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Jersey Giants

Mariah Huberty

Questions and Answers about Giants


How large are they?
Cocks are 22-26 inches tall and should weigh 13 pounds. Hens 10 pounds and usually 16-20 inches tall.

What colors do they come in?


Black, Blue, White, Black Splash and Blue Splash.

How is their production in eggs?


Good, laying more eggs then some heavy breeds.

What color and size are the eggs?


Brown large eggs some times with "freckles" on them.

How long does it take them to mature?


It take them longer because of their size reaching maturity at 8-9 months.

Are they good to eat?


Yes, they are better for baking because of their maturing time.

What is their temperament?


Generally calm and good around children.

How do they mix with other breeds?


Just fine, if threes room for everyone.

Are they good for fair?


Yes, if started Early.

Are they easy to wash?


Depends upon the bird but generally yes and with their tight feathering it is easier.

How high can they hop-jump-fly?


Usually 5 feet but will go higher if worried.

How much space do they need?


At least 4 square feet but the more space their is the better.

Is there anything special about the perches?


Yes they should be 2 feet or less off the ground if its to high they could hurt themselves and the hens need 15 inches of perching space and cocks at least 18 inches.

What about the nests?


One per every four chickens and not over 1 foot off the ground and the dimensions are 18 by 18 inches.

Outside pens?
As large as possible with a 5 foot fence al least.

What is the ratio of hens to roosters and how's fertility?


One roster for 6 hens and the fertility depends on how well the rooster does his job.

Hatching?
May take one or two days longer due to the size.

Feeding them?
Feed them like normal birds with all of the vitamins and minerals.

What about housing them in cold weather?


Fine except in really cold temperatures.

Body Parts

Jersey Giants Information


General
Origin; New Jersey in the1880's What was used to create the breed; Black Java's, Black Langshan's, Dark Brahmas's and Cornish Admitted into the standard in; Black Jersey Giants - 1922 White Jersey Giants - 1947

Economic Qualities
General purpose for large brown eggs and meat with yellow skin. They will lay eggs around 6 months of age yet are not mature until 18-24 months. Smaller eggs mean young hens while big eggs mean older hens Jersey Giants were valued as meat birds. They are slow to mature because they build a frame before the meat.

Temperament and Other


This breed is very calm. Being a pleasure to raise, Jersey Giant hens make good mothers and they are good foragers

Disqualifications
Bottoms of feet showing complete absence of yellow. Side Springs Split Combs Twisted feathers Red Hackles Split tails Eye Color Leg Color Underfoot Color -any color other than yellow. Weight over or under by 21% Original by Bob Vaughn

Standard Weights
Cock; 13 pounds Cockerel; 11 pounds Hen; 10 pounds Pullet; 8 pound

Shape
Shape - Male
Head
Comb The comb is a single large comb. The comb should have 6 points . Beak The beak should be moderately short and stout. Face The face should be smooth. Eyes The eyes should be large round and full. Wattles Wattles should be medium sized, round and wrinkle free. Earlobes The earlobes should go 1/2 down the length of the wattles. Head The head should be large and broad.

Neck
Neck The neck should be full and well arched.

Body
Back The back should be long broad and horizontal. Tail The tail should be large, full and at a 45 degree angle. Main tail overlapping and broad, Sickles just barley cover the main tail and there the coverts who are abundant.

Wings The wings with are of medium size and carried at back, have the primaries and secondaries that are rather broad. Brest This is the breast that should be deep and well forward. Body and Fluff The body should be long wide and deep as well as compact, the keel should be long and the fluff should be full and smooth. Legs and Thighs The shanks otherwise known as the legs should be apart from each other and straight when viewed from the front. The shanks should be stout moderately long with 4 toes on the foot and the lower thighs large and well feathered.

Shape - Female Head


Comb The comb is a single large comb. The comb should have 6 points. Beak The beak should be moderately short and stout and well curved. Face The face should be smooth. Eyes The eyes should be large round and full. Wattles Wattles should be medium sized, round and wrinkle free. Earlobes The earlobes should be medium in size and smooth. Head The head should be medium sized and broad.

