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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE, HUNTLEY, L.L.C., ) Plaintiff, } ve ; Civil Action No. 08-377-GMS MONTEREY MUSHROOMS INC., ; Defendants. ; MEMORANDUM 1. INTRODUCTION On June 24, 2008, the plaintiff, Huntley, L.L.C. (“Huntley”) filed this action against the defendant, Monterey Mushrooms, Inc., (“Monterey”) for infringement of U.S. Patent No. 6,500,476 (“the ‘476 patent”). (D.I. 1.) Presently before the court are the defendant's motion to dismiss for lack of standing and lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1) and the defendant's motion for costs of a previously dismissed action pursuant to Fed. R.Civ. P. 41(d). (D.L. 8, 10.) For the reasons that follow, the court will grant the defendant’s ‘motion to dismiss (D.1. 10) and grant in part and deny in part the defendant's motion for costs (18). U. BACKGROUND A Factual Background This action arises out of a dispute over unpaid legal fees. On September 27, 2000, Huntley and EPL Technologies, Inc. (“EPI”) executed an engagement letter whereby EPL retained Donald W. Huntley, Esq. (“Mr. Huntley”) and his firm to provide certain legal services.' | The engagement letter is provided on “Huntley & Associates” letterhead, which includes the address of the firm, the name of “Donald W. Huntley,” and the names of three other attorneys (DL 1 at Ex. A.) Specifically, pursuant to the engagement letter, Mr. Huntley agreed to “handle the preparation, filing and prosecution of a patent application” for EPL. (/d.) The engagement letter outlines the steps involved in the patent prosecution process, as well as certain costs and expenses in connection with the process. (/d.) The engagement letter also explains the billing rates’ for the attorneys at Mr. Huntley’s firm and the monthly billing process and payment terms for services rendered and expenses incurred in connection with the representation. (Jd.) The engagement letter, however, contains no language regarding an assignment of the ‘476 patent, or any interest in the patent in the event EPL failed to pay Mr. Huntley's legal fees. According to the complaint, on December 31, 2002, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (the “PTO”) issued the °476 patent to EPL. (D.I. 1 19, Ex. B.) Following a dispute with EPL over unpaid legal fees, on December 16, 2002, Mr. Huntley filed a “Notice of Equitable Claim” (the “Notice”) with the PTO in the “476 patent prosecution file. (Jd. at 10.) Among other things, the Notice includes a swom affidavit from Mr. Huntley affirming that: Huntley & Associates LLC is the holder of an equitable ownership interest in [the ‘476 patent application]. This ownership interest flows from unpaid fees for legal services rendered pursuant to an EPL Technologies, Inc., the assignee of the above patent application, and the undersigned effective September 27, 2000 (DL 1 at Ex. C,) The Notice references the engagement letter between EPL and Mr. Huntley as the basis for Huntley’s “equitable interest” in the °476 patent. (Jd. at | 10.) This Notice, however, is signed only by Mr. Huntley.” (/d.) It is not signed by either EPL or Monterey. (Jet) associated with the firm, (D.I. 1 at Ex. A.) The court notes that neither Mr. Huntley, nor Huntley & Associates are named as parties in this suit. ? In fact, there is no indication in the record that either EPL or Monterey even knew of the Notice prior to it being filed with the PTO on December 16, 2002. 2 On May 7, 2003, EPL assigned “all rights, interest, and title” in the “476 patent to Monterey (the “Assignment Agreement”), (D1. 1 § 12, Ex. D.) B. Procedural History On February 16, 2007, Mr. Huntley originally filed suit in this court on behalf of Huntley & Associates, L.L.C. (“Huntley & Associates”) against Monterey for infringement of the ‘476 patent (the “First Action”). Huntley & Associates, L.L.C, v. Monterey Mushrooms, Inc., C.A. No. 07-086-GMS (D. Del. Feb. 16, 2007). In the First Action, Huntley & Associates claimed that it was “the owner of an equitable interest in” the ‘476 patent. (C.A. No, 07-086-GMS, at D.l.1§ 6, On June 13, 2007, Monterey filed a motion to dismiss the First Action pursuant fo Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) for both lack of subject matter jurisdiction and for lack of standing.’ (Id. at D.I. 7.) On July 31, 2007, without explanation and without responding to Monterey’s motion to dismiss, Huntley & Associates filed a motion to withdraw the complaint in that action. (/d. at D.I, 10.) Asa result, the First Action was subsequently closed on September 11, 2007. On June 24, 2008, Huntley filed the instant action against Monterey for patent infringement (the “Second Action”). (D.I. 1.) In this Second Action, Huntley, again, alleges that Monterey infringes the ‘476 patent, and that it has an “equitable interest in the “476 patent.” (id. at 10.) Huntley is also seeking to enforce a so-called “equitable lien” on proceeds derived from the ‘476 patent, as well as “quasi-contract” damages stemming from the EPL’s alleged failure to pay legal fees incurred during the °476 patent application process. (Jd. at 4, 6-7.) On July 28, 2008, Monterey filed a motion to dismiss the Second Action under Rule 12(b)(1) for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and lack of standing. (D.I. 11.) In addition, Monterey also filed a 3 Monterey also filed an opening brief in support of its motion to dismiss. (C.A. No. 07-086- GMS, at DL 8.) 3