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Vastu Shastra

An Introduction
To The Science of Building a House

Every creature in this world tries to arrange for a place in which to live comfortably,
enjoying all the luxuries and happiness of this world getting maximum benefits of
heavenly boons.

Most every one is aspiring for having sound health, beautiful wife, healthy children,
wealth, means of earning through business, profession or state service, high
reputation in society and over all mental and spiritual peace. The sea animals and
amphibians prepare a dwelling place on the sea shore, the birds build nests in the
trees, the insects make a hive, and human beings are ambitious for making a house
on the earth where all the liabilities towards this world and towards heaven can be
fulfilled without any disturbance and trouble.
Therefore, aware of the need of a house and in order to avoid troubles, man wants to
construct a house on such a ground where he can feel all sorts or happiness and
can lead a peaceful life free of troubles and enemies, thereby deriving spiritual

With this aim in his mind, he sets out in search of the learned wise persons who can
guide him in selecting a site (plot) of his choice, and also in construction of the
house. He wants to know the proper auspicious time, and principles (laws) of
constructing the house.

Also he has in mind the colony or city, neighborhood, sources of water, natural
environment, means of transport, etc. while selecting a plot for building a house, at
the same time he thinks of his own interests and profits. The external features of the
plot can be known with the help of persons living around or nearby the flat. But the
quality and nature of the land can be judged only by Shastra. Therefore the selection
of a site and the plan of the building is constructed only after consultation and
seeking advice of expert astrologer and Vaastu Specialist.

There are sayings such as:

Nadi Shotriyo Raja Devagyo Na Chikitasak Tatra Vaso Na Kartavaya

A place where there is no river (Source of water - pond or well, etc.), scholar,
astrologer, ruler and medical expert, should not be selected for living thereon, it
should be rejected.

Dushta Bharya Shath Mitra Bhratiyaschottar Dayak;Sasarpe Ch Grahey Vaso

Mirturev Na Sanshaya.

If there is house in which lives an unfaithful wife, a foolish friend, an outspoken

servant and a snake, the owner of such a house may die at any moment.

If such things are associated with the house constructed by someone, the life of the
inmates become troublesome and unhappy, and there is always a fear of death.

Therefore, everyone is curious to know as to what is Vaastu Shastra, and what

principles and methods regarding the construction of buildings have been given by
the ancient saints and seers on the basis of their experience and commands in the
divine scriptures. With the help of Vaastu Shastra and Shilpashastra, knowledge
about the better and auspicious way of construction of a house, the positions and
direction of gates, doors and rooms, etc. in it, is gained so that a house may be built
which will provide all round prosperity and happiness to the inmates. Thus, Vaastu
Shastra provides some principles and rules on the guidelines of which suitable and
comfortable buildings for residence, temples, etc. are built and towns, colonies are

What is Vastu Shastra?

Vastu Shastra is an ancient science which helps one to get the natural benefits freely
offered by the five basic elements of the universe in which we all live. These basic
elements are Akash (SKY), Prithvi (EARTH), Paani (WATER), Agni (FIRE), and Vayu
(WIND). Vastu Shastra can be applied by keeping in harmony with these basic five
elements of nature.

One sometimes feels that in spite of having all the required resources for achieving
success in the work field one is not getting the desired and deserved result and it
should not be a surprise to oneself that it could be due to the fact that either one's
office or factory is not planned according to the science of Vastu Shastra.

Similarly, one might feel that the wheel of family life is not moving smoothly and there
is lack of peace, harmony, affection and well being in one’s family. One should get
the architecture of his house examined and if need be modified as per Vastu
Shastra, one is bound to expect good results and well being gradually and steadily.

We sincerely hope that Vastu Shastra one day will end all miseries and sorrows and
bring joy and happiness in everybody’s life.

