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Measurements and Model Calibration Guide v e r s i o n 3.1.0 AT310_MCG_E1
Measurements and Model Calibration Guide v e r s i o n 3.1.0 AT310_MCG_E1

Measurements and Model Calibration Guide

Measurements and Model Calibration Guide v e r s i o n 3.1.0 AT310_MCG_E1

v e r s i o n 3.1.0

Measurements and Model Calibration Guide v e r s i o n 3.1.0 AT310_MCG_E1

AT310_MCG_E1

AT310_MCG_E1

experts in radio network planning & optimisation software Forsk USA Office 200 South Wacker Drive

experts in radio network planning & optimisation software

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+86 20 8553 8938 +86 20 8553 8285 atollsupport@forsk.com.cn +86 20 8557 0016 9.00 am to

Atoll 3.1.0 Model Calibration Guide

© Forsk 2011

Atoll 3.1.0 Model Calibration Guide Release AT310_MCG_E1

© Copyright 1997 - 2011 by Forsk

The software described in this document is provided under a licence agreement. The software may only be used or copied under the terms and conditions of the licence agreement. No part of this document may be copied, reproduced or distributed in any form without prior authorisation from Forsk.

The product or brand names mentioned in this document are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective regis- tering parties.

Introduction

To find an accurate propagation model for determining path losses is a leading issue when planning a mobile radio network. Two strategies for predicting propagation losses are in use these days. One of these strategies is to derive an empirical prop- agation model from measurement data, and the other is to use a deterministic propagation model. Atoll’s Standard Propaga- tion Model is a macrocell propagation model based on empirical formulas and a set of parameters.

When Atoll is installed, the SPM and Hata model parameters are set to their default values. However, they can be adjusted to tune the propagation model according to actual propagation conditions. This calibration process of the Standard Propagation and Hata Models facilitates improving the reliability of path loss and, hence, coverage predictions.

This guide describes the way to import and manage the necessary measurement data. It also indicates the calibration method and the steps to calibrating the SPM and Hata models, from planning the CW measurement surveys to obtaining the final propagation model. The resulting tuned propagation model is directly usable in Atoll as an additional model.

AT310_MCG_E1

Atoll 3.1.0 Model Calibration Guide Table of Contents

Table of Contents

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2

Standard

Propagation

 

Model

 

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2.1 SPM Formula

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2.2 The Correspondence Between the SPM and Hata

 

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2.2.1 Hata Formula

 

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2.2.2 Correspondence Between Hata and SPM Parameters

 

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2.2.2.1 Reducing the Hata and SPM

 

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2.2.2.2 Equating the Coefficients

 

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2.2.3

Typical SPM Parameter Values

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2.3

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15

2.3.1 Visibility and Distance Between Transmitter and Receiver

 

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2.3.2 Effective Transmitter Antenna Height

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2.3.2.1 Height Above Ground

 

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2.3.2.2 Height Above Average Profile

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2.3.2.3 Slope at Receiver Between 0 and Minimum Distance

 

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2.3.2.4 Spot

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2.3.2.5 Absolute

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2.3.2.6 Enhanced Slope at

 

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2.3.3 Effective Receiver Antenna Height

 

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2.3.4 Correction for Hilly Regions in Case of LOS

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2.3.5 Diffraction

 

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20

2.3.6 Losses Due to Clutter

 

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20

2.3.7 Recommendations for Using Clutter with the

 

21

3

Collecting CW Measurement Data

 

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3.1

Before You

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3.1.1 Geographic

 

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3.1.2 Measurement Data

 

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27

3.2

Guidelines for CW Measurement

 

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3.2.1 Selecting Base Stations

 

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28

3.2.2 Planning the Survey

 

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29

3.2.3 Radio Criteria

 

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29

3.2.4 Additional Deliverable Data

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29

4

The Model

Calibration

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33

 

4.1

Setting Up Your Calibration Project

 

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