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SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY

BULLETIN 143

HANDBOOK

OF

SOUTH AMERICAN INDIANS

Volume 7

INDEX

UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON i 1959

For 8ale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office

Washington 25, D. C

-

Price $2 (cloth)

LETTEE OF TRANSMITTAL

Smithsonian Institution,

Bureau of American Ethnology,

Washington, D. C, May ^8, 1957.

Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a manuscript entitled

"Handbook of South American Indians, Volume 7, Index" and to

recommend that it be published as the concluding part of Bulletin

143 of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Very respectfully yours,

Dr. Leonard Carmichael,

Secretary, Smithsonian Institution.

M. W. Stirling, Director.

m

FOREWOED

With the publication of the index volume, the Handbook of South American Indians is complete. This detailed subject index includes

tribal names and variants (in italic); the titles of papers listed under

subjects, key words, and authors; and entries on animals and plants,

geographical names, linguistics, ethnology, archeology, historical events and personages, and missions and religious orders. Information on climatic conditions is often given in geographical sections of the papers.

From the beginning it was realized that an index would be necessary

to make easily available the vast amount of detailed material contained

in the Handbook. The rather long delay in its appearance has been due to the fact that extra funds were not available after the publication of the scientific portion of the text, and the costs had to be met from the

regular printing allotments of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

The vast synonymy of South American tribal names is such that it

was completely impractical to attempt to include more than a skeleton outline in the tables of contents for the individual volumes. The same

condition exists for the innumerable objects of material culture, and for names of places, plants, animals, and the like.

The compilation of an index for such a huge bulk of material requires

both patience and skill of a high order. The difficulty increases in pro-

portion to the bulk of the material. It would have been much simpler

and less time consuming to have prepared an index for each volume as

issued, but this would have caused a considerable delay in the appearance

of the first six volumes.

Chief credit for the accomplishment of this truly big task goes to Mrs.

Marguerite W. Poole and Mrs. Phyllis W. Prescott, of the Smithsonian's

Editorial and Publications Division, to whom all users of the Handbook

should be most grateful.

Mrs. Nancy Link Powars did considerable work on the index during the

early stages of its preparation.

It would not be practical to mention the names of everyone on the Smithsonian Institution staff who cooperated in the total Handbook

project.

Credits have been given to many by the editor in the preceding

volumes, but in this, the concluding issue, it seems fitting to mention

again those who carried the heaviest burdens.

Foremost, of course, is Dr. Julian H. Steward, who, as scientific editor,

was principally responsible for the format, organization, and assembly

VI

FOREWORD

of materials in the first six volumes. He personally assumed the huge task of reading and editing all the manuscript material submitted, as well

as contributing large sections of his own.

Dr. Alfred Metraux, in addition to contributing more articles than any

other author, acted for some time as assistant editor and gave freely of his advice and assistance to the editor and to other contributors.

Dr. Gordon R. Willey also acted in the capacity of assistant editor and

assumed responsibility for the final assembly and preparation of the illus-

trations and manuscripts.

Miss M. Helen Palmer, editor of the Bureau of American Ethnology,

had the tremendous task of performing the technical editing of the manu-

scripts, as well as reading proof, for the first six volumes of the Handbook.

She also guided all the work through the press, conferring with the various

authors in the course of publication. In many respects hers was the

heaviest job on the entire project. Mrs. Eloise B. Edelen, who succeeded

Miss Palmer as editor of the Bureau of American Ethnology, assisted in

the editorial work on the first six volumes and was responsible for the

editing of the present volume.

Mr. John E. Anglini arranged the illustrations for the entire Handbook

and prepared or redrew the text figures. Mrs. Ethelwyn Carter Pecora, secretary to Dr. Steward, not only helped with the many details of preparing the manuscript material but

later performed the difficult task of checking the bibliography for the

sections on linguistics.

Throughout the project Mr. Webster P. True and later Mr. Paul H.

Oehser, who succeeded him as Chief of the Editorial Division, were fre-

quently consulted and gave freely of their advice and experience.

It is with a feeling of satisfaction that we bring to conclusion what in

many ways has been the most ambitious undertaking of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Matthew W. Stirling,

Director, Bureau of American Ethnology.

May 1957.

