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A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH II (Adjectives and the Degrees of Comparison) I.

Objectives: At the end of the discussion, the students should be able to: 1. Describe degrees of comparison; 2. Identify the rules for degrees of comparison; 3. Illustrate the rules in forming the degrees of comparison by answering correctly the given exercises; and, 4. Point out the importance of adjectives in their daily lives.

II. Subject Matter Topic: Adjectives A. Three Degrees of Comparison B. Basic Rules Reference: Going Beyond, Internet Author: Rogelio L. Marmol, Irvin M. Vargas Materials: Visual Aids, Power point presentation, Chalkboard, Chalk III. Procedure A. Motivation Teachers Activity Students Activity

Good morning class! Lets stand. Ej, kindly lead us the prayer.

Good morning sir! (The students will stand and Ej will lead the prayer.)

Class, may I know who among you are familiar with the game Pairs of Memory in cellphone? Sir. Now, we will be going to play that game. I will group you first into three. (After grouping) Group one will stay here, group two will stay there, group three will stay at the back of group one. Is that clear? Class, the group who will get the highest score will be winner. Now, are you ready? Yes, sir!

Okay. Lets start. (After the game) Group one got three points, while group two got four points. Group three got seven points. It means that the winner is Group three! Lets clap for them! Yehey! B. Presentation Did you enjoy the game? Yes, sir!

Class, based on our activity, what are the things you have noticed? Sir. Yes, Erickson? Based on the activity, there are descriptive words.

Very good. If we say descriptive words, what comes into your mind? Sir. Yes, Christian? Exactly! C. Lesson Proper Class, based on the given examples in our activity, who can tell me what is an adjective? Sir. Yes, Acel? Excellent! Adjective- is a word used to describe a person, place or thing. Now, who can give me an example? Yes, Chabelita? Aha. Another? Yes, Rigor? Very good. Another? Sir. He is tall. Sir. Jake is more creative than Alondra. It is use to add information in nouns. It is an adjective.

Sir.

Yes, Mizziel Mae? Good.

Kelly in the strongest man in the world.

Class, based on the given examples you had given, what have you noticed? Sir. Yes, Ej? Very good. We have three degrees of comparison in Adjective. What do you think are those? Sir. Yes, Noli? Very good. The three degrees of comparison of adjectives are Positive, Comparative and Superlative. I noticed that there are comparisons.

Lets have the first degree, the positive. Who can tell something about positive degree? Sir. Yes, Rachelle? Absolutely! 1. Positive it is an ordinary form of adjectives. Examples: o Jomar is brave. o Acel is an old person. o Mary is a bright student. o Who can give me an example? Yes, Kelly? Aha. Another? Yes, Efren? Very good. 2. Comparative shows when two persons or objects being compared. It is describing only one person, place or object.

Sir. Rose is beautiful. Sir. Marjorees hair is short.

Examples: o Mark is braver than Jomar. o Alona is older than Acel. o Rose is brighter than Mary. Who can give me an example? Yes, Alona Cristy? Very good. Another? Yes, Mark Ghlenn? Very good. 3. Superlative indicates that the quality or quantity is at its highest or is most intense. Examples: o This is the oldest book. o Physics is the most difficult subject. o Angelo is the bravest person. Who can give me an example? Yes, Kyle? Aha. Good. Another? Yes, Darren? Very good. Class, there are rules in forming the degrees of comparison. Now, who can give me an example of an adjective that has only one syllable? Sir. Yes, Chabelita? Okay. Who can give the comparative degree of fat? Yes, Lovely Dimple? fat Sir. Fatter. Sir. Lead is the heaviest of all metals. Sir. Sarah is the oldest girl in the class. Sir. Dahlia is more beautiful than Rose. Sir. Gold is heavier than Diamond.

Good. How about the superlative degree? Yes, Lovely Jane? Good.

Sir. Fattest.

Now, what have you noticed on the comparative and superlative degree? Sir. Yes, Marry Rose? In comparative, we add er while in superlative, we add est.

