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‘Chapter 3 Matter Objective Questions Answer all questions. Each question is followed by four choices of answers. Choase the best answer. aon dsiphiae fe mercry ‘A marble of density 4.6 g cnr? is dropped into a measuring eylinder containing carbon disulphide and mercury with densities of 13 g em” and 13.6 g em" respectively. In which of te folowing positions A, B, C or D will the marble stop? 2. Which ofthese are matter? 1 Air MH Sound MIL Grass A Land It only B_ Land ll only © Wand Ill only D- I.tandit 3. Copper sulphate crystals will diffuse fastest in which substance? A Air B Gel C kee D- Water 4, Figure 1 shows the temperature of water as it changes from state Q to R. temperatrorc Figure 4 Which of the following shows the arrangement of particles in states Q and R? PMR 2001 PIS. seeie BEd (oor 5. What happens to the particles ofa liquid when the liquid is heated? I The particles will move faster. IL The particles will be further apart. IL The particles will increase in size. and 11 only [and III only Hand HL only I, Mand I ‘hen SO ml of water is poured into 50 ml of alcohol, why is the total volume not equal to 100 ml? Water evaporates when in contact with alcohol. Aleohol evaporates when in contact with water. ‘Water reacts with alcohol to form a new substance, ‘There are empty spaces between the particles of both liquids. cones one 7. In Figure 2, three solids and three liquids were mixed and left to stand for 10 minutes. san ties soa tis ee tise Figure 2 What conclusion can be made from Figure 2? 1 Liquid K is denser than solid R. IL Liquid £ is the most dense. IIL Solids R and $ are less dense than liquid L. A. Land Il only B_ Land Ill only Mand Il only D = I,and Ill ‘Two similar balloons are filled separately with gases A and B until the balloons are the same size. The balloons are then tied tightly and there is no leakage of gas. However, diffusion occurs through the walls of the balloons. After 3 days, the balloon filled with gas A is smaller than the talloon filled with gas B. Why does this happen’? ‘A. The particles of gas B move slower, B The kinetic energy of gas Ais higher. Gas B has higher pressure. D__ The particles of gas A are smaller and diffuse more easi through the wall ofthe balloon, Solids cannot be compressed because ‘A. chemical bonds have formed the particles need to he heated C the particles are closely acked D the particles cannot be cushed 10. Why do solids have fixed shapes? A The particles cannot move. B The particles have fixed positions. © The particles are all square in shape. D__ The particles have no kinetic energy. What is Brownian movemen:? ‘A The movement of smoke particles B__ The movement of parties in solids, liquids and gases C The random movement of particles in liquids and gases D__ The vibration of particles in solids A glass marble weighs 10 g end has a volume of 4 em’, What is the density of the marble? AD 4 g/m! B 25 .g/cm' © 25 lem? D- 40 g/m" How do the particles in a rock move?” A. Vibrate B_ Nomovement © Zig-zag manner D__ Brownian movement What is the volume of 35 g of kerosene? (Density of kerosene: 0.7 g/em’) A Sem B 50cm‘ © 7Sem* D 10cm Which of the following is the least dense? A Ice B Water Mercury D- Aluminium Fixed volume No fixed shape