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I NTRO TO ADULT EDUCATI ON

ELI ZA BEAL
FEB. 25TH, 2014
THE GI BILL
THE BEGI NNI NG
THE GI BI LL, BY I T S LEGAL NAME THE SERVI CEMEN S READJUSTMENT
ACT WAS SI GNED ON JUNE 22, 1944.

THI S PROGRAM WAS NOT A HANDOUT, BUT PROVI DED AI D TO
VETERANS OF THE WORLD WARS I N THE AREAS OF HOSPI TALI ZATI ON,
HOME OWNERSHI P, JOB AND BUSI NESS TRAI NI NG, AND MOST
RECOGNI ZABLY EDUCATI ON.

THE GI BI LL GAVE A COLLEGE SCHOLARSHI P TO ALL THOSE WHO
SERVED I N UNI FORM, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OR NOT THEY WERE
ON THE FRONT LI NES

BY 1951 THE PROGRAM HAD ALREADY COST THE COUNTRY
APPROXI MATELY 14 BI LLI ON DOLLARS.

THE I NI TI AL PROGRAM ENDED I N 1956, ALTHOUGH THERE I S STI LL AN
EXI STI NG GI BI LL TODAY,


( HTTP: / /WWW. YOUTUBE. COM/ WATCH?V=MB2O2MUN- ZO)
THE FOUNDERS
AND THE SOCI O-CULTURAL CONTEXT
Harry W.
Colmery is
credited with
the first draft
of the GI Bill
John Rankin, House
Representative from Mississippi,
presented the bill to Congress on
January 10th, 1944
A YEAR BEFORE THE OFFI CI AL END OF WWI I
THE BI LL WAS SI GNED BY PRESI DENT
FRANKLI N DELANO ROOSEVELT.

YEARS FOLLOWI NG THE WORLD WARS MANY
VETERANS WERE OUT OF WORK

LARGE AMOUNT OF VETERANS WI THOUT
JOBS, HOMES, OR EDUCATI ON, WERE
DI SCONNECTED FROM CI VI LI AN LI FE
President
Roosevelt
signing the
Servicemens
Readjustment
Act of 1944.
THE GI BI LL AND EDUCATI ON
DRI VI NG FORCE FOR SOCI AL CHANGE.

SPI KE I N ATTENDANCE OF COLLEGES AND UNI VERSI TI ES
NATI ON WI DE.

EXPECTED PERCENTAGE OF VETERANS TO PURSUE
EDUCATI ON: 8- 12%. ACTUAL PERCENTAGE: 49%.

COLLEGES AND UNI VERSI TI ES DI D NOT HAVE THE ROOM
OR PROGRAMS TO SUPPORT THE I NFLUX OF NEW
STUDENTS.
THE LEARNERS
THE LEARNERS BENEFI TTI NG FROM THE GI BI LL WERE WAR
VETERANS. SOLDI ERS HAD ON AVERAGE 1. 1 YEARS MORE
EDUCATI ON THAN THE GENERAL PUBLI C. THEY ALSO BROUGHT
TO THEI R EDUCATI ON A UNI QUE I NTELLI GENCE.


MANY VETERANS WERE UNEMPLOYED,
THEY SUFFERED FROM POOR ADJUSTMENT
TO CI VI LI ZATI ON.


WI TH RAMPANT UNEMPLOYMENT THE
GOVERNMENT WAS FORCED TO TAKE
ACTI ON I N A WAY THAT WOULD OFFER
MORE THAN JUST A JOB TO VETERANS,
BUT ALSO AN EDUCATI ON.
WI THI N THE FI RST SEVEN YEARS OF THE BI LL S
EXI STENCE 8 MI LLI ON VETERANS RECEI VED EDUCATI ON.