Tips From Vastu

1. The main entrance should be in the East or North but it should not be in front
of the compound wall.
2. The wall of the house in the North-Eastern side should have minimum height.
3. If the wall of the house in the East is tall, it stalls the entry of prosperity, the
Goddess Laxmi, into the house. Therefore, it should be small in height.
4. The southern side of the house should be as tall and heavy as possible.
In any room of the house the beam or column should not cross in the center.
5. Terrace or balcony in the house should be either in the East or the North.
6. A well, pole or a temple should not be there in front of the main entrance of
the house.
7. The slope of the house should be towards East, North or North-East.
Similarly, the slope of the plinth also should be towards East, North or North-
8. The height of the plinth should be maximum in the direction of South-West.
9. The main entrance of the house should not be in front of that of the opposite
10. The house should be equipped with the protective wall.
11. The upper storeys of the house should be constructed on the Southern or
Western part.
12. The cupboard in the wall should be the Southern or Western part direction of
the house.

Why Follow Vastu?

God is present in the direction of North-East, it is believed. That is why our ancestors
always insisted on having a body of water in this direction to ensure prosperity. Now
see the geographical location of a small nation like Japan one of the largest bodies
of water in the form of the Pacific Ocean which explains the reason of its growing

Take the example of Mumbai city. On its South-East side where Agni is located, is
the atomic power plant and in the direction of North-East is the body of water, which
is why when it is compared to other ports, Mumbai port is more prosperous.

The city of London is famous and rich because it is situated on more or less the ideal
principles of Vastu Shastra.

It is found that at the root of the progress and prosperity of the cities like New York,
London, Mumbai, Singapore, Hong Kong, etc. are always the benedictory principles
of Vastu Shastra. It is also found that as one progresses towards the North-East in
the United States of America the land becomes richer and richer.

Study the location and construction of the famous temple of Tirupati from the angle
of Vastu Shastra. Its legendary prosperity is thanks mainly to the exemplary
implementation of the principles of Vastu Shastra. The main temple is situated on the
South-West side of the temple precinct. On its North-East direction is a lake and
pond. The dining hall of the temple is on South-East side while the North-West and
North side of the temple is allocated to the godown (storage place) for grains and
items require in the kitchen. The entire temple precinct is of square shape as a result
of which its axis and that of the Earth are perpendicular to each other. The main
temple is occupying only the one fourth area of the total precinct and on its Eastern
and Northern side is an open area. Thus the Tirupati temple of Lord Balaji is an ideal
place according to the norms of Vastu Shastra which is why it is the most prosperous
temple on earth.

Other Questions on Vastu

Q. We have bought a house recently, but we could not really keep vastu shastra in
mind. We have to name our house but we would like to keep a suitable name which
we could not think of .

A. The name of your house is a very personal matter and should be kept keeping in
view the aspirations of the family, your personal lifestyle and beliefs. Make a short list
of names that fulfill the above criteria and then select one consciously. May the new
house bring you harmony and abundance.

Q. Entrance to my home is from east, kitchen is on south, bedroom on

southwest, living room on southeast, dining room on northwest. Please advise
on the application of vastu to my kitchen.

A. The basic things you have to keep in mind should be as follows:

1. Keep the Gas in the southeast corner of the kitchen
2. Person should face the east while cooking.
3. Drinking water should be in the northeast of the kitchen.
4. Sink should be in the south portion of the kitchen.

Q. Could you suggest me vastu tips for the interior planning of my house?

A. For safe and sound interior planning of your house make sure that there is plenty
of light, air with proper ventilation and minimum furniture.

Bed Room: The master bedrooms should be in the Southwest corner of the house.
If the house has more than one floor, then it should be on the top-most floor. The
ceiling should be level, this makes the energy of the room uniform, which in turn
gives one a steady state of mind. Children’s room should be in the northwest or west
side. To have a better concentration they should have a separate study close to their
bedrooms. Kitchen: The ideal place is the southeast corner of the building or a
kitchen in the west of the building can also be tolerated.

Study Room: The best locations for this room are the north, west, northwest, east,
and northeast. These directions attract the positive effects of Mercury for increasing
brain power, Jupiter for increasing wisdom, Sun for increasing ambition and Venus
helps in bringing about creativity in new thoughts and ideas.

Dining room: The dining room and kitchen should be on the same floor and it
should be adjacent to the kitchen from the left. The entrance to the dining room and
the main door should not be facing each other. The dining table should be square or
rectangular in shape and should not be attached or folding against the wall.

Bathrooms: Bathrooms and toilets should be adjacent to the northeast corner. They
should never be constructed in the center or in the southwest corner of the house.

