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# THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%

## 3.3.1 C(N C+ THNH L.P PH,/NG N 2

- Thi et ke1 ket cau nhp dam gi an n l i en hp Thep - BTCT
Cau gom: 5 nhp gi an n bang betong cot thep Dng l c
5 x 30 = 150 m
3.3.2 B" TR CHUNG C0U, M1T C2T NGANG C0U
3.3.2.1 B3 tr chung c6u
3.3.2.2 M8t c9t ngang c6u
- Mat cat ngang moi nhp gom : 6 dam
3.3.3 KT C:U NH;P
- Tan suat thi et ke: P = 1
- Quy trnh thi et ke: 22TCN 272-05
Chi eu dai nhp : L = 30 m
Khocau : G = 10 + 2 x 1 + 2 x 0,5 ( m )
Berong phan xe chay : B
xe
= 10 m
Lengi i bo: b
l e
=
3.3.3.1 Cn c# l&a ch(n k*t c,u nh-p
I . Solieu chung
1,0 m
3.3. GI=I PHP THIT K C0U PH,/NG N 2
i=2% i=2%
i=2%
i=2%
B x H= 25 x 3.5
M?t d?t thin nhin
L?p ph? st pha ct m?n
St pha deo c?ng
St ch?t
M?t d?t thin nhin
L?p ph? st pha ct m?n
St pha deo c?ng
M?t d?t thin nhin
L?p ph? st pha ct m?n
St pha deo c?ng
120
117
100
120
120
117
117
100
100
+97.25
+99.75
+100.65
+123.9 +123.9
St ch?t
MAT CHNH DI EN CAU
M2 T4 T3 T2 T1 M1
St ch?t
TLE: 1/150
MNTN:+117.2
MNTT:+120
MNCN:+121
21coc 40x40
L =17m
21coc 40x40
L =17m
21coc 40x40
L =17m
21coc 40x40
L =17m
18coc 40x40
L =17m
18 coc 40x40
L =17m
+121.75
+121.15
+122.05 +121.75
+121.15
+116.25
+123.25
+116.25
+114.25
+116.75
+118.75 +118.75
+122.05
+116.75
+117.65
119.65
117.65
+119.65
+100.65
+99.75
+97.25
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 56
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
Chan l an can : b
cl c
=
Berong toan cau : B
cau
= 10 + 2 x 1 + 2 x 0,5 = 13 m
Tai trong thi et ke:
Tai trong : HL93
Ngi i bo: 3 x 10
-3
Mpa kG/m
2
Vat l i eu chetao ket cau:
Thep hp cacbon M270M (tng ng vi thep A709M cua ASTM),
Betong cot thep cocng ochu nen f 'c =
Li en ket dam:
Li en ket dam chubang ng han.
Li en ket moi noi dam bang bu l ong cng ocao.
I I . Tnh chat vat lieu chetao dam:
Thep chetao neo l i en hp : Cng ochay quy nh nhonhat : f y =
Cot thep chu l c ban mat cau: Cng ochay quy nh nhonhat : f y =
Vat l i eu betong chetao ban mat cau : Betong cap A
Cng ochu nen cua betong tuoi 28 ngay : f
c
=
Trong l ng ri eng cua betong : g
c
T/m
3
=
24
kN/m
3
Moun an hoi cua betong xac nh theo cong thc (5.4.2.4-1)
=
Vat l i eu thep chetao dam: Thep hp ki m M270M cap 345W: (TCN bang 6.4.1.1)
Cap thep: 345W (thep chong g).
Gi i han chay cua thep : f
y
(C!ng \$ ch(y nh+ nh,t f
y
=
Gi i han keo t cua thep: f
u
g
s
= 78,5
kN/m
3
Moun an hoi cua thep : Es = 2,0 x10
5
Mpa
H- s/ quy 0i t1 betong sang thep:
1. Khi khong xet en tbi en : n = 8
2. Khi coxet en tbi en : n' = 24
(W l akyhi eu cua thep chong g)
I I I . Xac nh cac hesotnh toan:
+ Hesotai trong:
- Tnh tai gi ai oan 1: g
1
va (Bang 3.4.1-2)
- Tnh tai gi ai oan 2: g
2
va (Bang 3.4.1-2)
-
Hoat tai HL93 vaoan ngi : g
h
va
+ Hesoxung kch : 1+ I M = ( chtnh oi vi xe tai vaxe 2 truc thi et ke).
+ Hesol an : Trong moi trng hp tai trong, neu chi eu dai nhp Ltt > 25 m th phai xet them
hesol an. xe m (gi atrnay mac nh l a1)
+ Theo 22TCN-05 th hesol an m c l ay nh sau: (bang 3.6.1.1.2.1)
= 1,50 0,65
0,9
28 Mpa
= 345 Mpa
1,25
= 300
0,5 m
420 Mpa
420 Mpa
= 2,4
1
345 Mpa )
= 1,75
= 1,25
30 Mpa
= 485 Mpa
27691,46583
' 5 , 1
* * 043 , 0
c c c
f g E
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THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
BANG: HESOLAN XE m
+ ay do cau c thi et ke2 l an nen ta l ay hesol an : m = 1
I V. Chieu dai tnh toan KCN.
- Chi eu dai nhp L=30 m
- Khoang cach tau dam en ti m goi : a = 0,3 m
- Khau otnh toan: L
tt
= L-2* a =
- Berong mat cau (tnh thai mep trong cua phan xe chay + l ebohanh 2 ben+l an can):
- Gchan banh moi ben : Vay berong toan cau l a: 13 2 =
- Chi eu cao tong thethong thng: L
tt
/ 25= 1,176 m
- Chi eu cao cua ri eng dam thep thong thng: L
tt
/ 30= 0,980 m
- Chon s bocac kch thc dam chuvamat cat ngang cau nh sau:
+ Sodam chu: N
b
= 6
+ Khoang cach gi a cac dam chu: S= 2,10 m = 210 cm
+ Canh hang: S
k
= 1,250 m = 125 cm
+ Ban canh: b
c
= 32 cm d
c
= 3 cm
+ Ban ay: b
d
= 65 cm d
d
= 4 cm
+ Ban bung: H
b
= 153 cm d
b
= 2 cm
+ Chi eu day ban betong: H
bt
= 20 cm h
f
=H
bt
+ Chi eu cao vut: H
v
= 10 cm
+ odoc vut 1:1
+ Tong chi eu cao dam l i en hp: H
l h
= H
b
+ d
c
+ d
d
+ H
bt
+ H
v
= 190 cm
+ Cng onen quy nh cua betong 28 ngay tuoi : f '
c
= 30 Mpa
- Cac kch thc xem ban ve:
ac tr ng hnh hoc:
1.1. Giai o!n I
Gi ai oan nay chcodam thep tham gi a chu l c nen ac trng hnh hoc cua dam trong va
dam bi en nh nhau:
Chon hetoa oi qua mep di cua ban canh
Toa otrong tam, di en tch, momen quan tnh cua ban ay, ban bung, ban canh nh sau:
- Di en tch ti et di en dam thep:
3.3.3.2 La chon kch thc ket cau
+ 0,5 x
1,2
14 m
13 m
0,5 m
dam
1
hesol an n
0,85
Sol an n
1
>3
3
2
0,65
29,4 m
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 58
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
A
s1
= b
d
* d
d
= 260
cm
2
A
s2
= H
b
* d
b
= 306
cm
2
A
s3
= b
c
* d
c
= 96
cm
2
A
1
= A
si
= 662
cm
2
- Toa otrong tam :
y
s1
= 0,5* d
d
= 2 cm
y
s2
= 0,5* H
b
+ d
d
= 80,5 cm
y
s3
= 0,5* d
c
+ H
b
+ d
d
= 158,5 cm
- Momen tnh cua ti et di en dam thep:
S
x
=A
si
.y
si
= 40369
cm
3
- Toa otrong tam cua mat cat oi vi truc achon:
60,9804 cm = 0,6098 m
- Momen quan tnh cua ti et di en oi vi truc trung hoa:
I
1
= (I
si
+ As
i
.(y
si
- Y
1
)
2
)
I
1
= 2.531.364
cm
4
- Momen tnh oi vi truc trung hoa:
S
1
= (A
si
.|y
si
- Y
1
|) = 30.670
cm
3
1.2. Giai o!n I I

