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ACSM Toolbox for Android

Instruction and Reference Manual


Updated for Revision 2.2 November, 2013

Contents
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................. 3 Program Hierarchy............................................................................................................................ 3 NAVIGATION ....................................................................................................................................... 5 MANAGE PROFILES Advantages ..................................................................................................... 6 Creating Profiles .................................................................................................................................. 6 Viewing, Editing, Loading, and Deleting Profiles ................................................................................ 7 BODY COMPOSITION.......................................................................................................................... 8 Overview ............................................................................................................................................. 8 Performing Skinfold Caliper Test ........................................................................................................ 8 EXERCISE TESTS ............................................................................................................................... 11 General Features ............................................................................................................................ 11 Timers .......................................................................................................................................... 11 Units.............................................................................................................................................. 11 Tests.................................................................................................................................................. 12 Astrand Rhyming Instructions ........................................................................................................ 12 YMCA Bike Test ........................................................................................................................... 13 Balke-Ware Treadmill Test......................................................................................................... 13 Information Screens ....................................................................................................................... 14 CALCULATION RESOURCES Unit Converter .................................................................................. 16 METABOLIC CALCULATORS........................................................................................................... 17 Walking, Running, Stepping, Leg and Arm Ergometry ................................................................ 17 Work Rate Calculator ........................................................................................................................ 18 FILE BROWSER .................................................................................................................................. 19 OTHER FEATURES............................................................................................................................. 20 Settings ............................................................................................................................................. 20 Database and Excel Files .............................................................................................................. 21

INTRODUCTION The ACSM (American College of Sports Medicine) Toolbox for Android is an application designed for Exercise Science students, personal trainers, coaches, and other health and fitness professionals. The application provides basic calculators for body composition, exercise (VO2) testing, fitness testing, and metabolic calculations. The application has a user-defined database tool for saving user profiles that can be loaded upon performing subsequent tests on the same subject. In addition, the application provides excel file export to easily store test results for all body composition and exercise tests. The application and calculations are currently updated per the ACSM's Health-Related Physical Fitness Assessment Manual, Third Edition Copyright 2010* and ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription 9th Edition 2013*.
*The ACSM Toolbox was created by an independent party not associated in any way with the ACSM. Program Hierarchy Manage Profiles Create Load Edit/Update Delete View historical test results Body Composition Skinfold Caliper Calculators Male 7 Site (Tricep, Subscapular, Chest, Abdomen, Midaxillary, Suprailiac, Thigh) Male 3 Site (Chest, Tricep, Subscapular) Male 3 Site (Chest, Abdomen, Thigh) Female 7 Site (Tricep, Subscapular, Chest, Abdomen, Midaxillary, Suprailiac, Thigh) Female 3 Site (Tricep, Suprailiac, Thigh) Female 3 Site (Tricep, Suprailiac, Abdominal) Exercise Tests / Fitness Tests YMCA Bike Cycle Ergometer Astrand Rhyming Cycle Ergometer Balke-Ware Treadmill Metabolic Calculators Walking Running Stepping Leg Ergometry Arm Ergometry Work Rate (Power calculator using leg and arm ergometer) Calculation Resources Unit Convertor Length/Distance Speed/Velocity Work
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Power Volume Weight/Mass Settings Choose Standard or Metric units as default Choose to Show or Hide timers in exercise tests as default Other General Features: File Browser, allowing users to Email, View, and Manage Excel files generated during Body Composition (Skinfold) and Exercise Tests. Ability to toggle between Standard to Metric Units Built in timers that can be shown or hidden for exercise tests Excel File Export of test data for all Body Composition and Exercise Tests Profile Management to easily perform a set of serial tests on your subjects Excel files are (.xls) compatible with Microsoft Excel 97 and Later Compatible on all versions of Android OS

NAVIGATION The ACSM Toolbox is a list oriented application. After the initial title screen appears, the Main Menu list screen will be displayed. From here simply select the submenu or program you wish to enter.

Main Navigation Menu

MANAGE PROFILES Advantages The Manage Profiles section allows users to store data such as height, weight, age, etc. Creating user profiles provides users with a number of benefits: Auto-completion of pertinent information when performing exercise tests When exporting results to an excel file it will auto-populate all user information, and when multiple tests are performed on a single day and exported to an excel file only 1 file will be created saving results from all tests in separate tabs. Allows for saving test results to a historical database (Note: The historical database is accessed by clicking Results button when viewing a user's profile.) Creating Profiles From the Main Menu select Manage Profiles, and then select Create. Fill out user information: First and Last name, Birth Date, Sex, Ethnicity/Performance category, Height, and Weight. Hit Save Profile button. The profile will automatically be loaded and you will get a message indicating the entry was successful.

