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# Source: Vidyabharathi Reliable content compiled from old University Papers. 1. METHODS OF DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES PART-A 1.

. What are the expressions recommended by the IS 456-2000 for modulus of Elasticity and flexural strength? 2. How limit state method aims for a comprehensive and rational solution to the design problem? 3. What do you understand by characteristic strength of materials? 4. Write any four assumptions in the analysis and design of reinforced concrete structures. 5. Draw the transformed section of a singly reinforced RC beam in the uncracked stage. 6. How limit state method differs from working stress method. 7. Write short notes on actual and idealized stress strain curve for concrete and steel. 8. Explain principles of working stress method. 9. Explain principles of ultimate load method 10. Explain principles of limit state method of design. 11. What is meant by cracked section?. 12. What do you mean by moment of resistance of the section? 13. Define characteristic strength of materials. 14. What are the advantages of limit state method over working stress and ultimate load methods? 15. How do you find the moment of resistance of a beam section? 16. Discuss the merits of working stress method? 17. What is modular ratio? Determine the modular ratio at M20 grade concrete. 18. What do you understand by limit state of collapse? 19. Draw stress-strain curve for various grades of steel. 20. State the assumptions made in working stress method. 21. What is modular ratio? Determine the modular ratio at M25 grade concrete. PART-B UNIT - I 1. A singly reinforced concrete beam is of width 450mm and effective depth 715mm. It is reinforced with 8Nos.20mm mild steel bars. Assuming M20 concrete, determine its moment of resistance according to the working stress method. Determine also the stress in steel when the beam is subjected to the above moment. 2. Determine the reinforcement for a T beam with flange width = 1500mm, web width = 300mm, thickness of slab = 100mm, effective depth 735mm, to carry a moment of 380kNm due to characteristic loads. Use M25 concrete and Fe 415 steel. Using Working Stress Design. 3. A singly reinforced concrete beam is of width 400mm and effective depth 615mm. It is reinforced with 8Nos.20mm mild steel bars. Assuming M25 concrete, determine its moment of resistance according to the working stress method. Determine also the stress in steel when the beam is subjected to the above moment. 4. Design a rectangular slab supported on its all four edges (600mm thick) over a classroom of size 4.8m x6.2m. Two adjacent edges of the slab are discontinuous and the remaining two edges are continuous. A finishing surface of cement concrete of 20mm shall be provided over the slab. The

UNIT II-LIMIT STATE DESIGN FOR FLEXURE PART-A 1. Distinguish between unde reinforced and over reinforced sections. 2. Sketch the edge and middle strips of a two way slab. 3. Under what circumstances are doubly reinforced beams resorted to? 4. Why is secondary reinforcement provided in one way RC slab?. 5. Define one way slab? 6. Define two way slab? 7. Write the formula for maximum moments per unit width in two way slab.List the types of slab. 8. Define characteristic strength of materials. 9. What are the various collapses consider in limit state design? 10. Write the formula for effective flange width of isolated L- beam. 11. Draw the reinforcement details for a T-Beam. 12. Under what circumstances T-Beams are used? 13. Draw the reinforcement details for slab. 14. Distinguish between one way and two way slabs. 15. Explain the terms balanced, over reinforced and under reinforced sections in bending 16. Discuss the different limit state to be considered in reinforced concrete design? 17. Why is it necessary to provide transverse reinforcement in a one way slab? 18. What are the three basic methods using factor of safety to achieve safe workable structures? 19. Explain maximum depth of neutral axis. 20. Find the depth of neutral axis in terms of d for a balanced section using Fe 415 steel, in limit state method. 21. What is the difference in the design of one way slab and two way slabs? PART B Design a two way slab for an office floor to suit the following data:Live load = 120KN / m .2 Load due to finishes = 1.50 KN / m 2Size of floor = 4m x 6mEdge conditions: Two adjacent edges iscontinuous. Design a singly reinforced concrete beam of clear span 5 m to support characteristiclive load of 10 KN/m .Check the adequacy of the section shear. Take beam width =200mm. Analysis a T-Beam section of 250mm width of web,1200mm width of flange,100mmthickness flange and 450mm effective depth to determine the ultimate moment ofresistance of for the two cases of reinforcements.(i)4Nos of 20mm diameter.(ii)4Nos of 25mm diameter.Consider M20 grade of concrete and Fe415 steel. Design a two way slab panel for the following data: Live load= 4 KN / m2 Load due tofinishes= 1 KN / m .2 Size= 7m x 5mWidth of support= 300mmEdge conditions= Two short edges discontinuous.Consider M20 grade of concrete and Fe415 steel.

