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CONTENTS

Preface

vii

Chapter One-Preliminaries

1-134

• Extent of Houses

• Signs inimical to planets

Sambandhas

• Nodes-Rahu and Ketu

• Relationship between a Planet and Houses

• Relationship between Planets

• Arudha and Divisional Charts

• Determination of relatives

• Karakas, Essential Planets, Factors and Karaka Properties

• Signs

• Nature of Planets and Houses

• Elements of Planets

• Aspects

• Strength of Planets

• Strength of Houses

• Basic characteristics of houses

• Constellations

• Planets in signs

• Marakas

• Basic characteristics of Ascendants

Ghapter Two-The Major-Period

135-242

• Some independent methods of timing

• Major-period analysis

• Results relating to general significations of planets

• House dependent results of the period of a planet

• Results of planetary periods based on linkages

Chapter Three-The Sub and Inter-Periods

243-305

• Sub-period analysis

• Inter-period analysis

• Inferior-period analysis

• Concise general method for determination of period results

• Results of sub-period of the major-period planet

• Relocation, Incarceration and Direction of Journey

• Effect of distance between major and sub- period planets

• Effect of specific sub-periods

• Principles to fix timing

• Time of operation of a planet in its period

Chapter Four-The Annual Chart

306-321

Chapter Five-Transits

322-340

• Traditional rules for transit analysis

• Transit of ruler of the band of years

• Transit of the period planet

• Transit of the karaka

• Transit of the Sun

• Transit of the Moon

Chapter Six-Applied Astrology

341-356

Bibliography

357

Index

359

Preface

This is the first work in which an attempt has been made to scientifically put to practice concepts relating to progression only hinted at in Bhrigu Samhita. This is a unique attempt that has been successfully employed to time events correctly.

Astrological analysis has two components. The first is the deduction of likely trends in the life of an individual. This determines as to what is in store for an individual in various areas of his life. The second, and more important, is to determine the time when events in his life, according to the trends that are visible in his chart, would happen.

We have dealt with the first part in substantial detail in our previous work Predictive Astrology-An Insight published by M/s Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi. It tells us as to how a chart should be read and the manner in which general trends in various facets of life of an individual can be determined. This book is a companion to the earlier one. The matter of timing of an event is of a more complex nature and needs concrete assistance. The present work makes an innovative and unique attempt in this direction. This work is a manual for working out the time when an event would happen. It does not call for much mathematics, it relies on sound classical principles and analysis.

Our ancient literature on astrology has hints scattered here and there for timing the events, but no systematic guidance is available. We have relied on these hints and have analysed them into a coherent applicable whole. We have at most of the places identified the classical source of knowledge. This has been done rather copiously. It makes further reference and study easier. This also shows that the methods of timing are available in our ancient literature. We only have to identify and use them appropriately. A bibliography of references has been included. It is there only to tell the reader at one place the books that he may like to refer to while going through the present work, but it is not meant to act as a literary and academic embellishment. Only those works have been referred to that have actually been used in this book. Each method of timing has been applied to at least one hundred birth

VIII

Preface

charts from my substantial collection. Only those methods of timing of events have been adopted and included in this work that were found successfully applicable to each and every chart taken up for analysis through them.

The Arudha of houses, particularly of the ascendant (lagna) has been used in a very innovative manner. The uncertainity over the result that a planet is expected to give in its period is obviated to a very large extent by the use of the Arudha. It makes the analysis of Vimshottari periods, after some practice, a much simpler affair.

Karakas are of immense use in the analysis of a chart and timing of events. Their use in astrological analysis has not been made effectively so far. There are many uses of karakas. Eleven uses of karakas have been identified in this work and explained with illustrations. We have discussed the karakas in great detail and with many illustrations have shown as to how they can be used for unfolding the characteristics of a chart and for timing events effectively. No event happens unless the karaka for it is involved. Therefore, an analysis of karakas in a chart is necessary. Such an analysis tells us the likelihood of certain events that could happen in a chart. A detailed examination can then be made of the chart for these events. The usage of karakas in such comprehensive manner is a unique feature of the work and should stand in good stead for all the practising and theoretical astrologers. The use of karakas drastically reduces the bewilderingly huge number of alternatives that an astrologer is faced with in events that could happen in a period.

The treatment of karakas and Vimshottari period in such exhaustive detail is perhaps not to be found in any other work. We can find out as to whether an individual would experience matters relating to a particular aspect of life in a period through the use of the karakas and we can also determine the period planets to fix the exact time of an event through their use.

We have given a revised and modern day version of the effect of combination of planets in a chart.

The timing of events is based on Vimshottari period system. We base our analysis on the sound principles of Vimshottari period system, and fine tune the timing with the help of annual horoscope and transits. We have also made use of the natural period system propounded by Varahmihir in his Brihajjatakam and of band of years that each planets governs as given in the Lai Kitab. These, especially the latter, are very

How to Time and Event

IX

simple to use and give astoundingly apt results. If we wish to determine the time of happening of any event fa the life of an individual, it is essential to know the aspects of his life that will be affected by a planet when its period operates. Parashar in his Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra has covered this aspect of prediction in substantial detail. Details of likely happenings in the period of a planet are stated in extenso by him. He has also suggested remedies for planets that could cause trouble to an individual. It is however not possible to commit such vast details to memory. We should be in a position to work out these conclusions through analysis.

We have described at length the various ways in which a planet can give its results. The results relating to a house can appear in the period of a planet only when that planet is related to the concerned house. Therefore, relationships between planets and between a planet and a house are of very great importance. We have analysed these

relationships in an innovative manner in minute detail. The relative strength of relationships is also given. The next question is whether the planet will affect any aspect of life favourably or otherwise. This has been clarified in a very simple and lucid way. The navamsha sign in which

a planet is placed also plays an important role. This has been enunciated

clearly and illustrated through several examples. After we have decided the possible quality of an event, we proceed further to determine the exact nature and details of the event that is likely to take place in a period.

The natural relationship between planets has also been treated clearly and in detail. Based on the principles of Parashar the relationship has been given in a modified form. The concept of Panchadha or resultant relationship has been treated clearly. The relationship between planets

is of much importance since it helps us determine, among other things,

the longevity in a birth chart.

The procedure to determine the effect of a planet in a sign is given

in detail and it shall be of interest to students of astrology. The methods

given help the reader reach practical and useful conclusions on the effect of a planet in a sign without committing bulky and sometimes not

relevant details to memory.

Once we have concluded that a planet in its inter-period in the sub and major-periods of some planets is likely to give a particular result, the exact time of happening of the event has to be determined with the use

of transits and annual charts. We have dealt with transits and

X

Preface

annual charts in depth and from a practical point of view. Such principles of prediction that do not work or work only selectively have been omitted.

It seems that the subject of annual charts is still quite vague and poorly thought out. The Tajik system of analysis of annual chart is not always reliable. The sahams and various period systems for timing events in an annual chart many a time do not work. The annual chart treatment in this work is based purely on the Parashari system. It ought to interest the scholars and should be of great help to the practitioners of astrology.

We have repeatedly emphasised in this work that the system of analysis of a chart is the same for a birth chart, annual chart, prashna chart or a transit chart. It is reasonable too to think so. In practice it is shown to be so in this book.

Each concept that has been stated in the book has been explained with the help of horoscopes drawn from real life. Birth charts have been given in profusion as illustrations to make the concepts clearer. The charts are accurately drawn and state full birth data so that the reader can check the accuracy of a chart himself. He can also work out other details relating to the chart if he so wishes. The birth time in each illustration chart has not been rectified to the seconds, so that the period structure based on this data for events analysed may not be reliable beyond the inter-periods. The charts have been used only to explain and clarify knotty astrological issues. The identities of individuals have not been revealed. The analyses of charts are not meant to cast a slur on any individual. The birth data of celebrities used in the work have been taken from easily accessible public domain. It has however been checked for each case at several sources before being adopted to ensure accuracy. The chart number first states the chapter number in Roman in which the chart originally appears and then the serial number of the chart in that chapter. Thus, the chart number III-3 would mean the third chart in Chapter III. This makes locating a chart in the book easier.

Practical hints have been given at all such places where they are considered necessary. It would help the reader to identify the most important elements in an analysis.

The last Chapter of the book is on Applied Astrology. It deals with analysis of charts. This is necessary because most of the books on astrology generally give statements of principles and theory taken from various classics. They also enumerate Yogas (combinations of planets

How to Time and Event

xi

and houses). The Yogas exist by the millions in our classical literature. There are also Yogas that serve as exceptions to the original ones. It is easy to justify an event post facto through Yogas or exceptions to them, but to use Yogas in original predictive work, and particularly for the purposes of timing, due to their sheer number, is humanly impossible. There is no attempt in most of the available literature at application of these principles and combinations to real life situations. The knowledge that has not been practised is not of much use. It cannot equip the reader to handle day to day charts. Much of the knowledge so disseminated is actually not applicable to charts across the board and is therefore useless.

An exhaustive index has also been added for easy reference.

We hope this effort would be of interest and use to all those who find the subject engrossing.

July 1, 2006 New Delhi

Dinesh S. Mathur

Chapter One

The Preliminaries

1. The Vimshottari period system available in Indian astrology is a powerful tool for timing the events in the life of an individual. It has to be correctly and scientifically applied to get correct results. Under this period system we first determine the planet the predominant influence of which would be operating on an individual at any given moment of time. This influence operates for a fixed period. This is called the major-period and the planet is called the major-period planet. The duration and order of the major-periods are fixed. Some of the periods may extend up to two decades, as in the case of Venus. The major-period is called the maha- dasa in classical Indian astrological literature. Each major- period has sub-periods of all the nine planets within it running one after the other in a fixed order. The sub-period is called the antar-dasa. Each sub-period too has inter-periods of all the nine planets running one after the other in the same order. The inter-period is called the pratyantar-dasa. There are finer periods too called the sookshma and prana dasas. These are generally sparingly used since with even the slightest inaccuracy in the time of birth or with a small change in the value of the ayanamsha (the value of precession of equinoxes) the sookshma and prana dasas can alter substantially.

2. It would be worthwhile to recapitulate briefly what the major, sub and inter-periods stand for, and the manner in which we calculate the periods. It is generally well known, but we are aiming for accuracy so that we could use the Vimshottari period system for predictions in the best manner possible. Therefore, a simple reiteration of the system and procedure would be in order.

2

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

3. The Vimshottari system of erection of time frame in a horoscope is one of the many mentioned in Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra. Sage Parashar has explained a number of period systems in Chapter 46 of his work Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra. He has talked of Ashtottari, Shodashottari, Dwadashottari, Panchottari etc. period systems (dasas), in response to a query put by Maitreya, but in verse 14 of the Chapter he has stated that Vimshottari period system is the most appropriate for Kaliyuga, the age in which we are now living. In this system, beginning from Krittika constellation, planets in a fixed order successively preside over the life of an individual depending on the constellation that the Moon occupies at the time of his birth. When the Moon is in Krittika at the time of birth, the major-period of the Sun will be the first to run in the life of the individual. If the Moon is in Rohini, the first major-period will be of the Moon. If it is in Mrigasira, it will be of Mars; in Ardra, of Rahu; in Punarvasu, of Jupiter; in Pusya, of Saturn; in Aslesa, of Mercury; in Magha, of Ketu; and, in Poorva Phalguni, of Venus. If the major-period current at the time of birth is of the Moon, those of Mars, Rahu, Jupiter, Saturn, Mercury, Ketu, Venus and the Sun will follow. The order in which the major-periods follow each other is fixed. This cycle is repeated beginning from Uttar Phalguni'and Uttarasadha constellations too. For example, if the Moon occupies Vishakha constellation, which is the fifth constellation from Uttar Phalguni, the major-period at the time of birth shall be that of Jupiter. Again, when the Moon occupies Poorva Bhadrapada constellation, which is the fifth constellation from Uttarsadha, the major-period at the time of birth shall be that of Jupiter.