Drawing Room: It should always be constructed towards the north. The rooms
located in the northern part of the house should be bigger in size as that compared
to the rooms in the southern part of the house. They should be shorter to them in
height by one to three inches. This is an important rule of Vastu Shastra. Furniture
should be square or rectangular in shape.

Store Room: If essential then the store room should be constructed in the southern
part of the building, otherwise grain and other provisions can be stored in the kitchen
or in other rooms and cupboards. Things should not be stored in diwans and box
beds because it affects the magnetic environment of the self and the room causing
sleeping disorders. Waste Storage: Daily wastes from the kitchen should be kept
covered in the southwest corner of the kitchen.

Height of Rooms: The rooms in the northern part of the house should be larger than
the rooms in the southern side by 6-9 inches, and lower by 1-3 inches. Height of
rooms should ideally be 12- 14 feet.
Doors/Windows: As far as doors are concerned, the main door should be larger
than the inner doors and all doors should open towards the walls. All windows should
be at least 3 feet 6 above ground level, and should be at the same level from the top.
Window openings should be on the northern and eastern sides of the buildings.

Q. What is Vastu Shastra?

A. VASTU SHASTRA is the traditional Indian system of architecture and design of

Vedic origin. Vastu means the dwelling of humans and Gods. Many Vastu rules are
derived from 'Vastu Purusha Mandala' which is depicted as a man lying with his head
pointing north east, in a grid of usually 64 squares. The different directions and
sectors are assigned to different Gods and Guardians. It aims at providing guidelines
for proper construction. Vastu orientates, places and dictates the proportions of
every detail in building lines, skylines, elongations, levels, slopes, water
(underground and overhead), kitchen, bedrooms, toilets, staircase, heights of
ceilings and roofs, entrances, loci of doors and windows, compound walls and so on.
Vastu is affected with positive power of three elements: the earth, the water, the fire
(the sun).

1. Earth: was formed about 460 crore years ago and it was a fiery ball. In due
course of time, the rocks melted and the surface has formed and acquired
magnetism due to the magnetic particles embedded within. It has two poles,
north pole and southpole.

2. Sky: is the endless space surrounding the universe. The universal concept of
sky is beyond the imagination and reach of human beings as it is never
ending and eternal.

3. Air (Atmosphere): is a composition of gases like oxygen, nitrogen, carbon-

dioxide, helium, neon, crypton and vapor. Oxygen is life saving gas
indispensable to living organism.

4. Water: due to rainfall from clouds, water flowed into low lying area of earth's
surface and oceans were formed. The eternal water cycle is mystery of

5. Sun: sun plays a vital role in Vastu Shastra. It is a source of life on earth and
this is the reason why Sun is worshipped as an incarnation of god or the
potential source of creation on the earth.

Q. Does Vastu Shastra promise prosperity?

A. No, not really. Vastu Shastra cannot be directly linked with prosperity. It only
suggests ways in which we can live in tune with the laws of nature so that we can be
healthy and peaceful and work efficiently. The ancient texts of Vastu Shastra have
probably claimed to bring prosperity, as an indirect consequence of being able to
perform well at home and work.

Q. What is the role of religion in Vastu Shastra?

A. Vastu Shastra is a science - it has nothing to do with religion. It is true that over
the years Vastu Shastra has imbibed religious overtones, but that does not seem to
have been the original idea. The religious implications were probably inculcated by
the proponents of the science, when they realized that the society of that time, being
a God-fearing one, would not accept norms that strayed away from the notions of

Q. Which deity is worshiped in Vastu Shastra?

A. Religious icons have no place in science. The ancient text of Vastu Shastra did
mention various Gods from Hindu mythology fixing their locations on the site and
prescribing the offerings to be made to them, but that also seems to have been a
ploy created by ancient scientists to convince the people to accept the Vastu norms.

Q. What is the significance of the Vastu Purusha?

A. The 'Vastu Purusha' is said to be the spirit of the site. It's in the form of a human
male and lies on the site with his head towards the east, his posture fitting exactly in
a square. It was easier to get the anthropometrically and aesthetically correct
dimensions of rooms, doors windows and even the structural members like plinth
and pillars. Even the interior planning was governed by the posture of the 'Vastu
Purusha' and the norms which specified where and how the structure must be built,
so that it does not injure him.

