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Melting point 160°C The input fibres were processed on needle punching for lowed by calendaring to obtain a nonwovens geotextile with {following specifications: Mass 180 gleqm Thickness 11mm Tensile strength 350 Nimm. Elongation at break 50% ‘Asaphalt retention 0.9 titeisqm Matting point (greater than) > 150 degree Both the developed fabrics were subjected to laboratory ‘evaluations. 2.3 Laboratory Evaluation The developed fabrics were evaluated for various physical, mechanical and hydraulic properties to ascertain their sui ability for the application, The following tests were performed: Weight (Mass): ‘Test procedure (ASTM D-5261) ‘Ten samples each 250 mm X 250 mm are taken from the fabric, weighed (nearest to 0.01%) and then mean and stan- dard deviation calculated. Thickness ‘Test procedure (ASTM 0-199) ‘Thickness is measured by thickness testing instrument. The instrument must be capable to measure a maximum thick: ness of at least 10mm to an accuracy of at least +/- (0.002mm., Also the instrument shall permit. gradual applica- tion of pressure to a specific force of 2+/- 0.2 kPa for geotexties. Tensile strength Geotentile tensile testing, especially geogrids, demands test- ing of wide width samples to ascertain their stress / strain properties. The following are the test methods followed for these tests: Wide width tensile testing: This test was executed as per ASTM D ~ 4595 ~ 94. The wide width samples strips of 50 ‘mm x 200 mm were evaluated for their strength characteris- tics on CRE tester. Grab Tensile Strength: Grab tensile strength is a uniaxial test where the specimen is wider than the test clamps. This test | carried out as per ASTM D ~ 4632. The tensile strength ‘added by the unciamped portion of the specimen is prima- ‘ily influenced by geotextile construction. A 100 mm x 200 mm specimen is placed centrally in a set of parallel 25 mm. x 50 mm clamps such that the clamps are spaced 75 mm. apart. A CRE tester evaluates the strength of these samples at a speed of 300 mm/min. ‘Tear Strength testing: This test method determines the tear propagation characteristics of the fabric and strength re- uired in doing so. The test was carried out as per ASTM D- 4533 Bursting Strength testing: The fabric bursting test was ex- ecuted as per ASTM D 3786. This test helps to establish the strength of fabric under high pressure, Punoture strength testing: The test was carried out as per ASTM D ~ 4833 to evaluate its resistance to pucture. ‘Aperture opening size test: This test estimate the permeabil- ity characteristics of the fabrics was executed as per ASTM D-4751 Water Permittvity test: This is yet another test to evaluate the water permittivity of the geotextile fabrios, It was carried out as per ASTM D-4491-94 3, RESULTS & DISCUSSION The developed pavement overlay samples for laboratory evaluation have been coded as follows: Nonwoven pavement overlay sample : $1 Woven pavement overlay sample : S2 ‘The subsequent section uses this terminology for discussion of the results. 3.1 Laboratory evaluation: 1. Physical parameters: The physical parameter like fabric weight and thickness ‘were evaluated for both the developed samples as per ASTM D - 5261 & ASTM D - 5199. A summary of the same is shown in Table 1 Table 1. Physical Properties of developed Pavement Overlay Geotextiles To reach the desired functional properties in the pavement overlay fabrics, it was essential to develop relatively light weight, thin fabrics with desirable strength and elongation ‘and AOS, Accordingly, both the fabrics samples are in the light weight range of functional textile 130 - 150 g/ sqm and the woven variety of the fabrics being woven from tape yams Is thinner as compared to nonwovens fabrics. 2, Wide width tensile strength The wide width tensile test evaluations were carried out as per ASTM D ~ 4595 - 94, Table 2 shows properties of tensile tay 2007» Manmade etna RES