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ME 414 Project 2 Heat Exchanger Design

Team Members: Diego Quevedo Javier Angulo Colin Sanberg Mike Abel Avery Sheets

Department of Mechanical Engineering

December 12, 2006

Professor: John Toksoy


Problem Statement Objectives Summary of Results Design Process

DOE, Main Effects Plots, Optimization


Problem Statement

Must cool a chemical from 40 C to 25 C Heat exchanger length can not exceed 7 m Heat exchanger shell diameter can not exceed 2m Shell mass flow rate is 33.3 kg/s


Obtain a heat transfer ratio of 1 Minimize pressure drop Minimize weight Minimize cost

Summary of Results
Qcalc Weight Ptube Pshell

2.087 MW

958.61 kg

2435.46 Pa

951.59 Pa

Potential Parameters

Shell Mass Flow Rate Shell Inner Diameter Shell Thickness Shell Material Flow Type Pitch Type

Tube Outer Diameter Tube Length Tube Thickness Tube Material Tube Layout Angle Tube Passes

First Decisions

Flow Type

Counter Flow Square Pitch 90 degrees Aluminum-Low density, high thermal conductivity

Pitch Type

Tube Layout


Design of Experiment

Using the 6 parameters outlined earlier Determine 20% range of parameters Run DOE program in MATLAB Export the output file to Minitab Obtain Main Effects Plots, Interaction Plots, and Pareto Charts

Main Effects Plots

Re-Analyze Parameters

Narrow the original 6 parameters to 4

Tube OD Shell ID Tube Length Mass Flow Rate

Pareto Charts

1st Iteration 2nd Iteration

Final Iteration


Optimal values taken from Minitab Values input into MATLAB

Tube OD

Shell ID

Tube Len

Mass Flow

.0091m .5221m 4.210m 45 kg/s


Optimum values from Minitab input into MATLAB Values in MATLAB better than values in Minitab


Ptube Pshell

2.087 MW

958.61 2435.46 951.59 kg Pa Pa


Ratio = 1.00 Maintenance Cost

Small pressure losses mean less strain on the pump 2113.37lbs*$1.20/lb (Al) = $2536.05

Material Cost

Balance between material and maintenance cost


Aluminum Price tml

ME 414 Course Notes