In verses 12-16 of Chapter 46 of Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra, the author states the method for calculation of Vimshottari time frame. The constellation that the Moon occupies at the time of birth will determine the planet of which the Vimshottari major-period will operate. The sage advises that the total duration of stay of the Moon in the constellation should first be worked out. The full duration of the stay of the Moon will be equal to the total Vimshottari major-period of the planet. The time that the Moon has already spent in the constellation till the time of birth shall determine the proportionate part of the Vimshottari major period of the planet called the bhukta or the expired portion of the period.

How to Time an Event

3

The remaining part shall be the bhogya, or the balance of the period of the owner of the constellation that the individual will experience from the moment of his birth.

4. This is the traditional method of calculating the balance of Vimshottari period of a planet at birth. The modern method is different. In this, the exact position of the Moon at the time of birth is worked out. The length of each constellation is 13° 20'. This is equated to the length of the major-period of the planet. Proportionately, the balance of the major-period is found out. The full major-period of the Sun runs for 6 years, of the Moon for 10 years, of Mars for 7 years, of Rahu for 18 years, of Jupiter for 16 years, of Saturn for 19 years, of Mercury for 17 years, of Ketu for 7 years and of Venus for 20 years. This method has proved its worth in practice.

5. The efficacy of the Vimshottari Dasa system in correct prediction, inter-alia, depends on the use of right ayanamsha. There are several ayanamshas in vogue. The ayanamsha is the value of precession of equinox at any given moment of time. The value of ayanamsha that goes by the name of Lahiri's ayanamsha is commonly used. The one that is closest to the value propounded by Lahiri is the Krishnamurti's ayanamsha. It differs from Lahiri's ayanamsha by approximately 6'. It need not be pointed out that with the change in the value of ayanamsha the position of the Moon will differ at any given moment of time. The balance of major-period of a planet at that moment therefore cannot remain the same. We have noticed that Lahiri's ayanamsha gives very satisfactory results in practice. This ayanamsha has been followed in this book.

6. The length of the year for use in the period framework is another issue to be kept in mind. We have seen that the 360 day year has much merit, but since the 365.2564 day year is preferred and commonly used in astrological literature, we have followed that practice in this work. The method of analysis of birth charts propounded in this book is valid for a year having 365.2564 days.

7. Within each major-period we have periods of planets running in the same order as of major-periods. These periods are called sub-periods. The first sub-period in a major-period is that of the planet

4

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

the major-period of which is running. Thus, if full major- period of the Moon is to run, the first sub-period will be of the Moon itself, followed by those of Mars, Rahu, Jupiter, Saturn, Mercury, Ketu, Venus and the Sun. The inter- periods operate within a sub-period in the same way as sub- periods operate within a major-period.

In the context of a major-period we will call the major-period as the superior period and the sub-period as inferior period; and in the context of a sub-period we will term the inter- period as the inferior period and the sub-period as the superior period. The term period-planet will hereinafter be used to refer to a planet with respect of which a statement is equally true for its major, sub or inter-period.

8. No esoteric astrological knowledge or intuitive ability is required for correct evaluation of the effects of major, sub and inter-periods. The system of prediction that has been propounded in this work is meant for those run of the mill astrologers like us who have no claim to psychic insight or intuitive ability. Systematic analysis is the only requirement for a correct prediction. Following paragraphs are devoted towards that end.

We will introduce some concepts and facts first before we go on to the analysis of the periods. These concepts and facts are necessary for correct interpretation of the periods.

On Extent of Houses

9. The ascendant is the sign that is rising at the time of birth. This is the first house in a birth chart. The second house would be the next sign and so on till we have reached the twelfth house. Thus, if Leo were rising at the time of birth, the first house shall be Leo, the second Virgo, the third Libra etc. and the twelfth Cancer. Clearly, no distinction is made between the signs and houses and for the purpose of analysis the two are synonymous. The extent of each house is the same as the extent of the sign. Thus, even if Leo were rising at 28°, a planet anywhere in this sign shall be taken to be in the first house. However, as we know, in Indian astrology the rising point of the ascendant is considered to be the

How to Time an Event

5

mid point of the house and is used to determine what is called the sensitive point of the house. Any influence close to this point shall affect the house the most. The effect of a planet in a house shall be the most when it is on the mid- point of a house. It decreases proportionately as the planet moves away from the mid-point. It is zero at the junction of two houses.

We first calculate the mid-point of the ascendant. We then add 30° to the mid-point of the ascendant to get the mid- point of the II house. Successive additions of 30° will give us the mid-points of other houses. Parashar has permitted in Chapter 4 verse 45 of Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra, Chaukhamba edition to determine the mid point of each house in this manner.

On Signs Inimical to Certain Planets

10. According to Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra Chapter 51 verses 29-32 Chaukhamba edition each planet has certain signs inimical to it. Planets in their respective inimical signs do not give good results in their periods. These are given in a tabular form below. The digits in the table represent signs. For example, Aries being the first sign is represented by the digit 1, Taurus being the second by 2, etc. Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra Chapter 29 verse 10 Chaukhamba edition says that a planet will give good results when it occupies its exaltation, mooltrikona, own, intimate friend's or friend's sign. It shall be neutral in a sign that is neutral to it. It shall give unsatisfactory results when it occupies its debilitation, great enemy's or enemy's sign. These kinds of relationships are examined ahead. A planet in an inimical sign will not be able to give good results. Thus, suppose Venus is in Sagittarius. This being an inimical position for Venus, it will not be able to give good results.

 

Signs inimical to each planet

Sun

2, 3, 7, 10, 11

Jupiter

2, 3, 6, 7

Moon

7, 8, 11

Venus

4, 5, 8, 9

Mars

3, 6, 7, 11, 12

Saturn

1, 4, 5, 8, 9

Mercury

4, 8, 11, 12

   

6

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Traditionally each planet is expected to be naturally friendly, inimical or neutral to another planet. This is given in a tabular form in paragraph 28 ahead. How should this be reconciled with the above statement? If we refer to paragraph 28 we notice that Mercury is friendly with the Sun, but the Sun is considered to be in an inimical sign when it occupies Gemini. We will then take Mercury to be inimical to the Sun when the Sun is in Gemini and friendly to it when in Virgo. We have therefore given an additional table in paragraph 28. This is very important and should be carefully taken into account.

The resultant relationship between planets, and planets and signs, is of seminal value as the determination of longevity rests on such relationships.

On Sambandhas

11. The term sambandha has widespread use in period analysis. Two planets are said to be in sambandha in the five following ways:

(i)

They are placed in each other's sign. For example, the Moon is placed in Aquarius and Saturn in Cancer. This is called an exchange.

One important characteristics of exchange is that the nature of result that would be expected in the periods of these two planets will not be altered even when a third planet of any nature joins any of the two.

(ii)

The two planets are in the same sign. This is called an association between them.

(iii)

The owner of a sign projects an aspect to a planet in that sign. For example, if Mercury is placed in Aries and Mars projects an aspect to it, Mercury and Mars shall be in sambandha.

(iv) A planet in a sign projects an aspect to the owner of the sign. Let us take Saturn in Gemini and Mercury in Pisces. Saturn projects an aspect to Mercury. Mercury and Saturn are in sambandha in this manner.

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7

(v) Each planet is in a constellation of the other.

Since Rahu owns Aquarius and Ketu Scorpio as stated on the strength of Parashar below, the sambandha analysis for these two Nodes will not be different.

On the Nodes (Rahu and Ketu)

12. (a) The Nodes of the Moon, viz., Rahu and Ketu, are not physical bodies but the points of intersection of the apparent lunar and solar orbital paths. Rahu is the ascending Node, Ketu descending. According to Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra, Chapter 47 verses 34-39.5:

(1) Rahu is exalted in Taurus and Ketu in Scorpio.

(2) Rahu owns Aquarius and Ketu Scorpio. Parashar says that some scholars are of the opinion that Rahu owns Virgo and Ketu Pisces. We can interpret this statement to mean that when Rahu is in Virgo and Ketu in Pisces, the Nodes will be taken to be well placed and should be disposed to give good results.

and

(3) Gemini

Sagittarius of Ketu. (4) Thus, Rahu in Taurus, Gemini, Virgo and Aquarius shall be considered well placed. Similarly, Ketu in Scorpio, Sagittarius and Pisces should be considered well placed. This also shows that Rahu is well placed in the signs of Mercury, and Ketu is happy in the signs of Jupiter. Since Rahu is like Saturn and since Saturn and Mercury are friendly to each other this is quite natural. Similarly, since Ketu is like Mars and Mars and Jupiter are naturally friendly to each other, the relationship of Ketu with Jupiter is also understandable. (b) Rahu in Scorpio and Pisces, and, Ketu in Taurus and Virgo should not be considered well placed. According to the Lai Kitab Rahu will give unfavourable results in the houses owned by Jupiter; and, Ketu will give adverse results in the houses owned by Mercury. Here the behaviour of Ketu is similar to

is

the

mooltrikona

sign

of

Rahu,

8

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Mars, since Mars too gives adverse results in the signs

of Mercury; but it cannot be so said for Rahu since

Saturn and Rahu are similar but Saturn gives good results in the signs of Jupiter.

(c)

Jatakabharnam in Chapter on Cancellation of Combinations for Adversity verse 4 states that Rahu in the III, VI or XI house with the aspect of a naturally beneficial planet removes all indications of adversity in a birth chart. According to verse 8 of this Chapter, Rahu placed in Aries, Taurus or Cancer in the ascendant in a birth chart has similar effect. According to Jatakabharnam Chapter on Cancellation of Combinations for Adversity verse 9 Ketu in the VI or XI house in Capricorn, Aquarius or Pisces shall be beneficial.

(d)

Rahu in the III, VI, XI, an angular or a triangular house

will

give positive general signification results. The results

will be negative if it is placed in the VIII or XII house

without association with or aspect of a naturally

beneficial planet. The placement of Rahu in the VIII or

XII

house from the ascendant is not always found to give

adverse results but it is a pointer to a possibility and should always alert the astrologer to go deeper and satisfy himself with respect to the results that Rahu may give.

(e)

Ketu in the III, VI, XI, an angular or a triangular house will give positive general signification results. The results will be negative if it is placed in the VIII or XII house without association with or aspect of a naturally beneficial planet. When Ketu is placed in the II, VIII or the XII house, it may cause problems to the family of the individual or may make the individual lose his liberty in its major-period. As in the case of Rahu, the location of Ketu in the II, VIII or XII house may not always give adverse results, but a deeper analysis of such a Ketu is called for.

(f)

The Nodes in their beneficial signs (exaltation, ownership, Virgo for Rahu and Pisces for Ketu, or mooltrikona) will give positive general signification results in their major- periods.

(g)

In Chapter 34 verse 16 of Brihat Parashar Mora Shastra the sage has described the predominant results that a Node is expected to give. He says that a Node will give results of the house that it occupies. The Node will also give results of a

How to Time an Event

9

planet with which it is associated. The Laghu Parashari in Chapter on Definitions verse 13 also makes the same statement. It is observed that a Node gives results of (i) the house that it occupies, (ii) the owner of the house that it occupies and (iii) the planet that it is associated with, or is in sambandha with.

(h)

A dispositor is the owner of the sign that a planet or Node occupies.

According to Uttar Kalamrita Chapter 6 verse 21, the quantum of result in the period of a Node will depend on the strength of the dispositor of the Node. It will also depend on the strength of the planet with which the Node is, if at all, in sambandha.

(i)

According to Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra, Chapter 50 verse 64, the period of a planet that owns a sign from which Rahu is placed in the tenth house will take the individual on a pilgrimage.

