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PHILIPPINE CULTURE AND ARTS; and FILIPINO CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS

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Culture

A complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs, traditions, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by people as members of the society.

Cultural Ideas
1. As a real phenomena ( Material culture) Examples: weaving, dancing, basketry, planting methods, etc. 2. As an abstraction ( Non- Material) Abstract form of behavior and may be observed in the activities of people, what people do and say, what they avoid doing; etc.

Filipino Culture
Rich, Diverse and Unique Examples: Language/dialect; Dating practices, marriage, burial, religion, among others

Example: Igorot Culture


A popular story in the Cordillera about three hungry ethnic folk who got lost and wanted to eat in a lone hinterland house goes like this: The Ibaloi stood from a distance, but left after his shyness overcame him. The Kalinga did not eat, as water was not offered to him. But the Kankanaey made himself at home. He went straight to the kitchen, served himself with food, proceeded to sit on the

Filipino Arts
Varied and Exemplary Examples: Performing: Music, dance, drama, sports, Visuals : painting, sculpture Others: architecture, basketry, weaving,

Filipino Customs
Established basic folkways ( general rules, habits and expected behaviors ) like: eating, drinking, dressing, sleeping, greetings, polite behavior, conduct in institutional settings.

Filipino Traditions
More complex folkways Examples: Ceremonies, festivals, rituals, mores, laws, etc. 1. Religious ceremonies: Fiesta, Christmas, Holy week, All Saints Day 2. Others; 3. Burial, wedding, etc.