Create Profile Screen

Successful Entry Notification. Also note at the top right of the screen the profile has been automatically loaded.
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Viewing, Editing, Loading, and Deleting Profiles From the Main Menu select Manage Profiles From the list of saved profiles, select the profile you want to view. o At the bottom of the screen 4 buttons are displayed; Load, Edit, Results, and Delete Clicking Load will load the profile to the application memory and is now actively available for performing tests on that person. Clicking Edit will allow you to edit parameters in the user profile, this is beneficial for fixing typos or if the user data has changed (eg. user may have lost weight and the profile needs to be updated to show that change). Clicking Results will show the users historical results. Clicking Delete will bring up a prompt asking for confirmation before deleting the profile. Select Yes to continue or No to cancel.

User Profiles Main Screen

Profile View Screen with options to Load, Edit, Delete, or view historical results.

BODY COMPOSITION

Overview
Currently there are 6 standard body composition tests using skinfold calipers; the tests are shown in the Body Composition navigation menu shown below.

Body Composition Navigation Screen

Performing Skinfold Caliper Test First create or load a user profile if you wish to do so. It is highly recommended that a profile is created if you plan to perform multiple tests on the same subject. From the Main Menu select Body Composition Select the Skinfold test that you want to perform. You will be brought to the test screen. Select the number of measures you wish to perform on the subject; 1, 2, or 3 can be selected. For best results it is recommended that 3 measurements be taken at each site; however the application allows you to choose how many measurements you would like to use. Select the Ethnicity and Age of the test subject. Take measurements as instructed per the ACSMs Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th Ed. 2013 text, and fill in the data. Hit calculate: The results will be shown along with the normative value based on the population.
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A Save Results button will be displayed. Clicking Save Results will display a menu that allows you to save the data to: Excel File, Database, or Both. The exported excel file can be easily emailed by opening the file browser and selecting the file.

Skinfold Caliper Test Example Result

Test Result Storage Options

In the above screenshot notice that the results can be saved to Excel File, Database, or both Excel File and Database. The database option will only be available when a user profiles is loaded. NOTE: It is important to note that when saving to the database, limited data is stored; it includes the test that was performed, the date, the result, and the normative value. When saving to an excel file, all test data including all input fields are stored.

TIP: Use the Android Menu button and select Info to display the equations used by the program when on any body composition screen.

Skinfold caliper information screen

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EXERCISE TESTS
General Features Timers When performing exercise tests the timer feature is optional. Often times an external timer will be used (either a stop watch or timer on a cycle or arm ergometer). The timer in the application does provide the benefit of highlighting the current stage during the test. There is also the option to hide the timer. To hide the timer: Hit the Android menu button, then hit Show/Hide Timer. The default state of the timer can also be changed in the user settings accessible via the main menu by selecting Settings. Also note that the timer can be started then hidden and it will continue to keep time in the background.

Units Exercise Tests support both standard and metric units. Units can be toggled by hitting the Android menu button and selecting standard/metric. The default unit state can also be changed in the user settings accessible via the main menu by selecting Settings.

Exercise Test Menu, accessed by hitting Android Menu Button. Notice that when the timer is enabled, the current stage is highlighted.

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Tests The ACSM Toolbox currently has 3 exercise tests Astrand Rhyming - Cycle Ergometer Test Balke Ware - Treadmill Test YMCA Bike - Cycle Ergometer Test

Balke Ware test with timer enabled

Astrand Rhyming Instructions It is recommended that you first become familiar with the test by reading the instructions in the ACSMs Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th Ed. 2013.
From the main menu select Exercise Tests Then select Astrand Rhyming Submax If a user profile is loaded weight and age is automatically populated, if not, enter this information. Also select one of the following: Men, Conditioned, Men, Unconditioned, Women, Conditioned, Women, Unconditioned Lastly select a kgm/min value for the test and remember to set the cycle ergometer to that value for accurate results.

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Take a resting heart rate and blood pressure, and begin the test. If using the timer start that at the beginning of the test, if you do not wish to use the timer, it may be beneficial to hide it using the instructions at the beginning of this section. Complete the test filling out the form as you proceed. Upon completion of the test hit calculate. - The tests results will be calculated and appear on the screen. In addition a Save button will appear. You will have the option to save to excel file, database, or both. Note: Saving to a database is only available if a profile is loaded. It is recommended to always save results to excel file when saving data for later. Note: Excel files that have been saved are accessible via the main menu by selecting Browse Files.

