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CRITICAL THINKING

THERESIA L. TORUAN

Define
Consist of mental process of analyzing or evaluating information, particularly statements or propositions that people have offered true.

Such information: Observation Experience Reasoning Communication

Include:

clarity accuracy precision evidence thoroughness fairness

Describe as
.the careful and deliberate

determine whether to accept, reject, or


suspend judgment about a

claim.
..the evaluating what other people

say or write to determine whether to


believe to statement..

The goal

to develop individual who value knowledge, learning and creative process recognize the limits of individual reflection.
know how and when to question

The goal

recognize when more information is required know how to find and organize information can generate and evaluate a number of alternatives to human problem

Critical thinking
Involving two aspect:

A set of cognitive skills (Blooms) The ability and intellectual commitment to use those skills to guide behaviour

Critical thinking skill

distinguishing fact from opinion and bias from objectivity distinguishing between primary and secondary sources evaluating information sources recognizing deceptive arguments

Critical thinking
.does not assure that one will reach either

truth or correct conclusions.


one may not have all the relevant information

important information may remain undiscovered


information may not even be knowable ones bias(es) may prevent effective gathering and evaluation of the available information

Critical and Creative thinking


Qualities of good thinking processes Types of thinking Interrelated and complementary, almost all of the thinking contains some critical and some creative aspects

Critical and creative thinking

..processes are combination of:


abilities, knowledge, values, attitudes, skills, and processes

Critical thinking

..necessary for

analyzing arguments rational decision making

Creative thinking

necessary for

Develop alternatives to ways of life