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Worksheet in English IV

NAME: __________________________ Year & Sec: ________________ Date: _____________

What Is An Educated Filipino?

Francisco Benitez

1. Great changes have taken place in the nature of our social life during the last
twenty years. The contact with Americans and their civilization has modified many of our
old social customs, traditions, and practices, some for the worse and many for the better.
The means of communication have improved, and therefore better understanding exists
among the different sections in our country. Religious freedom has developed religious
tolerance in our people. The growth of the public schools and the establishment of
democratic institutions have developed our national consciousness both in strength and in

2. With this growth of national consciousness and national spirit among our
people, we witness the corresponding rise of a new conception of education — the training
of the individual for the duties and privileges of a citizen not only for his own happiness and
efficiency, but for national service and welfare as well. In the old days, education was
matter of private concern; now it is public function, and the state not only has the duty but
has the right as well to educate every member of the community as well as the young,
women as well as men — not only for the good of the individual bat also for the self-
preservation and self-protection of the state itself. Our modern public school system has
been established as a safeguard against the shortcomings and dangers of a democratic
government and democratic institutions.

3. In the light of social changes, we come to the question: What qualities should
distinguish the educated Filipino of today? I venture to suggest that the educated
Filipino should first be distinguished by the power to do. The Oriental excels in reflective
thinking; he is a philosopher. The Occidental is a doer; he manages things, men, and affairs.
The Filipino of today needs more of this power to translate reflection into action, I believe
that we are coming more and more to the conviction that no Filipino has the right to be
considered educated unless he is prepared to take an active and useful part in the work,
life, and progress of our country as well as in the progress of the world.

4. The power to do embraces the ability to produce enough to support oneself

and to contribute to the economic development of the Philippines. Undoubtedly, a
man may be, and often is, an efficient producer of economic goods and at the same time he
may not be educated. But should we consider a man who is utterly unable to support
himself and is an economic burden to the society in which he lives educated merely
because he possesses the superficial graces of culture? I hope that no one will understand
me as saying that the only sign of economic efficiency is the ability to produce material
goods, for useful social participation may take the form of any of the valuable services
rendered to society through such institutions as the home, the school, the church, and the
government. The mother, for example, who prepares wholesome meals, takes good care of
her children, and trains them in moral and right conduct at home — she renders efficient
service to the country as well as does the statesman or the captain of industry. I would not
make the power to do the final and only test of the educated Filipino: but I believe that in
our present situation, it is fundamental and basic.

5. The educated Filipino, in the second place, should be distinguished not only by his
knowledge of the past and of current events in the world's progress but also especially by
his knowledge of his race, his people, and his country, and his love of the truths and ideals
that our people have learned to cherish. Our character, our culture, and our national history
are the core of our national life and, consequently, of our education. I would not have the
educated Filipino ignore the culture and history of other lands, but can he afford to be
ignorant of the history and culture of his own country and yet call himself educated?

6. The educated Filipino, in third place, must have ingrained in his speech and conduct
those elements that are everywhere recognized as accompaniments of culture and
morality, so that, possessing the capacity for self-entertainment and study, he may not be
at the mercy of the pleasure of the senses or a burden to himself when alone.
7. There are, then, at least three characteristics which I believe to be the
evidence of the educated Filipino — (1) the power to do, to support himself, and
contribute to the wealth of our people; (2) acquaintance with the world's progress,
especially with that of his race, people, and community, together with love of our best
ideals and traditions; and (3) refined manners and moral conduct, as well as the power of

Comprehending the Text c. religious freedom has developed

A. Fill in the blanks to best complete the religious tolerance
idea of each statement. Give the letter d. the public school system was
that corresponds to your choice. established as a safeguard against
the dangers of democracy
1. Based on the first two sentences, the
essay was most probably written in the 6. The author gives the roost importance
______. to the Filipino as a______.
a. 1920s c. 1940s a. thinker c. doer
b. 1960s d. 1980s b. citizen d. gentleman

2. The essay directly states that 7. The purpose of the author is to _______.
education is for the good of both the a. give a profile of an educated
individual and _______. Filipino
a. his parent c. his b. define democracy
community c. explain the benefits of good
b. the school d. his education
country d. compare the old and the new
concept of education
3. According to the selection, the growth
of public schools and the establishment of 8. The essay states that the core of our
democratic institutions have developed national life consists of our character, our
_____________ culture, and our _______
a. national pride a. values c. education
b. religious freedom b. national history d. ideals
c. national consciousness
d. religious tolerance 9. The writer believes that the Westerner
4. This power in the statement in Number is a doer while the Oriental is a ______-
3 refers to the power a. worker c. manager
a. to translate c. of growth b. lover d. thinker
b. to do d. to know
5. The essay implies that ______. 10. The educated Filipino is not ignorant of
a. the educated Filipino has the power his country's ______.
to do a. future c. debts
b. there are built-in dangers to b. destiny d. history

B. Put a check before the word or phrase that characterizes the educated Filipino.

_____ 1. a man of action _____ 8. knows his country and his people
_____ 2. a reflective thinker _____ 9. has refined manners and speech
_____ 3. productive _____10. prepares wholesome meals
_____ 4. efficient _____11. has good moral character
_____ 5. merciful _____12. can support himself
_____ 6. serve his country _____13. powerful
_____ 7. ignorant _____14. loves truths and ideals


