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TTAABBLLAA PPEERRIIÓÓDDIICCAA DDEE LLOOSS EELLEEMMEENNTTOOSS

A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E

1

H

 

2 He

1766

1868

3

4 Be

 

5

6 C

7

8

9 F

10

Li

B

N

O

Ne

1817

1798

1808

****

1772

1774

1886

1898

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Na

Mg

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

Ar

1807

1808

1827

1824

1669

****

1774

1894

19

20

21

22

23 V

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr

1807

1808

1879

1791

1801

1797

1774

-3000

1735

1751

-9000

1746

1875

1886

1250?

1817

1826

1898

37

38

39 Y

 

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53 I

54

Rb

Sr

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

Xe

1861

1808

1843

1789

1801

1781

1937

1844

1803

1803

-3000

1817

1863

-3000

1492?

1782

1811

1898

55

56

71

72

73

74

75

76

77 Ir

78

79

80

81 Tl

82

83

84

85

86

Cs

Ba

Lu

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Pt

Au

Hg

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

1860

1808

1907

1923

1802

1783

1925

1803

1803

1748

-5000

-2000

1861

-3000

1450?

1898

1940

1900

87

88

103

104

105

106

107

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

Fr

Ra

Lr

Rf

Db

Sg

Bh

Hs

Mt

Ds

Rg

Uub

Uut

Uuq

Uup

Uuh

Uus

Uuo

1939

1898

1961

1964

1967

1974

1981

1984

1982

1994

1994

1996

1998

1999

1999

101

Md

1955

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

La

Ce

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

1839

1803

1885

1885

1945

1879

1901

1880

1843

1886

1878

1842

1879

1878

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

Ac

Th

Pa

U

Np

Pu

Am

Cm

Bk

Cf

Es

Fm

Md

No

1899

1828

1913

1789

1940

1940

1944

1944

1949

1950

1952

1952

1955

1958

TTAABBLLAA PPEERRIIÓÓDDIICCAA DDEE LLOOSS EELLEEMMEENNTTOOSS

A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E
A D D E E L L O O S S E E L L E

1

H

 

2 He

Hidrógeno

Helio

3

4 Be

 

5

6 C

7

8

9 F

10

Li

B

N

O

Ne

Litio

Berilio

Boro

Carbono

Nitrógeno

Oxígeno

Flúor

Neón

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Na

Mg

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

Ar

Sodio

Magnesio

Aluminio

Silicio

Fósforo

Azufre

Cloro

Argón

19

20

21

22

23 V

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr

Potasio

Calcio

Escandio

Titanio

Vanadio

Cromo

Manganase

Hierro

Cobalto

Níquel

Cobre

Cinc

Galio

Germanio

Arsénico

Selenio

Bromo

Criptón

37

38

39 Y

 

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53 I

54

Rb

Sr

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

Xe

Rubidio

Estroncio

Itrio

Circonio

Niobio

Molibdeno

Tecnecio

Rutenio

Rodio

Paladio

Plata

Cadmio

Indio

Estaño

Antimonio

Teluro

Yodo

Xenón

55

56

71

72

73

74

75

76

77 Ir

78

79

80

81 Tl

82

83

84

85

86

Cs

Ba

Lu

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Pt

Au

Hg

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

Cesio

Bario

Lutecio

Hafnio

Tántalo

Wolframio

Renio

Osmio

Iridio

Platino

Oro

Mercurio

Talio

Plomo

Bismuto

Polonio

Astato

Radón

87

88

103

104

105

106

107

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

Fr

Ra

Lr

Rf

Db

Sg

Bh

Hs

Mt

Ds

Rg

Uub

Uut

Uuq

Uup

Uuh

Uus

Uuo

Francio

Radio

Laurencio

Rutherfordio

Dubnio

Seaborgio

Bohrio

Hassio

Meitnerio

Darmstadtio

Roentgenio

101

Md

Mendelevio

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

La

Ce

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

Lantano

Cerio

Praseodimio

Neodimio

Prometio

Samario

Europio

Gadolinio

Terbio

Disprosio

Holmio

Erbio

Tulio

Iterbio

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

Ac

Th

Pa

U

Np

Pu

Am

Cm

Bk

Cf

Es

Fm

Md

No

Actinio

Torio

Protactinio

Uranio

Neptunio

Plutonio

Americio

Curio

Berquelio

Californio

Einstenio

Fermio

Mendelevio

Nobelio

C C O O N N F F I I G G U U R

CCOONNFFIIGGUURRAACCIIOONNEESS EELLEECCTTRRÓÓNNIICCAASS

N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R

1s 1

 

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

 