;

,

INDEX

Aaikolik, Tola chief, 1 : 326

Aak ai (spirit man), 1 : 75

Aarrabina River, 3: 633

Abaangui, God, 3: 437 Abacate, 3: 4. See also Avocados.

Abacaxi, settlement, 3: 398

Abacaxis River, 3 : 271

Abacaxy River, 3 : 245, 256

Abacus, calculating device, 2: 215 (fig.),

326; 5: 614,615,616,618

AMd, 2 : 911

Abades, 2: 919

Aiaguilot, see Aguilot.

Abaibo, Florida, 4 : 519 Abaicu, 6 : 79 Abambae, family land, 5 : 650

Abancay Valley, 2 : 189, 261, 333, 416, 432,

433

Abane, see Baniva.

Abani, 4 : 399, 400, 404

Abapo Mission, 3: 468

Abbeville, Claude d', 3 : 113, 133

Abdomen, scarification of, among Guay-

akl 1 ' 442

Abibe, 4":

18, 307, 314, 315, 316, 317, 319

Abibe Hills, 4 : 299, 314

Abicetava, see Bribri.

Abigarrado style, see Pottery, Cursive Modeled.

Abigira, see AwisMra.

Abijira, see Awishira.

Abijira Encabello, 3 : 636 Abipdn, 1 : 185, 201-203, 205, 206, 213-215, 218-220, 221, 222, 232, 248-250, 261,

263-268, 271, 272, 274-276, 277, 279, 280, 282, 284, 285, 292, 295-297, 299, 301, 302, 304, 309, 312-321, 324-334, 339, 343, 347, 349, 351, 353, 355, 357, 361, 363, 364, 366 5: 71, 73, 80, 94, 103, 119, 124, 125, 133,

242, 243, 253, 254, 257, 258, 339, 370, 390, 391, 392, 394, 400, 409, 509, 512, 542, 545, 570, 597, 622, 623, 624, 627, 631, 632, 658, 662 (table), 686, 697, 698, 704, 706, 752,

760; language, 6: 280

Abira, see Awishira.

Abitana-Wanyam, 6 : 279 Abitona-Huanyam, 3 : 398

Abixira, see Awishira.

Ablutions,

purificatory,

ritual, 1: 155

5: 375,

380;

Ab6bora {Cucurbita sp.), 3: 325

Abore, culture hero, 3: 879 Aboriginal and modern people, 2 : 595-

596

Aborotd, 4 : 352

Abortifacients, plant, 2: 733, 754. also Abortives.

See

Abortion,

2: 282,

312, 548, 733 ; 3 : 337, 498, 529, 546, 645,

698, 717, 851

1: 97,

319-320, 464;

Abortives,

1:

119.

See also Abortifa-

cients.

Abounami River, 3: 811

Abreu, Capistrano de, 3: 658

Abrocoma bennettii, 6: 374; A. oblativa,

extinct, 6: 346,373,374

Abrocomidae (octodont rodents), 6: 373

Abrus precatorius, 1:

335

526; 4: 359; 6:

Abulijd River, 3 : 540

Abuna River, 3: 438, 439, 440, 449, 450,

662

Aburrd, tribes of, 4 : 25, 307, 326, 327, 357,

362, 368; 5: 405, 718, 728; language,

6 : 179, 183 Aburrd Province, 4: 301, 307, 349, 350, 351, 358, 359

Aburune, 3: 384, 394 Abusia River, 3: 651

Abuta imene, 5 : 278

Acacia aroma, 5: 542;

6: 480;

A.

ca-

venia, 6: 344; A. farnesiana, 6: 336;

A. moniliformis, 1: 246, 289; 5: 124;

A. sp., 1 : 264 ; 6: 342, 343, 344

Acacias, 6 : 338

Acacila (spirits of Aymara), 2: 559, 567

Acajd {Spondias purpurea), 3: 99

Acajli nuts (Anacardium ocoidentale)

6 : 343, 344

Acamd village, 3 : 199

Acanthopoma sp., 6 : 409

Acapana, ruins, 2 : 109, 110

Acapti Bayou, 3 : 211

Acard Grande River, 3 : 193, 194

Acarahti River, 1 : 554

Acarai Mountains, 3: 803

Acaral River, 1 : 573

Acarajugaua Rapids, 3 : 193

Acard Pequeno River, 3: 193

Acarapi, 3: 815

Acard River, 3 : 208

Acaray, 1 : 447

Acari, 2 : 192

Acarigua River, 4: 464

Acarisal village, 3 : 430

Acawa{o)i, 3: 33, 804,

818,

825, 830, 847, 850, 852, 854; 5: 78, 137, 249, 255, 274, 370, 393

806,

810,

Acawoio, see Acawai.

