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# Section I

## Single Correct Option

1, K mv
1
2
2

K
K
m
m
v
v
j
(
,
\
,
( +
max
2
Maximum error 2% + 2 3 ( %)
In the estimate of,
kinetic energy ( ) % K 8
Option (c) is correct.
2. d
m
V
m
l

3

j
(
,
\
,
(
j
(
,
\
,
( +
j
(
,
\
,
(
d
d
m
m
l
l
100 100 3 100
max

+ 4 3 3 % ( %)
13%
Option (d) is correct.
3. p
F
A
F
L

2
Permissible error in pressure ( ) p
+ 4 2 2 % ( %)
8%
Option (a) is correct.
4. p V p V
1 1 2 2

p p
V
V
2 1
1
2

p
V
V V
1
1
1 1
10% of

p
1
90%
p
p
2
1
9

## Percentage increase in pressure

100
9
111 .
Option (a) is correct.
5. K
p
m

2
2
Error in the measurement of kinetic
energy (K)
2 100%
200%
Option (d) is correct.
6. 3400 3 400 10
3
.
Number of significant figures 2
Option (d) is correct.
7. A 3124 3002 . . m m
9.378 / 248 m
2
9.378 m
2
Option (a) is correct.
8. g
GM
R

2

constant
R
2
K I
1
2
2

j
(
,
\
,
(
1
2
2
5
2
MR
constant R
2
Basic Mathematics
& Measurements
1
Decrease in R (radius) by 2% world
increase g by 4% and decrease K
(rotational kinetic energy) by 4%.
Option (b) is correct.
9. Heat (H) 2
2
Rt
Maximum error in measuring heat (H)
+ + 2 2 1 1 ( %) % %
6%
Option (b) is correct.
10. V lbt
12 6 245 .
1764 .
1764 10
2 3
. cm
2 10
2 2
cm
Option (b) is correct.
11. I
P
r

4
2

i.e., Ir
2
constant
i.e., if r is increased by 2% the intensity
will decrease by 4%.
Option (d) is correct.
12. Option (b) is correct.
13. V r
4
3
3

V
V
r
r
3
3 1 ( %)
3%
Option (c) is correct.
14. a a
3 2
6 (given)
a 6
V 6 216
3 3
m
Option (b) is correct.
15. g
l
T
4
2
2

g
g
l
l
T
T

j
(
,
\
,
( +
j
(
,
\
,
( 100 100 2 100
max

j
(
,
\
,
( +
j
(
,
\
,
(
1
100
100 2
015
2003
10
mm
m
.
+ 01 01 . % . % 0.2%
Option (a) is correct.
16. Q I e
tI
V

( )
0
(given)
We know that
Q It
t e
tI
V

( )
0
[ ] [ ] t
and [ ]
( )

,
]
]
]
tI
V
0

,
]
]
]

,
]
]
]

,

,
]
]
]

,

,
]
]
]
tI
V t
I
V ( ) ( )
0 0
1

,
]
]
]
1 1
0
[Resistance]
or

,
]
]
]

1 1
[ML T A [M L T A ]
2 3 2 1 3 4 2
]

1
[L T]
1
[velocity]

1
0
1 2
[ ]
/

0
Option (a) is correct.
17. a
pq
r s

2 3
a
a
p
p
q
q

j
(
,
\
,
(
j
(
,
\
,
( +
j
(
,
\
,
( 100
1
2
100
1
2
100
max

+
j
(
,
\
,
( +
j
(
,
\
,
( 2 100 3 100
r
r
s
s
+
1
2
1
1
2
3 ( %) ( %) + + 2 3 3 ( %) ( %) 0.5 0.3
+ 0.5% 1.5% + + 1 1 % %
4%
Option (c) is correct.
18. Least count of main scale

2
4
mm
0.5 mm
Least count
least count of main scale
50
0.1 mm
Zero error 30 0.01 mm
0.3 mm
(ive sign, zero of circular scale is lying
above observed reading of plate thick)
2 MSR + 20 CSR
Basic Mathematics & Measurements | 3
( . 2 05 mm) + (20 0.01 mm)
1 mm + 0.2 mm
1.2 mm.
1.2 mm + 0.3 mm
1.5 mm
Option (d) is correct.
More than One Correct Options
1. Maximum percentage error in x :
+ (% ) (% ) error in error in a b 2 +3 (% error in c)
15%
Assertion and Reason
1. Least count of screw gauge

Pitch
Number of divisions of circular scale
Less the value of pitch, less will be least
count of screw gauge leading to len
uncertainty that is more accuracy in the
measurement.
Thus, assertion is true.
From the above relation we conclude that
least count of screw gauge is inversely
proportional to the number of divisions of
circular scale.
Thus reason is false.
Option (c) is correct.
Match the Columns
1. (a) F
GM M
r

1 2
2
GM M Fr
1 2
2

i e . ., [ ] [ GM M
1 2
MLT ][L ]
2 2
= [ML T ]
3 2
( ) ( ) a q
(b)
3 3 3 RT
M
pV
n nM

work

3 ML T
M
[L T ]
2 2
2 2
RT
M
,

,
]
]
]

,

,
]
]
]

(b) (r)
(c)
F
q B
F
qB
2
2 2
2

j
(
,
\
,
(

j
(
,
\
,
(
qvB
qB
sin
2
v
2 2
sin

F
q B
2
2 2
,

,
]
]
]
[LT ] = [L T ]
1 2 2 2
(c) ( ) r
(d) g
GM
R
e
e

2
GM
R
gR
e
e
e

GM
R
e
e
,

,
]
]
]
[LT ][L]
2
[L T ]
2 2
(d) ( ) r
4 | Mechanics-1