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UNIT III-LIMIT STATE DESIGN FOR BOND, ANCHORAGE SHEAR AND TORSION PART-A 1. What are the types of reinforcements used to resist shear force? 2. What do you understand by development length of a bar? 3. What is the IS code provision for maximum spacing of vertical stirrups in RC 4. beams?. 5. Distinguish between flexural bond and development bond. 6. Sketch the various types of shear reinforcement normally provided in practice. 7. Explain the various types of shear failures. 8. Explain the various types of shear design of RCC beams. 9. Explain the reasons for the development of diagonal tension cracks in RC beams 10. Define Shear. 11. Define Bond stress. 12. Why is minimum shear reinforcement necessary in beams? 13. Why is secondary reinforcement provided in one way slab? 14. List the types of shear reinforcement. 15. Draw the types of shear reinforcement. 16. What are the types of reinforcements used to resist shear? 17. Explain the difference between primary and secondary torsion. Give two examples each. 18. Under what circumstances are doubly reinforced beams used? 19. Reinforced concrete slab are generally safe in shear and do not require shear reinforcement? Why? 20. What is modular ratio? 21. Mention the difference in design principles for L Beam and T Beam. 22. When shear reinforcement is necessary in a beam 23. What is bond stress? Write an expression for it. PART B

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A RCC section 200mm x 400mm is subjected to the following factored forces:Torsional moment of 2.50 KN.m and a transverse shear of 60 KN. use M25 grade of concrete and Fe415 steel.Determine the reinforcements required using following data: overall depth:400mm,effective depth:350mm,b1=150mm,d1=300mm. A simply supported beam of 8m span is reinforced with 6 bars of 25mm diameter at center of span and 50 percent of the bars are continued into supports.Check the development length at supports.The beam supports a characteristic total load of 50KN/m3.

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A simply supported beam is 5m in span and carries a characteristic load at 75kN/m. If 6Nos. of 20mm bras are continued into the supports. Check the development length at the supports assuming grade M20 concrete and Fe415steel. A rectangular RCC beam is 400x900mm in size. Assuming the use of grade M25 concrete and Fe415 steel, determine the maximum ultimate torsional moment at the section can take it.No torsion reinforcement is provided and (ii) Maximum torsion reinforcement is provided. A rectangular beam width b = 250mm and effective depth 500mm reinforced with 4 bars of 20mm diameter. Determine the shear reinforcement required to resist a shear force of 150kN. Use concrete M20 and steel Fe415. Design a rectangular beam section of width 250mm and effective depth 500mm, subjected to an ultimate moment of 160kNm, ultimate shear force of 30kN and ultimate torsional moment of 10kNm. Use concrete M20 and steel 415. A RC beam 300x450mm in cross section in reinforced with 3 Nos. 20mm diameter of grade Fe250, with an effective cover of 50mm. The ultimate shear at the section of 138kn.Design the shear reinforcement (i)Using only vertical strips without bending any bar for resisting. (ii) Bending 1 bar dia 20mm at 45 degree to resist shear at the section. Assume concrete of grade M20. A reinforced concrete beam 500mm deep and 230mm wide is reinforced with 8Nos.20mm diameter bars at mid span to carry a UDL of 22.5kn/m (inclusive of its own weight) over simple span of 8m. Assuming concrete grade M20, steel grade Fe415, load factor 1.5 and width of support 230mm (i) determine the minimum development length required for 20mm diameter bar to develop full strength (ii) apply check for flexural development length at support assuming all bar to continue at support (iii) determine the minimum number of bars required at support for development length of flexure.

UNIT IV-LIMIT STATE DESIGN OF COLUMNS PART-A 1. What are the braced columns? 2. State the methods recommended by the IS 456 to estimate the effective length ofcolumns. 3. Write the effects of moments influencing the load carrying capacity eccentricallyloaded long columns. 4. Write any two functions of lateral ties in a RC column. 5. Define column. 6. Classification of column. 7. Define slenderness ratio. 8. Write down the formula for minimum eccentriccities in columns. 9. Define long column. 10. What are the types of loading on columns? 11. What is meant by braced columns? 12. Calculate minimum eccentricity for a column of size 600mm x 450mm,havingunsupported length 3m. 13. Define short column 14. What is meant by short and long colums? 15. Define uni axial bending. 16. What is the minimum and maximum percentage of steel allowed in R.C.Column? 17. Explain why it is necessary to specify the minimum and maximum percentage. 18. Give example of columns that are in practice subjected to unaxial and biaxial bending. 19. Explain (a) Equilibrium torsion (b) Compatibility torsion 20. How do you classify a column as long? 21. What will be minimum and maximum area of tension reinforcement in a beam? 22. How shear reinforcement improves the strength of beam? 23. How do you classify a column as short or long? 24. Write the procedure for the design of an axially loaded short column. PART B 1. Design the required reinforcements in a column of 400mm x 600mm size subjectedto a characteristic axial load of 2000 KN.The column has an unsupported length of3m and is braced against the side sway in both directions. 2. A short column located at the corner of a multistoried building is subjected to an axialfactored load of 2000KN together with factored moment of 75 KN.M and 60