Accioly, Ignacio, 3: 210

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY

[Bull. 143

Accountant

(khipo-kamayok), 2: 268,

326; use of devices, 2: 215 (fig.).

also Abacus.

See

Acculturation, periods of, 2: 340-354,

511-512

Acero Province, 3 : 468

Achacachi, town, 2: 530 Achacato, god of fate, 4 : 410

Achagua, 4 : xvi, 12, 37-38, 354, 399-412,

446, 448, 452, 454, 457, 460, 469 ; 5 : 255, 261, 536, 573, 702, 706, 707, 709, 710;

6: 397; language, 4: 399; viUage, 3:

808

Achagua, Piritu, and Sdliva culture, 4:

402-^12

Achagua and their neighbors. The (Gre-

gorio Herndndez de Alba), 4: 399-412

Achagua Catarui^n, 4: 399

Achambo, Ecuador, 2 : 797

Achatina sp., 3 : 569 Achatocarpus praecox, 1 : 248, 294 ; 5

230

Achekenat-kanet, evil spirit, 1 : 158

Acheyenga, 3: 536

Achinoin, star spirit, 4 : 564

Achinte, Colombia, 2 : 970, 971 Achiote {Bixa orellana), dye from, 4:

pigment from, 2: 237,

211, 220, 287;

794; red coloring matter, 5: 78, 123,

124;

seeds,

use of, 6: 86.

See also

UrucG.

Achipaye, see Shipaya.

Achira

(Canna

edulis),

2: 5,

21,

482,

918; 5: 717 Achiras, Argentina, 2: 680

Achate, see Nonuya. Achote River, 3 : 651

Achras sapota, 3: 569; 6: 343, 532; A.

zapotilla, 4: 314

Achua (Mauritia flexuosa) , Z : 519 Achuale, 3 : 618

AcMiare, see Achuale.

Achupaya, see Shipaya.

Acipoya, see Shipaya.

Acira (edible root), 2: 210

Ackerknecht, Erwin H., 5 : xxiii, on Medi-

cal practices, 5 : 621-643

Acknovpledgments, 1: 8-9; 2: xxx-xxxi;

and sources, 6: 463; 7: v-vi

Aclla, social class of women, 5 : 299, 300,

310

Aco, 2 : 190, 261 AcoTcwa, 3: 804, 834

Acomayo, Perfi, 2 : 444

Aconcagua, Chile, 2 : 696 ; 6 : 533

Aconipa language, 6 : 193

Aconipa River, 3 : 616

Aconquija, Dept. of Abdalgala, Cata- marca, Argentina, 2 : 640

Aconquija Mountains, Argentina, 2: 656

Acopa (century plant), uses of, 2: 216 Acopalca, Perlj, 2 : 433 Acogua, see Acoktoa. Acoquoi, see Acokwa.

Acora, town, 2 : 506, 515, 517, 528

Acosta, Jose de, 2 : 196 Acoutl-purQ {Sciurus sp.), 3: 293

Acre River, 3 : 438, 439, 662, 892

Acre Territory, 3 : 658

Acroa, 1: 391, 478, 479, 561; 5: 153; 6:

294; language, 6: 289; Northern,

479 ; Southern, 1 : 479

1:

Acrocomia aculeata

(palm),

6: 470;

A. mokayayba, 3: 81; A. officinalis, 3:

10 ; A. sp., 1 : 247, 248, 349 ; 3 : 4, 325, 368; 6: 469, 470; A. totai, 1: 248, 262,

