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Term1
Whichribsare"trueribs"
Definition1
17

ThisisdifferentfromTYPICALribs
Term2
Thesternalangleisassociatedwith
whichcostochondrallevel?
Definition2
2
Term3
Thedescendingaorta,venacava,and
thoracicductareassociatedwith
whichareaofthemediastinum?
Definition3
posterior
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Term4
Whatnerveinnervatespecminor?
Definition4
medialpectoralnerve
Term5
ApatientpresentstotheERwitha
posteriorupperthoraxasymmetry
knownasa"scapularwing".Which
nerveisdamaged?
Definition5
longthoracicnerve
Term6
Wheredoesthemiddleesophageal
constrictionoccur?
Definition6
wheretheaorticarchandleft
bronchuscrossattheanteriorsurface
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Term7 Definition7
Term8
ThediaphragmaticopeningatT10
containsthefollowingexcept:
Lymphatics,esophagus,vagus,
inferiorvenacava
Definition8
infvenacava
Term9
Themedialarcuateligamentoriginates
from:
L2totransverseprocessofL1
L1transversetoinferiorborderof12
rib
L3vertebralbodytoL1body
L2vertebralbodytoT12vertebral
body
Definition9
L2totransverseofL1
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Term10
Apatientpresentswithalungmassin
theposteriorapexofthelung.Thereis
atrophyoftheleftlimbandeyelid
droop.Whatcancerissuspected?
Definition10
Pancost's
Term11
Allofthefollowingarebranchesoffthe
firstpartofthesubclavianartery
except:
vertebralartery
costovertebralartery
internalthoracicartery
thyrocervicalartery
Definition11
costovertebral
Term12
whatistheportioncoveringthe
superioraspectofthelungthatisan
extensionoftheendothoracicfascia?
Definition12
suprapleuralmembrane
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Term13
thepericardialcavityislocated:
a.betweenthearteriesandveinsofthe
heart
b.betweentheserousandfibrous
pericardium
c.betweenthevisercalandparietal
serouspericardium
d.betweentheheartandthelungs
Definition13
betweenthevisceralandparietal
Term14
themostcommonsiteofan"azygous"
lobeisinwhichlung?
Definition14
right
Term15
ApatientpresentswithSOBanda
chestxrayshowsacollapsedlung.
Whatisthisconsistentwith?
primaryatelectasis
secondaryatelectasis
penumoconiosis
tertiaryatelectasis
Definition15
secondary
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Term16
Therespiratoryzoneofthepulmonary
systemconsistsofallofthefollowing
except:
alveolus
alveolarducts
respiratorybrochus
terminalbronchioles
conductingbronchioles
Definition16
Terminalandconductingbronchioles
Term17
IfintheOR,youhavedamage
posteriortothehilaofthelungs,what
nerveismostlikelydamaged?
Definition17
vagus
Term18
thetransversepericardialsinusisthe
gabbetweenwhichofthefollowing?
venacavaandaorta/pulmonarytrunk
superiorandinferiorvenacava
archoftheazygousanddescending
aorta
SVCandthearchoftheaorta
Definition18
venacavaandaorta/pulmonarytrunk
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Term19
Parasympatheticinnervationofthe
heartdoesallofthefollowingexcept:
slowheartrate
dilatecoronaryarteries
reducecontractileforce
restrictcoronaryarteries
Definition19
dilatecoronaryarteries