Gi ai oan nay mat cat dam l am vi ec l amat cat l i en hp
Thep - BTCT
d
c
b
bd
H
b
A
c1
c2
A
c3
A
A
s3
s2
A
A
s1
H
b
t
H
v
H
l
h
H
v
H
l
h
S=167
H
b
t
H
b
A
c1
c2
A
c3
A
A
s3
s2
A
A
s1
d
c
b
bd
( )

1
3
1
1
.
A
y A
Y
i
si si
( ) ( ) ( )
2
1 1 1
3
2
1 2 2
3
2
1 3 3
3
1
.
12
.
.
12
.
.
12
.
Y y A
b
Y y A
H
Y y A
b
I
s s
d d
s s
b b
s s
c c
+ + + + +

SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 59
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
L 30
4 4
d
b
m
12 x h
b(n bt
+ max 1 0,32
2 2 h
bt
=
Khoang cach 2 dam
b
t
= cm
E
s
E
c
- Theo i 2u 6.10.3.1.1, quy trnh 22TCN - 272 - 05 n phuthuoc vao f 'c l ang suat trong ban
canh chu nen do tai trong tnh toan, tuy nhi en gi ai oan au cothel ay nh sau:
E
s
Mpa (TCN 6.4.1)
(TCN 5.4.2.4-1),
Trong o:
y
c
- l akhoi l ng ri eng cua betong y
c
=g
c
= Kg/m
3
f
c
'
= 30 Mpa Mpa
E
c
= 27.691
Ta ch3n n = 7 n'= 3.n = 21
- ac trng hnh hoc cua mat cat l i en hp ngan han (cha xet en tbi en)
- Quy oi betong vethep:
20 10 10 20
7 7 7 2
- Di -n tch tnh 0i : A
2
= A
1
+ S A
bi
= cm
2
- Toa otrong tam mat cat ngan han oi vi truc achon (Truc i qua mep di cua ban ay)
y
c1
=H
l h
- 0,5 H
bt
= 180,00 cm
y
c2
=H
l h
- Hbt - 0,5 H
v
= 165,00 cm
y
c3
=H
l h
- Hbt - 2/3 H
v
= 163,333 cm
Y
2
= 43,274 cm = 0,433 m
- Momen tnh cua ban betong (aoi sang thep) oi vi truc trung hoa cua dam thep
7,2224
n
x b
c
Hesotnh oi thep- betong:
200000
n
= 2,56 m
=
2,10 m
b
t
= mi n
= 200000
= =
= 14 cm2
A
c3
= A
c1
= = 600
210 x
cm
2
27691
2400
32 x
A
c2
= cm
2
= 45,71
= 210
= 7,5 m
=
2,10 m
= 0,16
=
1322,0
A
c3
=
0,20 m
= 0,02
x
' 5 , 1
. . 043 , 0
c c
f y Ec
( )
2
1 1
3
1
2
. .
1
A
Y A y A
n
Y
i
ci ci
+
1
]
1

( ) ( )