Body
Neck The neck should be full and well arched. Back The back should be long broad and horizontal with a short sweep to the tail. Tail The tail should be moderately long, full and at a 30 degree angle. Main tail overlapping and broad.

Wings The wings with are of medium size and carried at back, have the primaries and secondaries that are rather broad. Brest This is the breast that should be deep and well forward. Body The body should be long wide and deep as well as compact, the keel should be long and the fluff should be full and smooth. Legs and Thighs The shanks otherwise known as the legs should be apart from each other and straight when viewed from the front. The shanks should be stout moderately long with 4 toes on the foot and the lower thighs large and well feathered.

Color Specifics
Black Jersey Giants
Disqualifications Bottoms of feet showing complete absence of yellow and more then 1/2 " of white on the surface. Color The comb, face, wattles and earlobes should be red. At the beak it should go from black to yellow in color. Shanks and toes should be preferably black or willow with yellow feet bottoms. The plumage should be black. For the under color you want dark slate.

White Jersey Giants


Disqualifications Light-bay eyes, pure yellow legs and bottoms of feet showing complete absence of yellow. Color The comb, face, wattles and earlobes should be red. At the beak it should be yellow streaked with horn. Shanks and toes should be dark willow with yellow feet bottoms. The plumage and the under color should be white.

Underfoot Color in Jersey Giants


The under part of the foot should be a nice solid yellow not the legs or toes. The yellow coloring varies between flocks and even birds within the flock. Some Jersey Giants with how light the under foot color is they are accused with being crossed with Australorps who are much lighter with white skin and pale pink color of a Australorps. And the Jersey Giant Australorps would be smaller then pure Jersey Giants should be. When hens and pullets are laying the yellow foot color will fade to lighter shade of yellow this should not be confused by the Jersey Giant Austrolorps .

Color Inheritance in Jersey Giants


Crossing Black and White Jersey Giants
Key
S represents dominant Black h represents White SS represents homozygous Black hh represents homozygous White Sh represent heterozygous Black Heterozygous means it carries two genes Homozygous means it carries only one gene Punnet square displaying what the boxes mean.

Cocks Genes Hen


Genes

Offspring's Genes S Sh Sh S Sh Sh

h h

Homozygous Black Cock with a Homozygous White Hen 100 % Heterozygous offspring

S H

SS Sh

Sh hh

Heterozygous Black Cock with a Heterozygous White Hen 25 % Homozygous dominant, 50% Heterozygous offspring and 25% Homozygous recessive

S S

S SS SS

h Sh hh

Heterozygous Cock with a Homozygous Black Hen 25 % Heterozygous, 50% Homozygous dominant, 25% Homozygous recessive offspring

H H

S Sh Sh

h hh hh

Heterozygous Cock with a Homozygous White Hen 50 % Heterozygous offspring 50 % Homozygous recessive

Black and Blue


Black Cock * Blue Hen = 50% blue, 25% black and 25% blue-splash chicks Blue Cock * Black Hen = 50% blue and 50% blue chicks Blue Cock * Blue-splash Hen = 50% blue and 50% blue-splash chicks Black Cock * Blue splash Hen = 100% blue chicks Black Cock * Black Hen = 100% black chicks Blue splash Cock * Blue splash Hen = 100% blue splash chicks

Jersey Giants Purpose

Jersey Giants are a heritage breed with much better meat flavor and texture. The carcass will have harder bones and be long and lanky. The bird will need to be cooked differently, slower then the Cornish crosses Jersey Giants are roasters and you can eat the older birds but the bird will need to be cooked longer you should butcher then from 4 to 6 1/2 months. When planning on butchering your bird find a processor with should have experience and equipment. They should also know not to stress the birds witch might affect the flavor. And Flavor comes with age.

Resources and Help


Robert L. Vaughn, Jersey Giant Newsletter, National Secretary

Standard of Perfection Kenneth Rasmussen, Jersey Giant Newsletter Robert O. Hawes Sheer Jennings