(j)

According to Phal Deepika Chapter 20 verse 39, Rahu will take on the qualities and nature of the planet with which it is in association. It gives results according to the planet with which it is associated. Since Rahu by its inherent nature is malefic, it will vitiate the associating planet. The associated planet will take on the adverse qualities of Rahu. When Rahu and Jupiter are in association, if Jupiter is favourable in the chart it loses its ability to be good, and Rahu becomes favourable. A planet associated with Rahu will give adverse results at the end of its period. This principle may be extended to all planetary sambandhas with Rahu.

(k)

According to Phalit Vikas of Ram Yatna Ojha, Rahu or Ketu alone in a house damages it. Phal Deepika qualifies it further. According to Chapter 20 verse 53, a Node when located in a sign of a naturally beneficial planet or in a favourable house will give good results in its sub-period if it is not in sambandha with any planet. Favourable houses for Rahu or Ketu have been stated above. In such a situation, the sub-period of a Yogakaraka planet in the major-period of a Node will be good. A Yogakaraka planet has been defined ahead.

10

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

(I) A Node, well placed in a triangle free of malefic influence of a naturally malefic planet, will invariably give excellent results in its sub-period in the major period of a naturally beneficial planet. The sub-period of a naturally beneficial planet in the major-period of such a Node will also be highly favourable.

(m)

When a Node has sambandha with a planet, and both the planet and the Node have relationship with a house,

 

the

Node will give the expected result relating to that

house in its period, in preference over the planet.

(n)

The nature of a Node will depend on the nature of the house that it occupies. This is the predominant

consideration. A Node occupying the VIII or XII house is in normal circumstances unable to give good results. The nature will also depend on the nature of the dispositor and the sambandha that the Node may have

with

a planet.

(o)

A Node in the II or VII house is generally considered dangerous, but according to Uttar Kalamrita, Chapter 6 verse 15, a Node so placed, when associated with or receiving aspect from the owner of the I, V or IX house, shall give long life and wealth.

(p)

Rahu is a maraka planet for an individual born in Scorpio or Capricorn ascendant.

(q)

The location of a Node in its sign of debilitation or in the

VIII

or XII house will make it give negative general

signification results.

(r)

At the time of analysing the period of a Node the analysis of its dispositor should also be done.

On Relationship of a Planet With Houses

13. The relationship of a planet with a house is of great importance. A planet shall give results relating to a house in its period only if it is related to that house. Thus, if we are analysing a chart to determine the time when a child would be born to the individual we must first select the major- period of a planet that is related to the V house from the ascendant.

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11

We will notice that based on this assumption, we can develop a method through which it would be easy to know the events that would take place in a particular major, sub or inter-period. Further, if an event is going to take place in a major, sub and inter-period, each of the three planets should

independently and jointly indicate the event. Suppose the father of an individual passed away in the inter-period of Mercury in the sub-period of Jupiter and in the major-period of Saturn. Saturn should indicate the event in its major- period when we analyse Saturn in the birth chart. Jupiter should also indicate the event in its sub- period with respect to the major-period of Saturn. Mercury too should indicate the event in its inter-period with respect to the sub-period planet Jupiter. Suppose we wish to know if the major-period

of a planet would cause death of the mother of an individual.

The planet in such a case should be related to the IV house as otherwise it would not give result pertaining to mother of

the individual. The loss of a matter relates to the general house of loss, i.e., the XII house from the ascendant. Therefore, the planet should also be related to the XII house from the ascendant. Death relates to the VIII house. The planet will relate to this house too.

We have developed this method of analysis of planets and periods in the following pages and the reader shall notice their adequacy and reliability. The same methods are applicable to birth charts, horary charts, transits and annual charts. Only the practice of the method would prove its efficacy.

Events materialise, among other things, according to the houses that operate at any given moment of time. The planets operate houses. A planet gets related to a house in different ways as described ahead. When its major-period starts all the houses that it is related to, get activated. A

house will yield its results only through a planet related to it

in the period of that planet.

A planet, including a Lunar Node, i.e., Rahu or Ketu, can be

related to a house in different ways. These are as follows:

12

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

(a) The planet occupies a house. This is the strongest relationship of a planet with a house. It is also observed that the relative strength of relationship changes with the distance of the planet from the sensitive point of the house.

of the planet from the sensitive point of the house. A planet exactly over the sensitive

A planet exactly over the sensitive point of a house is very

powerfully related to that house. One that is 3° away from the sensitive point is not that strongly related. A planet that is 12° away from the point would be even less strongly related. It ought to be however clear that the occupant is the most strongly related planet to a house. The distance from

the sensitive point only determines the relative strength of relationship that various occupants have with the house. In the above chart, Mercury is 3° degrees away from the sensitive point of the house. It is strongly related to the house. Jupiter too is in the house at 10°. It will be related to the VII house more powerfully than Mercury since the sensitive point of the house is also at 10°. During the period

of

Mercury or Jupiter the individual may get results relating

to

marriage, partnership, business or prominence in society.

The short point is that when a planet occupies a house, it will

give results relating to that house. The specificity, nature, quantum and timing of the results shall depend on certain factors that shall be analysed in the following pages. We should be able to determine what specific result relating to a house a planet would give. On the basis of analysis, in this case, we should be able to say with respect to Mercury whether it would bring about the marriage of the individual or dissolution of partnership. Similarly we should be able to determine the specific result Jupiter would be giving owing to occupation of the house.

How to Time an Event

13

(b)

The planet owns a house. A planet will give results of the houses that have the signs that it owns. The result

of

the house that has the mooltrikona sign of a planet

owned by it will be predominantly observed in the period of the planet.

(c)

A

planet shall be related to a house if it projects an

aspect to its sensitive point within 5°. In the case of the Moon the distance could be till 8°. For the Sun this

could be upto 10°. This is a specific relationship. The aspects are calculated according to the traditional methods. We know that each planet projects an aspect

to

the VII house from the house it occupies. In addition,

some planets project special aspects. Mars projects aspects to the IV and VIII houses from the house that it

occupies. Jupiter projects aspects to the V and IX houses from the house that it occupies. Saturn projects aspects to the III and X houses from the house it occupies. There is much difference of opinion over aspects that the Nodes project. We have therefore not taken into account aspects projected by the Nodes.

(d)

A

planet shall be related to a house if it projects an

aspect within the stipulated distance as stated above to

a planet occupying the house. This is also a specific relationship.

These are two basic and two specific relationships between planets and houses. Finer relationships emerge from the basic ones. We consider these finer relationships based on the sign, navamsha and constellation positions of each planet.

The navamsha is the ninth division of a sign. Its extent is 3°20'. The method to determine the navamsha in which a planet or celestial point is placed is simple. First determine the number of navamsha in which a planet is placed in a sign. For example, the Sun at 15°53'54" in Cancer shall be in the fifth navamsha. It has completed first four navamshas in the sign and it is in the fifth navamsha. When a planet is in a movable sign count as many signs from the sign in which the planet is placed as the number of navamsha in which the planet is placed. The sign so determined shall be the navamsha sign. Let us take the illustration given above. When we count from Cancer, Scorpio is the fifth sign. The navamsha sign in which the Sun shall be is Scorpio. When a planet is in a fixed sign, count from the ninth sign in which the planet is placed.

14

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Taking the above illustration, if the Sun were at 15°53'54" in Leo, we will count the fifth sign from Aries which is the ninth sign from Leo. The Sun will be in Leo navamsha. When the planet is in common sign, count from the fifth sign from the sign in which the planet is placed. For example, if the Sun were at 15°53'54" in Virgo, we will count from Capricorn. The Sun would be in Taurus navamsha.

Sometimes a planet occupies the same sign in navamsha chart as in the birth chart. It is then called Vargottama. If the Moon were in Capricorn in the birth and navamsha charts, we will call the Moon to be Vargottama.

(i) The owner of the sign in which a planet is placed relates the planet to the house that the owner occupies. We call the planet that owns the sign in which the planet is placed the dispositor of the planet. This forms a link between the two houses. Let for instance Ketu be in Taurus. Let Taurus be the first house of the chart. Venus will be the dispositor of Ketu. If Venus occupies the IV house in the birth chart, Ketu will be related to the IV house. Let us take a live illustration. Let us consider Mars in Chart 1-1. It occupies Libra in the birth chart. The owner of Libra is Venus. It is placed in the ascendant. Thus, Mars is related to the I house.

(ii)

A planet shall occupy a sign in the navamsha chart. The owner of this sign shall be in a house in the birth chart. The planet shall be related to this house in the birth chart. We know that a charan or pada is the smallest unit among the sign, constellation and charan of the constellation. A sign has an extent of 30°. A constellation extends to 13° 20'. A charan is of only 3° 20'. A charan is in effect synonymous with the navamsha. Therefore the dispositor of the planet in the navamsha chart shall be the owner of the charan that the planet occupies. Suppose in the above illustration, Ketu occupies the sign Aquarius in the navamsha chart. Saturn is

 

the

dispositor of Ketu in the navamsha chart. Suppose Saturn

occupies the VI house in the birth chart. Ketu shall therefore

be

related to the VI house as well. Taking Chart 1-1, Mars

occupies Aries in the navamsha chart. Mars owns Aries. Mars is in the XII house. Therefore the relationship of Mars with the

XII

house is only reiterated.

(iii)

A planet shall be related to a house in the birth chart that has the same sign as the one the planet occupies in the navamsha chart.

How to Time an Event

75

We take the illustration given above. Ketu is in Aquarius in the navamsha chart. Since Taurus is taken to be the ascendant in the illustration, Aquarius will fall in the X house in the birth chart. Ketu will therefore be related to the X house in the birth chart. In Chart I-l Mars occupies Aries. This sign falls in the VI house in the birth chart. Therefore Mars is related to the VI house from the ascendant.

This gives specific relationship with a house. Let us presume that we are trying to find out planets that are related to the VII house from Venus in the birth chart in the above illustration. The sign in that house is Aquarius. If Ketu is in Aquarius in the navamsha chart it shall be specifically related to the VII house from Venus.

(iv) We next take the constellation that a planet occupies. The owner of the constellation shall be placed in some house in the birth chart. The planet shall be related to this house. Suppose Ketu is placed in Krittika constellation. The Sun owns this constellation. If the Sun is placed in the V house of the birth chart, Ketu will be related to the V house. In Chart I- l Mars occupies Vishakha constellation of Jupiter. Jupiter is in the XII house from the ascendant. This further underscores the close relationship of Mars with the XII house.

Suppose Mars is in Libra in a constellation of Jupiter. Further suppose Jupiter is in Virgo. Does it mean that Jupiter would be considered related to Libra? The answer is no. Mars would be related to Jupiter but Jupiter would not be in relationship with the house having sign Libra.

(v) A planet shall be related to a house if it is related to its owner. The relationship between planets is described ahead.

We have clarified ahead the strength of various relationships between a house and a planet. The effects of relationship depend on the strength of the relationship. We will study this matter in greater detail later but we have to keep in mind that the consideration of strength is of vital importance. Overlooking this aspect could lead to erroneous conclusions.

We will now work out relationships in the following chart to clarify the concepts.

16

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Chart 1-1

1 6 Chapter 1: Preliminaries Chart 1-1 Navamsa Lagna Superimposition chart. Navamsha chart planets are in

Navamsa

1 6 Chapter 1: Preliminaries Chart 1-1 Navamsa Lagna Superimposition chart. Navamsha chart planets are in

Lagna Superimposition chart. Navamsha chart planets are in brackets.

1 6 Chapter 1: Preliminaries Chart 1-1 Navamsa Lagna Superimposition chart. Navamsha chart planets are in

How to Time an Event

17

Male, October 16, 1946, 1042 hours, 27° N10', 78°E05', Time Zone 0530 hours East of Greenwich.

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Sun

5s 29° 07'41"

Mars

Venus

7s 06° 7'50"

Saturn

Moon

2s 11° 32'07"

Rahu

Saturn

3s 14° 8'14"

Saturn

Mars

6s 21° 38'43"

Jupiter

Rahu

1s 19° 2'01"

Moon

Merc

6s 19° 00'47"

Rahu

Ketu

6sl9° 2'01"

Mercury

Jupiter

6s 11° 1611"

Rahu

Ascdt

7s 25° 31'47"

 

Owner/C means owner of the constellation in which the planet is placed.

