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Buckling Solutions

Example 1

750
250

From Figure 5: k = 7.2.

7.2 2 70 103 6
250
12 1 0.32

cr

262.11 MPa

Since cr > Y, plasticity factor needs to be applied.


2

k
12 1

2
0.7

cr

From Figure 2:

t
b

262.11
0.97
270

0.84

0.7

0.84 270

cr

Plasticity factor =

226.8 MPa

226.8
0.87
262.1

Example 2
bw = 200 - 2= 198 mm
bf = 100 1.6 = 98.4 mm

bf
bw

98.4
198

tw
tf

3.2
1.6
2

0.497 0.5

From Figure 3:

cr

kw = 1.7

kw
12 1
1.7

E t
2
b

70 103 3.2
12 0.91
192

cr = 29.84 MPa
Note that from Figure 2 buckling occurs in the flange first.

Example 3
r=a/b as section is long k=0.425 from figure 5

cr

kw
12 1

E t
2
b

0.425 2 70 103 4
12 0.91
32
419.7 MPa

Since cr > Y, plasticity factor needs to be applied.


Use figure 1 as free one side and fixed on the other
2

kw
12 1

tw
bw

2
0.7

cr

Taking n = 10,

419.7
1.55
270

1.05

0.7

cr

1.05 270

Plasticity factor =

283.5 MPa

283.5 / 419.7 0.68

Example 4
h=250-5=245 mm
b=100-8=92 mm

b
h

92
245

tb
th

5
8

0.375

0.625
which is closer to 6 than 7 on figure 7

from figure 4 kh=4.4

cr

4.4 2 70e3 8
245
12 1 0.32

296.5 N / mm 2

Since cr > Y, plasticity factor needs to be applied.


Use figure 2 as fixed on both sides

kw
12 1

Taking n = 10,

2
0.7

cr

tw
bw

296.5
1.1
270

0.88

0.7

cr

cr

0.88 270

237.6 MPa

A 237.6 (2 250 8 2 84 5) 1150kN