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# KNUCKLE JOINT

## • PROBLEM: Design a knuckle joint to

transmit 150KN. The design stresses may
be taken as 80 Mpa in tension, 60 Mpa in
shear and 150 Mpa in compression.
MAJOR COMPONENTS OF KNUCKLE JOINT

## (1) Single eye end

(2) Double eye end
(3) Knuckle pin
(4) Collar
(5) Taper pin / Split pin
Knuckle Joint Assembly
Knuckle Joint Assembly
Single
Single Eye End Eye End
Double
Double Eye EndEye End
Knuckle
Knuckle Pin Pin
Collar Collar
TaperTaper
Pin / Split Pin
Pin / Split Pin
Knuckle Joint Assembly
Knuckle Joint Assembly
(1) Failure of the Solid rod in tension:
(1) Failure of the of
Let d = Diameter Solid rod in tension:
the rod
Let
The d =transmitted
the rod
x 10 3
x d2 x σ(P),
transmitted
= (Π/4) t
= (Π/4) x d2
x 80
150 x 10 3
= (Π/4)
d = 15.45 say 16 mm. x d 2
x σ t
= (Π/4) x d 2
x 80

So,dRod
= 15.45 say 16 =mm.
Diameter 16mm
So, Rod Diameter = 16mm
(2) Failure of the Knuckle Pin in shear:
Because of tensile load P, knuckle pin may fail in double shear.
dp = Knuckle pin diameter

## τ = Allowable shear stress

P = 2 x (Π/4) x dp2 x τ

So, dp = 12.61mm

## Generally, pin diameter is taken equal to rod diameter.

So, dp = d = 16 mm
(3) Failure of the single eye or rod in tension:
Generally, outer diameter of eye D1 and thickness t of single eye end
is taken from the dimension of pin diameter.
So, D1 = 2 dp = 2 x 16 = 32mm

## t = 1.2d = 1.2 x 16 = 19.2mm say 20mm

Now, P = (D1-dp) x t x σ t

15000 = (32-16) x 20 x σ t

σ t = 46.88 N/mm2 ≤ [σ t ]
(4) Failure of the single eye hole and knuckle pin crushing:
P = dp x t x σ c

15000 = 16 x 20 x σ c

σc = 46.88 n/mm2
So, σ c ≤ [σ c]

## So, the eye end and pin is safe in crushing failure.

(5) Failure of the fork end in tensile:
P = 2 x C x t1 x σ t

## And C = 2 t1 = t =20 taken,

15000 = 2 x 20 x 10 x σ t

σ t = 37.5 N/mm2

So, σ t ≤ [σ t]

## So, the fork is safe in tensile failure.

(6) Failure of the fork eye end at pin hole section in tensile:
P = 2 x (D1 – dp ) x t1 x σ t

15000 = 2 x ( 32-16) x 10 x σ t

σ t = 46.88 N/mm2

So, σ t ≤ [σ t]

So, the fork eye end at pin hole section is safe in tensile failure.
(6) Failure of the single eye end in double shear:
P = 2 x { (D1 – dp )/2 } x t x τ

15000 = 2 x { ( 32-16) / 2 } x 20 x τ
τ = 46.88 N/mm2
So, τ≤ [τ]
So, the single eye end is safe in double shear.