We have prepared another chart that has the planets in the navamsha chart superimposed over planets in the birth chart according to the signs that the planets occupy in navamsha. The planets in the navamsha chart are shown within parentheses. This clarifies the relationships through navamsha chart. Its utility shall be seen from the following analyses.

Let us find the planets that are related to the VIII house. We shall not consider relationships between the owner of the house and other planets at this stage. We will state the relationships of planets with the house in the same order as have been described above:

(a)

The Moon, as it occupies the house.

(b)

Mercury, as it owns the house.

(c)

Nil, as there is no exact aspect to the mid-point of the house.

(d)

Jupiter has a very close aspect on the Moon. The latter is in the VIII house from the ascendant. Therefore, Jupiter is related to the house.

(i)

Saturn, as its dispositor occupies the house.

(ii)

Nil, as no planet occupies Cancer in the navamsha chart.

(iii)

Rahu, as it occupies Gemini in the navamsha chart.

(iv)

Rahu, as it occupies a constellation of the Moon.

(v)

To be discussed later.

18

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

We will consider another chart to clarify the use of the method of determination of relationship of planets with houses and between planets. This is the most important element in the analysis of a chart and in fixing the correct time for an event. It is worthwhile tarrying for a moment on this method, as it is true for the birth, annual, horary {prashna) and even transit charts. The method of analysing any of these charts is the same and very simple. If we are clear about the method we should not find it difficult to deal with any of these charts.

Chart 1-2

Lagna

we are clear about the method we should not find it difficult to deal with any

Navamsha

we are clear about the method we should not find it difficult to deal with any

How to Time an Event

19

Male, November 9, 1951, 1737 hours, 49°N40', 108°W25',

Superimposition chart. Navamsha chart planets are in brackets.

p osition chart. Navamsha chart p lanets are in brackets. Time zone: 0700 hours west of

Time zone: 0700 hours west of Greenwich.

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Sun

6s 23° 37'

Jupiter

Venus

5s 7° 03'

Sun

13.97"

Moon

11s 10° 31'

Saturn

Saturn

5s 17° 12'

Moon

Mars

4s 28° 32'

Sun

Rahu

10s 14° 20'

Rahu

Merc

7s 9° 30'

Saturn

Ketu

4s 14° 20'

Venus

Jupiter

11s 11° 45'

Saturn

Ascdt

1s 15° 50'

 

Owner/C means owner of the constellation in which the planet is placed.

A child was born to the individual on June 26, 1989 in the major-period of Venus. Venus occupies the V house of birth chart.

Venus is thus prima facie qualified to give birth to a child. Whether it is fully competent to do so shall be studied in a later chapter of this work.

20

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

On Relative Strength of Relationships Between a Planet and a House

14. We know that a planet that occupies a house has the strongest relationship with a house. The relationship through ownership is the next important in strength. After it comes the relationship through aspect. Thus, based on the above principles the relative strength of relationships in descending order is as follows:

Strong:

(i) The planet occupies the same sign in the navamsha chart that is placed in the house under consideration in the birth chart. For example, suppose the house under consideration has Cancer sign. If the planet is placed in Cancer navamsha, it will have a relationship with the house in the birth chart.

(ii)

The planet occupies the house in the birth chart. When two planets occupy the same house, their distances from the sensitive point of the house should be considered to determine the relative strength of relationship between the two occupants.

(iii)

The owner of the navamsha sign that the planet occupies is placed in the house under consideration in the birth chart.

(iv) The owner of the constellation that the planet occupies is placed in the house under consideration in the birth chart.

(v)

The owner of the sign that the planet occupies is placed in the house under consideration in the birth chart.

(vi)

A planet with which the planet is in sambandha occupies the house under consideration in the birth chart. For example, suppose Saturn is in Krittika. This is a constellation of the Sun. Suppose the Sun is in Anuradha. This is a constellation of Saturn. The two planets shall be in sambandha. Each would be related to the house the other occupies.

How to Time an Event

21

Not so strong:

(vii) The planet owns the house in the birth chart.

(viii) A planet with which the planet is in sambandha owns the house in the birth chart.

(ix) The planet projects an aspect within the stipulated orb to a planet occupying the house.

(x) The planet projects an aspect within the stipulated orb to the sensitive point of the house.

A planet could be related to a house in more ways than one.

It could, for example, own the house; at the same time, it could

have its dispositor placed in the house and it may occupy the sign in that house in the navamsha chart. The most powerful relationship is through occupation. When a planet occupies a house, it is considered to be the most powerfully related to that house. Other kinds of occupations are also of considerable importance. The owner of the navamsha sign that a planet occupies could be placed in a house; or, the owner of the

constellation that a planet is placed in could occupy a house. Each relationship to a house is like a strand. A weak relationship

is a weak strand. When there are several weak strands, they can

yet form a strong rope binding the planet to the house. A planet

related to a house through a single weak strand might not be able to produce result relating to the house. It can only cause a matter relating to the house being discussed and coming to the fore for a while and then subsiding without taking any concrete form. We notice that a planet sometimes through weak relationship indicates an event. Such an event is unlikely to materialise. It could only be talked or thought of or it may start taking shape but fail to later develop fully. When a planet is

related strongly to a house, only then it will show noticeable effect on matters relating to that house, otherwise the effect would be ephemeral and passing. The more strong relationships

a planet has with a house the more clear cut manner an event

relating to the house would happen. Suppose Mercury in a chart is indicative of enmity and it is placed in the same sign in the

navamsha chart as the VII house from the ascendant has in the birth chart. It could cause acrimonious relations in marriage.

Suppose Mercury projects an aspect to the sensitive point of the

VII

house, the effect could be a tendency on the part of the wife

to

differ

22

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

from the husband from time to time, but the overall relationship would remain stable.

Some birth charts have almost all planets related to each other. In such charts, the premise from the outset is that each planet is related to almost each of the 12 houses. In such cases we should look for strong relationships of planets with houses. Only such relationships would indicate the feasibility of a planet to materialise the result.

When we analyse a chart for an event we sometimes find that the same event is indicated by several planets. The question arises as to which planet would give the result in its period. Here, the relative strength of relationships that these planets have with the house would help us choose the right planet. The planet that has the strongest relationship would give the result. In case there are two planets that have relationship of the same strength, the planet that is stronger of the two would give the result. The method of determining strength of a planet is discussed later in this work.

On Relationship Between Planets

15. Two planets can be related to each other in the following ways:

(i) They are in sambandha with each other in the birth chart. When two planets are in sambandha (in a birth chart or navamsha chart) and both are related to a house, the stronger of the two planets shall give results relating to that house. Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra Chapter 28 verses 37- 38 Chaukhamba edition says that when several planets form a yoga (combination for happening of an event) in a chart, the most powerful of these planets is called the karta (the executant) and it gives the result. A similar statement is made in Chapter 27 verses 37-38 in Santhanam's translation of Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra. This helps us select a planet out of the many that appear likely to bring about an event.

(ii) They are in sambandha in the navamsha chart.

How to Time an Event

23

(iii)

A planet placed in the sign of a planet in the birth chart shall be considered related to that planet. Thus, when the Moon

is

in Sagittarius it may also give results that Jupiter indicates

in

the birth chart.

(iv)

A planet occupying the sign of a planet in the navamsha chart shall be considered related to that planet. Thus, when the Moon is in Leo navamsha it may also give results that the Sun indicates in the birth chart.

(v)

A planet occupying the constellation of a planet shall be

considered related to that planet. Thus, when the Moon is in

constellation of Venus it may also give results that Venus indicates in the birth chart.

a

(vi)

When two or more planets are placed in the same constellation of a planet, they would be related to each other. Let the Sun and Mars be in Rohini constellation of the Moon. The Sun and Mars shall be considered related to each other, though they may be in different signs.

(vii)

Two planets would be related if the dispositor of one were in sambandha with the dispositor of the other in the birth or navamsha chart. Let us suppose that Jupiter and Saturn are together in a sign. Let us also suppose that Rahu is placed in Pisces and the Moon is in Capricorn. We will take the Moon to be related to Rahu, and the latter to the Moon.

(viii)

If a planet were placed in a sign in the navamsha chart it would be considered associated with any planet that

 

occupies the sign in the birth chart. Suppose Mars is in Libra

in

the navamsha chart. If Mercury were in Libra in the birth

chart, Mars and Mercury would be considered in

association.

 

(ix)

A

planet placed

in

a

sign

in the birth chart shall be

considered associated with any planet that occupies the sign

in the navamsha chart.

We will try to determine the planets that are related to Jupiter

in Chart 1-1 above:

24

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

(i)

chart.

Jupiter is associated with Mars and Mercury in the birth

(ii)

It is in sambandha with the Moon navamsha chart.

and Saturn in the

(iii)

It is placed in a sign of Venus.

(iv)

It is placed in a sign of Saturn in the navamsha chart.

(v)

It is in a constellation of Rahu.

(vi)

Mars is in a constellation of Jupiter. Therefore Jupiter is related to Mars.

(vii)

Mercury is also in the same constellation of Rahu. Therefore it is related to Jupiter.

(viii) The dispositor of Jupiter in the birth chart is in sambandha with Mars. Ketu occupies a sign of Mars. Therefore Ketu is related to Jupiter. The dispositor of Jupiter in the navamsha chart is in sambandha with Jupiter, Mars and the Moon.

(ix)

There is no planet in Capricorn in the birth chart.

(x)

There is no planet in Libra in the navamsha chart.

On Relative Strength Of Relationships Between Two Planets

16. The importance of relative strength of relationships between a planet and a house has been given above. The comparison of strength of various kinds of relationships between planets is also equally important. The relative strength of relationships between planets is as below in descending order. This means that the relationship number (i) is the strongest and the last one is the least important of the lot:

Strong:

(i) Planets are in sambandha in the navamsha chart.

(ii) A planet is in the same sign in the navamsha chart that the other planet occupies in a birth chart.

How to Time an Event

25

(iii)

planet is in the same sign in a birth chart that the other planet occupies in the navamsha chart.

A

(iv)

The planets are in sambandha through constellations. This means that two planets in the same constellation of a planet shall be in sambandha and this relationship shall be of a powerful order.

(v)

The planets are in sambandha in a birth chart.

Not so strong:

(vi)

The dispositors of planets are in sambandha.

(vii)

A planet is in a sign of another planet in a navamsha chart.

(viii) A planet is in a constellation of another planet.

(ix) A planet is in a sign of another planet in a birth chart.

On Arudha And Divisional Charts

17. (A) Parashar has dealt with the concept of Arudha or Pad of

a house in Chapter 29 of Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra.

Arudha means elevated. The Pad or Arudha of a house represents the matters of a house in a more prominent manner. Therefore whatever is represented by a house is also represented more prominently by the Arudha of the house. The Arudha of ascendant (lagna) will also work as a prominent ascendant. A planet gives the results of a house

with which it is related. Therefore, if it is expected to give results of a particular house it must be related to the same number of house from the Arudha lagna. For example, if a planet shows journey abroad during its period it must be related to the IX house from not only the ascendant but also

to the IX house from the Arudha lagna.

The Arudha of a house is determined by first finding the location of the owner of the house in the birth chart. We then determine as to how many houses it is away from the house. We then count that many number of houses from the location of the owner, and the house that is so arrived at is taken as the Pad or Arudha of the

26

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

house. Pad of any house can be determined in this manner subject to the exceptions given below.

Let

us determine the Arudha of the ascendant in Chart 1-1.