YMCA Bike Test It is recommended that you first become familiar with the test by reading the instructions in the ACSMs Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th Ed. 2013. From the main menu select Exercise Tests Then select YMCA Bike If a user profile is loaded weight and age is automatically populated, if not, enter this information. Begin the first stage of the test.
Note: upon entering the 3rd heart rate for this stage, the KGM values for subsequent stages will be auto-populated to match the standards called out in the ACSMs Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th Ed. 2013 text. Continue test to completion. Hit calculate and results will be calculated. A Save button will appear that will allow you to save results to excel file, database, or both. Note: Saving to a database is only available if a profile is loaded. It is recommended to always save results to excel file when saving data for later. Note: Excel files that have been saved are accessible via the main menu by selecting Browse Files.

Balke-Ware Treadmill Test It is recommended that you first become familiar with the test by reading the instructions in the ACSMs Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th Ed. 2013. From the main menu select Exercise Tests Then select Balke Ware If a profile is loaded all pertinent user information will be auto-populated, if not, enter this information. Begin the test. Complete the form. Hit Calculate

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A Save button will appear that will allow you to save results to excel file, database, or both. Note: Saving to a database is only available if a profile is loaded. It is recommended to always save results to excel file when saving data for later. Note: Excel files that have been saved are accessible via the main menu by selecting Browse Files.

Information Screens
Information Screens are available for all exercise tests. When on an Exercise Test screen hit the Android Menu button and select info, a screen will be displayed showing the equations used for that test.

Astrand Rhyming Information Screen

YMCA Bike Test Information Screen

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Balke Ware Treadmill Test Information Screen

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CALCULATION RESOURCES Unit Converter Included for convenience is a unit convertor for things like distance, velocity, work, power Select the type of unit you want to convert from the options that are available. Enter a value, and hit calculate to get the converted value.

Unit Converter

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METABOLIC CALCULATORS
Metabolic Calculators include the following: Walking Running Stepping Leg Ergometry Arm Ergometry Work Rate Walking, Running, Stepping, Leg and Arm Ergometry Using the Walking, Running, or Stepping, Leg or Arm Ergometry calculators, simply enter any 2 values and hit calculate to find the third. The instructions and equations used for each calculator is shown on the screen

. Metabolic Calculator for Walking Note that the units can be toggled between Standard and Metric by hitting the Android Menu button and selecting Standard/Metric.

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Work Rate Calculator


Also included is a work rate calculator that allows users to easily determine the KGM/min using different ergometers, kg setting, and rpm. To calculate KGM/min do the following: Select the Ergometer type, if unsure select Custom Only if Custom is selected enter the Flywheel distance, otherwise it will be autopopulated. Enter the ergometers Kg setting Enter the Cadence (Pedal Rate) in RPM Hit calculate to find the work rate. This calculator is very beneficial for performing tests at varied RPMs or with ergometers where flywheel distance varies.

Work Rate Calculator shown with Manark Leg Ergometer selected.

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FILE BROWSER
For convenience a file browser was created that directs the user to the root folder where the exported excel files are stored. This allows users to easily manage saved data by emailing, viewing, or deleting files. From the Main Menu select File Browser, then select a file to perform an action.

File Browser Showing Test Results

Options menu after selecting a test result, you can email, view, or delete files.

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OTHER FEATURES

Settings
A very basic set of user settings is available to toggle the applications default state for Standard/Metric units and visibility of timers.

User Settings Screen

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Database and Excel Files The ACSM Toolbox provides users with the ability to save Body Composition (Skinfold) and Exercise test results to a database and/or excel files. The excel files can be easily accessed using the applications built in file browser. IMPORTANT!!! When exporting data to the database, only the test type, date, result, and norm value are stored. The intended use of the database is to keep a history for tracking a users progress. It is recommended to create an excel file to store detailed test data.

The above screenshot shows the historical database results for Moe Sizlack. Note that two tests were performed on Moe on 7/9/2013 that included a Balke Ware Treadmill test, and a Skinfold body composition (3-Site for Male, Chest, Ab, Thigh) test.

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This image is a screenshot of an example excel file output for the Astrand-Rhyming test. Note the tabs located at the bottom of the file. If a profile is loaded and multiple tests are performed on the same day, the results will be exported to the same excel file in different tabs.

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