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Hindusthani-Carnatic Raga Equivalent

This is a list of approximately equivalent ragas in the Carnatic and Hindusthani traditions. There are a number of Carnatic ragas that do not have a Hindusthani equivalent; the reverse is also true (especially of many ragas in the Bilawal That). Ragas considered different in the Hindusthani tradition often map onto the same raga in Carnatic music. Bhoopali and Deshkar are both equivalent to Mohanam. To me (with a ear attuned to Carnatic prayogas) there seems no difference between Bhoopali/Deshkar and Mohanam. However, the subtle emphasis (nyasa prayogas) for Bhoopali and Deshkar are quite different and should not be confused when performing in the Hindusthani style.

The 10 Thats of Bhatkande


----------------------------------------------------------------That Hindusthani Raga Mela Carnatic Raga ----------------------------------------------------------------1 Kalyani 65 Mecha Kalyani 2 Bilawal 29 Dheera Sankarabharanam 3 Khamaj 28 Hari Kambhoji 4 Bhairav 15 Mayamalavagowla 5 Bhairavi 8 Hanuma Todi 6 Asavari 20 Nata Bhairavi 7 Todi 45 Subha Pantuvarali 8 Purvi 51 Kamavardhini 9 Marwa 53 Gamanasrama 10 Kafi 22 Kharaharapriya -----------------------------------------------------------------

Janya ragas
----------------------------------------------------------------That Hindusthani Raga Mela Carnatic Raga ----------------------------------------------------------------1 Aanand 65 Aanand 1 Adbuth Kalyan 29 Niroshta 1 Bhoop 65 Mohanam 1 Bhoopali 65 Mohanam 1 Bhoop Kalyani 65 Mohana kalyani 1 Chaya 65 Begada Sarang 1 Gouda Sarang 29 Gouda Saranga 1 Hamir Kalyani 65 Hamir Kalyani 1 Hanskalyani 29 Hamsadhwani 1 Hanskalyani 65 Kalyani 1 Hindol 65 Sunada vinodini 1 Jayith kalyan 28 Mohanam 1 Malarani 60 Hamsanadha 1 Marg Behag 65 Sudha Kosalam 1 Nand 65 Nand 1 Sanj 65 Sunada vinodini 1 Sri kalyani 64 Saraswati 1 Sudha Kalyani 65 Mohanam 1 Vaijayanthi 59 Varatta 1 Yaman Kalyan 65 Yamuna Kalyani 1,3 Champakali 64 Ketakapriya -----------------------------------------------------------------

2 Alaya Bilawal 29 Bilahari 2 Behag 29 Behag 2 Bhimplas 20 Abheri 2 Bhimplas 22 BhimplasAbheri 2 Deshkar 29 Mohanam 2 Durga 29 Sudha Saveri 2 Hansdhwani 29 Hamsadhwani 2 Hemanth 29 Hemanth 2 Kedar Natta 29 Kedar 2 Kedar Natta 46 Shadvithmargini 2 Kousika dhwani 29 Takka 2 Mand 29 Mand 2 Odaiva Bilawal 29 Lalith 2 Pahadi 29 Pahadi 2 Pativari 28 Chaya Tarangini 2 Sankara 29 Sankara 2 Sankara Mohan 29 Sankara Mohan 2 Sudh Bilawal 29 Sankarabharanam 2 Sudh kalyani 65 Mohana kalyani 2 Sudh vibhas 65 Mohanam 2 Vasanthi 29 Sudha Saveri ----------------------------------------------------------------3 Champak 28 Balahamsa 3 Desh 28 Kedara Gowla 3 Desh Gouda 28 Deseya gowla 3 Deshakshi 28 Bilahari 3 Durga 22 Madhura Dhwani, Varam 3 Kalavathy 28 Chakravaham 3 Kara 28 Dhana Kapi 3 Khamaji 28 Khamas 3 Nagavari 28 Nagaswaravali 3 Narayani 28 Narayani 3 Nat Kuranji 28 Natta Kurinji 3 Pashupathipriya 28 Durga 3 Pativari 28 Sama 3 Pratapavarali 28 Pratapavarali 3 Pulinthika 28 Raga panchamam 3 Ravichandrika 28 Ravichandrika 3 Salanga 63 Skanda manorama 3 Surati 28 Surati 3 Surya kauns 23 Kamala 3 Tilak Kamod 27 Nalina kanthi 3 Tilang 28 Tilang 3 Tilang 36 Vethandagaman ----------------------------------------------------------------4 Ahir Bhairav 16 Chakravaham 4 Bairagi Bhairav 2 Revathi 4 Bangala Bhairav 15 Kannada Bangala 4 Basant Mukhari 15 Vasantha Mukhari 4 Devaranji 15 Devaranji 4 Girija 15 Vasantha 4 Gowri 15 Gowri 4 Jogit 15 Padi 4 Jogiya 15 Malahari 4 Kamala Manohari 27 Kamala Manohari 4 Lalith Pancham 15 Lalitha panchamam 4 Megharanji 15 Megharanji 4 Nat Bhairav 27 Sarasangi 4 Takka 8 Dhanyasi 4 Vibhas 15 Vibhas -----------------------------------------------------------------