We

will call it the Arudha lagna. The ascendant has the sign

Scorpio in this chart. Mars owns this sign. It is placed in the

XII house from the ascendant. The XII house from Mars in

the birth chart is the XI house from the ascendant. It has Virgo. This shall be the Arudha lagna, or Arudha of the ascendant, for the chart. Let us again determine the Arudha lagna in Chart 1-2. Taurus is the sign in the first house in this chart. Venus owns this sign. Venus is in the V house from the ascendant. The V house from the location of Venus is the IX house from the ascendant. The sign in the IX house is Capricorn. This is the Arudha lagna. Let us determine the Pad of the VI house in Chart II-4. The VI house from the ascendant has Libra. Venus is in the second house from Libra. Therefore the second house from Venus shall be the Pad of the VI house. This is in Sagittarius.

There are two exceptions as per verses 4 and 5 of Chapter 29 of Brihat Parashar Mora Shastra to the procedure for determination of Arudha of a house. The Pad or Arudha of a house cannot be in the same house or in the VII house from it. If the Arudha of the house comes out to be the same house, we will take the X house from the house as the Arudha of the house. If the Arudha comes out to be the VII house from the house, we will take the IV house from the house as the Arudha. Let us illustrate this by an example

each. In Chart II-4 the ascendant has Taurus. Venus owns this sign. It occupies the VII house from the ascendant. The Arudha lagna should therefore be the ascendant itself. We

will take the X house as per the exception as the Arudha

lagna in this case. In Chart III-3 Gemini is in the first house. Mercury owns this sign. It occupies Pisces in the X house from the ascendant. The X house from the X would be the

VII house from the ascendant. We will therefore take the IV

house from the ascendant as the Arudha lagna. Thus, when

the owner of a house is placed in the X from the house, the

Arudha or Pad of the house shall be in the IV house from the house. When the owner of a house is in the IV house from

the house, the fourth from it would be the VII house. Since,

when the Arudha goes to the VII house, we take the IV

How to Time an Event

27

house from the house as its Arudha, it is clear that when the owner of a house occupies the IV house from the house, that house shall be the Arudha of the house. Therefore, whenever the owner of a house occupies the IV or X house from the house, we will take its Arudha as the IV house from the house.

The Arudha lagna also, by definition, functions prominently like the ascendant. We also know that no planet gives results pertaining to a house unless it is related to it. Therefore, if a planet is expected to give results relating to a house from the ascendant, it should also be related to the same number of house from the Arudha lagna. Let us illustrate this by an example. In Chart 1-2 a child was born to the individual in the major-period of Venus. The Arudha lagna is Capricorn and the V house from it is Taurus. Venus owns this sign. The individual of Chart II-3 was married in the major-period of Rahu. The Arudha lagna is Scorpio in the XI house from the ascendant. The VII house from Scorpio is Taurus. Rahu is with Venus in Cancer in the navamsha chart. The Moon is in Taurus. It is with Rahu in the navamsha chart. The dispositor of Rahu in the birth chart is the Sun. It occupies Taurus in the navamsha chart.

The use of Arudha lagna is very helpful in determining the right sub-period planet for a particular event. We shall study this matter further when we study the sub-periods.

It would be observed that we see the relationship of a planet with a particular house from three points, i.e., from the ascendant, from Arudha lagna and from the karaka. We can call this the triangulation method. This method generally determines the right planet correctly. We have described this method with adequate number of illustrations in this work.

(B) The divisional chart is a unique concept in Indian astrology. It is developed on division of a sign in equal parts and assigning rulership to signs for each such part. For example, Sagittarius would rule in Saptamsa for a longitudinal span from 4°17'08" to 8°34'17" in Taurus. Planets and the ascendant are thus put in the respective ruling signs and charts erected. There are a large number of such charts that have been described in the classics. Chapter 7 of Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra is devoted to these charts. Parashar refers to 16 such charts. Verses 1 to 8 talk of Sign; of Hora (1/2 of a sign)

28

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

divisional chart for determining matters relating to wealth (The method of making a Hora chart is a debated one. The chart in the current form does not appear to be of much use); of Drekkan (1/ 3 of a sign) chart for matters relating to courage, enterprise and siblings; of Chaturthamsa (1/4 of a sign) chart for fortune and property; of Saptamsa (1/7 of a sign) chart for children and grandchildren; of Navamsha (1/9 of a sign) chart for marital matters and fortune; of Dasamamsa (1/10 of a sign) chart for authority, livelihood and status; of Dwadsamsa chart (1/12 of a sign) for parents, loss, separation and incarceration; of Shodasamsa chart (1/16 of a sign) for conveyance, journeys and related matters; of Vimsamsa chart (1/20 of a sign) for religious activity, worship and spiritual progress; of Chaturvimsamsa chart (1/24 of a sign) for academic achievements; of Trimsamsa chart (1/30 of a sign) for evils, etc. There are Tajik divisional charts too that work equally well. These are Shashtamsa (1/6 of a sign) chart for disease, injury and accident; Ashtamsa (1/8 of a sign) chart for major accident, humiliation and death; and Ekadasamsa (1/11 of a sign) chart for gain and cure.

The ascendant of the relevant divisional chart refers in essence to the matter that it represents. For example, a Saptamsa chart represents matters relating to children. The ascendant in the chart would be the essence of the issue insofar as matters relating to children of an individual are concerned. The relevant house is also of much importance in these charts. In the Saptamsa chart, the ascendant and V house shall be the most relevant ones. In the navamsha chart, the ascendant and VII house will be of much importance. In the Dasamamsa chart the ascendant and X house shall be of foremost importance, etc. A planet related to both the houses generally emerges as the right one for having a related event happen in its period. When, for instance, two planets appear eqully qualified to cause marriage of an individual in a chart, the one that is related to the ascendant and the VII house in the navamsha chart shall be taken as the right one. In case the choice is limited and no planet is related to both the houses, the planet that has the strongest relationship with either of the houses shall be the right one. Generally, the ascendant of a divisional chart is given precedence over the concerned house of the chart.

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On Relatives of an Individual

18. We will now present a very important concept to analyse the destiny of relatives of an individual.

Reference is invited to verse 7 of Chapter 23 of Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra. It says that just as results are deduced from the ascendant for the individual, similarly deductions may be made for younger brothers and other relatives from the III and other houses respectively. This is supported by Phal Deepika Chapter 15 verses 20 and 25. Thus, the III house would be the ascendant for the younger sibling, IV for the mother, V for the first child, VI for the enemy, VII for the spouse, IX for the father, and the XI for elder siblings. We can work out other relationships too. For example, the younger brother of the spouse shall be determined from the IX house as it is the III house from the VII, the mother of the spouse from the X house as it is the IV house from the VII, the spouse of the first child from the XI house as it is the VII house from the V, etc.

We shall shortly see that the relevant house from the karaka represents the specific matter. Mars is the karaka for younger siblings. The III house from Mars shall therefore represent younger siblings. The V house from Jupiter shall represent the first child, etc.

Therefore we should take the relevant house from a karaka as the ascendant for that relative. The III house from Mars shall be the ascendant for the first younger sibling. The V house from Jupiter shall stand for the ascendant for the first child etc.

The Arudha as we know represents a matter more forcefully. The younger sibling shall be powerfully represented by the Arudha of the III house from the karaka Mars; the mother by the Arudha of the IV house from the karaka Moon; the first child from the Arudha of the V house from the karaka Jupiter; etc. It is therefore preferable to take the Arudha as the ascendant for the concerned relative. Therefore the Arudha of the VII house from Jupiter shall be the ascendant for the first husband, the Arudha of the V house from Jupiter shall be the ascendant for the first child, etc.

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Chapter 1: Preliminaries

The V house from Jupiter shows the first child. The III house from this house shows the next child, and the III from it the next, and so on. Similarly, the VII house from Venus shows the first wife; the III house from this house shows the second wife, the III from the second wife shows the next wife, and so on. The Arudha of the V house from Jupiter is the ascendant for the first child. The Arudha of the VII house from Jupiter (the III house from the V house from Jupiter) is the ascendant for the second child. The Arudha of the IX house from Jupiter (the III house, from the III house, from the V house from Jupiter) is the ascendant for the third child, and so on. The Arudha of the VII house from Venus is the ascendant for the first wife. The Arudha of the IX house from Venus is the ascendant for the second wife. The Arudha of the XI house from Venus is the ascendant for the third wife and so on. The Arudha of the VII house from Jupiter is the ascendant for the first husband. The Arudha of the IX house from Jupiter is the ascendant for the second husband. The Arudha of the XI house from Jupiter is the ascendant for the third husband, etc.

Here we would like to clarify that when we determine the ascendant in this manner the claim is not that the concerned relative will be born with this ascendant. For example, if Scorpio is determined as the ascendant for the second child, it is not claimed that the birth chart of the second child shall have Scorpio rising. It only means that if in the birth chart of the individual we take Scorpio as the ascendant, we can determine many aspects in the life of his second child.

Now we make this slightly more complicated. How do we find the house representing the younger brother of the first wife? The principle is simple. We first determine the house that represents the wife from the concerned karaka. This would be the VII house from Venus. The III house from this house can easily be determined. We take the Arudha of this house. This shall be the ascendant for the immediate younger brother of the first wife.

Let us take a concrete illustration. Let us consider Chart 1-2 and determine the house that represents the younger brother of the wife. The VII house from Venus in the natal chart is Pisces. The III house from it is Taurus. The Arudha of Taurus is in Capricorn. This is the ascendant for the immediate younger brother of the first wife.

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The question now before us is to determine the planet that would represent the concerned relative. Should we take the owner of the concerned Arudha as the planet? This would not be correct. The determination of a relative has several elements. For example, let us take the first wife of an individual. Let us suppose Venus is placed in Gemini in the birth chart. The VII house from Venus shall be in Sagittarius. The Arudha of Sagittarius shall represent the first wife. Let us suppose it is in Capricorn. A planet that is related to Capricorn and Venus shall give results relating to the first wife of the individual. Let us now consider the immediate younger brother of the first wife of this individual. The Arudha of the third house from Sagittarius, i.e., Aquarius shall represent the relative. A planet related to this Arudha house and Mars shall give results pertaining to the immediate younger brother of the individual. Let us now take the inquiry one step farther. Suppose we wish to study the affairs of the first child of the immediate younger brother of the first wife of the individual. The Arudha of the V house from Aquarius shall represent the first child. A planet related to the Arudha of the V house from Aquarius and Jupiter shall give results relating to the first child of the first younger brother of the first wife of the individual.

On Essential Planets, Karakas and Karaka Properties

19. (A) Each planet is inherently inclined to give certain results. For example, Jupiter is by nature related to matters pertaining to children, wealth, etc. Venus is so related in a male chart to the wife of the individual, etc. These are the karaka properties of the planets. Parashar in Chapters 3 and 32 of Brihat Parashar Hora Shastra describes such karaka properties. A karaka is supportive of the affairs that it represents. A weak or afflicted karaka will sometimes show deficiency or distortion in some matters that it represents as

a karaka. Thus, if Venus in a male chart is placed in Virgo and

it is under influence of adverse planets, the married life of the individual may not be happy. On the other hand if the VII house from the

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Chapter 1: Preliminaries

ascendant is weak and has adverse influence but the karaka

for marriage is strong, the marriage of the individual may yet

remain on an even keel. Thus, the condition of a karaka in a chart indicates the status of certain matters that the karaka represents.

This is the first use of the karaka properties of planets.

(B) (a) A reference to Chapter 70 and Chapter 32 verses 22 to 24 of Brihat Parashar Mora Shastra is highly instructive. Here Parashar says that the IX house from the Sun will also represent the father; the IV from the Moon, the mother; the III from Mars, the brother; the VI from Mercury, the maternal uncle; the V from Jupiter, the children; the VII from Venus, the wife (in a male chart) and the VIII from Saturn, death. Hora Sara Chapter 17 supports this statement. Prithuyasas has stated in this chapter that the IX house from the Sun and

V house from Jupiter relate to the father and child

respectively.

