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TIRXVY WIQMR'IPI PSV.
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(17571823).
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3PSWS3G QEVMPI JVQRXVM MWXSVMGI R GEVI WYRX ERKVIREXI TIVWSRENIPI WEPI.
4SWMFMPMXEXIE QYXE'MIM HI PE WIRWYVMPI SFMIGXMZI EPI ZMI'MM PE GIPI
WYFMIGXMZI IWXI MRXIKVEX R RW#M WXVYGXYVE ETVSETI 3IGVYM VSQER FYR.
%G'MYRMPI YRYM TIVWSREN WYRX HIWGVMWI GRH HMREJEV, GRH HMRYRXVY, GRH HMR
TIVWTIGXMZE EPXSVE, GRH HMR GIE E TVSXEKSRMWXYPYM RWY#M.
7 RI KRHMQ PE MRGSQYRMGEFMPMXEXIE I\TIVMIR'IPSV TIVWSREPI. RXV-S
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TEVEPIPI, WEY TVMRXV-S MRXVSWTIG'MI #M S WMQYPXER ZM^MYRI SFMIGXMZ, RIPIKEX
HI GIEPEPX #M RIWIQRM3GEXMZ.
7 RI KRHMQ, HI TMPH, PE )QQE &SZEV] HYT WGIRE HI HVEKSWXI HMR
THYVI. 4VIXYXMRHIRM WI RWXTRMWI XGIVIE; GSTEGMM TVIEY W VWTRHIEWG
S EVSQ HYPGI. #M WMQ'IE MRMQE, GEVI RGITYWI W FEX HMR RSY; #M WMQ'IE
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HMRGSPS HI THYVI, HI TI GIPPEPX HIEP, EY^M S GLIQEVI WPEF. 8VKREX. 3
EY^M XSTMRHY-WI R XGIVI, GE S QY^MG, S EY^M GY YPXMQIPI TYPWE'MM EPI RIVZMPSV
IM. 6SHSPTLI, 'MRRH S 'MKEV HI JSM RXVI FY^I, QRYME HI ^SV FVMGIEKYP,
VITEVRH S GYVIE WEY HSY GEVI WI VYTWIWIV. 8VIFYMI VIQEVGEX G EGIEWX
WMWXIQEXMG QYXE'MI E EXIR'MIM HI PE S GEXIKSVMI HI I\TIVMIR'I PE EPXE IWZZ S
QIXSH PMXIVEV HIWXYP HI VIGIRX MRZIRXEX. R 1SPM *PERHIVW, HI TMPH,
REVE'MYRIE, HI#M WI HIWJ#SEV PE TIVWSERE RXM, IWXI S I\TYRIVI E YRSV
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RKHYMI FYRE GYZMMR' W TSZIWXIWG, #M R QSQIRXIPI EGIPIE RMGM IY RY
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E JEGI, R EGIEWX I\TYRIVI, GY S MRSGIR' EVXMWXMG JSEVXI EXVKXSEVI.
'Y XSXYP HMJIVMX IWXI SFMIGXMZMXEXIE GEPGYPEX, YRMPEXIVEP, HMR 'ERHMHI,
HMR GEVI SVMGI I\TIVMIR' TIVWSREP IWXI HIPMFIVEX #M, GE W WTYRIQ E#E,
4EKVERX SQMW, GY WGSTYP WTIGMEP HI E WYFPMRME WXYTMHMXEXIE GVMQMREP, EFWYVHE
#M R EGIPE#M XMQT LMHSEWE XMGPS#MI E GSQTSVXEQIRXYPYM SQIRIWG. -EX GYQ
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HI TVIZIRMVI E VITIXVMM GYXVIQYVYPYM HMR 0MWEFSRE: -PW QEVGLIVIRX IR
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FIPPI QYWMUYI IR JEY\-FSYVHSR. 'ERHMHI NYX NIWWI IR GEHIRGI TIRHERX UY'SR
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PEVH JYVIRX FVYPIW, IX 4ERKPSWW NYX TIRHY, UYSMUYI GI RI WSMX TEW PE GSYXYQI.
0I Q7QI NSYV PE XIVVI XVIQFPE HI RSYZIEY EZIG YR JVEGEW ITSYZERXEFPI P.
(I PE TYVM3GEVIE PMQFENYPYM PE RMZIPYP EREXSQMIM WXVYGXYVEPI, W ZIHIQ
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TEVEKVEJYPYM, JVE^IM #M TVSTS^M'MYRMM. R KIRIVEP, PE EGIWX RMZIP VIY#I#XI
WGVMMXSVYP W HIE I\TVIWMI MRI\TVMQEFMPYPYM #M W MEG TYFPMGI GIPI QEM MRXMQI
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GEVI YVQIE^ YRIM GPMTI HI VIZIPE'MI:
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3 WSEVFI SQYP R WMQ'YVM.
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3 TIVHIE GI RPYRXVYP %HMRI RM-P EJIGXIE^, 4VIGYQ 2IKS'YP HMRXV-SHEX
3 WEGV XEMR TVSJERIE^.2 1 1IVWIV QFVGE'M E#E R TVSGIWMYRI #M EWGYPXEV
S TVIHMG JSEVXI TEXIXMG HYT GEVI YVQ S JVYQSEW QY^MG QSRSXSR.
'ERHMHI JY FXYX PE WTEXI R GEHIR' R XMQT GI GRXEY; FMWGE]ERYP #M GIM HSM
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GYXVIQYVEX HMR RSY GY YR ZYMIX RWTMQRXXSV.