Exactly. That is the first rule in forming the degrees of comparison. BASIC RULES 1. For one-syllable adjective, add er to form comparative and est for superlative. Examples clear clearer clearest dark darker darkest Who can give me an example? Yes, Bryan? Good. Another? Yes, Ralph Kenneth? Good. 2. For most two-syllable adjectives, add er for comparative and est for superlative. Examples simple simpler simplest gentle gentler gentlest Who can give me an example? Yes, Gemmalyn? Good. Another? Yes, Stephen John? Sir. Pretty Sir. Happy Happier Happiest Prettier Prettiest Sir. White Sir. Tall taller tallest whiter whitest

Good. 3. For three or more syllables, always use more and most to form the comparative and superlative degrees. Examples creative more creative most creative Who can give me an example? Yes, Ahmilton? Sir. Responsible more responsible most responsible Sir. Beautiful beautiful more beautiful most

Good. Another? Yes, Acel? Good. 4. Some adjectives end with a consonant letter y, change y to I and add er or -est. Examples busy busier busiest merry merrier merriest Who can give me an example? Yes, Rodel? Good. Another? Yes, Geraldine?

Sir. Jolly Sir. Flaky Flakier Flakiest Jollier Jolliest

5. Some adjectives end with a single vowel and single final consonant letter. Double the final consonant and add er/-est. Examples thin thinner thinnest fat fatter fattest wet wetter wettest Who can give me an example? Yes, Mary joy? Sir. Big Bigger Biggest

Good. Another? Yes, Moses? 6. When the adjectives end in e, add r for the comparative and st for the superlative. Examples wise wiser wisest simple simpler simplest Who can give me an example? Yes, Walter? Good. Another? Yes, Rachelle? 7. Irregular comparisons of adjectives are compared irregularly. Examples good better best ill worse worst Who can give me an example? Yes, James? Good. Another? Yes, Angel? Good. D. Generalization Did you understand our lesson class?

Sir. Glad Gladder Gladdest

Sir. Gentle Sir. Blue bluer bluest gentler gentlest

Sir. Bad Sir. Well better best worse worst

Yes, sir!

Now, who among you can summarize our lesson for today? Sir. Yes, Marry Rose? We learned about adjective which is a word used to describe a person, place or thing. It has three degrees, namely; positive, comparative and superlatives.

We also tackled the basic rules. Excellent! E. Infusion of Values Class, what do you think is the importance of studying adjectives in our lives? Sir. Yes, Acel? It is important for us to know the proper ways on how to describe a person or object and how to compare different things.

Very good. F. Application Class, this activity will determine if you really understood our lesson. I will group you into three. (After grouping) This game is entitled DO I BELONG HERE? Here are the mechanics of the game. In the WALL OF ADJECTIVES, there are lots of adjectives. All you have to do is to get the right adjective and place it in your own wall to complete the sentence. If you chose the wrong one, points will be deducted for your total score. Did you understand class? Yes, sir. Okay, you have five minutes to do it and timer starts now. (After ten minutes) Class, lets check your outputs. The winner is Group two. Lets clap for them. IV. IV. Evaluation On a one-half sheet of paper crosswise, identify the correct form of the adjective in the parenthesis. Exercise 1: A. Comparative 1. Apples are _______ than chips. (healthy) 2. Elephants are ______ (big) than bears. Yehey!

3. Gold is _______ than silver. (expensive) 4. Bikes are _____ than cars. (slow) 5. I am ______ at English than my brother .(good) B. Superlative 6. Peter is the _____ teacher in the school. (good) 7. I am the ______ boy in the class. (tall) 8. You are the _______ girl in the class. (funny) 9. This is the ________ beach in the island. (cold 10. This is the __________ car in the garage. (bad) Exercise 2: Provide the comparative and superlative forms of the following adjectives. POSITIVE well 3. 5. cooperative 9. COMPARATIVE 1. 4. More stubborn 7. better SUPERLATIVE 2. Shortest 6. 8. 10.

V.

V. Assignment Class, compose at least three paragraphs about Love using adjectives. Then, underline all the adjectives used. Goodbye class! Goodbye sir!

Prepared by: GILBERT N. BERSOLA Student-Teacher Noted by:

ELSIE GRACE S. BATARA Pre-Service Teacher Mentor