5 Dhanasri 8 Dhanyasi 5 Gopika Vasanth 20 Gopika Vasantham 5 Malkauns 20 Hindolam 5 Pancham Malkauns 20 Jayanthasri 5 Todi 39 Varali ----------------------------------------------------------------6 Aahi Mohini 20 Bhairavi 6 Chapa kandarava 20 Chapa kandarava 6 Darbari Kanada 20 Darbari Kanada 6 Jaunpuri 20 Jhonpuri 6 Kokila pancham 8 Prabhu priya 6 Malkali 20 Malkali 6 Sindhu Bhairavi 10 Sindhu Bhairavi 6 Sobhavari 20 Suthradhari ----------------------------------------------------------------7 Hemakalyani 29 Begada 7 Multani 45 Gamaka samandam ----------------------------------------------------------------8 Basanth 15 Vasantha 8 Deepak 51 Deepaka 8 Hans narayani 51 Hamsanarayani 8 Indumati 51 Indumati 8 Kusuma Ranjani 15 Gowli panthu 8 Purvi 15 Purvi 8 Vibhas 15 Bhauli ----------------------------------------------------------------9 Ambika 59 Dharmavathi 9 Jayith 53 Gamanasrama 9 Lalith 17 Surya lalith 9 Madhuvanthi 59 Dharmavathi 9 Parasu 15 Parasu 9 Purva Kalyani 53 Purvi Kalyani 9 Purya 21 Karnataka Devagandhari 9 Purya Dhanasri 51 Kamavardhini 9 Purya Dhanasri 53 Hamsanandhi 9 Sohini 53 Hamsanandi 9 Varadi(?) 52 Patalambari 9 Varadi(?) 53 Hamsanandi 9 Vibhas 53 Purvi Kalyani 9 Vibhavari 2 Revathi ----------------------------------------------------------------10 Abhogi Kanada 22 Abhogi 10 Bagesri 22 Bagesri, Sudha Bhairavi 10 Bagesri Kanada 22 Kanada 10 Bahar 22 Kanada 10 Brindavani Sarang 22 Pushpalathika 10 Chanchaldas Malhar 22 Madhyamavati, Pushpalathika 10 Chandrakauns 21 Chandrakauns 10 Chandrakauns 22 Varam 10 Dhanasri 22 Abheri, Karnataka Devagandhari 10 Dhani 22 Sudha Dhanyasi 10 Jaijaivanthi 22 Dwijavanthi 10 Jayanthi 22 Jayanthasena 10 Jhinjhoti 28 Senjuruti, Navaraj 10 Kafi Kambhoji 22 Jaya narayani 10 Karabi(?) 22 Hindusthani Kapi 10 Kiravani 22 Kiravani 10 Koundgiri(?) 22 Pushpalathika, Sudha Dhanyasi 10 Lankadahan Sarang 22 Sri, Kanaka varali, Sudha Velavali 10 Madhu ranjani 36 Gambheera Nattai, Nattai 10 Madhumadh Sarang 22 Madhyamavathi

