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# UNIT SUMMARY: Concept map

## Average Velocity (m/s) = displacement (m)/time (s) v=s/t

Acceleration can be found from the gradient of a velocity-time graph. Acceleration= change in velocity/time a= (v-u)/t

## Momentum= mass x velocity (a vector quantity) measured in kg m/s

Velocity is speed in a given direction Force (N) = mass (kg) x acceleration (m/s^2) or (km/h per second) F=ma

Airbags, seatbelts and crumple zones protect passengers in the case of collision.

## As fast as you can

Newtons laws o A falling object is acted on by weight and air resistance, when these forces balance terminal velocity is reached. A body will accelerate in the direction of a resultant force with an acceleration proportional to the force and inversely proportional to its mass. If the resultant force acting on the body is not zero, it will accelerate in the direction of the resultant force. When two bodies interact the forces they exert on each other are equal and opposite and that these are known as action and reaction forces.

## Forces acting on a body can be represented on a free-body diagram

Action force: a pushing or pulling force that acts on an object Reaction force: the force that is equal in size but opposite in direction to an action