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Microwave Resonators

Syllabus

Microwave Resonators

1. Series and Parallel Resonant Circuits

2. Loss and Q Factor of a Resonant Circuit

3. Various Waveguide Resonators

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Resonators

•The storage of electric or magnetic field can be expressed by the equivalent inductance and capacitance, respectively, in fashion of RLC (lumped circuit theory). If such properties are highly dependent on frequency, over a short range, such device/circuit is called “Resonator”. These resonators are fundamentals of microwave circuit, each circuit of microwave systems has resonance or a resonator intern.

The RLC equivalent can be enable by various transmission line structure; Waveguides, slots, and cavities.

Here we will study on how to excite such microwave resonators using various microwave networks

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Resonator table

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Quality Factor , Q

Is defined as

Time average energy stored

F

or t

Q TE

101

Q = 2π

loss energy per cycle of oscillation

W

= 2π

P

L

h

e

=

d

i

d

TE

om nant mo e

(

a

2

+

c

2

)

abc

101

δ

[

2

(

b a

3

+ c

3

)

(

+ ac a

2

+ c

2

)]

where

δ

=

1

f

π µσ

101

o

c

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Example

For a cavity of dimensions; 3cm x 2cm x 7cm filled with air and made of copper (σ c =5.8 x 10 7 )

Find the resonant freq uenc y and the q ualit y factor for the dominant mode.

f

r 110

=

3 10

2

10

1

⎝ ⎠

3

2

+ ⎛ ⎜ 1 ⎞ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

2

2

+ ⎛ ⎜ 0 ⎞ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

7

2

= 9 GHz

Answer:

f

r

=

 3 10 ⋅ 2 10 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎜ ⎝ ⎠ 3 ⎟ 2 ⎛ 0 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ 2 ⎟ + ⎜ + ⎜ 2 7 2 = 5.44 GHz 1 − 6 δ = = 1.6 10 ⋅ 9 (5.44 10 ) ⋅ µσ o ( 3 2 + c 7 2 ) 3 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 7 Q TE 101 = δ [ 2 ⋅ ( 2 3 3 + 7 3 ) + 3 ⋅ ( 7 3 2 + 7 2 )]

= 568 378

,

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Waveguide Cavities

Cavities, or resonators, are used for storing energy

Used in klystron tubes , bandpass filters and frequency meters

It’s equivalent to a RLC circuit at high frequency

Their shape is that of a cavity, either cylindrical or cubical.

A dielectric resonator antenna with a cap for meas u ring the radiation efficiency

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