440 ; 8 : 81, 84 ; A. vimfera, 6 : 343 Acrodiclidum ca/niara, 6: 486

Actinomycosis, 6: 140

Acufia, Cristobal de, 3: 24, 98, 203, 204,

210, 513, 706, 713

Acunauy Lake, 3: 708 Acupli (soul), 1: 446

Acuri palm

409,

{Attalea sp.), 1: 385,

410, 411, 413, 418; drink made from,

1 : 393, 418. 432 ; nuts, 1 : 409, 411

Acuria, 3: 804

Acuria River, 3 : 660

Acuris, 4: 482

Acyigud (evil soul), 3: 90, 91; 5: 571

Aczo, Peru, 2: 431 Adalbert, Prince, of Prussia, 3 : 218, 220,

223, 321

Adelantado Mendoza, 5: 253

Adelantados, government officials, 2 : 492

Adenocalymna alliaceum, 6: 474

Adhesives, 1: 416, 488; 4: 404 Administrators, government, 2 : 265

Admiralty Sound, 1: 107

Adobe, building material, 2: 26, 27, 56,

63, 67, 69, 88, 89, 96, 97, 98, 100, 101,

103, lis, 137, 140, 146, 150, 151 (figs.),

164, 227, 440 ; decorated, 2 : 164 ; shapes

of, 5 : 59, 60 ; use of, 5 : 59, 61, 63

Adole,

Atu7'e.

3: 813;

4: 399,

400.

See also

Adoration of the Cross, religious observ-

ance, 2 : 467-468 Adoratorios (temples), 4: 474

119, 146,

Adornments, 1: 95, 100, 112,

163, 166, 185; 4: 279-280, 286-287, 304, 30&-310, 315-316, 322-323. 327, 333-334, 358-360, 395, 403; ceremonial, 5: 362; dress and, 5: 695-696; personal, 5:

692. See also Ornaments.

Adornos, see Ornaments.

Adultery, 2: 726; 3: 112, 174, 337, 338, 367, 419, 479, 580, 583, 585, 721 ; 4 : 363

5: 634; attitudes toward, 5: 314, 343,

344 ; opinions regarding,

1 : 93,

195,

320; punishment of, 1: 93, 149, 164,

195, 327, 565 ; 2 : 271, 484, 544, 721, 726 4: 202, 225, 317, 335, 343, 863, 380, 478,

487, 530, 556

Adulthood, 2: 459-460; 3: 116, 720-721

Adultress, punishment of, 4: 202, 213,

225, 343, 478, 556

Adyi Kaporuri-ri, see Aaurini.

;

; ;

Vol. 7]

INDEX

Adzes, 1: 52, 145 (fig.), 148; 2: 591, 670,

671 (fig.), 719, 862; 3 : 497 ; 4: 243;

stone, 4 : 501, 511

Adz-hoe (tacUa), 2: 418, 515, 516 (fig.),

517

Aedes sp., 6: 418

Aegla sp., 2: 705

Aenaguig, 3 : 98

Aerophones, 3 : 853-854 ; 4 : 313

Aeta palm (Mauritia flexuosa), 5: 103,

104, 126, 261

Afterbirth,

3: 172,

459,

583,

698, 851;

disposal of, 1 : 565 ; 2 : 549, 947 ; 4 : 225,

247

Afterworld, 4: 346-347, 381,

535 ; belief in, 1 : 333, 334 Afud village, 3 : 195

Agaces, see Aga:z. Agata, 2 : 52 Agate, 4: 155, 158, 164

Agave, 2: 873,

410,

491,

874,

879, 881, 884, 885

fibers used, 4: 34, 361, 455, 470, 484,

486; string, 2: 881; used as food, 4

455

Agave americana, 2: 874; 5: 126, 278

A. cocui, 4: 470 ; A. sp., 5: 542

Agay Island, see St. Croix,

See also Payagua.

Age, height, weight and body tempera-

Agaz, 1 : 205, 224, 285.

ture, 6: 100

(table), 101

Age-class leaders, 1 : 490 Aged, beliefs regarding, 1: 467; defer-

ence paid to, 5 : 346 ; disposal of, 1

442; duties of, 1: 251; mourning rites

for, 1 : 156 ; treatment of, 1 : 94, 116, 149 ; 3 : 117

Age groups,

1: 390. 483, 491, 494, 495,

565; 2: 32, 34, 256, 264, 541; 5: 375,

380 ; membership in, 5 : 380-382 ; place

in Inca Empire, 5: 300 Agerano, 5 : 395

Ageratum conyzoides, 6 : 483

Agouisiri, see Awishira.