+
3
1
2
3
1
2 2
1
i
ci ci
i
si si
Y Y A
n
Y Y A S
x
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THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
S
2
= 45943,387
cm
3
- Momen quan tnh cua ti et di en l i en hp oi vi truc trung hoa cua ti et di en ngan han
1
20
3
12
20
= + + = cm
4
- ac trng hnh hoc cua mat cat l i en hp dai han (coxet en tbi en)
20 20 cm
2
32
10
21 2
- Di -n tch tnh 0i : A
'
2
= A
1
+ S A
'
ci
=
cm
2
- Toa otrong tam mat cat dai han oi vi truc achon (Truc i qua mep di cua ban ay)
Y'
2
=52,134 cm = 0,521 m
- Momen tnh cua ban betong (aoi sang thep) oi vi truc trung hoa cua dam thep
S'
2
= 35900,634
cm
3
- Momen quan tnh cua ti et di en l i en hp dai han oi vi truc trung hoa cua ti et di en l i en hp
dai han
1 20
3
32 x 10
3
21 12
20 x 10
3
cm
4
= 6112933
210 x
x (
14859013
12
cm
2
x 10
12
+ 51807,4 + 3529762
2
127,87
136,73 + 4200 x
36
x 111
2
)
I
2
= 17,706
A
'
c1
=
210 x
=
+ 662 x
210 x
2
207543,072
32
n'
21
x 10
320 x
320 x 121,73
2
A
'
c3
=
x 20
112,87
A
'
c2
=
4200 x
100
I '
2
= 2531364,4 + 662 x
= 2531364
8,846
2
2.531.364
882,00
7
2
15,238
2.531.364
cm
2
4,762
3n
200,00
210 x
2
) =
x 10
36
100 x 120
12120105
+ +
2
+
+
+
+
(
+ + +
+ +
3
=
=
3
( ) ( ) [ ]

+ + +
3
1
2
2
2
2 1 1 1 2
1
i
ci ci ci
Y Y A I
n
Y Y A I I
( )
'
2
1 1
3
1
'
'
2
. .
1
A
Y A y A
n
Y
i
ci ci
+
1
]
1

( ) ( ) [ ]

+ + +
3
1
2
'
2
2
'
2 1 1 1
'
2
1
i
ci ci ci
Y Y A I
n
Y Y A I I
( ) ( )

+
3
1
'
2
'
3
1
'
2
'
2
1
i
ci ci
i
si si
Y Y A
n
Y Y A S
x
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 61
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
3.3.3.3 Tnh toan noi lc tr ong ket cau
I . Tnh tai danh nh vacac heso:
I .1. Giai oan I :
- Tnh tai danh nh ban than dam
DC
dc
=g
s
x A
t
= 78,5 x 662 x
.10
-4
=
5,197 KN/m./ 1 d4m
- Tnh tai danh nh l i en ket ngang:
+ Theo phng doc cau co: 10 l i en ket ngang, 2 l i en ket ngang tai goi , 8 l i en ket ngang
chnh gi a.
Khoang cach gi a moi l i en ket ngang theo phng doc cau : L
tt
/ 8 = 3,3 m
+ Mat cat ngang cau co 6 dam chunen tren 1 mat cat ngang cau co 5 l i en ket
ngang.
Sol i en ket ngang tong cong l a: 5 x 6 = 30
+ Thep l am l i en ket ngang l athep hnh I 500 vtr au dam vathep goc bat cheo vtr
gi a dam, trong l ng moi met dai l a: 78,60 Kg. Moi l i en ket ngang dai (l ay thi en vean toan) bang
khoang cach gi a 2 dam chu
+ Tnh tai danh nh cho 1 dam do l i en ket ngang l a:
30 x S x 0,786
N
b
x L
tt
- Tnh tai danh nh do l i en ket doc:
Toan cau co: 32 l i en ket doc L100x100x10. Moi l i en ket doc dai (l ay gan ung)
sqrt( .
2
+ S
2
) = 3,975 m, moi met dai cokhoi l ng 15,1 Kg
Tnh tai danh nh cho 1 dam do l i en ket doc l a:
32 x 3,975 x
N
b
x L
tt
- Tnh tai danh nh sn tang cng, moi noi ,l ay gan ung bang: 15 %trong l ng ban
than dam chu
DC
stc
= 0,15 x 5,197 = 0,779505 kN/m/1d4m
- Tnh tai danh nh ban mat cau
24 x 13 x 0,20 kN
6 m
- Tnh tai danh nh tong cong:
DC
1
= kN/m
I .2. Giai oan I I .
-Tnh tai danh nh l p phumat cau (DW). Lp phuday bnh quan: 6 cm
Trong l ng ri eng trung bnh g
l p
= kN/m
3
.
Tnh tai cho 1 dam:
13 kN
m
11,408
11,41 =
0,2807 kN/m
=
/1d4m
0,1
0,78 +
=
5,20 +
DW=
DC
mc
= x 0,42
= DC
l kd
=
x + 24
0,281 + 17,774
6
22,5 x 0,06 x
kN/m
0,151
0,1089
0,109 +
3,375
DC
l kn
=
22,5
2,925 =
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 62
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
- Lan can vabel an can
+ Bel an can
2(30* 30+0,5* 15* 20+15* 20+(60-30)* 30).g
c
. kN
N
b
m
+ Lan can: thep cua 2 ben cotrong l ng 100kg tren 1m dai cau
1 1 kN
N
b
6 m
Tnh tai danh nh DC gi ai oan I I l a:
DC
2
= 1,800 + 0,167 = kN/m
Bang 1: Tnh tai danh nh vacac hesotai tr ong.
H- s/ t(i tr3ng
I I . ng suat mep tren vaay dam thep do tnh tai tnh toan.
Di en tch AH M mat cat gi a: W = L
2
tt
/ 8 = 108,05
m
2
Gi ai oan I : y
t1
= H
b
+ d
c
+ d
d
- Y
1
= 0,990 m
y
d1
=Y
1
= 0,6098 m
Gi ai oan I I : y
b.t
= H
l h
- Y
2
= 1,467 m
y
b.d
= y
b.t
- H
bt
= 1,267 m
y
t.t
= y
b.d
- H
v
= 1,167 m
y
t.d
= Y
2
= m
I I .1. ng suat giai oan I :
Gi ai oan nay chcodam thep l am vi ec vachac chan toan bomat cat l am vi ec trong gi i
L5n nh,t
1,25
1,967
T7nh t(i danh :nh
(kN/m)
0,167
17,774
1,800
0,90
0,90
Nh+ nh,t
=
I
DC
l
c =
Gi ai o<n
DW: 2,925
1,967
DC:
= =
I I
DC:
0,433
DC
bl
c =
1,25
0,65 1,50
I I
II II
Y1
Y2
Yb.t
Yb.d
Yt .t
Yt.d
Hb
bd
b
c
d
Hlh
Hv
Hbt
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THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
han an hoi , toco:
ng suat mep tren dam thep:
Trong o:
M
tt1
= DC
1
.g
DCmax
.W
M
tt1
= x 1,25 x 108,05 = 2400,5 = 240046,3 KN.cm .
y
t1
= 0,990 m = 99,020 cm
I
1
= 2.531.364
cm
4
kN
cm
2
ng suat mep tren dam thep
kN
cm
2
I I .2. ng suat giai oan I I :
Gi ai oan I I , khi tnh ng suat do tnh tai tnh vi ac trng cua ti et di en l i en hp dai han
do ac trng hnh hoc cua dam trong vadam bi en khac nhau nen phai tnh ri eng tng dam
M
tt2
= (DC
2
.g
DCmax
+ DW.g
DWmax
).W
M
tt2
= ( 1,967 x 1,25 + x 1,500 ) x = kN.m
M
tt2
= 73965,8063 kN.cm
- Dam tr ong:
+ ng suat mep tren dam thep:
-73965,81 kN
cm
2
+ ng suat mep tren dam thep:
73965,81 kN
6112933,3 cm
2
I I I . Tnh noi lc vang suat do co ngot
I I I .1. Bien dang tng oi do co ngot:
- Theo i eu 5.4.2.3.3 co
Trong o:
k
h
: H- s/ \$ =m, l ,y k
h
= 1
ks: Hesokch thc l ay theo hnh 5.4.2.3.3-1 (Quy trnh), vi thi gi an khol ay l a
(xem nh en thi gi an nay co ngot ket thuc) vatysothetch vi di en tch bemat l ay gan
ung bang na hnh chi eu day ban l a 10 cm tra theo bang cotysotren l a100mm co
k
s
= (Tra bi eu ohnh 5.4.2.3.3-1)
108,05
17,7738
1
739,66
= 5,24 Mpa
=
=
= 0,5236
-14,12 Mpa -1,412 =
=
116,73
43,274
2,925
0,65
6112933,3
57,83 Mpa
-94 Mpa -9,39
5,78
3
10 . 51 . 0 .
35