A house taken from the ascendant represents certain

matters. For example, the IV house from the ascendant represents education, vehicle, mind, mother, etc. For each matter listed there is a specific planet that inherently signifies that matter. Mercury represents education, Venus represents vehicles, and the Moon represents the mind and mother. Each of these planets is a karaka for that matter.

Thus, Mercury is a karaka for education; Venus is a karaka

for vehicles; and so on.

We will now refer to Chapter 70 of Brihat Parashar Hora

Shastra. This is a Chapter on Ashtakavargas. Parashar says in verses 21 to 23 of this Chapter that village, house and mother should be considered from the IV house from the Moon. Family and friends should be considered from the IV house from Mercury according to verses 28 and 29. Knowledge, religious inclination and progeny should be considered from the V house from Jupiter according to verses 30 to 33. Thus, Parashar says that the same number

of house from the karaka also represents some of the

matters that the house from the ascendant represents. Therefore, the IV house taken from the natal position of

Mercury too shall represent education. The IV house from natal Mercury would represent family. The IV house from natal Venus would represent vehicles. The IV

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33

house from natal Moon would represent the mind and mother, etc.

We know that the Arudha of a house represents matters represented by that house in a more prominent manner. Thus, the Arudha of the ascendant would also function as the ascendant. We call this the Arudha lagna. A house counted from the Arudha lagna would also function in the same manner as the house taken from the ascendant.

We thus have three elements representing the same matter, viz., the house taken from the ascendant, the house taken from the karaka and the house taken from the Arudha lagna. We know that a planet would give results of a house only if it is related to the house. Since these three houses represent the same matter, a planet that would give results relating to the matter should be related to all the three houses. A planet related to one or two of these three houses would indicate a possibility that it could give results relating to that house, but when it is related to all the three houses, it becomes capable to give the result. Such a planet would be ready to give the required result provided the karaka authorises it to materialise that result in the life of that individual.

The karaka is the key to a specific matter. It controls matters of which it is the karaka. It is the source for all such events.

The house is an inert receptacle; the karaka is the active principle. Therefore, a planet that is related to the three houses has the potential to materialise an event relating to a specific matter, but it must be energised by the karaka to give the result finally. Unless the karaka does so, a particular happening of which it is a karaka cannot happen. Therefore

a planet that is related to the three relevant houses would be

a fit receptacle for the event but it would await impregnation by the karaka to give the result. When the planet is related to the concerned karaka it would give the required result in its major-period. Such a planet shall be called a Factor for that particular event.

We know that some planets are also naturally malefic. Each planet is a karaka for certain aspects of life. We will notice that Mars is taken to be a naturally malefic planet since it represents such matters

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Chapter 1: Preliminaries

mostly that are not palatable. Mars as we know is a karaka for pain, injuries, disputes, litigation, theft, anger, baser instincts, crime, etc. Saturn is a karaka for worry, disease, danger, death, unhappiness, discomfort, bad deeds, separation, deprivation, loss, fall, etc. Rahu is a karaka for sinful acts, vices, danger from reptiles, opposition from lowly placed persons, riots, imprisonment, drug addiction, etc. Ketu is only the lower part of the demon, Rahu being the upper and sentient part. Ketu is insensate and is therefore not an active natural malefic per se. Rahu is an active malefic; Ketu is without a brain. It is therefore passive. It is only a portion of the demon. Ketu is composed of demoniac material but it is not a conscious demoniac entity since it does not have a brain. It is incapable of causing unpleasant acts under its own volition. We know that the VI, VIII and XII houses from the ascendant are considered adverse and are called the Adverse Trio. So, among planets too like houses, we have three major malefics that are by nature adverse. These are Mars, Saturn and Rahu. We can thus talk of an Adverse Trio amongst the planets as well.

The planetary Adverse Trio gives adverse results in their periods, depending upon certain other conditions, and when they are related to other planets, they also activate them for acts that are unpalatable.

A karaka shows many matters. Venus, as an example, is a karaka for wife, sex, vehicle, beauty, etc. The question arises whether each karaka would be willing to produce all the matters that it represents in its major-period in each chart. In experience, it is found that it is not true. The fixed karakas are selective in showing their result in their major- period. For example, Venus may not represent all the significations in each chart. In one male chart it may represent beauty and vehicle but not wife. In another male chart it may represent sex and wife but not vehicle. The rationale behind this statement shall be clear shortly.

A karaka that is related to the Arudha of a house that represents one of the significations of that karaka shall be inclined to give results relating to that aspect of its karakatwa. Let us suppose that Venus is related to the Arudha of the IV house from its natal position in a birth chart. Venus shall be inclined to give results

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relating to vehicles. When Saturn is related to the Arudha of the XII house from its natal position it becomes an extremely potent instrument of loss and denial in a chart. Jupiter related to the Arudha of the XI house from its natal position shall be extremely beneficial. It shall fulfill all wishes of the individual. Imagine the effect of such Jupiter if it is also related to the Arudha of the II house from its natal position. It shall give immense wealth to that individual. This combination is present in Bill Gate's, Harrison Ford's (one of the richest Hollywood actors) and Napoleon Bonaparte's charts. A Factor for a signification of the karaka shall give results relating to that aspect of life in its major-period. Suppose, Mercury is a Factor for wealth in a chart, and Jupiter is related to the Arudha of the II house from its natal position. Mercury in its major-period shall give results relating to wealth. This principle is in particular useful in determination of transit results. When a karaka in transit is related to the Arudha of a house of its karakatwa it shall be inclined to give results pertaining to that aspect. Suppose Gemini is the Arudha for first wife in a birth chart. When Venus is related to Gemini in transit, it would tend to cause results relating to wife to happen.

In certain cases, as in Chart III-3, the position of a karaka is sometimes doubted. In Chart III-3 it is sometimes doubted as to whether Jupiter should actually be taken in Libra. Some would like to place it in Virgo. It is very simple to take up transit of Jupiter on the dates on which children were born to the individual and examine if the Libra or Virgo position is correct. This method gives very unambiguous answer to such doubts. A detailed analysis is available in paragraph 5 of Chapter Five.

As seen, a planet is required to be related to three houses to give a particular result. These three houses are the relevant house from the ascendant, the same number of house from the Arudha lagna and again the same number of house from the karaka. Therefore it is essential for a karaka to be so related as well to give results in its major-period relating to a particular signification. A karaka that is not so related shall not be able to give the result in its major-period. We know that Venus represents vehicles. Venus will give results relating to vehicles in its major-period in a chart only

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Chapter 1: Preliminaries

when it is related to the IV houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and itself. Venus is a planet that signifies romance too. It shall give results relating to romance in its major-period in a chart if it is related to the V houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and itself. Venus again signifies marriage in a male chart. It will give results relating

to

marriage in its major-period only when it is related to the

VII

houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and itself. A

karaka that is so related to all the three houses shall be called the Karaka-Factor. Therefore, only when a karaka becomes a Karaka-Factor for an aspect of life can it give results relating to that aspect in its major-period. A karaka could be a Karaka-Factor for one signification of its and it may not be so for another. Thus, Jupiter could be a Karaka- Factor for wealth if it is related to all the II houses from its natal position, ascendant and Arudha lagna; and, it may not be so for children, in case it is not related to all the V houses from its natal position, ascendant and Arudha lagna.

A planet of the Adverse Trio, i.e., Mars, Saturn and Rahu,

shall be capable of causing damage with respect to a particular unpleasant aspect of life in its major-period when it becomes the Karaka-Factor for it. We know that malefic planets in the prishthhodaya signs give highly adverse results. When Mars is the Karaka-Factor for injury or enmity and it is placed in Aries, Taurus, Cancer, Sagittarius or Capricorn (these are the prishthhodaya signs), it shall cause much trouble. When most of the elements (the concerned houses, their owners and the karaka) have or are in these signs, the planet shall give very adverse results. This is true for all adverse Karaka-Factors or Factors. Here we must point out that Aries, Scorpio and Capricorn are violent signs. When most of the elements for enmity, accident, violence or

injury etc. have or are in violent signs, the expression of violence in the effect shall be very prominent.

All other signs, except Pisces, are the shirshodaya signs.

When most of the elements (the concerned houses, their

owners and the karaka) for a favourable aspect of life have or

are in shirshodaya signs, the Karaka-Factor or the planet shall

show very good results. Suppose Jupiter is the Karaka- Factor for fortune. If Jupiter is in a shirshodaya sign, it shall

give excellent results in its major-period.

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It is not possible that in each chart the major-period of each Karaka-Factor should operate for events to happen. Such events can happen in the major-periods of the relevant Factors too. If a planet is a fit receptacle, and is related to the relevant karaka, it would be able to give the desired result. Thus, we have two conditions for a planet to give a specific result in its major-period, viz., (i) it should be a fit receptacle for a particular matter, and (ii) it should be related to the relevant karaka. We can thus specify the conditions necessary for a planet to materialise a specific matter in its major-period in the following manner:

(i) The karaka for an aspect of life, to give the specific result in its major-period, must be related to the three relevant houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and its natal position. Such a karaka shall be the Karaka-Factor for that particular aspect of life. If we are looking for birth of

a child, Jupiter should be related to the V houses from

the ascendant, Arudha lagna and its natal position. It would then be a Karaka-Factor for children and would

give such results in its major-period.

(ii) If a planet is not a karaka for an event, it should be related to the relevant houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and the concerned karaka. It would then be a fit receptacle for that particular event. If we are examining whether the major-period of a planet is likely to cause birth of a child, it is necessary for the major- period planet to be related to the V houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and Jupiter. Only such a planet would have the potential to cause birth of children in its major-period. This planet would be a fit receptacle for this event. (iii) A fit receptacle should be related to the concerned karaka. Once this relationship is established between the two we can be sure that an event relating to the concerned karaka would take place in the major-period

of the planet. In our illustration above, the planet that is

a fit receptacle must be related to Jupiter that is the

karaka for matters relating to children, to cause an event relating to the birth of a child in its major-period to take place.

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Chapter 1: Preliminaries

(iv) The concerned planet is related to the ascendant and the concerned house in the relevant divisional chart. Relationship is through sign, constellation or navamsha as before. Taking the illustration given above, a planet that is likely to cause birth of a child should be related to the ascendant and the V house in the Saptamsa chart. However, the divisional chart for each event in the life of an individual is not available. Hence this is only a partially applicable condition. In fact we can say that in some matters it is a convenience instead of being a condition.

We will call a planet that satisfies the above conditions plus one more condition that shall be introduced ahead, a Factor. As is obvious only the Karaka-Factor or a Factor shall

materialise an affair in its major-period. It is also obvious that

a

Karaka-Factor shall not determine the nature and quality

of

an event. If Mars is a Factor for matters relating to children

it

may not just cause birth of children. It could cause their

birth or their loss, separation from them or any other event relating to them. The nature and quality of an event shall be

determined by some more considerations that we will discuss in due course.

