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# HOMEWORK 2:

4/22/13

## Mesh Independence of cylinder with Fins

The purpose of this project is to practice finding mesh independence of an object by quantifying the result

Homework 2:

Homework 2:
MESH INDEPENDENCE OF CYLINDER WITH FINS

1) Set up a design of experiment FEA parameter test A simple mesh was created in order to first find where most of the heat transfer occurred. The way in which the object was modeled can be seen in figures 1.1 and 1.2

## Figure 1.2: Temperature 100C

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Homework 2:

1.a. Step through different diameter fins from 11mm to 27mm in 2 mm increments solving for the maximum temperature of t2 By parameterizing the fins (denoted as Plane4,6,9.D1 in Figure 1.3) as well as the Temperature maximum at a fin diameter at 11-27, we can see of the diameter influences the Temperature.

Figure 1.3: Parameterization of Fins and Max Temperature 1.b. Show table of results

## Figure 1.4: Table results with existing parameterization at simple mesh

2) Find which diameter fin results in keeping t2 under 45C and re-mesh the part

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Homework 2:

We can see from the table results in figure 1.4 that the diameter of the fins at which the Temperature is below 45C at the Simple Mesh.

## 2.a. Explain the mesh

Figure 2.1: Simple mesh The simple mesh has an overall body sizing with no specific sizing refinements (Figure 2.1). This leads to inaccuracies with the results. A re-meshing is required in order to gain accurate results. Since we already have a sufficient mesh which indicates at which diameter the temperature at t2 is less than 45C, we refine our mesh at the critical areas and then parameterize the fins within a tighter range of the diameter for a closer result 2.b. Explain the results of re-meshing Because most of the heat transfer occurs in the fins, a size meshing refinement was used with the edges and surface of the fin.

## Figure 2.2: Edge sizing

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Homework 2:

Figures 2.3 and 2.3: Detailed visual of refined mesh, specifically at fin edges and surface Figure 2.4 shows where most of the element refinements were focuses. The reasons for the refinement where the submerged section of the cylinder meets the non-submerged section is because a lot of heat transfer occurs in that area. See figures 4.1 and 4.2 in the section titled Discussion of Results to see correlations between the element sizes and where the heat transfer occurs.

2.c. Prove the heat flux and temperature of your simulation is free of numerical We can see from Figure 2.4

Figure 2.4: Edge Sizing parameterized to affect Max Total Heat Flux and Max Temperature. (Mesh nodes accounted for)

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3) Plot the temperature and heat flux through the axis of the cylinder a. Show plot and results b. Explain results From the graphs in figures 2.5 and 2.6, we can see as the mesh becomes more refined, the slopes begins to converge which indicates mesh independence.

Temperature
45.43 45.42 45.41 45.4 45.39 45.38 1 2 3 4 5 6 Temperatur e 950000 900000 850000 800000 750000 700000

1 2 3 4 5 6

## Figures 2.4 and 2.5: Indicate mesh independence by convergence.

4) Discussion of Results From the results of the convergence of the temperature and heat flux, it can be certain that the object becomes mesh independent as the meshes become refined at the fins by decreasing the elemental sizing at of the fin edges and surface. The results of the heat transfer through the object can be seen in figures 4.1 and 4.2. The correct edges were parameterized since most of the heat transfer occurs where the object is submerged in water and where the fin edge meets the cylinder.

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Homework 2:

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