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Research Notes Concerning The Causes, Course and Outcomes of World War Two by John Plowright This book

gave me a great amount of background knowledge concerning the events of WWII as a whole, with specific emphasis on the Pacific War. I now have a firm grasp of the underlying military tactics that were strategically implemented to win the fight against the Japanese. This book also shed light on some of the attitudes concerning the Japanese during WWII, which were even expressed by leaders in the United States at the time. The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor- Page 105: World War Two only became a truly global war on 7 December 1951 when carrier- based Japanese aircraft launched a surprise attack upon the US Pacific fleet anchored at its base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and both German and Italy, Japans Axis Allies, declared war on the United States shortly afterwards. This shows how seemingly isolated attacks can in turn have a global affect The attack on Pearl Harbor can be seen as a defining moment in WWII because it served to unite the Pacific and European wars.

The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor Page 105: Although they were allies in the First World War, the United States and Japan were natural rivals in the Pacific, and relations between the two powers deteriorated sharply thereafter. In particular, the Japanese resented the blocking of any commitment to racial equalityThe AngloSaxon nations appeared to treat Japan as a second-rate naval power. America makes its own enemies. Japans need to be recognized as a world power lead to its decision to take more violent measures to prove its strength

The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor- Page 106: Americas ban on Japanese immigration into the United States from 1924 and blatant discrimination against those Japanese who had already settled there were further sources of insult those of Japanese ancestry had been the focus of fears in the United States and the West generally, which went under the umbrella term of the Yellow Peril. There was a widely held perception that as a group the Japanese were sly and treacherous even San Franciscos Mayor declared that the Japanese are not the stuff of which American citizens can be made. As previously noted, such outright racism served to create Americas own worst enemy. Discrimination can produce undesirous feelings that build up over the years until the oppressed party can no longer take it anymore and lash out. The fact that such racism was projected towards the Japanese even before the Second World War helped justify its use in American WWII propaganda.

Propagandists also understood that these preconceived feelings could be used as a major driving force when it came to supporting attacks against the Japanese. The statement made by San Franciscos mayor proves that such racism was socially and politically acceptable at the time.

The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor- Page 106: This is not to say that America was unique in being racist. The Japanese themselves were at least as racist but despite, or because of, the fact that they had themselves superior to the Koreans and Chinese, they found it hard to accept that the Americans treated them in a similarly condescending manner. Japans excessive pride led to its downfall. Such a mentality is quite hypocritical. What goes around comes around. One nation sees itself superior with regards to specific countries and another nation in turn has similar mentality.

The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor- Page 110: Roosevelt said that in his policy of sanctions he aimed slip a noose around Japans neck and give it a jerk now and then. Such a crude statement can assume that Roosevelt did not view the Japanese as overly sophisticated people, but rather as barbarians that had to be tamed and taught a lesson.

The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor- Page 110: 78 per cent of [Japans] steel and 80 per cent of its oil came from America or Americancontrolled sources. This statistic proves who selective war can be. Just because a country is at war with a certain country, doesnt mean that they stop relying on each other for specific resources and goods. This shows the division between commercial and political interests.

The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor- Page 111: Reasoning that war was inevitable, the Japanese calculated that the sooner it began the better and that they should strike a decisive first blow at the very heart of American military power in the Pacific In this sense, the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was not surprising. So, the Japanese wanted to set the stage for the Pacific War. This statement implies that America greatly underestimated the Japanese and were poorly prepared for the events that followed.

The Pacific War: Japanese-American Relations to Pearl Harbor- Page 112: the Americans had boxed the Japanese into a corner in which the only honorable course was to come out fighting Japans leaders believed that a nations strength lay primarily in its spirit

Japan relied mainly on nationalism when it came to supporting a war. Such spirit and nationality probably stems from various cultural beliefs, and therefore defines Japanese fighting style and war ethics. (kamikaze /samurai are examples of such) But, this reliance on spirituality and honor is often a dangerous thing. Such ideals often prevent logical decisions and countries stop noticing when to cut their losses and surrender.

The Pacific War: The Nuclear Option- Page 117: Nuclear weapons were originally developed because it was feared that Hitler might procure them. If he did he would obviously have no qualms about using them and the only deterrent might be the fear of Allied retaliation In this event, however, Germany was defeated before the Manhattan Project successfully developed the bomb and it was deployed instead against Japan. The key question regarding Trumans decision to use the Bomb is whether he was motivated purely by military consideration or whether he was also motivated by political considerations, specifically the desire to influence the Soviets so as to render them more cooperative Here, the issue of the arms race is brought up again. Such competition could mean a catastrophic end to the world as we know it. The issue of Trumans motives concerning the Nuclear Bombs arise again it is quite central to understanding final battles of WWII, and the lasting effect such battles had on the world. As seen in the multiple changes concerning the bombing location for the Nuclear Bomb in Japan, Americans went ahead to release the bomb, even though the ideal targets changed many times.

The Pacific War: The Nuclear Option- Page 120: There is certain evidence to show that informed military and political opinions at the highest levels within American establishment regarded use of the Bomb as unnecessary if the intention was merely to bring about the swift defeat of Japan. There was a range of alternative military and diplomatic means available in the pursuit of that policy. So, American propaganda hid the fact that the Bomb had a two objectives, one not as honorable or ethically justified as the other. This again highlights that America could loosed their terms concerning the total and undeniable surrender of Japan. Many also speculate that there were other military tactics that could have been implemented without causing a bloody battle, as American leaders claimed at the time.

The Pacific War: The Nuclear Option- Page 129: Truman and his advisers saw the Bomb as a weapon not just in the Pacific War against Japan but also in the emerging Cold War confrontation with Stalin. American military advisers tried to kill two birds with one stone. In the long run, it seems that they succeeded, though not without losing certain morals and ethics in the process.

The Impact of World War Two on the United States Page 195: Even today the United States remains in denial of its Imperial Status... rebuilding of post-war Germany and Japan. America does have major control over many countries today, which is characteristic of Imperialism.