It sometimes becomes difficult to distinguish between two

Factors as to which of the two would be able to give the

result. We can then use four tools, (a) The first is the Factor for gain or loss. If we are deciding the time of birth of a child to an individual we must keep in mind that a Factor that represents matters relating to children in a birth chart must be related to or be also the Factor for gain. The Factor for gain shall be a planet that is related to Jupiter and the XI houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and Jupiter. Unless

a Factor for children is so related to a Factor for gain, birth of

a child cannot happen in the major-period of that Factor. We can say the same thing for a Factor for marriage. An individual cannot acquire a spouse otherwise. There are certain other matters that impinge on the physical self of an

individual. A Factor for injury shall cause one to the individual

if it is also related to or itself becomes a Factor for physical

self too. A Factor for enmity shall show the result only when

it is also related to or itself becomes a Factor for the mental self, (b) The Arudha of the relevant house from the

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39

karaka is also a powerful element to help us determine the right Factor. Suppose we are talking of the profession of an individual. The karaka for profession is Saturn. The X house from the karaka shall be the house that would represent profession. We take the Arudha of this house. A planet that is related to Saturn and this Arudha house shall definitely deal with the profession of the individual. This tool equally applies to all the period planets, whether major, sub or inter- period planet, (c) The third tool is the divisional chart. A Factor related to the ascendant and the relevant house in the concerned divisional chart should be preferable over the one that is not so related. Suppose we are looking for marriage of an individual. Suppose it appears that two planets are equally qualified to bring about marriage of the individual. The divisional chart for marriage is the navamsha chart. We should therefore see as to which of the two Factors is related to the ascendant and the VII house in the navamsha chart. The one that is related to the ascendant and the VII house in the divisional chart shall cause the marriage of the individual to take place. Since we have divisional charts for a selected number of events in the life of an individual, the use of this tool is limited in nature, (d) A Factor for an event should be related to the Essential Planet for that event. This concept has been elaborately discussed in Chapters Two and Three, but we will introduce it here at a basic level. It is seen that there is a key planet for each event in a birth chart, and unless a Factor for that event is related to the key planet, it cannot produce the event. We determine the Arudhas of the relevant houses from the karaka and the ascendant we then determine the planets that are related to both these houses. We take the strongest of these planets. It would be the essential planet for the event for the major period. We take the location of that superior period planet instead of the ascendant for determining the essential planet for an inferior period. This key planet is the Essential Planet. It is generally not the same as the karaka for the event. Thus the Factor for an event has to be related to the karaka for the event and to the Essential Planet for it.

When the karaka for a particular signification is not the Karaka-Factor, it would not be able to give that result in its own major-period as it is not a Factor. Yet it would be able to energise another

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Chapter 1: Preliminaries

planet to assume the role of a Factor for that event. In case, Jupiter is not related to the three II houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and itself, it shall not be the Karaka-Factor for wealth and it shall not be able to give wealth in its major-period, but any other planet related to these three houses when related to Jupiter shall be able to give the result. We will include the Karaka-Factor in a statement that is valid for a Factor.

The influence on a Karaka-Factor shows a characteristic that would be life-long. An influence on a Factor shall produce a characteristic that may last only during the major-period of the Factor. If the Karaka-Factor of marriage were under severe influence of Karaka-Factor for deprivation, the individual would not marry in life. Generally when a Factor for deprivation influences the Karaka-Factor, the event does not happen during the major-period of the Factor but it does not cause a life long deprivation. If a Factor for marriage were under similar influence, the individual may not marry in the major-period of that Factor.

To identify those matters of a house that a planet would produce in its major-period we have to take recourse to karakas. We first examine the planets with which this planet is related. We examine if the planet concerned is a fit receptacle for a matter represented by a karaka with which it is in relationship. Once the planet is a fit receptacle and is related to the concerned karaka and Essential Planet, a matter relating to the fit receptacle and karaka shall appear in the major-period of the planet. For example, let us presume that Mars is related to Venus and Mercury. If Mars is a fit receptacle for romance (V houses from ascendant, Arudha lagna and karaka Venus) and it is related to Venus and Essential Planet, during the major-period of Mars romance would be in focus. If Mars is a fit receptacle for education and it is related to Mercury and Essential Planet, during the major-period of Mars, the individual would study or discontinue it, as the case may be.

We will also see that the strengths of the concerned house and karaka are very relevant in the analysis. We will study this aspect of analysis separately.

Let us take up Chart 1-1 and examine it for the right major- period for birth of a child. Jupiter is the karaka for it. The V house from Jupiter is Aquarius. Jupiter and Saturn are in sambandha in the

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navamsha chart. The V house from the ascendant is in Pisces. Jupiter owns it. The Arudha lagna is in Virgo, so the V house from Arudha lagna is in Capricorn. Saturn is related to the three V houses. It is a fit receptacle for matters relating to children. Let us presume that it is related to the Essential Planet too. It is a Factor for matters relating to children as it is related to the karaka Jupiter. The Saptamsa chart has Libra as the ascendant and Aquarius in the V house. Saturn is related to Venus as the latter is in Anuradha constellation of Saturn in the birth chart. Saturn owns the V house in the divisional chart.

Suppose we are studying marriage. The VII house from the natal position of Venus in a male chart shall show wife. The Arudha of this house shall be the main house that would show the first wife. While on the subject of spouse, it may be possible that the individual has more than one spouse. How do we determine the characteristics of different spouses? In such a case, we will have to decide the house that would determine the second wife. In ancient literature she is taken as the junior sister to the first wife. The III house from the house for the first wife shall be the one for the second wife. Therefore the III house from the VII house from natal Venus shall represent the second wife. The Arudha of this house taken as the ascendant shall tell us about the life of the second wife. Similarly, the V house from Jupiter shall indicate children. The Arudha of this house shall be the predominant house for the first child. When this house has strong influence of female elements the child would be a daughter. The Arudha of the III house from the V house from Jupiter shall indicate the second child, etc.

We can extend this argument further. Suppose we wish to determine the profession of an individual. The X house from Saturn shall indicate profession. The Arudha of this house shall show profession strongly. The influence of planets and sign on this Arudha house shall determine the profession.

Let us take one more illustration. Suppose a planet is related to the XII houses from ascendant, Rahu and Arudha lagna. It shall be a fit receptacle for incarceration. When it is related to Rahu and Essential Planet it becomes a Factor for it. Suppose the planet is also a Factor for the physical self (related to the Sun, and to the

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Chapter 1: Preliminaries

ascendant, Arudha lagna and the place of the Sun) or is the Karaka-Factor for it. It will force an individual to live under restraint in its major-period. If the Factor for incarceration is related to the Factor for residence (related to the Moon, and the IV houses from the Moon, ascendant and Arudha lagna), the individual will go to and remain in jail in the major-period of the planet.

It is easy to determine a Karaka-Factor for a particular event. We have given a table relating houses to karakas for important matters/ events. For example, if we refer to the table we notice that Saturn is the karaka for disease. The VI house causes disease. Thus, the VI houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and Saturn should be the elements for disease. When Saturn is related to the three houses from ascendant, Arudha lagna and itself, it becomes the Karaka- Factor for disease. When a planet is related to these three houses it becomes a fit receptacle for disease. When it is also related to Saturn it becomes a Factor for disease.

We can determine the Arudha of the VI house from Saturn. This would be a house that predominantly shows disease. We can also determine the Arudha of a house that represents an organ of the body. When these two houses are related to each other; Saturn is related to the Arudha for the organ; and, the karaka for the organ is related to the Arudha for disease, the organ is likely to suffer from disease.

When there are several Factors for disease, the likelihood of poor health throughout life or of having several diseases increases.

Remedial measures for a Factor capable of causing an unpleasant effect like injury, dispute, disease, damage, separation etc. should be thought of for ameliorating the condition. When a Factor for disease causes trouble in an organ, remedial measures for that Factor shall help the individual overcome the disease. When a Factor for dispute is causing tension in marriage, remedial measures for such a Factor shall restore marital harmony.

Thus, the specific results that a planet may give in its period can be determined by the use of karakas. This also helps in determining the time of an event. This is the second and a major use of the karaka properties of planets.

How to Time an Event

43

(b) We have seen that with the use of karakas we can get a fairly satisfactory impression of the likely nature and complexion of an event. Still there are Factors that would show more than one kind of event. Let us take a simple one. Suppose a planet is related to Mars and the VI houses from Mars, the ascendant and Arudha lagna. Such a planet can cause enmity or injury. It would be a Factor for injury or enmity. Which of the two would take place in the major-period of the Factor? We know that injury would affect the physical self, whereas enmity, mental. The physical self is indicated by a planet that is related to the Sun, ascendant and Arudha lagna. This would be a Factor for the physical self. A Factor for mental self shall be related to the Moon, and the IV houses from the Moon, ascendant and Arudha lagna. If a Factor for enmity or injury is related to the Factor for physical self, the individual should suffer injury, since injury is related to the body. If the Factor for enmity or injury is related to the Factor for the mental self, he will face enmity, since it is the mind that nurtures enmity.

(C) We will discuss the birth chart of Elizabeth Taylor. She as we know, is a well-known British born Hollywood actress. She has had several marriages and divorces. This chart has certain interesting characteristics in the areas of marriage. We will this discuss it in the next few paragraphs to highlight the use of karakas in the analysis of a chart.

The first divorce took place on February 1, 1951. The inter- period of Mars in the sub-period of Ketu in the major-period of Saturn was going on at that time.

Chart 1-3

Lagna

inter- period of Mars in the sub-period of Ketu in the major-period of Saturn was going

44

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Elizabeth Taylor, February 27, 1932, 0215 hours, London, UK,

Navamsha

Taylor, February 27, 1932, 0215 hours, London, UK, Navamsha 0W10, 51N30, GMT. Planet Longitude Owner/C Planet

0W10, 51N30, GMT.

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Sun

10s14°22'32"

Rahu

Venus

11s24°14'40"

Mercury

Moon

6s22°41'05"

Jupiter

Saturn

9s7°23'59"

Sun

Mars

10s8°39'28"

Rahu

Rahu

11s3°22'42"

Saturn

Merc

10s14°32'55"

Rahu

Ketu

5s3°22'42"

Sun

Jupiter

3s22°16'08"

Mercury

Ascdt

7s17°27'41"

 

Owner/C means owner of the constellation in which the planet is placed.

Divorce means a permanent separation from the spouse and break up of the family. Saturn denotes separation. The XII house from it is Sagittairus. Saturn and Jupiter are related. Saturn is karaka for the XII house. The XII house from the ascendant is in Libra. The Moon occupies it. Saturn occupies Pisces in the navamsha chart. Venus is in this sign in the birth chart. Thus, Saturn is related to Libra. The Arudha lagna is in Aquarius. Saturn occupies Capricorn in the birth chart. It is thus related to the XII house from the Arudha lagna. The XII house from Saturn is in Sagittarius. Jupiter occupies Capricorn in the navamsha chart where Saturn is placed in the birth chart. Saturn is thus related to the XII house from its natal position. Thus, Saturn is the Karaka-Factor for separation.

How to Time an Event

45

Since Jupiter is related to the three VII houses, it is the

Karaka-Factor for marriage. It is related to the Karaka-Factor for separation. The II house from the ascendant is Sagittarius. The

II house from Arudha lagna is Pisces. We have noticed the close

relationship that Saturn has with these two houses of family. Thus, Saturn in the chart shows divorce. The event happened in the major-period of Saturn. It should also be noticed that Mercury is in manifold relationship with Saturn and Jupiter in the chart. It shows several marriages and divorces.

The V houses from the ascendant, Arudha lagna and Venus

represent romance. A planet that is a fit receptacle for romance and is related to the karaka would give rise to romance. This would be a Factor for romance. When a Factor for marriage is related to a Factor for romance, the individual will marry through

a love affair, or the marriage will be extremely cordial and happy.

We take up Elizabeth Taylor's chart again. Venus is exalted in the

V house from the ascendant. The V house from Arudha lagna is in

Gemini. Venus is in association with Mercury in the navamsha chart. It is also in Revati constellation of Mercury. The V house from Venus is Cancer. Jupiter occupies it. It is in sambandha with Venus in the birth chart. Thus, Venus is a Karaka-Factor for

romance in the chart. We have seen that the Karaka-Factor for marriage is in sambandha with the Karaka-Factor for romance. Marriage would take place as a consequence of romance. Since Venus is under strong influence of Mercury, this would happen more than once.

We know that Mercury gives its results early or several times over and Saturn late. If the Karaka-Factor for marriage is related to Mercury, the individual will get married early in life or more than once; he will get married late on the other hand if it were related to Saturn. If a Factor for marriage is related to Mercury, marriage should take place early in its major-period, or matters relating to marriage would manifest early in the major- period. It could also happen that the individual may marry more than once in the major-period of the Factor.