Agoutis, 1 : 487 ; 2 : 868; 3 : 100, 101, 139, 142, 233, 273, 276, 435, 672, 751, 772; 4 : 257, 269, 286, 550 ; 5 : 371, 373, 402 6: 347, 372; teeth, 4: 556, 558; teeth,

used in tattooing, 3 : 126 ; 5 : 582 : wire-

tailed, 6: 372

Agouti society, 1 : 515

Agoyd 1 : 234

Agriculture, 1 : 50, 58, 162, 178, 179, 182, 184, 186, 187, 190, 193, 202, 203, 239, 250, 410-411, 436, 448, 450, 522, 532,

542, 555, 564 ; 2 : 22, 38, 43, 63, 73, 74,

91, 102, 103, 150, 162-163, 210-216, 266,

267, 414, 415-420, 490, 582, 583, 589, 593, 606, 620, 633, 657, 700-701, 756, 760,

816, 872-874, 956, 961-962 ; 3 : 2 ; 4 : 8,

21, 200, 215, 244, 257, 278, 285, 308, 332,

465;

5: 672, 680, 691,

697,

731, 744;

cultures based on, 5: 753-756; haci- enda, 2: 415-416; methods, 2: 21, 43,

65, 211, 212, 214 (figs.), 266, 415, 873,

961-962; origin myth, 1: 473; slash-

and-burn, 2: 43, 825; 4: 232, 257; 5:

See also Horticulture.

Agriculture under Jesuit Missions, 5:

677, 698, 717.

649-651

Agriculturists, 1 : 177, 203, 221, 245, 446 2: 37, 68, 69, 165, 603, 676; 6: 14

Agriocharis ocellata, 6 : 393 Agriornis livida livida, 2 : 749

Agschem, evil spirit, 1 : 158

Agua, see Omagua.

Agua Azul River, 3 : 294

Agua Caliente, Costa Rica, 4 : 174

Aguacate, fruit, 2 : 899

Aguachile, 3: 441, 505, 506, 511; 6: 217

Aguado, Pedro de, chronicler, 2 : 925

4: 339 Agua Fria Bayou, 3: 211 Aguai, fruit, 3 : 456 ; shells of, 1 : 439 Aguale, 4: 303

Agualo, see Betoi.

Aguanagua, 3: 567

Aguano, 3: 515, 521, 522, 524, 527, 555,

577, 578,

557-559, 568-572, 574,

575,

581, 582,

486, 490, 546; 6: 209, 271 (list)

584, 586, 587, 590,

606;

5:

Aguauo village, 3: 638

Aguan River, Honduras, 4 : 60, 72 Aguanu, see Aguano. Agudn Valley, Honduras, 4: 74

Aguapehy River, 1 : 448

Aguaratunpa, Fos God, 3: 482, 483, 484

Aguaraygauzu River, 1: 237, 240; 3: 70

Aguardiente

(hard

liquor),

4: 321;

sugarcane drink, 2: 357, 427, 450, 455,

457, 458, 459, 468, 469, 948, 952, 965

651,

652, 689, 690, 737, 738, 739, 740; 6: 249 Aguaruna, 3: 529, 618, 619, 620, 621, 622, 624, 625, 629

Aguas, 4: 355

Aguarico River,

3: 628,

633,

638,

Aguas Belas, Pernambuco, 1: 571

Aguas Calientes River, 1: 243, 245 Aguas Province, 5: 249

Aguaytia River,

3: 561,

562,

563,

564,

596

Ague, disease introduced by White man,

5: 636 Agiienunga, 6: 181

Agiiero, Diego de, Spanish explorer, 2:

508

Agiiero, Martin de la Riva, 3 : 688

Agiieybaua, Araivak chief, 4: 541

Aguilot, 1: 214, 223; 6: 205

Aguirre, Francisco de, explorer, 2: 603

Aguirre, Juan Francisco, explorer, 1:

207, 236, 237, 240 Aguti, 1: 441; 3: 331, 569, 730, 827

Aguti Indians, see Marvnawa.

Aguti sp., 6: 372

Ahat (ghost), 1: 352

Ahlbrink, W., 3: 819; on Couvade, 5:

374

Ahonekenke, see Tehuelche. Ahonicanka, see Tehuelche.

Ahonnekenke, see Tehuelche.

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY

[Bull. 143

Ahopovo, see Arikem.