Q. Vastu Shastra is so superstitious, how can it be called a science?

A. Vastu Shastra is a science. In the age when it was formulated, the society was
largely illiterate, the illiteracy generating a fear of the unknown. Science was beyond
the realm of their understanding while religion was omnipresent. It was therefore
simpler for the ancient Vastu experts to spread the concepts of the Vastu Shastra
through the intricate network of religion and superstition. Unfortunately, as time
passed only the superstitious filtered down the generations, while the actual theory
eluded the world.

Q. Is Vastu shastra relevant in the modern world?

A. All the ancient doctrines of Vastu Shastra may not be applicable in the present
scenario. Some of the tenets particularly show a strong social bias, which was
relevant to the social structure which existed at that time. Such tenets have certainly
lost their significance. However the fundamentals of the theory can be adapted to the
modern world. Unfortunately, again most of the modern Vastu exponents are also
exploiting the layman ignorance and gullibility.

Q. How does Vastu Shastra work in apartment blocks?

A. It is a fact that the original Vastu tenets prescribed the type of site and then
specified the layout materials and construction techniques. In an urban milieu, one
can hardly indulge in choosing dwelling sites. Thus the macro level implications can
be successfully adapted to contemporary needs.
Q. How can Vastu Shastra ba applied to the commercial and industrial

A. The original texts of Vastu Shastra were confined to the architecture of temples,
places and homes of the commoners. However, those very norms can be easily
applied to other structures such as offices and industries. So if facing a particular
direction brings in negative solar energy, the large machinery may be kept there to
block it.

Q. What if it is not possible to implement all the changes recommended by a

Vastu consultant?

A. It must first be noted that Vastu Shastra is not a religion. However God-fearing
you may be, you should not feel threatened by Vastu Shastra because it is a
science. Science does not condemn God, or disprove its identity but it does not
accept it. Vastu Shastra is the science of structure, formulated to help us live in tune
with nature. It does not give solutions to your domestic or financial problems.
A Vastu consultant assesses your home or work place, and suggests changes that
will improve it's Vastu compliance. If the assessment has been done in a systematic
manner, it is obvious that implementing the more negative elements should yield
substantially positive effects. Very often, merely changing the orientation of the
interior fixture helps in achieving a Vastu-positive environment.

Q. What is the ideal plot/house?

A. The ideal plot is the one whose length and breadth are same and ideally facing
each side of plot to exact north direction, south direction, east direction and west
direction, and the house constructed in this plot shall also be ideal. If utility rooms are
constructed as per the norms of Vastu Shastra the foundation should be 9 feet but
due to the construction of sky rise multi-story buildings coming up, the depth of
foundation shall depend on the load bearing capacity of soil, the number of storeys
that are going to be constructed and the materials used.

Q. Why directions are important in Vastu Shastra?

A. The Sun, as our ancestors revealed, is the only source of light and heat for human
and other living beings. It directs and sustains life on earth. Therefore, the Sun, the
rising Sun is like God, and its direction of rising is considered pious and is taken as a
point of reference. If we face the rising sun, the facing direction is called East, behind
us shall be West, our left hand denotes North direction and right hand denotes South
direction. Therefore, the effect of the direction affects the building/house constructed

Q. What is the best direction of the house?

A. An auspicious direction for the house/building to face is the east or north direction.
This is subject to other factors laid down as per Vastu Shastra.
Q. What should be the proportion of length and breadth of house?

A. Ideally, the proportion of length and breadth should be 1:1.

Q. Does the size of rooms affect the fortune of the persons residing?

A. Yes, the length, breadth or both effect the fortune of inmates.

Q. What are the main factors to be considered regarding the door of the

A. As per Vastu Shastra, the number of doors and windows of a house should be
even in number.

Q. Can facing of the main door be decided?

A. Yes, the zodiac sign of the owner of the house, on whose name the deed of the
house is made can be taken as reference and according to zodiac sign of the owner,
the main door can be fixed. But since the houses are used generation after
generation and in every generation the owner of house is changed the main door if
fitted as per the location of plot and road abutting.