We know that Jupiter tends to expand a Factor if it influences it. Suppose Jupiter is related to the Karaka-Factor for body. The individual will be of large girth. Saturn on the other hand causes constriction and restriction. When the Factor is related to it, the individual will be thin. When similar relationship exists with a Factor for physical self, the individual would turn corpulent or thin as the case may be, in the major-period of

46

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

the concerned Factor. Some thin persons suddenly turn fat in life. This is due to the major-period of a Factor for physical self that is under influence of Jupiter. Many a time women put on much weight after birth of a child. It is because of such an influence of Jupiter. The reverse is also true. Many a time an overweight person decides to shed weight. This is under influence of Saturn on a Factor for physical self the major-period of which was current. A Karaka-Factor in a chart shall show tendencies that shall remain with the individual for life. We have seen this in the birth chart of Elizabeth Taylor. Her Karaka-Factors for romance and marriage are closely related. Romance and marriage were features that remained throughout her life. The Karaka-Factor for separation and romance are again very closely related. She had several romantic involvements ending in marriage and they were subsequently terminated in divorce. This chart has unfortunate relationships between Jupiter, Venus and Saturn. No marriage of hers was permanent. She moved in and out of wedlock several times. Since all the three planets are Karaka-Factors this flurry of romance, marriage and separation lasted her lifetime. Had the three planets were only Factors it would have happened only during their major-periods. Thus, we can distinguish between a permanent characteristic of life and a temporary.

Mars causes the musculature to develop well. When Jupiter is also involved in this scheme of things, the muscles will develop well and enlarge substantially. In such a case, the individual will be heavily muscular. Venus in relation to Mars will lend beauty and elegance to such a muscular body. The following is the birth chart of Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Chart 1-4

Lagna

beauty and elegance to such a muscular body. The following is the birth chart of Arnold

How to Time an Event

47

Male, July 30, 1947, 0410 hours, Graz, Austria, Central

Navamsha

July 30, 1947, 0410 hours, Graz, Austria, Central Navamsha Europe, 47°N04', 15°E27', Time zone: 0100 hour

Europe, 47°N04', 15°E27', Time zone: 0100 hour East of Greenwich.

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Sun

3s13°06'26"

Saturn

Venus

3s3°23'51"

Saturn

Moon

8s10°59'33"

Ketu

Saturn

3s18°34'4"

Mercury

Mars

1s27°06'51"

Mars

Rahu

1s7°31'14"

Sun

Merc

2s25°02'40"

Jupiter

Ketu

7s7°31'14"

Saturn

Jupiter

6s24°58'29"

Jupiter

Ascdt

3s7°40'39"

 

Owner/C means owner of the constellation in which the planet is placed.

We know that he has an exceptionally well-developed muscular body. Both Jupiter and Mars have the same dispositor Venus in the birth chart. Venus stands for beauty and elegance. Mars is in Taurus. Jupiter occupies this sign in the navamsha chart. Mars occupies Virgo in the navamsha chart. Mercury is with Jupiter in the navamsha chart. Thus, Mars and Jupiter are closely related to each other and have a tendency to create beauty and elegance. Let us determine the Karaka-Factor for the body. The karaka for the body is the Sun. It is related to the Arudha lagna through Rahu. The Sun occupies the ascendant. Thus, the Sun is Karaka-Factor for the physical self. It is over Jupiter in the navamsha chart. It is with Venus in the birth chart. Mars is related to the Sun through Venus. These influences are making for a beautiful and muscular body. Since in this chart the Karaka-Factor for physical body is involved, this is going to be the permanent feature in his life.

48

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

We will now introduce a table and give karakas for some aspects of human life. We will also give for each the corresponding house. Some matters/organs of the human body cross over from one house to the other, for example the upper part of the liver falls in the IV house whereas the central and lower part falls in the V house. In such cases both the houses have been mentioned. The degrees in a sign shall determine the particular organ. Suppose we take the sign Taurus. It starts from the eyebrows and ends at the junction of the neck with torso. It will first indicate eyebrows. It will then successively show eyes, the bridge of the nose, and upper ears; the nose, upper cheeks and ear orifices; the lower cheeks and mouth; chin; upper throat and tonsils; adam's apple; and, the beginning of the pharynx and oesophagus. We can roughly say that each band of a navamsha of 3°20' covers each of the various organs that have been listed above. Since each house is a sign in effect, each band of navamsha too would similarly indicate parts of organs. This means that the II house for example too would represent what Taurus does, and in it each navamsha would successively relate to parts of the body. The influence of a disease causing planet on the same band of the sign and house shall cause trouble in that part. Suppose the first navamsha of Taurus and the first navamsha of a sign in the II house are related to disease causing planets. Trouble would arise in the vicinity of the eyebrows:

Matter

Karaka

House

Body

Sun

1

Head

Sun

1

Right eye (in males)/Left eye (in females)

Sun

2/12

Heart

Sun

4

Stomach

Sun

5

Fire

Sun

6

Father

Sun

9

Rank/status/fame

Sun

10

Place of worship

Sun

12

Infancy

Moon

1

Place of birth

Moon

1

 

Contd

on next page

How to Time an Event

49

Contd

from last page

Matter

Karaka

House

Face/Mouth

Moon

2

Lungs

Moon

3/4

Breasts

Moon

4

Mind

Moon

4

Mother

Moon

4

Place of residence/Home

Moon

4

Emotion/Emoting

Moon

5

Ovaries/uterus/bladder

Moon

7

Pregnancy

Moon

7

Residence at distant place

Moon

7

Sea cruise

Moon

8

Left eye (in males)/Right eye (in females)

Moon

12/2

Sleep

Moon

12

Blood relations

Mars

2

Courage

Mars

3

Younger siblings

Mars

3

Immovable property

Mars

4

Enemies/disputes/Litigation

Mars

6

Accident

Mars

6

Competition

Mars

6

Injury

Mars

6

Male genitals

Mars

7

Major accident/Major injury

Mars

8

Blood

Mars

9

Early childhood

Mercury

2

Smell/Nose

Mercury

2

Speech

Mercury

2

Communication/Letter

Mercury

3

Contd

on next page

50

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Contd

from last page

Matter

Karaka

House

Short journey

Mercury

3

To write

Mercury

3

Education

Mercury

4

Family/Clan

Mercury

4

Friends

Mercury

4

Relatives

Mercury

4

Intelligence

Mercury

5

Intestines, small

Mercury

6

Maternal uncle

Mercury

6

Business

Mercury

7

Trade

Mercury

7

Wealth/Bank balance

Jupiter

2

Hearing, sense of

Jupiter

3/11

Happiness

Jupiter

4

Liver

Jupiter

4/5

Love for the divine

Jupiter

5

Gall Bladder

Jupiter

5

Pancreas

Jupiter

6

Husband

Jupiter

7

Prominence in society

Jupiter

7

Good fortune

Jupiter

9

Pilgrimage/long inland journey

Jupiter

9

Religious inclination

Jupiter

9

Elder siblings

Jupiter

11

Income/gain

Jupiter

11

Jewellery

Venus

2

Poetry

Venus

2

Music/dance

Venus

3

 

Contd

on next page

How to Time an Event

51

Contd- from last page

Matter

Karaka

House

Lower Neck

Venus

3

Upper Neck/Throat

Venus

2

Vehicle

Venus

4

Romance

Venus

5

Kidneys

Venus

6

Partnership

Venus

7

Sexuality

Venus

7

Sex act

Venus

7

Wife

Venus

7

Female genitals

Venus

8

Sexual pleasure

Venus

12

Hair

Saturn

1

Teeth

Saturn

2

Agriculture

Saturn

4

Common man/masses

Saturn

4

Discomfort

Saturn

4

Debts

Saturn

6

Disease/obstacles

Saturn

6

Intestines, large

Saturn

6/7

Servant/subordinate

Saturn

6

Bodily exertion

Saturn

6

Worries

Saturn

6

Danger

Saturn

8

Longevity

Saturn

8

Rectum

Saturn

8

Sorrow

Saturn

8

Joints

Saturn

10

Profession/Deed/Livelihood

Saturn

10

Contd

on next page

52

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Contd

from last page

Matter

Karaka

House

Feet

Saturn

12

Riots

Rahu

4

Diplomacy/Diplomat

Rahu

5

Paternal Grandfather

Rahu

5

Fraud

Rahu

6

Stranger

Rahu

6

Maternal Grandmother

Rahu

7

Malignant/Undiagnosable or untreatable

Rahu

8

Vice/filth/sin

Rahu

8

Journey abroad

Rahu

9

Imprisonment

Rahu

12

Paternal Grandmother

Ketu

12

Maternal Grandfather

Ketu

12

Spiritual pursuit/Nirvana

Ketu

12

Superconsciousness/Extra Sensory Perception/ Occult powers

Ketu

12

Karakas can be used for general analysis of a birth chart. They can also be used for timing various events that seem possible from the general analysis of a chart.

Saturn represents disease. The VI house from the ascendant represents this aspect of life. The Sun represents the heart. The IV house from the ascendant too represents the heart. Thus, we can determine if the Sun is the Karaka-Factor for the heart, and Saturn for disease. If these two as Karka-Factors were related to each other, the individual would suffer from a disease in the heart. In such a case, the individual would bear the burden of this disease thoughout his life. There is little chance of his getting any permanent cure. A Factor for disease casting its influence on a Factor for the heart would cause such a disease in the major-period of either.

How to Time an Event

53

The karakatwa (signification) of a Factor for disease shows the nature of the disease. For example, if it is the Sun, the disease will cause inflammation and fever. When the Moon is the cause, it will involve liquid, water retention, mucous formation, and acute ailments and there could be oedema. Mars will cause inflammation, blood or muscular disorder, loss of blood and surgery. Mercury shows its effect at several locations, causes respiratory or skin trouble and different symptoms. Jupiter will cause swelling and oedema. It could also cause liver dysfunction and dyspepsia. Venus gives benign growths and involvement of urinary and reproductive systems. Saturn causes hardening, chronicity and loss of weight. Rahu causes filthy discharges and sudden onset of disease. If in a chart Rahu is related to the VIII houses from its position, ascendant and Arudha lagna, it shall be the Karaka-Factor for hidden, filthy, undiagnosed, malignant or untreatable conditions. It would also be the Karaka-Factor for sin and vice. A planet related to these three houses and Rahu shall be a Factor for sin, vice, and hidden, filthy, undiagnosed, malignant or untreatable conditions. When a Factor for disease is also related to such a Factor for malignancy etc. condition, the disease caused by either of the Factors in its major-period would be difficult to diagnose and it may turn out to be malignant. Such a relationship also shows that the disease is an outcome of the sins that the individual had committed in the past. In the charts of AIDS/HIV patients the Factor for blood has contact with the Factor for incurable disease. When a Factor for disease is related to the Factor for malignancy and one for an organ, the likelihood of that organ developing a cancerous growth would be very strong. Ketu causes indifference to and neglect of the ailment.

We will now analyse the aspect of disease in the following chart. This individual had serious trouble with his heart in the major-period of the Sun. The trouble worsened to the extent that after several successive heart attacks he had to go in for heart surgery in a very critical condition. His life was being despaired of. He could barely survive the illness but he has now made a complete recovery. The event happened in the 48 th year of his life.

54

Chapter 1: Preliminaries

Male, November 1, 1941, 1410 hours, 20° N43', 77°E00',

Chart 1-5

Lagna

1410 hours, 20° N43', 77°E00', Chart 1-5 Lagna Navamsha Time Zone 0530 hours East of Greenwich.

Navamsha

hours, 20° N43', 77°E00', Chart 1-5 Lagna Navamsha Time Zone 0530 hours East of Greenwich. Planet

Time Zone 0530 hours East of Greenwich.

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Planet

Longitude

Owner/C

Sun

6sl5°29'42"

Rahu

Venus

8s 01°23'7"

Ketu

Moon

11s15°35'25

Saturn

Saturn

1s 3°19'29"

Sun