Term20
Whatseparatesthesinusvenarum
fromtheatriumproper?
Definition20
cristaterminalis
Term21
WhichofthefollowingisNOT
associatedwiththerightventricle?
Infundibulum
Ovalfossa
supraventricularcrest
moderatorband
Definition21
ovalfossa
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Term22
Whichofthefollowingrelationshipsis
incorrect?
truncusarteriosusformstheaortaand
pulmonarytrunk
bulbouscordisformstheconus
arteriosusandaorticvestibule
primativeventricleformsthe
traveculaeofrightandleftventricles
sinusvenosusformsductusvenosum
Definition22
????
Term23
Atbirthifyourfossaovalisfailsto
form,whatwillhappentobloodflow?
Definition23
bloowwillfrlowfromrightatriumtoleft
atrium
Term24
tracheaformationbeginsatwhat
week?
3,6,8,or4
Definition24
4
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Term25
Whatdivertstheumbilicalbloodflow
aroundtheliverinthefetus?
hepaticportalsystem
ductusarteriosus
ductusvenosus
umbilicalvein
Definition25
ductusvensosus
Term26
thevisceralpleuraisderivedfrom:
epithelia
somaticmesoderm
splanchnicmesoderm
ectoderm
Definition26
splanchnicmesoderm
Term27
Fillintheblank:transverseprocess
attachestothe___oftherib.
Definition27
tubercle
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Term28
Theinnervationofpecminoristhe
____nerve
Definition28
Medialpectoral
Term29
Theweakestpartoftheribisthe
_____.
Definition29
angle
Term30
Thefunctionofthe____istoprotract
andholdthescapulaagainstthe
thoracicwall.
Definition30
serratusanterior
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Term31
75%oflymphaticdrainageofthe
breastistothe___lymphnode
Definition31
axillary
Term32
Aspirationismostlikelytooccurin
whichmainbronchus?
Definition32
right
Term33
the3rdconstrictionoftheesophagus
iswhenitpassesthroughthe____.
Definition33
diaphragm
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Term34
Leakageandaccumulationoflymphin
thethoraciccavityisreferredtoasa
_____.
Definition34
chylothorax
Term35
theligamentumarteriosumisa
remnantofthefetal_____.
Definition35
ductusarteriosus
Term36
Thenarrowingoftheaoritcarchcalled
____resultsindecresasedpressurein
thelowerextremities
Definition36
coarctationoftheaorta
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Term37
THe___ligamentisformedasa
continuationoftheparietaland
visceralpleura
Definition37
pulmonary
Term38
bloodisthepleuracavityiscalled____
Definition38
hemothorax
Term39
theportionoftheairwaygoingfrom
thetracheatotheterminalbronchiais
calledthe____,whichtheportion
goingfromtherespiratorybronchiole
tothealveoliisthe____.
Definition39
conducting,respiratory
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Term40
themostinferiorpartofthesuperior
lobeontheleftlungistermedthe____.
Definition40
lingula
Term41
The___nerverunsanteriortothe
hilumandinnervatesthediaphragm
andthe____nerverunsposteriorto
thehilum
Definition41
phrenic,vagus
Term42
The____pericardialsinusruns
betweentheaortaandpulmonary
arteryinfrontofthesuperiorvena
cava.
Definition42
transverse
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Term43
The___divisionofthemediastinum
containsthethymusandparasternal
lymphnodes.
Definition43
anterior
Term44
Theapexoftheheartisatthelevelof
the____intercostalspace..
Definition44
left5th
Term45
The___separatesthatroughand
smoothregionsoftherightatrium
Definition45
cristaterminalis
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Term46
thethicklayerofcardiacmuscleis
calledthe___.
Definition46
myocardium
Term47
Thesuddenocclusionofacoronary
arteryresultsina___.
Definition47
myocardialinfarction
Term48
theforamenovaleclosesshortlyafter
birthandbecomesthe___
Definition48
fossaovalis
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Term49
list3featuresofthetypicalrib?
Definition49
head,neck,tubercle,bodywithcostal
grooveandVAN
Term50
Explainwhatfeaturesarelocatedin
theintercostalgroove
Definition50
vein,artery,nerve
Term51
Whatstructuresarefoundinthehilum
ofthelung
Definition51
mainbronchus,pulmonaryartery,2
pulmonaryveins,bronchialarteries,
bronchialveins,vagusnerve
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Term52
whatisuniqueaboutthefirst
intercostalnerve?
Definition52
ithasnoanteriorcutaneousbranch
Term53
list3structureslocatedintheposterior
mediastinum
Definition53
esophagus,descendingaorta,
azygous,hemiazygous,thoracicduct
Term54
Tracethebloodflowthroughtheheart
startingwiththevenacavae.
Definition54
rightatriumthroughtricuspidvalve
rightventriclethroughpulmonary
semilunaroutpulmonary
trunk/arteriestolungs.

Deoxygenatedbloodcomesback
throughthepulmonaryveinsintothe
leftatriumthroughthemitralvalve
andintotheleftventricle.through
aorticsemilunarandoutaortatothe
body.
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Term55
whichintercostalmusclesdepressand
whichelevatetheribs?
Definition55
externalintercostalselevate,
interchondrouspartofinternalelevate.
interosseouspartofinternaldepress
andinnermostdepress
Term56
Describethedivisionsoftheright
bronchustothealveoliasitexitsthe
hilumofthelung
Definition56
rightmainbronchussecondary
(lobar)bronchitertiary(segmental)
bronchiconductingbronchiole
terminalbronchiolerespiratory
bronchiolealveolarductssacs
alveoli
Term57
listtheatypicalribs
Definition57
1,2,10,11,12
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Term58
listthebranchesthatcomeoffthearch
oftheaorta
Definition58
rightbrachiocephalic,leftcommon
carotid,leftsubclavian
Term59
Describethe2heartsounds
Definition59
lubwhentricuspid/mitralvalves
close,pushingbloodintoventricle.

dubwhenseminlunarvalvesclose
afterbloodispushedthrough
ventriclesintoaortaorlungs
Term60
3featuresofrightventricle
Definition60
infundibulum,ventricleproper,
moderatorband(septomarginal
trabechulae),supraventricularcrest
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Term61
listthe3setsoflymphnodesinthe
thoracicwall
Definition61
parasternal,intercostal,diaphragmatic
Term62
whatcausesnippleretraction?
Definition62
mammaryductshortening
Term63
definegynecomastia
Definition63
enlargementofbreastsinadolescent
males
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Term64
howwouldyoulocateaparticular
segmentoflungduringsurgery?
Definition64
locatetheveinwhichrunsbetween
lungsegments
Term65
whatstrucutresbypassthelungin
fetalcirculation
Definition65
foramenovale,ductusarteriosus
Term66
whatisthesignificanceofthe
transversesinusforsurgeonsduring
coronarybypass?
Definition66
theycansliptheirfingerinthesinus
andclamptheascendingaortaand
pulmonarytrunk
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Term67
definevalvularinsufficiency
Definition67
failureofthevalvestoclose,causing
bloodtobackflow,whichcanleadsto
hypertrophyofventricles
Term68
Listorigin,insertion,innervation,and
actionofpecmajor
Definition68
origin:medialhalfofanteriorclavicle,
16costalcartilage,sternum
insertion:laterallipofintertubercular
grooveofhumerus
innervation:medialandlateralpectoral
nerve
action:adduction,medialrotation.
clavicularheadflexesglenohumeral
joint.sternocostalheaddepresses
glenohumeraljoint
Term69
transpositionofheartistermed?
Definition69
isolateddextrocardia
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Term70
Whichofthefollowingisincorrect?
truncusarteriosusformstheaortaand
pulmonarytrunk
bulbouscordisformstheconus
arteriosusandaorticvestibule
primitiveventricleformsthetaveculae
ofrightandleftventricles
sinusvenosusformsductusvenosum
Definition70
incorrect:sinusvenosusformsductus
venosum
Term71 Definition71