Aht ti pai (hut), 1: 64

Ahuacpinta, ruins, 2: 226 Aliuallamaya, Bolivia, 2: 576

Ahuishiri, see Awishira. Ai, see Pilagd.

Ai apaec, feline god, 2: 171, 172

Aiapi, see Oyampi. Aiarl River, 3: 11, 12,

16,

29,

(fig.)

34,

40,

47. 763, 766, 767, 865; 5: 70, 329, 349;

6: 397

Aiari River Indians, 3: 12, 37

Aiay6, see Ouajd.

Aiiali, see Betoi.

Aija, town, 2: 104, 108; site of, 5: 42,

446, 447, 448 (fig.)

Aijimo, myth, 3: 406 Aimarense formation, 6: 15, 16 (diag.)

Aima Sufi6, see Sararuma.

Aimbore, 6: 299. Aimor4, 6: 114.

See also Botocudo. See also Botocudo.

Aimor^s Mountain Range, 1: 548

Aine, labor system, 2: 419, 420, 426, 440, 442, 443, 449, 450, 460, 543, 545

Aini, see Aine. Ainotare, culture hero, 3 : 360

Aipena River, 3: 607, 608 Aipi, see Oyampi.

Ai^po-sissi, see Taipe-shisM. Air, supernatural spirit, 2 : 310 ; 6 : 457

Airioo, 4: 35, 36, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397,

398 ; 5: 703.

See also Ayrico.

Airl wood, 1: 536

Aissuari, see Aizuare.

Aitax, spirit,

1: 352

Aizau, myths of, 3: 243 Aisuare, 3 : 704, 705

Aiznari, 3: 737

Ajfi del monte, condiment, 1 : 264

Ajdgua language, 6: 222

Ajana, see Oyana.

Aji {Capsicum annuum., chili i>epper), 2:

163, 210, 458, 481, 538, 549-52, 561, 562, 706, 730, 791, 795, 798, 802, 807, 810, 899, 939; 3: 4, 555, 568; 4: 314, 332,

394,

470,

402,

405,

481.

See

also

Pepper.

Ajl ordeals, 2: 904

Ajos village, 1: 436

Ajuano, see Vainumd.

Ajubacfilo River, 3: 807, 816

Ajudancias regime, 6: 84

Ajuricdba, Manao chief, 3: 707

Ajurim River, 3: 803

Akamboue (good spirits), 4: 561, 562

Akawai, see Acawai. Akawoio, 5 : 376. See also Acawai.

Akemha Society, 5: 381, 390

Aklya-kona ("chosen women") 2: 269

Akokwa, see Acokwa.

Akssek, 6: 203

Akwe (Aktoe), 1: 391, 478, 479, 515; 5:

153; language, 6: 299, 300

Alabano, 3: 606, 628, 638; 6: 249 Alahono, 3: 729

Alacald de Oro, 3: 651

Alacalouf, see Alacaluf.

Alacaluf, 1: 6, 12 (map), 13, 18, 21, 23, 47, 49, 50, 55-79, 83, 86, 89, 96, 100, 104,

107, 131, 132, 149; 5: 5, 30, 76; 80, 83, 133, 153, 243, 254, 257, 259, 288, 292, 337, 356, 370, 378, 379, 503, 561, 562, 661 (table), 683; 6: 28, 62, 63 (table), 86, 88, 89, 121, 127-129, 225, 309, 311, 375, 379, 380, 388; culture, 1: 58-63;

derivation of name, 1: 55; territory

of, 1: 58

Alacalufan linguistic family, 1: 13, 48,

132; 6: 311-312 (list)

Alaculoof, see Alacaluf, Alaculuf, see Alacaluf.

Brazil,

Alagoas State,

6: 301,

3: 821;

322

Alajuela Province, Costa Rica, 4: 55

Alajuelita, Costa Rica, 4: 174

Alakaluf, see Alacaluf.