,
_

+

t
t
k k
h s sh

1
1
1
. t
DC
t t
y
I
M

1
1
1
1 . t
tt
t t
y
I
M

1
1
1
1 . d
tt
d t
y
I
M

t t
tt
t t
y
I
M
.
'
2
2
2 .

d t
tt
d t
y
I
M
.
'
2
2
2 .

## SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 64

THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
35
I I I .2. Noi lc do co ngot:
Co ngot l am xuat hi en tren mat cat l i en hp dai han 1 l c N
sh
vamot momen M
sh
vi :
M
sh
= E
s
.e
sh
.S'
t
Trong o: S'
t
l amomen tnh cua ti et di en dam thep vi truc trung hoa cua ti et di en l i en
hp dai han
S'
t
= 31925,978
cm
3
M
sh
= 5879,701 kN.cm = kN.m
I I I .3. Tnh ng suat mep tren vaay dam thep do co ngot
- Dam trong:
+ ng suat mep tren dam thep
+ ng suat mep di dam thep
I V. Chieu cao chu nen cua sn dam ng vi momen an hoi:
Dam tr ong:
- Gi ai oan I : D
c1
= y
t1
- d
c
= m
- Gi ai oan I I :
+ Ti et di en l i en hp ngan han:D
c2
= H
b
+ d
d
- Y
2
= 113,73 cm 1,137 m
+ Ti et di en l i en hp dai han: D
c2
= H
b
+ d
d
- Y'
2
= 104,87 cm 1,049 m
V. Momen chay (M
y
):
M
y
= M
y1
+ M
y2
+ M
y3
Trong o:
M
y1
- momen do tnh tai gi ai oan I
M
y2
- momen do tnh tai gi ai oan I I vado co ngot
M
y3
- momen do hoat tai vacac tai trong ngan han
- oi vi dam trong:
M
y1
= M
tt1
= 2400,463 kN.m
M
y2
= M
tt2
+ M
sh
= 798,455 kN.m
ng suat mep tren dam thep do:
+ Tnh tai tnh toan gi ai oan I : s
tt1
= -94 Mpa
+ Tnh tai tnh toan gi ai oan I I vado co ngot: s
tt2
+ s
t.sh
= -15,7 Mpa
+ Tai trong ngan han: -M
y3
x 10
-3
-1,582
Mpa
x 10
-3
e
sh
= - 0,65 x
Mpa
=
=
x 0,51 0,0092 1
=
0,960
y
t.t
+1
1
-0,043
58,797
( )
( )