The essay is a brief, expository prose composition, usually devoted to reflection on life and
man's ideas about human existence. The word essay comes from an Anglo-French word,
assayer, meaning "to try or test." In 1580, the French writer Michel de Montaigne published
his first collection of wise sayings, each dealing with a single topic, he called it Essais. Since
then, the word essay has been used to indicate any short prose discussion. Later, An
Englishman, Francis Bacon borrowed the form calling his composition as essays. He is called
as the "Father of English Essays."
Essays are formal or informal.
A formal essay is a composition written in a conventionally restrained, thoughtful, and
objective style- According to Genoveva Edroza-Matute, it is discussed with appropriate
seriousness based on research and a thorough analysis of data on which the writer's
conclusions are founded.
An informal essay, with its chatty, colloquial style, its friendly air, suggests confidential talk,
even confession; suggests relaxation and entertainment. It is often spoken of as the
personal essay.

Other than formal and informal essays, other classification includes:

1. narrative or story essay (incidents or events are narrated to present the ideas of the
writer, though the essay is expository in nature);
2. descriptive essay or nature essays (about flowers, rivers, fields, mountains, and birds
and other animals);
3. speculative essays (theorizes or poses questions on a wide variety of subjects);
4. biographical essay (an informal essay which may portray character or sketch a life
instead of simply narrating it; it is analytical and interpretative in tone);
5. critical essay (includes literary criticisms, book reviews, and other prose compositions
which aim to analyze and judge);
6. didactic essay (it is similar to a sermon which explains, persuades and concentrates on
giving valuable lesson in life);

7. periodical essay (also called a journalistic essay, it appears in newspapers, magazines

and journals and discusses current issues).
C Guided Practice

Activity 3

Form a new sentence out of the two or three given sentences. Don't forget to change the singular form of the verb
to plural whenever it is necessary.

1. Joyce is good at computers.

Jun is good at computers.
Your sentence: _____________________________

2. Ferdinand Magellan sailed across the Pacific.

Miguel Lopez de Legaspi sailed across the Pacific.
Your sentence: _____________________

3. People Power I put an end to the dictatorship.

It did not bring prosperity.
Your sentence: ____________________

4. Bonifacio fought for freedom.

Mabini fought for freedom.
Your sentence: ________

5. Emily has to pass the test-

She will not get a scholarship.
Your sentence: ________

6. Aimee tried very hard-

Aimee succeeded.
Your sentence: _____

7. M'lst people value courage.

M'»st people value loyalty.
M'^st people value honesty.
Your sentence: ________

8. P;iul preached love and forgiveness.

The people did not believe him.
Your sentence: ____________

9. Freddie sold his farm.

Freddie bought a sailboat.

Freddie set out to see the world.
Your sentence: _____._____

10. Astronomers have discovered new planets-

Artronomers have discovered new galaxies.
Ytiur sentence: ________________

Activity 4 '.

Instead of the comma and the coordinator, use a semicolon (;) to connect
the two clauses. Use the semicolon without the coordinator.

For example:

Leo has collected enough data, but he does not want to write his paper.

It can be written this way:

Leo has collected enough data; he does not want to write his paper.

Notice that the contradictory meaning is not directly stated with the
removal of but.

Now, rewrite the following sentences using the semicolon.

1- Leo will write bis research paper, for he has enough data.
2. Sara finished writing her report, and she submitted it on time.

3. Mia interviews students for her paper, or she goes to the library for
more data.

4- Janet is supposed to submit her report, but she has not finished it.

5. Lea needs help to finish her project, but nobody is helping her.

6. My sister wants to be a ballet dancer, and I want to be a lawyer.

7. Students need scholarships, for the cost of higher education is high.

8. Jascn can work part-time in a bookstore, or he can concentrate on

his studies.

9. Our history teacher likes to lecture, but our English teacher wants
to have class discussions.

10. College provides chances for intellectual growth and enrichment,

but many students look at it as a road to a high-paying job.

When you use a semicolon in compound sentences, you can use words called conjunctive adverbs or connectors.
They replace the coordinators in many compound sentence and they are usually used in written English. They are
found after the semicolon. They are followed by a comma.

Here is a list of the most commonly used connectors; next to them are the coordinators to which they are closest in

Connectors Coordinators
in addition, besides, furthermore, moreover and
so, hence, thus, therefore, consequently, as a result for
however, nevertheless, on the other hand but

Turn the following simple sentences into compound sentences, using a semicolon (;) and the appropriate
connector. Refer to the list of connectors.

Remember -hat the connector is followed by a comma (,).

1. Aileen got 95 in all her subjects.

She should graduate valedictorian.

Your sentence: _________________________________

2. Emil submitted his lab reports on time.

He got high in all his quizzes.
Your sentence; ______________

3. Linda passed all her quizzes.

She failed the final exam.
Your sentence: _________

4. Miss Ledesma is the best teacher in math.

She is a brilliant writer.
Your sentence: ________________

5. The people long for freedom and democracy-

They are not ready for democracy.
Your sentence: _________________