(:SPXEMVI 'ERHMHI WEY 3TXMQMWXYP; XVEH. HI %P. 4LMPMTTMHI) 2 'MXEX HMR
TSIQYP % 0MKLX R 7TVMRK () TVMQZEVE S PYQMR) HI )QMP] (MGOMRWSR (XVEH.
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R GE^YP HI JE', S I\TIVMIR' MRXMQ E JSWX VIHEX TVMR IZSGEVIE YRSVE
HMRXVI WIRWYVMPI QYPXMTPI EPI ZMI'MM TVSJEREVI #M XEMR WEGV R PYQIE
EG'MYRMM GSPIGXMZI #M E KRHMVMM GSRGITXYEPI.
(EV I\MWX, HIWMKYV, RYQIVSEWI EPXI GM TVMR GEVI SQYP HI PMXIVI TSEXI
ZSVFM HIWTVI MRIJEFMP.
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YRMGI, R GEVI 4PIRMXYHMRIE 0YGVYVMPSV, 7YFWXVEXYP (MZMR, GYQ P-EV RYQM 1IMWXIV
)GOLEVX3, MVYTI HMR IXIVRMXEXI R XMQT. 4IRXVY E GSQYRMGE EGIWX IZIRMQIRX
MRHIWGVMTXMFMP, TSIXYP NETSRI^ #M-E VE3REX VSWXMVIE TR PE PMQMXE PE GEVI TEVI
KEXE W WI XVERWJSVQI RXV-YR GVIY\ RIERX QYWMGMIR 4 EP YRIM XGIVM EFWSPYXI
GE EGIIE GEVI YQTPI GVTXYVMPI HMRXVI WXRGM #M, TVMRXV-S QMWXIVMSEW
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YR WSM HI EFWSPYX, S WIQRM3GE'MI GSWQMG.
0E EPX GETX EP PYQMM, P KWMQ TI %RHVI[ 1EVZIPP:
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0E S KRHMVI ZIVHI #M S YQFV ZIVHI5 1 'MXEX HMR 8LI 2EVVS[ 6SEH SJ
3OY ((VYQYP WXVQX HI PE 3OY) HI TSIXYP NETSRI^ 1EXWYS &EWLS (1644
1694).
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KIVQER PE GEVI GVIHMR'E WI QFMR GY STS^M'ME JE' HI FMWIVMGE S3GMEP. (YT
IP, QRXYMVIE WI HSFRHI#XI RY TVMR GYPXYP FMWIVMGIWG GM TVMR VE'MYRIE #M ZSMR'E
SQYPYM.
4 %FMW TPMR HI QY^MG (7X. 1EPPEVQI).
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XVEHM'MI TSIXMG TVISGYTEX HI YR QEM PEVK WTIGXVY EP WIRWYVMPSV QYPXMTPI EPI
ZMI'MM HIGX GIP TI GEVI #M P-EY EPIW EYXSVMM HI LEMOY.
0E TSPYP STYW EP I\TVIWMIM TI GEPIE MQTPMGE'MIM QMWXIVMSEWI, WI KWI#XI
I\TVIWME HMVIGX, TVMR QMNPSEGIPI EGIPYM QSX NYWXI. 0MQFENYP XVMFYPYM TSEXI 3
TYVM3GEX TR PE I\TVIWMZMXEXI TVMR EPIKIVIE WYFWXERXMZYPYM I\EGX, EHNIGXMZYPYM
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QY^MG FYR# *SPSWMRHY-WI HI HSY WYFWXERXMZI #M YR EHNIGXMZ. 1MPXSR RI SJIV
YR VWTYRW GEVI. R TYVMXEXIE WE, IWXI R EGIPE#M XMQT TSIXMG #M #XMMR'M3G: S
GIVXMXYHMRI E JIVMGMVMM GSR#XMIRXI.
(EV PI QSX NYWXI WI TVIXIE^ PE S YXMPM^EVI PMQMXEX, R GIPI QEM QYPXI
GE^YVM, MRXMQMXEXIE I\TIVMIR'IPSV RSEWXVI GIPI QEM TIVWSREPI #M QYPXMTPMGMXEXIE
WIRWYVMPSV ZMI'MM RY TSX 3 XVERWTYWI TVMRXV-YR GSVIWTSRHIRX I\EGX #M MQIHMEX,
TVMRXV-YR WMRKYV QSX NYWXI, WEY GLMEV TVMRXV-S WMRKYV JVE^ WEY TVSTS^M'MYRI
NYWX. -EX. GE W MPYWXVQ EGIWX TYRGX, GXIZE HMRXVI GYZMRXIPI #M I\TVIWMMPI
GYPIWI HI ITMWGSTYP 6SZIRMYW HMR PMXIVEXYVE QMWXMG E XMQTYPYM WY EHMG E
WIGSPYPYM EP <:---PIE:
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EFWSVFERXI; PMGLI3IVM EFMWEPI; GSRNVMGE'MYRM HIM3GI; EWEPXYVM MRWYTSVXEFMPI;
TIRIXVE'MM LMTIVGIPIWXI; RIVY#MREVI WTMVMXYEP; LSPSGEYWXI QIVMHMERI RXV-S
TIRIXVEFMPMXEXI ZMWGIVEP #M QIHYPEV*MIGEVI HMRXVI EGIWXI FM^EVI PSGY'MYRM
(JEZSVMXE QIE IWXI GSRJVMGE'MYRM HIM3GI) IWXI TVSHYWYP YRYM IJSVX KVI#MX
SVMIRXEX, HITYW HI ZVIYR WY4IX GMRWXMX #M. 4SEXI, RXV-EHIZV MPYQMREX, TIRXVY
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