3
1
'
2
'
i
si si t
Y Y A S

,
_

1 . . .
.
'
2
'
'
2
1
. t t
t
sh s sh t
y
I
S
A
A
E

,
_

+ 1 . . .
.
'
2
'
'
2
1
. d t
t
sh s sh d
y
I
S
A
A
E
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 65
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
I
2
Khi mep tren dam thep at en ng suat chay f
y
Ta co:
Suy ra:
ng suat mep di dam thep do:
+ Tnh tai tnh toan gi ai oan I : s
t.d1
=
+ Tnh tai tnh toan gi ai oan I I vado co ngot: s
td2
+ s
t.sh
= 3,7 Mpa
+ Tai trong ngan han: -M
y3
I
2
Khi mep tren dam thep at en ng suat chay f
y
Ta co:
Suy ra:
Vay ay dam thep at en gi i han chay trc:
M
y3
= mi n(M
y3.t
, M
y3.d
= 35323,68 kN.m
Vacomomen chay:
M
y
= M
y1
+ M
y2
+ M
y3
= 38522,6 kN.m
VI . Truc trung hoa deo vamomen deo (M
p
).
VI .1. Truc trung hoa deo:
Cothetnh truc trung hoa deo theo phan boeu ng suat tren hnh chnhat (i eu 5.7.2.2)
hoac theo cong thc acho trong quy trnh (i eu 6.10.3.1.4), ay khi tnh boqua cot
thep doc trong ban
VI .1. Tnh truc trung hoa deo theo phan bong suat tren hnh chnhat:
Gi astruc trung hoa deo nam trong pham vi sn dam thep vacokhoang cach en mep
tren ban BTCT l aC1, khi ota co:
Lc keo phan keo:
P
1
= f
y
.[ b
d
.d
d
+ (H
l h
- d
d
- C
1
).d
b
]
Lc deo phan nen:
+ Thep:
P
2
= f
y
.[ b
c
.d
c
+ (C
1
- H
l h
-H
v
- d
c
).d
b
]
+ Betong: ng suat trong betong
0,85.f 'c= 25,5 Mpa
ng suat ay phan boeu tren di en tch
chnhat co1 canh l aS= 2,10 m
Canh th2 l ab
1
C
57,83 Mpa
= 345 Mpa
kN.m 35323,68
y
t.t
= 345 Mpa
139573,01 kN.m
y
t.t
C
1
H
l
h
H
l
h
-
C
1
X
p
H
b
bd
b
c
d
H
v
H
b
t
y t t
y
cn t t t t t
f y
I
M
+ +
.
2
3
. 2 . 1 .
.
( ) + + +
t t
y sh t t t t t t y
y
I
f M
.
2
. 2 . 1 . . 3
.
y d t
y
cn t d t d t
f y
I
M
+ +
.
2
3
. 2 . 1 .
.
( ) + + +
d t
y sh t d t d t d y
y
I
f M
.
2
. 2 . 1 . . 3
.
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 66
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
b
1
- hesochuyen oi bi eu ong suat quy nh trong i eu 5.7.2.2, hesob
1
l ay bang 0,85
oi vi betong cocng okhong l n hn 28MPa. Vi betong cocng ol n hn
28MPa hesob1 gi am i theo tyl e0,05 cho tng 7MPa vt qua28MPa nhng khong l ay
nhohn trso0,65
Vi f 'c= 30 Mpa Ta co: b
1
= 0,84
Co2 cach chon C:
+ Lay bang chi eu day ban ( boqua vut) C= H
bt
= 20,00 cm
Lc deo trong betong: P3 = 0,85.f 'c.b
1
.C.S = 8953,56 kN
Can bang l c deo phan keo vaphan nen: P
1
= P
2
+ P
3
f
y
.[ b
d
.d
d
+ (H
l h
- d
d
- C
1
).d
b
= f
y
.[ b
c
.d
c
+ (C
1
- H
l h
-H
v
- d
c
).d
b
] + P
3
P
3
/f
y
- b
d
.d
d
+ b
c
.d
c
- H
l h
.d
b
+d
d
.d
b
- H
bt
.d
b
- H
v
.d
b
- d
c
.d
b
2.d
b
Vi C
1
nh tren: truc trung hoa deo nam trong pham vi sn dam.
Chi eu cao chu nen ng vi momen deo:
D
cp
= C
1
- H
bt
- H
v
- d
c
= 52,62 cm
+ Lay bang canh cua HCN tng ng cua canh vavut
A
bt
= A
ci
= 4620,0
cm
2
C = A
bt
/ S = 22,0 cm
S = 2,10 m - chi eu rong phan ban (khoang cach gi a 2 dam)
Lc deo trong betong: P3 = 0,85.f 'c.b
1
.C.S = 9848,92 kN
Can bang l c deo phan keo vanen :
P
1
= P
2
+ P
3
f
y
.[ b
d
.d
d
+ (H
l h
- d
d
- C
1
).d
b
= f
y
.[ b
c
.d
c
+ (C
1
- H
l h
-H
v
- d
c
).d
b
] + P
3
P
3
/f
y
- b
d
.d
d
+ b
c
.d
c
- H
l h
.d
b
+d
d
.d
b
- H
bt
.d
b
- H
v
.d
b
- d
c
.d
b
2.d
b
Vi C
1
nh tren: truc trung hoa deo nam trong pham vi sn dam.
Chi eu cao chu nen ng vi momen deo:
D
cp
= C
1
- H
bt
- H
v
- d
c
= 46,13 cm
VI .2. Tnh truc trung hoa deo theo cong thc trong quy trnh:
Trong o:
H
b
= 153 cm = 1,53 m - Chi eu cao sn dam
f
y
= 345 Mpa = 34,5
kN/cm
2
- Cng ochay nhonhat cua thep l am dam
f '
c
= 30 Mpa = 3,0
kN/cm
2
- C onen quy nh BT tuoi 28 ngay tuoi
A
bt
= 4620,0
cm
2
- Di en tch phan betong (kecavut)
A
s1
= 260
cm
2
- Di en tch canh chu keo
A
s2
= 306
cm
2
- Di en tch sn dam
cm
cm 79,13
C1= -
C1= -
= 85,62
=
1
1
]
1