Q. How and why do inhabitants residing in FSI based constructed buildings

face problems?

A. Residential Flats are being constructed like pigeon boxes. No open space is left in
front of the main entrance door. If one door of a flat opens fully (outside which again
is against vastu rules) another adjacent flat-owner will not be able to open his Main
Entrance door fully. Then we observe that door is spliced into two parts 1/3 & 2/3 is
recommended. The real problems starts here. Nowhere in the ancient literature, is
the splitting of the main entrance door in portion 1/3 & 2/3. Kitchen is health and
kitchens in such flats are not designed as per the tenets and rules of Vastu Shastra.
Many a time, we observe that toilets in such flats are located in northeast. A family
having a toilet in the northeast region of their place of residence will not be able to
prosper in life.

Q. What are the planets associated with the directions in Vaastu Shastra ?

East Ravi Sun

South East Shukra Venus
South Angaraka Mars
South West Rahu Dragon's Head
West Shani Saturn
North West Chandra Moon
North Budha Mercury
North East Guru Ketu Jupiter Dragon's Tail

Q. According to the Vastu Shastra scriptures, what do all the various

directions represent?

A. According to the Vastu Shastra scriptures, the various directions denote the
following aspects:

East (Purab) Pitrustaan(Manes): It should not be blocked , since it is the source of

male issues.
Southeast (Aagneya) (Fire) source of health, place of fire, cooking and food.
South (Dakshina)- Source of wealth, crops and happiness.
Southwest (Naryuthya)-(Earth) source of character, behavior, cause of longevity and
West (Paschima) Source of name, fame and prosperity
Northwest (Vaayavya) (Air) Source of change, income from business, enmity and
North (Uttara) Maathrusthan-This should not be blocked as it is the source of female
Northeast (Eshanya) (Water) Source of health, wealth, prosperity and of male issues.

Q. Does the magnetic field of the earth have anything to do with Vastu

A. Yes. Most Certainly. The magnetic field of the earth plays and important role while
formulating Vastu Shastra which can significantly influence human life. According to
Vastu Shastra, one should never keep his/her head towards the north while lying as
it obstructs the circulatory system causing irregular sleep, tension, paranoia and
other mental problems. The magnetic fields of the same poles repel each other while
the opposite attracts each other, therefore a person should keep his/her head
towards the south or east.

Q. What role does soil play in the selection of a plot?

A. According to Vastu Shastra, a plot with soil that has a large salt content is
considered to be inauspicious. The ground water table should be minimum 10-12’
below the existing ground level and maximum 30’. It should not have any sanitary
back-filled or reclaimed soil or rubbish, bones, hair and other filthy material. The soil
should be fertile and free from any decrepit or dead material.

Q. Does Vastu Shastra apply to boundary walls as well?

A. Vastu Shastra holds the conviction that the boundary walls are an effective way of
containing the energy level and the magnetic field of the plot. The wall should be
thick and high in the western and the southern directions. In the north and the east a
smaller, thinner wall is desired.
Q. What are the things that are to be kept in mind while selecting a plot?

A. The major factors to be kept in mind while selecting a plot are:

1. Geographical surroundings,
2. Level of the land,
3. and Roads around the plot.

Q. Are there any conventions prescribed by Vastu Shastra that pertain to


A. Anything that is an essential part of a home, is inscribed in the Vastu Shastra.

Doors, in every sense, convey a lot of pertinent attributes about a house. Here are a
few that Vastu defines:

1. The Main-Gate should have two panels.

2. The main door should not open inside the house.
3. The doors in the house should not be noisy. The total number of doors,
windows and ventilators in the house should be even in number for eg. 2, 4, 6
etc. but should not end with a 0 i.e. 10, 20, etc. If the front door frame is
painted black, then the owner might have to face hardship.
4. If the door has cracks or is too old, then the owner will have a tough time
gaining respect in society.

Q. The staircase in my house is damaged. What does Vastu Shastra say to


A. If the steps leading to the entrance are damaged or broken, then the master of the
house will face problems with his career and his expenses will soar. The staircase
should ascend clockwise. The total number of steps should be such that on division
by 3, a remainder of 2 should be obtained for eg. 7, 11, 17, etc.

