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KNUCKLE JOINT

• PROBLEM: Design a knuckle joint to


transmit 150KN. The design stresses may
be taken as 80 Mpa in tension, 60 Mpa in
shear and 150 Mpa in compression.
MAJOR COMPONENTS OF KNUCKLE JOINT

(1) Single eye end


(2) Double eye end
(3) Knuckle pin
(4) Collar
(5) Taper pin / Split pin
Knuckle Joint Assembly
Knuckle Joint Assembly
Single
Single Eye End Eye End
Double
Double Eye EndEye End
Knuckle
Knuckle Pin Pin
Collar Collar
TaperTaper
Pin / Split Pin
Pin / Split Pin
Knuckle Joint Assembly
Knuckle Joint Assembly
(1) Failure of the Solid rod in tension:
(1) Failure of the of
Let d = Diameter Solid rod in tension:
the rod
Let
The d =transmitted
load Diameter of(P),
the rod
150The load
x 10 3
x d2 x σ(P),
transmitted
= (Π/4) t
= (Π/4) x d2
x 80
150 x 10 3
= (Π/4)
d = 15.45 say 16 mm. x d 2
x σ t
= (Π/4) x d 2
x 80

So,dRod
= 15.45 say 16 =mm.
Diameter 16mm
So, Rod Diameter = 16mm
(2) Failure of the Knuckle Pin in shear:
Because of tensile load P, knuckle pin may fail in double shear.
dp = Knuckle pin diameter

τ = Allowable shear stress

P = 2 x (Π/4) x dp2 x τ

15000 = 2 x (Π/4) x dp2 x 60

So, dp = 12.61mm

Generally, pin diameter is taken equal to rod diameter.


So, dp = d = 16 mm
(3) Failure of the single eye or rod in tension:
Generally, outer diameter of eye D1 and thickness t of single eye end
is taken from the dimension of pin diameter.
So, D1 = 2 dp = 2 x 16 = 32mm

t = 1.2d = 1.2 x 16 = 19.2mm say 20mm

Now, P = (D1-dp) x t x σ t

15000 = (32-16) x 20 x σ t

σ t = 46.88 N/mm2 ≤ [σ t ]
(4) Failure of the single eye hole and knuckle pin crushing:
P = dp x t x σ c

15000 = 16 x 20 x σ c

σc = 46.88 n/mm2
So, σ c ≤ [σ c]

So, the eye end and pin is safe in crushing failure.


(5) Failure of the fork end in tensile:
P = 2 x C x t1 x σ t

t1= t/2 = 20 / 2 = 10mm

And C = 2 t1 = t =20 taken,

15000 = 2 x 20 x 10 x σ t

σ t = 37.5 N/mm2

So, σ t ≤ [σ t]

So, the fork is safe in tensile failure.


(6) Failure of the fork eye end at pin hole section in tensile:
P = 2 x (D1 – dp ) x t1 x σ t

15000 = 2 x ( 32-16) x 10 x σ t

σ t = 46.88 N/mm2

So, σ t ≤ [σ t]

So, the fork eye end at pin hole section is safe in tensile failure.
(6) Failure of the single eye end in double shear:
P = 2 x { (D1 – dp )/2 } x t x τ

15000 = 2 x { ( 32-16) / 2 } x 20 x τ
τ = 46.88 N/mm2
So, τ≤ [τ]
So, the single eye end is safe in double shear.