+

1
85 . 0
2
2
'
3 1
s y
bt c s y s y
b
CP
A f
A f A f A f
H
D
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 67
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
A
s3
= 96
cm
2
- Di en tch canh chu nen
Ta tnh c: D
cp
= 32,13 cm
VI .3. Momen deo:
- Canh di dam thep
- Canh tren dam thep
- Sn dam thep
- Ban BTCT
- Vut chnhat
- Vut tam gi ac
- Momen deo: kN.m
M
p
= (M
p.si
+ M
p.ci
) = 20823,7
VI I . Tnh hieu ng cua tai trong.
VI I .1. Cac heso:
VI I .1.1. Hesoieu chnh tai trong
* Tnh deo: (i eu 1.3.3)
Heket cau cua cau phai c nh kch thc vacau tao eam bao sphat tri en ang
kevacothenhn thay c cac bi en dang khong an hoi trang thai gi i han cng o
vatrang thai gi i han ac bi et trc khi bphahoai
Cothegi anh rang cac yeu cau vetnh deo c thoa man oi vi 1 ket cau betong
osc khang cua l i en ket khong thap hn 1,3 l an ng l c l n nhat do tac ong khong an
hoi cua cac cau ki en l i en ketac ong l en l i en ket o.
oi vi trang thai gi i han cng o:
h
D
>1,05 cho cau ki en val i en ket khong deo
h
D
=1,0 cho cac thi et kethong thng
h
D
> 0,95 Cho cac cau ki en val i en ket cobi en phap tang them tnh deo quy nh
vt quanhng yeu cau cua ti eu chuan nay.
kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
992,3
4052,9
kN.m
kN.m
55,0
17,9
11021,4
4684,1

,
_

+
2
. .
1 1 .
d
cp b s y s p
D H A f M

,
_

+
2
. .
3 3 .
c
cp b s y s p
D H A f M

,
_

cp
b
s y s p
D
H
A f M
2
. .
2 2 .

,
_

+ + +
2
. .
1
'
1 .
bt
v c cp c c c p
H
H D A f M

,
_

+ +
2
. .
2
'
2 .
v
c cp c c c p
H
D A f M

,
_

+ +
3
2
. .
3
'
3 .
v
c cp c c c p
H
D A f M
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 68
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
oi vi cac trang thai khac: h
D
=1,0
Vay: h
D
=
* Tnh d: (i eu 1.3.4)
Cac ket cau conhi eu ng truyen l c vaket cau l i en tuc can c sdung trkhi co
nhng l ydo bat buoc khac
Cac bophan hoac cau ki en chnh mash hong cua chung gay ra sap ocau phai c
coi l aconguy c phahoai gi on
Cac bophan hoac cau ki en mash hong cua chung khong gay ra sap ocau phai c
coi l akhong conguy c h hong vahel i en ket cau l i en quan l ad.
oi vi trang thai gi i han cng o.
h
R
>1,05 cho cac bophan khong h
h
R
=1,0 cho cac mc d thong thng
h
R
> 0,95 cho cac mc d ac bi et
oi vi cac trang thai khac: h
R
=1,0
Vay: h
R
= (i eu 1.3.5)
* Tam quan trong trong khai thac:
oi vi trang thai gi i han cng o.
h
l
>1,05 cho cac cau quan trong
h
l
=1,0 cho cac cau i en hnh
h
l
> 0,95 cho cac cau tng oi quan trong
oi vi cac trang thai khac: h
l
=1,0
Vay: h
l
= 1,05 (cau thi et kel acau quan trong)
Hesoi eu chnh tai trong:
h=h
D
.h
R
.h
l
= 1,05 (h > 0,95)
VI I .1.2. Hesolan xe: (Bang 3.6.1.1.2.1)
Berong phan xe chay B xe =
Theo 22TCN 272-05, cau co2 l an xe, moi l an rong 5m n
l an
= 2
Hesol an m
l an
= 1
VI I .1.3. Hesoxung kch: (Bang 3.6.2.1-1)
Chxet hesoxung kch do xe tai thi et kevaxe 2 truc thi et kekhong kel c l y tam val c
ham . Khong ap dung hesoxung kch cho tai trong l an vatai trong ngi i .
Trmoi noi ban mat cau, tat cacac bophan khac cua ket cau nhp cohesoxung kch
nh sau: I M
CD
= 25 % I M
SD
= 25 % I M
moi
= 15 %
VI I .1.4. Hesophan bongang:
* Hesophan bomomen cua hoat tai oi vi dam gi a
Ki em tra i eu ki en ap dung hesophan bongang gan ung theo quy trnh 22TCN 272-05
(4.6.2.2.2a)
1100mm < S < 4900mm S = 2100 mm
1,0
1,0
10 m
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 69
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
110mm < h
f
< 300mm h
f
= 200 mm
1160 < L < 73000mm L= 29400 mm
N
b
> 4 N
b
= 6 dam
= = > Thoaman cac pham vi ap dung
Tnh tham soocng doc Kg
- Khoang cach ttrong tam dam en trong tam ban
e
g
= Y
2
- Y
1
= 0,4327 - = -0,177 m = -17,7062 cm
Tham soocng doc
K
g
= I
2
+ A
2
.e
2
g
= 14859013 + 414459,13 = 15273472
cm
4
Hesophan bongang c tnh theo cong thc
Vi 1 l an chu tai
0,4 S 0,1
(Bang 4.6.2.2.2a)
L
tt
0,3
g
mg1
= 0,386
Hai hoac nhi eu l an chu tai
0,6 S 0,1
(Bang 4.6.2.2.2a)
L
tt
0,2
g
mg2
= 0,540
Chon hesocc ai l am hesophan bomomen thi et kecua cac dam gi a
g
mg
= max (g
mg1
, g
mg2
)= 0,540
* Hesophan bohoat tai oi vi lc cat trong cac dam gia
Vi 1 l an thi et kechu tai :
(Bang 4.6.2.2.3a)
Vi 2 hoac nhi eu l an thi et kechu tai :
(Bang 4.6.2.2.3a)
Gi atrcc ai c chon cho sphan bohesol c cat thi et kecua cac dam gi a
g
vg
= max (g
vg1
, g
vg2
) = 0,7448
ay chxet dam gi a, tnh hesophan bongang cua hoat tai oi vi dam gi a l abat l i
hn dam bi en vesphan bocua hoat tai . Doi vi sphan bocua tai trong ngi th dam
bi en l adam bat l i hn. Tuy nhi en trong khuon khobai thi et keta chtnh do dam trong,
do ohesophan bongang do tai trong ngi oi vi cac dam trong c tnh nh sau:
xem nh tai trong do ngi i 2 ben phan eu l en 6 dam, nen tai trong ngi i 1
ben sechi a eucho 3 dam. Vay hesophan bongang do ngi i oi vi dam trong sel a:
g
PL
= 1/3
x (
L
tt
.h
3
f
430
g
mg1
= 0,06 + (
S
g
mg2
= 0,075+(
S
g
vg1
= 0,36 +
S
7600
=
0,74
0,64
290 L
tt
.h
3
f
x (
Kg
x (
Kg
0,6
x ( ) ) )
) ) )