52% OF ALL VETERANS WENT TO
PRI VATE I NSTI TUTI ONS

AS THE BI LL GREW A TOTAL OF 2. 2 MI LLI ON VETERANS
ATTENDED HI GHER EDUCATI ON AND 5. 6 MI LLI ON
ATTENDED VOCATI ONAL SCHOOL OR COMPLETED HI GH
SCHOOL.
THE LEARNER NEEDS
THI S BI LL AI MED TO MEET THE NEEDS OF THE VETERANS WHO
HAD SERVED THE COUNTRY I N UNI FORM AND WERE
STRUGGLI NG TO ADAPT TO CI VI LI AN LI FE

NEED FOR EDUCATI ON AND TRAI NI NG I N ORDER TO ADDRESS
THE I MPENDI NG UNEMPLOYMENT CRI SI S CAUSED BY
RETURNI NG VETERANS.

THE BI LL ALLOWED VETERANS TO ATTEND ANY I NSTI TUTI ON OF
THEI R CHOI CE AS LONG AS THEY MET THE ADMI SSI ON
REQUI REMENTS.

VETERANS RECEI VED COVERAGE FOR THEI R TUI TI ON, FEES,
BOOKS, EDUCATI ONAL MATERI ALS, AND LI VI NG EXPENSES
WHI LE ATTENDI NG COLLEGE THANKS TO THE BI LL.
I MPACT ON
AMERI CAN SOCI ETY
CREATED THE AMERI CAN
MI DDLE CLASS

MADE EDUCATI ON
AVAI LABLE TO THE
MASSES

BROADER AGE RANGE
FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS

SPARKED THE BABY BOOM
CLASSES BECAME
OVERCROWDED

REQUI RED MORE
RESOURCES

NEW VOCATI ONAL CLASSES
WERE ADDED TO MANY
COLLEGES AND
UNI VERSI TI ES FOR JOB
TRAI NI NG

RALPH W. TYLER, BASI C
PRI NCI PLES OF CURRI CULUM

BY 1947 VETERANS MADE UP
ALMOST HALF THE COLLEGE
STUDENTS I N THE NATI ON
AND OUR CLASS
THE GI BI LL
EDUCATI ON I S
A PLANNED ACTI VI TY UNDERTAKEN BY
ONE OR MORE AGENTS DESI GNED TO
EFFECT CHANGES I N KNOWLEDGE, SKI LL,
AND ATTI TUDES OF I NDI VI DUALS,
GROUPS, OR COMMUNI TI ES.
LI NDEMAN S FI VE ASSUMPTI ONS
ADULTS ARE MOTI VATED TO LEARN BECAUSE OF EXPERI ENCES
AND NEEDS. ADULTS ORI ENTATI ON TO LEARN I S LI FE- CENTERED.
EXPERI ENCE I S THE RI CHEST SOURCE OF LEARNI NG. ADULTS
NEED TO BE SELF- DI RECTED. DI FFERENCES I NCREASE WI TH AGE.
A Brief History Of: The GI Bill. (2008). Time, 171(23), 25.

Conrad, Peter R., "The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944: The History, People, and Effects on
Minorities" (2005). Honors Theses.
Paper 329.

Courtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. 1938. U.S. Congressman John Rankin
Testifies. Retrieved from: http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/376/the-rural-
electrification-of-northeast-mississippi

FDR Library Photo Collection. 1944. FDR signs the G.I. Bill in the Oval Office. Retrieved from:
https://fdrlibrary.wordpress.com/tag/g-i-bill-of-rights/

"History and Timeline." Education and Training. U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, n.d. Web. 23
Feb. 2014. <http://www.benefits.va.gov/gibill/history.a

Pitkin, R.B.. "How the First GI Bill Was Written." GI Bill History. The American Legion, n.d. Web. 20
Feb. 2014. <http://www.legion.org/documents/legion/pdf/gibillpitkinpt1.pdf>.

Schugurensky, Daniel. "1944 GI Bill of Rights." History of Education: Selected Moments of the 20th
Century. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2014.
<http://schugurensky.faculty.asu.edu/moments/1944gibill.html>.

Skadding, G. 1944. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Signing the G.I. Bill. Retrieved from:
http://www.allposters.com/-sp/President-Franklin-D-Roosevelt-Signing-the-G-I-Bill-
Posters_i3763024_.htm

The American Legion. 1943-1944. American Legion Past National Commander Harry Colmery, after
helping draft the Servicemens Readjustment Act in the winter of 1943-1944. Retrieved from:
http://www.legion.org/education/history
bibliography