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LO3 Understanding the regulation of the media sector

Film Classification and Censorship


What are the 6 UK classification certificates?


U
Universal: suitable for all

PG
Parental Guidance: suitable for general viewing but some
scenes may be unsuitable for young children

12A and 12-
Films classified 12A and video works classified 12
contain material that is not generally suitable for
children aged under 12. If the child is under 12 then they
must be accompanied by an adult to see the film.

15 -
No-one under 15 is allowed to see a 15 film at the cinema
or buy/rent a 15 rated video.15 rated works are not
suitable for children under 15 years of age.
18 -
Films rated 18 are for adults. No-one under 18 is allowed
to see an 18 film at the cinema or buy / rent an 18 rated
video. No 18 rated works are suitable for children
R18 - The R18 category is a special and legally-restricted
classification primarily for explicit works of consenting
sex or strong fetish material involving adults
LO3 Understanding the regulation of the media sector


Who are the BBFC and what do they do?
British Board of Film Classification (BBFC)
This is an important company as they watch newly made films before
they are released to rate what target audience certain films are allowed
to watch this means they classify what age group the film is appropriate
for.


Why does the BBFC classify films?
They make sure each film has an appropriate target audience that
wont be offended by the content of the film.
This will benefit both the audience and the producers from having
complaints made as the audience wont be subject to uncomfortable
situations and the producers wont have negative publicity about
there film.



What is censorship?

This is when a censor reviews films and tv shows ect and suppresses
any parts that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or
a threat to security.

Give an example of censorship. (Include film title, complaint/reason for censoring and
outcome)
LO3 Understanding the regulation of the media sector

The Woman In Black-The film was already rated by the BBFC for this. The
decision: BBFC 15. Since the distributor wanted to have a BBFC 12A-rating,
though, it was decided to get out the scissors. 6 seconds of violence and
horror were cut out to achieve the desired rating.

Distributor chose to reduce moments of strong violence / horror in order to
achieve a '12A' classification. Cuts made in line with BBFC Guidelines and
policy. A '15' classification without cuts was available.


How do you make a complaint about a film?
If the Audience is not pleased with the content displayed in a film
they can go online and file a complaint.
There are several websites such as the BBFC that has a complaint
section the audience can fill out.
If the BBFC for gathers several complaints about the same film for
example then they might have grounds to take action against this
film as they have to consider the issue after each complaint.
If On receipt of a valid written appeal request, the BBFC will ensure
that the work, or the relevant parts of the work, is viewed by the
BBFC Mobile Content Appeals Committee, made up of senior
members of the BBFC. (Normally this will include the Director, the
Assistant Director, Policy & Public Affairs and a Senior Examiner.)
Everything will take up to five working days and after everything is
considered the board will get in contact with everyone who has
inquired.