,
_

+
2
2
10700 3600
2 , 0
S S
g
vg
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 70
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
Tohp hesophan bongang:
Xe tai Tai trong l an Ngi
Momen 0,540 0,540 0,333
Lc cat 0,745 0,745 0,333
VI I .2. Tnh noi lc
VI I .2.1. Noi lc do tnh tai
Noi l c do tnh tai oi vi momen uon bat l i nhat l amat cat gi a nhp, oi vi l c cat bat
l i nhat l amat cat sat goi .
Cac AH M vaQ cho mat cat bat l i nhat nh hnh sau:
w
M
= L
2
tt / 8 = 108,045
m
2
w
Q
= 1.L
tt
/ 2 = 14,7
m
2
g
DC
= 1,25
g
DW
= 1,15
Gi ai oan I :
M
tc1
= DC
1
.w
M
= 1920,371 kN.m
M
tt1
= DC
1
.g
DC
.w
M
= 2400,463 kN.m
Q
tc1
= DC
1
.w
Q
= 261,275 kN
Q
tt1
= DC
1
.g
DC
.w
Q
= 326,59 kN
Gi ai oan I I :
M
tc2
= (DC
2
+ DW
)
.w
M
= kN.m
M
tt2
= (DC
2
.g
DC
+ DW.g
DW)
.w = 629,047 kN.m
Q
tc2
= (DC
2
+ DW
)
.w
Q
= 71,908 kN
Q
tt2
= (DC
2
.g
DC
+ DW.g
DW)
.w = 85,585 kN
VI I .2.2. Noi lc do HL93
Hesotai trong cua HL93 khac nhau trong moi trang thai gi i han. Do vay ay chtnh
noi l c danh nh (cung goi l anoi l c ti eu chuan), hesotai trong c xet trong cac trang
thai gi i han cuthe.Noi l c do HL93 gom noi l c bat l i do xe tai hoac xe 2 truc tohp
vi noi lc do tai tr ong lan
Xe tai thiet ke(Truck)
Gom truc trc nang 35kN va2 truc sau moi truc nang 145kN. Hai truc trc cach
nhau 4,3m, Khoang cach 2 truc sau thay oi t4,3m-9,0m.
528,5
AH Q
AH M
1
L/4
L
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 71
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
Xe 2 truc thiet ke(Tandem)
Tai trong lan
VI I .2.2.1. Tnh momen uon do KL93
- Momen uon do xe tai thi et kevaxe 2 truc ( cha xet heso) cos oxep xe nh hnh sau
Cac gi atrtng oAH tai vtr truc xe
y
M1
= L
tt
/ 4 = 7,35 m y
M2
= y
M3
= 5,200 m
(0,5.L
tt
- 4,3) L
tt
y
M4
= (0,5.L
tt
- 1,2) L
tt
( 0,5.L
tt
) 4 ( 0,5.L
tt
) 4
Cac gi atrmomen
M
truck
= 145.y
M1
+ 145.y
M2
+ 35.y
M3
= 2001,8 kN.m
M
tandem
= 110.y
M1
+ 110.y
M4
= kN.m
Qua cac gi atrcua momen ta nhan thay xe tai thi et kekhong chethi et ke.
- Momen uon do tai trong l an
M
l an
= q
l an
. w
M
= 1004,8 kN.m
6,750 = m m = y
M2
=
1551,0
5,200
35KN
145KN
4300mm 4300mm !"# \$%%%&&
145KN
12m
110kN 110kN
1.8m
3.5m
9.3kN/m
3m
yM1
4,3m 4,3m
1,2m
Xe 2 tr uc TK
Xe tai TK
yM2
yM3
yM4
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 72
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
Momen do HL93 c l ay bang gi atrl n nhat trong 2 tohp: xe tai thi et ke+ tai trong
l an vaxe 2 truc thi et ke+ tai trong l an
M
HL.tc
= max(M
truck
+ M
l an
, M
tandem
+ M
l an
) = 3006,6 kN.m
Moomen uon do HL93 khi coxet hesoxung kch (I M= 25 %) vahesophan bongang
M
HL
= [ M
truck
.(1+I M) + M
l an
).g
mg
= kN.m
VI I .2.2.2. Tnh lc cat do HL93
- Lc cat do xe tai thi et kevaxe 2 truc (cha xet heso) cos oxep xe nh sau:
y
Q1
= 1
Ltt -1,2m
Ltt
Ltt - 4,3m
Ltt