Q. Does Vastu contain anything that relates to the color of paint on the interior

A. It certainly does, the interior is one of the biggest parts of the house. Here is what
Vastu Shastra says about interiors:

1. Bright colors should not be used in the house.

2. Cold and light colors should be used for painting the house.
3. Paintings or photographs depicting war, sad faces, birds like owl, crow,
pigeon, erotic pictures, etc. should not be used for decoration in the house.



VASTU Shastra believes in the existence of VASTU Purush who is the main deity of
a building. In this regard Rig Veda says:



That is VASTU has a relation with Griha devata (deity of the home)

According to Shatpath Brahmin (an ancient scripture), VASTU is the ruling deity of
animal stock and the people living in a home.

The concept of VASTU Purush in VASTU Shastra is an ancient one. As per the
scriptures, once a fierce battle took place in ancient times between a demon
Andhakasur and Lord Shiva. During the battle, a few drops of Lord Shankar’s sweat
fell on the ground and gave birth to a formidable monster. The monster at once
began to kill the gods. Acting unitedly, then all the gods captured the monster and
buried him with his face facing down. The gods also granted a boon to pacify him:
"You shall be worshipped in all auspicious tasks."

Since the gods made an abode on the monster, he came to be known as VASTU
Purush. And since all the gods have an abode on him, he is worshipped by prudent

Vishwakarma is regarded as the father of VASTU Shastra. In his treatise,

Vishwakarma Prakash,, he writes about the origin of VASTU Purush:



In Treta-yuga on the third day of the dark phase of the lunar month Bhadrpad,
Brahma created a formidable man. Even the gods were frightened by his
appearance. Then by Brahma's consent, all the gods pushed him down, with his face
downward and themselves sat on him.

The formidable man then appealed to Brahma: "O Lord, you have created this
cosmos. This body is also yours. Why then these gods are torturing me without
reason? Tell me how should I behave with the gods."

Pleased Brahma said: "Since this moment your worship shall be indispensable in
every auspicious construction work because of your presence beneath the gods.
Those who won’t worship you for any reason shall have to suffer penury and
untimely death. They shall have to face your wrath and hence obstacles in
everything they do."

Therefore in the beginning of a building's construction, installation of doors and on

the occasion of making first entry into newly built home, worship of VASTU is more
than a must. Apart from these occasions, on every auspicious task offerings ought to
be made into fire according to one’s strength.


The VASTU Purush is lain with his face downward. His head points to north-east,
while feet point together to southwest. His right hand and the joint of right leg point
toward southeast, while left hand and joint of left leg point to northwest.


In VASTU Shastra, eight directions - North, East, West, South, Northeast, Southeast,
Southwest and Northwest are considered important. If you are planning to build your
bungalow or any other building on the basis of VASTU Shastra, first of all you should
have knowledge of your plot’s direction. Then you should decide in which direction
you ought to keep your main gate. You may if necessary, take the help of a compass
to know the directions.

As the numerals have their apparent influence of human life, similarly influence of
the directions is also apparent. Richness or penury of a person can be known from
the location of his house. In which direction is his house located? Which direction
does the entrance of his house face? How is the interior decoration? These and
other related things reveal the economic condition of a person. Similarly changes
that must be made in order to bring prosperity and to prevent imminent danger or
crisis can also be known with the help of VASTU Shastra.

As everybody knows there are four major directions - east, west, north and south.
Besides these, four sub-directions are also considered. These are Agney
(Southeast), Nairitya (Southwest), Vayavya (Northwest) and Ishaan (northeast).
Each of these directions and sub-directions has its own merits and demerits and
yields results accordingly. Every direction has a deity or lord that rules it.

EAST: Indra is the ruling deity of the east. He was born out of Brahma's mouth and
is capable of destroying enemies. He can appear in any form as per his wishes. He
is also the lord of rains and has the wind as his assistant. Increment in wealth,
cereals and animal stock can be effected through worshipping Indra. Indra is also the
king of the heaven. Elephant Airavat is Indra’s vehicle and Vajra (lightning) in his

The east is also the abode of gods like Surya, Agni, Indra, Jayant, Ish, Parjanya,
Satya, Bhup and Akash.