Alalahii River, 3: 805

Alambi, Ecuador, 2: 808 Alamisque, used for dye, 5: 125

AlangasI, near Quito, 2: 782, 795

Alaqui, Ecuador, 2: 808

AlausI Basin, Ecuador, 2: 46, 779, 797,

799

Alban de Maria, Pasto settlement, 2:

961

Albazo, fiesta office, 2: 466, 468 Albinism, 6: 132

Albinos, beliefs regarding, 4: 266; laws

regarding, 4: 262 Albornoz, Felipe de. Governor, 2: 652

Albuquerque, military post, 1: 216, 217, 218, 240, 265

Alca, 2: 190

Alcahuiza, 2: 317, 319

Alcalde, community official (mayor),

2: 443,

539, 582, 815, 819, 926, 932, 946, 973;

4: 212; grades of, 2: 444; successor

to, 2: 446, 448

Alcaldes de la hermandad, country ad-

444, 445,

446,

447, 448,

468,

ministrators, judges, or policemen, 5:

648, 650

Alcalde segundo, 2: 926, 932

Alcaldeship, official office, 2: 445, 446,

468

Alcaya, Diego Felipo de, 3: 430, 465 Alcazaba, explorer, 1: 138

Alchornia sp., 6: 473

Alcobaga village, 1: 541 ; 3: 197, 204, 206,

207

Alcohol, 2: 292, 394, 557, 561 ; offering of,

2: 518,

545, 562,

564, 565,

582, 585;

poisoning, cause of death, 2: 482. See

also Alcoholism.

Alcoholism, 2 : 394, 695. See also Alcohol.

Aldea (village), 1: 419, 420, 421, 447

Aldea das Pedras, 1 : 419, 523

Aldea do Rio Real, 1: 557

;

Vol. 7]

INDEX

Aldea Lanhoso, 1 : 419

Aldeamento de Muriah^, 1: 524

Aldea PizarrSo, 1: 419 Aldea Porteira, 1: 504

Aldea Sant' Anna, 1: 419 Aldea Sao Jos6 de Mossamedes, 1 : 519

Aldeia Quemada settlement, 3: 350 Alegre, 1: 524

Alegria River, 3 : 865 Alerce {Fitzroya patagonica), 2: 688

Alexa imperatricis, 5: 278 Alfalfa, 2: 333, 357

Alfarcito, Argentina, 2: 620 Alf^rez Concebida, fiesta office, 2: 467,

541, 584

Alfdrez real, king's standard bearer, 5:

648

Alfinger, Ambrosio, explorer, 4: 469

Algarroba(o), 1: 246, 263, 265, 346, 349,

373 ; 2: 21, 600, 664 ; 3: 470 ; 4: 355 ; as

food, 1: 186, 242; 2: 39, 607, 620, 652,

674, 677 ; fermented drink from, 1 : 167,

170, 246, 302, 349, 353; 2:

5: 539, 540

39, 607, 756;

(map), 541, 542; 6: 480,

482; flour, 1: 262, 365; 2: 607; logs, building material, 2: 101, 140, 164; 5:

63;

pods, as food,

1: 247,

248,

262,

264, 300, 353; 2: 657; spines, use in

initiations,

1: 379; used for dye, 2:

642; 5: 125; wood, 6: 54, 344

Algarrobales (unirrigated fields), 1: 175

Algod6n River, 3: 737 Algonkian-Mosan languages, 6: 165

Algonquians, 1: 105; 5: 750

Alguacil, community official. 2: 443, 444, 446, 447, 448, 815, 926, 932, 946, 973

Alguazil mayor, 5: 648

Aliens, social group, 1: 491

Alikaluf, see Alacaluf. Alikhoolip, see Alacaluf. Alikoolif, see Alacaluf. Alikuluf, see Alacaluf.

Alile, 4: 473

Alkuyana, 6: 94 (table)

Allamanda aubletii, 6: 485

Allauca, native group, 2: 490 Allauca de Huafiec, Peru, 2 : 490, 491

Allca, see Alca. Allcntiac linguistic family, 1: 169; 6:

198,306 (list), 307,309

Alligator dance, 5: 573

Alligator mississipiensis, 6: 406

Alligators, 5: 469, 472 6: 405, 406, 484

Alloys:

copper, 2: 54,

(fig.), 473, 494;

625;

copper-ar-

senic,

900;

716, 726; copper-lead; 5: 225; copper-

466, 482,

2: 28, 29;

5: 213,

copper-gold, 2: 147,

463,

214, 218,

silver,

2: 29;

5: 213,

copper-tin,

2: 28,

29,

214,

215,

5: 215;

gold-copper, 2: 97,

215, 217;

625, 646;

160,

167,

537,

838,