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"THE GATE" DOHA-QATAR

ELECTROMECHANICAL WORKS SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT

EARTHING RESISTANCE ANALYSIS CALCULATIONS BASED ON BS 7430 : 1991


A.SELECTION OF AN EARTHING CONDUCTOR AND CONNECTION TO AN ELECTRODE 1. AVERAGE FAULT CURRENT, KA 2. FAULT CURRENT DURATION 1 or 3 SECONDS ( 1 or 3 ) 3. EARTH. CONDUCT. MATERIAL, COPPER or ALUM. or STEEL ( C or A or S ) 4. INITIAL TEMPERATURE, DEG.C 5. FINAL TEMPERATURE, DEG.C 6. EARTHING CONDUCTOR CROSS SECTIONAL AREA, MM 2 7. NEXT HIGHER STAND. EARTHING CONDUCTOR CROSS SEC. AREA, MM 2 B.VERTICAL RODS 1. RESISTIVITY OF THE SOIL, OHM.METER 2. LENGTH OF ELECTRODE, METER 3. DIAMETER OF ELECTRODE , METER
4. ARRANGMENT OF ELECTRODES, LINE or SQUARE or RECTANGLE or TRIANGLE ( L or S or R or T) 5. TOTAL NO. OF ELECTRODES IN LINE or IN SQUARE or IN RECTANGLE or IN TRIANGLE
CLEAR

30 1 C 70 250 199.70 240

CALCULATE - A

or
CALCULATE - A

FINAL TEMPERATURE, DEG.C


(150,200,250,450,500 for copper) (150,200,300,500 for aluminum)

6. DISTANCE BETWEEN ADJACENT RODS, METER 7. TOTAL EARTHING RODS RESISTANCE, OHMS C. HORIZONTAL ROUND ELECTRODES 1. LENGTH OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 2. DEPTH OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 3. DIAMETER OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 4. HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR ARRANGEMENT, ( 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 ) * MEANS THAT : 1= SINGLE LENGTH ( * ) TWO LENGTHS AT 900 2= THREE LENGTHS AT 1200 3= FOUR LENGTHS AT 900 4= 5. SPACE BETWEEN STRAIGHT HORIZONTAL CONDUCTORS IN //, METER 6. NO. OF ONLY SINGLE HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR IN //, one or two or three or four ( * ) 7. EARTHING RESISTANCE OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTORS, OHMS

100 CALCULATE - B 6 0.01905 NO. OF ELECTRODES : R (2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 for L) 36 (4, 8,12.16,20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 44, 52, 60, 68, 76 for S or R) 6 (length / width <=2 for rectangle R) 3.91 (3 for triangle T)

160 0.7 0.0199 1

CALCULATE - C

48 2 0.84

Minimum Maximum 3.2 48 Select space value bet. Max.&Min.

( * ) 0.02 <= ratio of spacing to length <= 0.3 shall be considered and applied only for conductors in // D. CURRENT DENSITY 1. CURRENT DENSITY, AMPERES PER SQUARE METER 2. SURFACE AREA OF VERTICAL RODS, SQUARE METER
CALCULATE - D

"THE GATE" DOHA-QATAR

ELECTROMECHANICAL WORKS SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT

3. SURFACE AREA OF HORIZONTAL ELECTRODES, SQUARE METER 4. SURFACE AREA OF VERTICLE AND HORIZONTAL ELECTRODES, SQUARE METER 5. SHORT CIRCUIT GROUND (EARTH) GRID WITHSTAND, AMPERES E. CONCLUSIONS 1. Combination of the two values estimated under items (B) and (C) shall be less than any individual values of (B) or (C) because they are naturally conneted in parallel. So, the final total earthing resistance shall be less than the smallest value of 0.84 2. If Short Circuit Current Ground Grid withstand exceeds The fault current, the Grid will be safe otherwise it will not be safe, So the grid is

"THE GATE" DOHA-QATAR

ELECTROMECHANICAL WORKS SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT

GROUNDING RESISTANCE ANALYSIS CALCULATIONS BASED ON IEEE Std.80


A.SELECTION OF GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND CONNECTION TO AN ELECTRODE 1. FAULT CURRENT, KA rms 2. FAULT CURRENT DURATION 1 or 3 SECONDS ( 1 or 3 ) 3. GROUND MATERIALS ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 see definition below )
CLEAR
CALCULATE - A

30 1 1

Table (2)

(1=copper annealed soft drawn, 2=copper commercial harddrawn, 3=copper commercial harddrawn, 4=copper clad steel wire, 5=copper clad steel wire, 6=copper clad steel rod, 7=steel 1020, 8=stainless clad rod, 9=stainless steel 304)

6. GROUNDING CONDUCTOR CROSS SECTIONAL AREA, MM 2 7. NEXT HIGHER STANDARD GROUNDING CONDUCTOR CROSS SEC. AREA, MM 2 B.VERTICAL GROUND RODS AND HORIZONTAL GROUND CONDUCTORS 1. RESISTIVITY OF THE SOIL, OHM.METER 2. LENGTH OF ELECTRODE, METER 3. DIAMETER OF VERTICAL ELECTRODE , METER 4. NO. OF RODS PLACED IN AREA 5. LENGTH OF GRID, METER 6. WIDTH OF GRID, METER 7. TOTAL LENGTH OF ALL CONNECTED GRID CONDUCTORS, METER 8. DEPTH OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 9. AREA OF GRID COVERED BY CONDUCTORS, M 2 10. DIAMETER OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 11. FACTOR K1 12. FACTOR K2 13. GROUNDING RESISTANCE OF RODS , OHMS 14. GROUNDING RESISTANCE OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTORS , OHMS C. MUTUAL GROUND RESISTANCE 1. MUTUAL GROUND RESISTANCE, OHMS D. TOTAL GROUND RESISTANCE 1. TOTAL GROUND RESISTANCE, OHMS

106.47 120

Equation (42)

100 6 0.01905 36 160 60 500 0.7 9600 0.014 1.05 4.95 0.74 0.61

CALCULATE - B,C,D

Equation (55) Equation (54)

0.42

Equation (56)

0.54

Equation (53)

BS 7433

IEEE std.80