The east is also known as a direction of lineage. During the construction of the
house, some portion must be left open in the east. It leads to long life for the owner.
WEST: The west is the opposite of the east. No work can progress in the west.
Varun (Neptune) is the lord of this direction, which is under the influence of sage
Agastya. The sea is the abode of Varun (Neptune). He therefore has most influence
on the water bodies. A proper utilization of westerly portion of plot leads to
reputation, fame, prosperity and success for the owner.

NORTH: Kuber is the lord of this direction. Literally, Kuber means the one who
controls the imminent events and causes increments. He has inaccessible wealth
and property. Kuber is the king of Yakshas and Kinnars and is a friend of Rudra
(Shiva). Kailash is the abode of Kuber who has three legs, eight hands and a yellow
dot in place of eyes.

Mercury is the planet that rules the north. It is more influential in the dark phase of
every lunar month. North is a also an abode of the gods like Kuber, Diti, Aditi, Shail,
Naga and Bhallat, etc.

North is also a place of mother. Leaving some portion open in north leads to
prosperity of maternal side as well as provides wealth, comforts, peace etc. for the

SOUTH: Yama is the lord of this direction. He is the son of Surya and is hostile
towards Vishnu. Nakshatra Bharani is the most important for him. During the last
eight days of the lunar months of Ashwin and Kartika this nakshatra is more
influential. South direction weakens human life, hence all the auspicious tasks are
forbidden in the south. South is also an abode of the gods like Yama, Gandharvas,
Mriga, Pusha, Vitath and Kshat. In all the south direction yields nothing but
mourning, depression and pain.

AGNEYA (SOUTHEAST): Direction that lies midway between the east and the south
is known as Agneya (southeast). Agni (fire) is the lord of this direction. He is the
preserver and defender of every being. Agni also carries the message of people who
worship and offer oblations with devotion to God.

Worshippers of Agni are economically strong and long living. Agni himself takes care
of the people who make offerings into him. Agni also provides them with comfort,
peace, prosperity and progeny.

While constructing a house, the first pillar must be erected in the southeast direction.
Alternatively, kitchen of the house should occupy a place in this direction. This is the
foremost and an important rule of VASTU Shastra. First day of every month also
represents the element fire.

A warm Agneya direction makes a man healthy, whereas a faulty use makes the
owner short tempered.

NAIRITYA (SOUTHWEST): It lies midway between the south and the west
directions. Nairitya is the ruling lady of this direction. Literally, Nairitya means
repeated happening - whether be it the birth of a baby or any other event. It also
means that anything not done at proper time can’t have a repetition. If the house is
built in this direction, the home suffers continuous decay.

The southwest portion of the house should never be left open, nor should a pit be
dug in this direction. This direction is an abode of demons and ghosts. To prevent the
accumulation of inauspicious and pain causing things, digging of pit in southwest is
prohibited. If for some reason, digging is necessary it should be covered as early as
possible or a sapling be planted in its place.

VAYAVYA (NORTHWEST): It lies mid way between the west and the north. Vayu
(wind) is the lord of this direction. Five kinds of Vayu - Prana, Upana, Samana,
Vyana and Udana, are necessary for human life. Hanumana and Bheema are the
representations of Vayu. Those who worship Vayu in the form of Hanumana get their
desired results at once.

Northwest angle is the progenitor of friendship or enmity. Hence, a faulty use of this
portion of plot may result in a majority of enemies. If you use this angle of your plot
wisely and flawlessly, you will have many friends who will undoubtedly benefit you.

ISHANYA (NORTHEAST): The angle that lies midway between north and the east is
known as Ishanya (northeast) direction. Shiva is the lord of this angle. Pashupat is
the weapon of Shiva. Nakshatra Ardra is the symbol of Lord Shiva. Semul (silk-
cotton) tree is considered auspicious in this direction.

Worshipping of the ruling God of this direction yields many virtues in the life of the
worshipper. The portion of the house in this direction must be kept holy for it yields
many kinds of divine powers to the owner. Proper utilization of this portion of house
provides wealth, reputation, property and every kind of excellence for the owner. A
faulty utilization of this angle, however, may block successful continuation of