1s 2 2s 2 p 1

1s 2 2s 2 p 2

1s 2 2s 2 p 3

1s 2 2s 2 p 4

1s 2 2s 2 p 5

1s 2 2s 2 p 6

2s 1

2s 2

1s 2 2s 2 p 6

1s 2 2s 2 p 6

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

2s

2 p

6

2s

2 p

6

2s

2 p

6

2s

2 p

6

2s

2 p

6

2s

2 p

6

3s

1

3s

2

3s

2 p

1

3s

2 p

2

3s

2 p

3

3s

2 p

4

3s

2 p

5

3s

2 p

6

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

1s 2

2s

2 p

6

2s

2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2s 2 p

6

2 p 6

1

3s

4s

2 p 6

2

3s

4s

3s 2 p d 1

4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 2

4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 3

4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 4

4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 5 4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 6 4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 7 4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 8 4s 2

6

3s 2 p d 9 4s 2

6

3s 2 p 4s 2

6

d 10

3s 2 p

4s

2

6

d 10

p 1

3s 2 p

4s

2

6

d 10

p 2

3s 2 p

4s

2

6

d 10

p 3

3s 2 p

4s

2

6

d 10

p 4

3s 2 p

4s

2

6

d 10

p 5

3s 2 p

4s

2

6

d 10

p 6

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 1

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 2

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 3

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 4

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 5

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 6

5s 1

5s 2

4d

1

4d

2

4d

3

4d

4

4d

5

4d

6

4d

7

4d

8

4d

9

4d 10

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s 2

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 1

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 2

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 3

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 4

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 5

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 6

6s 1

6s 2

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

5d

1

5d

2

5d

3

5d

4

5d

5

5d

6

5d

7

5d

8

5d

9

5d 10

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s 2

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 1

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 2

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 3

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 4

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 5

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 6

7s 1

7s 2

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

6d

1

6d

2

6d

3

6d

4

6d

5

6d

6

6d

7

6d

8

6d

9

6d 10

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s 2

 

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

 

4f 1

4f 2

4f 3

4f 4

4f 5

4f 6

4f 7

4f 8

4f 9

4f 10

4f 11

4f 12

4f 13

4f 14

 

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

6s 2

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

5f 1

5f 2

5f 3

5f 4

5f 5

5f 6

5f 7

5f 8

5f 9

5f 10

5f 11

5f 12

5f 13

5f 14

 

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

7s 2

CCOONNFFIIGGUURRAACCIIOONNEESS EELLEECCTTRRÓÓNNIICCAASS

N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
N E E S S E E L L E E C C T T R
 

1s 1

 

1s 2

He

He

 

He 2s 2 p 1

He 2s 2 p 2

He 2s 2 p 3

He 2s 2 p 4

He 2s 2 p 5

He 2s 2 p 6

2s 1 2s 2

2s 1

2s 2

Ne

Ne

Ne 3s 2 p 1

Ne 3s 2 p 2

Ne 3s 2 p 3

Ne 3s 2 p 4

Ne 3s 2 p 5

Ne 3s 2 p 6

3s 1 3s 2

3s 1

3s 2

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar

Ar 3d 10 4s 2 p 1

Ar 3d 10 4s 2 p 2

Ar 3d 10 4s 2 p 3

Ar 3d 10 4s 2 p 4

Ar 3d 10 4s 2 p 5

Ar 3d 10 4s 2 p 6

4s 1

4s 2

3d

1

3d

2

3d

3

3d

4

3d

5

3d

6

3d

7

3d

8

3d

9

3d 10

4s 2 4s 2 4s 2 4s 2 4s 2 4s 2 4s 2 4s

4s

2

4s

2

4s

2

4s

2

4s

2

4s

2

4s

2

4s

2

4s

2

4s 2

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 1

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 2

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 3

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 4

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 5

Kr 4d 10 5s 2 p 6

5s 1

5s 2

4d

1

4d

2

4d

3

4d

4

4d

5

4d

6

4d

7

4d

8

4d

9

4d 10

5s 2 5s 2 5s 2 5s 2 5s 2 5s 2 5s 2 5s

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s

2

5s 2

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 1

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 2

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 3

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 4

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 5

Xe 4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 6

6s 1

6s 2

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

4f 14

5d 1 5d 2 5d 3 5d 4 5d 5 5d 6 5d 7 5d

5d

1

5d

2

5d

3

5d

4

5d

5

5d

6

5d

7

5d

8

5d

9

5d 10

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s

2

6s 2

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 1

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 2

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 3

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 4

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 5

Rn 5f 14 6d 10 7s 2 p 6

7s 1

7s 2

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

5f 14

6d 1 6d 2 6d 3 6d 4 6d 5 6d 6 6d 7 6d

6d

1

6d

2

6d

3

6d

4

6d

5

6d

6

6d

7

6d

8

6d

9

6d 10

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s

2

7s 2