CSS

begin PCI’s and ID mission specific items

 

-C2

 

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Terrain & Weather: OAKOC (Effects on Enemy/Friendly)

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Quick War gaming session with subordinate leaders to get input for plan

 

Terrain [Paragraph 1 Terrain]

DELEGATE:

 

-Obstacles: (Foot, Wheel, Tracked, Air) -Avenues of Approach

PSG Responsibilities: [Paragraph 4 Service and Support]

 

-Key Terrain -Observation and Fields of Fire

 

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Current troops available

-Cover and Concealment

 

- total # - vehicle security = dismounted

Weather:

- adjust task organization if necessary

-Visibility

 

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Coordinate vehicle assets on hand/request

-Wind

 

- # and type

-Precipitation

- Vehicle manifest: who’s riding where

-Cloud Cover

 

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Inventory available resources on hand/request

-Temperature and Humidity

 

Class 1: Sustenance-Water/MRE Class 2: BDU's, LBE, other clothing and tools. Class 3: POL/Fuel Class 4: Construction/Barrier (WIRE) Class 5: Ammo/Demo- how many rounds/magazines (SMOKE)

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Troops Available -Task organization - current & changes -Available resources – vehicles/weapon systems/assets (translator) -Current/Request -Morale, Experience, Leadership

Class 6: Hygiene Items. Class 7: Major end items (Tanks & Trucks). Class 8: Medical supplies Class 9: Repair parts and Batteries.

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Time Analysis [Paragraph 3 Execution-Timeline] -ID critical times and useable time -Make a horizontal time line:

-Mission Received

 

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Update on PLT Equip Status Card (SOP)

-OPORD Briefing

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Initiate PCI’s

-RECON

Point Man/Lead Vehicle Responsibilities: COA Sketch/Sand Table

 

-Rehearsals -SP

 

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Set up Map Board & build Terrain Model

-NLT

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Post graphics & plot grids

-Backwards Planning: 1/3 -2/3

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Prepare route brief

-1/3 – 2/3 Rule

RTO Responsibilities: [Paragraph 5 Command and Signal]

 

[] Civilians: Media, Religion, Economics -Town: Friendly/Neutral/Hostile

 

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Load all radios

-ID key organizations (ICPC Iraq Civil Defense

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Motorola inventory

Corp, IPS Iraq Police Service)

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Como check, PLT and CO

-ID key leaders & locations (Sheik, Emon, Police

FO Responsibilities: [Paragraph 3 Fires]

 

Sheriff) -Calendar: Religious Holidays and Politics

 

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Input GPS/Plugger/Blue Force Tracker

-Cultural Sites: Mosque, historic

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Prepare Fires paragraph

 

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B. COA Steps & Development:

-Analyze Relative Combat Power -Generate Options -SWOT: Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats -Array Initial Forces

Delivery Responsibilities (Paragraph/Section-Briefer):

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C. War game -Involve Key Leaders! -“Just because it’s not my idea, doesn’t mean it’s not a good idea”

-Scheme of Maneuver/Route: Point Man -Fires: FO -Service and Support: PSG -Command and Signal: RTO

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D. Compare COA’s

Briefing Techniques:

1. Feasibility: Time/Resources

2. Suitability: Aligned with higher

3. Acceptability: Risk/Casualty

4. Distinguishability

E. Make a Decision: [Paragraph 3 Concept of Operation]

-Start every OPORD briefing reading the ROE

-Meetings don’t last as long if we all stand up

-Give your subordinate leaders a copy of your OPORD shell to take notes

-Post mission statement so your leaders can copy -Back of map board use as a portable sand table

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-Concept Paragraph: Prepare a COA Sketch and Statement -Develop a Synch Matrix -Develop a Scheme of Maneuver

-During concept of operation paragraph portion put all pen and papers down and listen -Write all issues, questions, problems on board and address at end

Briefing Tools:

 

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Risk Assessment [OPORD Appendix – Safety]

-laser, pointers, marker board, butcher paper, overlay, sandtables

8. Supervise & Refine

1) ID Hazards 2) Assess Hazards

Rehearsals: (key leaders, force on force, radio, rock drills, sand table)

3) Develop Controls 4) Implement Controls

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battle drills & CQC

5) Supervise & Evaluate

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actions on the objective

 

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CASEVAC (Friendly, COB, EPW)

4.

Initiate Movement

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EPW Search and Detain

-Can take place anytime

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ROE

-PMCS & Stage Vehicles in Order of March

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Translator ?’s Priority Information Requirements (PIR)

-Kick out Recon/Snipers/Quartering Party -Take up assembly area, attack position

Inspections & Spot Checks (PCI’s)

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individual equip

5.

Conduct Reconnaissance

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weapons and ammunition

Used to confirm or deny assumptions about the enemy and the terrain. Also

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vehicle

helps leaders visualize the operation. Never go anywhere for the first time!

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mission essential equipment

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brief-back & spot checks

-Types: Map, Satellite, Arial, Predators, Choppers

- Ldr’s Recon, Route Recon, OBJ

Confirmation Back Brief:

-Bring digital camera & interpreter

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Enemy most probable coa

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Leave a GOTWA:

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Higher’s intent

Going: Where are you going?

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Mission analysis: specified & implied,

Others: Others you are taking with you.

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Unit status: personnel, equip, limitations

What: What are you doing?

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Concept of operation

Actions: Actions to do while I am gone or if I don’t return.

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Timeline

 

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Questions/Assistance/Issues/Concerns

6.

Complete the Plan

 

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put all parts of OPORD together

AAR/Patrol De-brief

 

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graphics, terrain model/sketch

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Restate Mission & Objectives

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designate the briefing area

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Review & Make a Timeline: collect key events from participants

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coordinate follow up on CSS and C2 requirements

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Strengths/Sustain/What went well

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final coordination with adjacent units

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Weakness/Improve/What didn’t go well

 

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Recommendations (each weakness needs a recommendation)

7.

Issue the Order

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Lesson Learned: Tactics, Techniques, & Procedures

Using the five paragraph format, the platoon leader concisely and

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Feedback to improve training, safety, or Intel gathering

precisely explains how the platoon will accomplish its assigned mission. Subordinates share the PL’s vision. Walk away with a clear understanding of what has to happen

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Summary