Ltt - 2* 4,3m
Ltt
Cac gi atrl c cat
Q
truck
= 145.y
Q1
+ 145.y
Q3
+ 35.y
Q4
= kN
Q
tandem
= 110.y
Q1
+ 110.y
Q2
= kN
Qua cac gi atrcua l c cat ta nhan thay xe tai thi et kekhong chethi et ke.
- Lc cat do tai trong l an
Q
l an
= q
l an
. w
Q
= 136,71 kN
Lc cat do HL93 c l ay bang gi atrl n nhat trong 2 tohp: xe tai thi et ke+ tai trong
l an vaxe 2 truc thi et ke+ tai trong l an
Q
HL.tc
= max(Q
truck
+ Q
l an
, Q
tandem
+ Q
l an
) = 430,26 kN
Momen uon do HL93 khi coxet hesoxung kch (I M= 25 %) vahesophan bongang
Q
HL
= [ Q
truck
.(1+I M) + Q
l an
).g
vg
= kN
VI I .2.3. Noi lc do ngi i
Tai trong ngi i : q
PL
=
3.10
-3
Mpa =
3.10
-4
kN/cm
2
= 3
kN/m
2
Tai trong ngi i 1 ben
q
PL1
= B
l e
.q
PL
= 1 x 3 = 3 kN/m
- Khi xet en hesophan bongang
0,959
=
= =
0,854
0,707
215,5
y
Q4
=
y
Q3
y
Q2
1895,5
375,1
=
=
293,6
Xe tai TK
Xe 2 truc TK
1,2m
4,3m 4,3m
yQ2 yQ3 yQ4
yQ1
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 73
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
M
PL
= q
PL1
.w
M
.g
PL
= 108,05 kN.m
Q
PL
= q
PL1
.w
Q
.g
PL
= 14,70 kN.m
VI I I . Tnh toan sc khang uon:
t
w
= d
b
= 2 cm
Chi eu cao chu nen cua sn dam ng vi momen deo
2.D
cp
t
w
2.D
cp
(TCN 6.10.4.1.2-1)
t
w
th sn dam l aac vatheo i eu 6.10.4.1.1 th oi vi mat cat l i en hp chu uon dng sc
khang uon phai c xac nh theo cac quy nh cua i eu 6.10.4.2.2 vesc khang uon dng
cua mat cat l i en hp
Ta co:
D
p
= D
cp
+ d
c
+ H
v
+ H
bt
= 65,13043 cm
D
p
- Khoang cach tmep tren cua ban en truc trung hoa
Theo i eu 6.10.4.2.2b ta co:
D
p
D'
Vi : f
y
co b = 0,7
H
b
+ d
c
+ d
d
+ H
v
+ H
bt
17,7
8
D
p
65,13
D' 17,733
D' = 17,733 < D
p
= 65,13043 < 5D' = 88,667 cm
Nen momen khang uon danh nh c tnh theo cong thc (i eu 6.10.4.1):
Momen khang uon tnh toan
M
r
= j
f
. M
n
Trong o: = 1 - hesokhang uon c quy nh i eu 6.5.4.2
M
r
= 28788,8819 kN.m
i eu ki en ki em toan: M
r
> M
u
Momen uon tnh toan
M
u
= h( M
tt1
+ M
tt2
+ M
HL.tt
+ M
PL.tt
+ M
sh.tt
)
Vi : M
tt1
= 2400,463 kN.m
3.3.3.3 Kiem toan TTGH CDD1 theo M
= 345 Mpa
5
<
32,13
<
= cm
<
90,53
=
D'=
kN.m = 28788,882
5 = =
b
3,67277

y
s
f
E
76 , 3
y
s
f
E
76 , 3

,
_

' 4
85 . 0
4
85 . 0 5
D
D M M M M
M
p p y y p
n
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 74
THIT K T"T NGHI\$P GVHD:NG THANH THU%
M
tt2
= 629,047 kN.m
M
HL
= 1895,527 kN.m
M
PL
= 108,045 kN.m
M
sh
= 58,797 kN.m
h = 1,050
g
HL
= 1,750 - Hesotai trong cua hoat tai oi vi TTGH cng oI (TCN bang 3.4.1-1)
g
PL
= 1,750 - Hesotai trong cua ngi i oi vi TTGH cng oI (TCN bang 3.4.1-1)
g
sh
= 1,200 - Hesotai trong cua co ngot oi vi TTGH cng oI (TCN bang 3.4.1-1)
M
HL.tt
= M
HL
.g
HL
= 3317,173 kN.m
M
PL.tt
= M
PL
.g
PL
= 189,079 kN.m
M
sh.tt
= M
sh
.g
sh
= 70,556 kN.m
M
u
= 6936,634 kN.m
Ket luan: M
r
= 28788,882 > M
u
= 6936,634 kN.m at
SVTH:NGUY>N VIT TH2NG L?P: TCC@ K48 C0N TH/ 75