10 Madmadh Sarang 22 Madhyamavathi 10 Mal manjari 22 Phalamanjari 10 Manavi 22 Manavi 10 Manohari 22 Manohari 10 Palashi 22 Pushpalathika 10 Patdeep 22 Patdeep 10 Peelu 22 Peelu 10 Rudrapriya 22 Rudrapriya 10 Sahan 22 Sahana 10 Saindhavi 22 Saindhavi 10 Sindhur 22 Salaga bhairavi -----------------------------------------------------------------

I am not too sure of many of the Hindusthani ragas in the list; I would be happy if someone could verify the accuracy of the equivalents. I have not included many of the ragas in the Todi That -- almost all of them map into derivatives of Subha panthuvarali or Bhavapriya (except Bhoopal Todi which is the exact equivalent of Bhoopalam). Also not included are the ragas in the Darbari and the Kanhra groups almost all of which map into Kanada/Madhyamavathi/Sri or some combinations of these ragas in the arohana and avarohana. The list is quite obviously incomplete. Any additions to it are most welcome. I would also advise people not to take the list too seriously since very very few ragas (mostly those which have been borrowed from one system of music into the other) can be considered to have reasonable equivalents. Most of the items in the list simply indicate similarities.

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Hindusthani-Carnatic Raga Equivalent


Sundar Gopalakrishnan SIMILAR RAGAS
Hindustani Carnatic ================================================================= Yaman Kalyan Kalyani Malkauns Hindolam Sohini Hamsanandi Bhairvi SindhuBhairavi PooryaKalyan PoorviKalyani Rageshwari NattaiKurinji Joghiya Malahari Todi ShubaPanthuVarali MadhuMathiSarang Madhyamavathi ChandraKauns KalyanaVasantham Bhoopali Mohanam Khamaj Kamaas JhenJhoti Chenjurutti Kirvani Kiravani Hamsadhwani Hamsadhwani

Behag Bheempalas Desh Bilaval MaajKamaj Bhageshwari Durga Pilu CharuKesi Saraswati ShuddKalyan DarbariKaanada JayJayVanthi PooryaDhanashri Aabhogi Vasant Tilang Kedar Amir Vachaspati Jogh

Behag Aaberi Desh ShankaraBharanam YamunaKalyani Bhageshwari ShuddaSaveri Kapi CharuKesi Saraswati MohanaKalyani Kaanada Dhwijavanthi PanthuVarali Aabhohi Vasanta Tilang Saranga AmirKalyani Vachaspati Bahudari

I'm not aware of the Hindustani equivalents for the following FANTASTIC Carnatic Ragas :
Kambodhi Bilahari ShanmukhaPriya SimhendraMadhyamam HariKambhodi ( JhenJhoti ? ) YadukulaKambhodi Bhairavi ( NOT SindhuBhairavi ! ) Mukhari Varali Todi ( NOT Hindustani Todi ! ) Latangi MalayaMarutham Naattai Gaulai KedaraGowlai MayaMalavaGaulai Sahana Saveri Asaveri Aarabi

...And the Carnatic equivalents for the following SCINTILLATING Hindustani Ragas :
Maarwa Poorya MadhuVanti ChaayaNat ShyamKalyan ShuddSarang Bhairav ( NOT Bhairavi ! ) Kafi ( KharaharaPriya, according to Lakshmi Shankar) MadhuKauns JogKauns NandKauns Megh ( Apparently, Carnatic equi. is Shree ? )

Shree ( diff. from Carnatic's Shree ) JanaSammohini Pahadi ( folk music ==> No equi. in Carnatic ? ) MiyaKiMalhar Lalit DeshKar ( But it's the Morning Equi. of Bhoopali ) Nand Shankara