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Hello I am posting this on behalf of Dr Narayanaswami who is having trouble with the internet.

Regards Pramila Srinivasan Hi: This is my humble contribution to Sankarabharanam (Raga of the Week). Thanks Narayanaswami *********************************************************** Ragam SANKARABHARANAM (Long) ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ This majestic Ragam is considered the KING of all ragams in Carnatic Music. This Ragam is also found in various systems of World Music. The Hindustahni equivalent is the Bilaval Thata (Velavali). In Western music, this is equivalent to the Harmonic Diatonic scale -C Major. The western notes Doh, Re, Mi, Fa, Soh, La, Sa is set to this Ragam. Lydic (Greek), Ionian (Eccleasitic), and the Meia (Arabic) systems are approximate to Sankarabharanam. In Tamil music, this scale is prevelant as Pazham Panchuram. This Ragam is mentioned in Sangita Ranthnakaram, Sangita Makarandam and Sangita Samayasara. Sarngadeva (13th century), in Sangita Rathnakaram, refers to this Ragam as Ranjani and states that this ragam was in vogue much earlier than his period. Muthuswami Dikshitar composed about 40 Nottu Swara Sahityams, all in Sankarabharanam, all the tunes in Western Melody. Sankarabharanam literally means - the ornament of Lord Siva Hence it is always associated with Siva, and even the seven swaras featured are described as the seven ornaments of Lord SIva, namely, Sarpa (sa), Rudraksha (Ri), Ganga (Ga), Mrga (Ma) Pushpa (Pa, Damaru (Dha) NisAkara (moon) (Ni). MeLam 29 (both in SampoorNam, and AsampoorNa MeLam scheme) RAgAnga RAgam, The name is DHIRASANKARABHARANAM, the ``DHIRA'' is incorporated to obtain the Melam No. 29 according to KatapayAdi Gana counting. Definition (Venkatamakhin): SankarAbharaNam pUrNam, SAyam GEyam Cha Sagraham Raganga Ragam, Sampurnam Bana Chakram, MA (5th) Ri Gu Ma Pa Dhi Nu Arohanam SA RI GA MA PA DHA NI Avarohanam: SA NI DHA PA MA GA RI (Shadja, Chatusruti Rishabha, Antara Gandhara, Suddha Madhyma, Panchama, Chatusruti Dhaivata, Kakali Nishada) It is the Suddha Madhyama counterpart of MeLam 65 - (Mecha)Kalyani

A ragam with a symmetrical pair of tetrachords, each being separated by the interval of a major tone. That is the purvanga (sa ri ga ma) and uttaranga (pa dha ni sa) are uniform and match perfectly. This is a reason for its popularity, since this characteristic makes it possible to give fluent and enjoyable expression to the Ragam both in vocal and in instrumental music. Suitable for singing in the evening. A Sarva Svara Ranjaka Ragam. A ragam that is capable of evoking different rasas like Srngara, Vira, etc. Janta swara and Dhatu swara Prayogas add to the bbeauty of the ragam. Important Jiva svaras: GA, Ma, Pa, Ni. Ri, Ga, Ma, Ni are rendered as Kampita svaras Ga, Ma, Ni, sa are Nyasa svaras Ma and Pa are amsa svaras Ri, Dha are used as dirgha svaras Compositions begin in Sa, Ga, Ma, or Pa. A Ragam with tremendous scope for elaboration, so is usually featured in the Ragam Tanam Pallavi segment of a concert. A sarva svara Murchchana Karaka meLam, which, by the process of Model shift of tonic (Graha Bhedam) produces Kharaharapriya (Ri Murchchana), Todi (Ga Murchchana), Kalyani (Ma murchchana), Harikambhoji (Pa murchchana), and Natabhairavi (Dha murchchana). Anecdotes related to Sankarabharanam ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Tanjavur Narasayya, a court usician in Tanjavur court (18th century) was so proficient in rendering this Ragam, that he became known as Dankarabharanam Narasayya. The majestic composition Akshaya Lingha Vibho by Muthuswami Dikshitar as the following story begind it. At Kivakur (Keezh Velur), when Dikshitar sand this piece, the door of the Garbha Graham suddenly opened wide for him to have the holy darshanam. Muthuswami Diskhitar has to credit around 40 songs in Westerm melody, known as Nottu Swara sahityam, all in Sankarabharanam, in various Talams. Violin was introduced to Carnatic music system by his younger brother Baluswami, who was given this instrument by one of the East India company officials, and this resulted in the series of compositions. In the western film ~Sound of Music', the song `Doe a deer' sung by Julie Andrews resembles reasonably with Sankarabharanam (except with a slight touch of Pratimadhyamam in the end). The Telugu film Sankarabharanam has been very popular, and created an awareness of Classical music in a common man. The song ~Omkara nadanu sandhana' sung by SPB is very popular. COMPOSITIONS IN SANKARABHARANAM ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Lakshya Gitam ^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Ripu BalagaNTAnurE, Matya TALam (Venkatamakhin)

Gitam ^^^^^ ArE Dasaratha, SImhanandana Talam (?) Arr rE rE Kosala DEsapAla, Triputa (Govindacharya) Sanchari ^^^^^^^^ --, Matya TaLam (Subarama Dikshitar) Swarajati ^^^^^^^^^ Sa sa ri sa ni dha pa, Rupakam (Govindacharya) Varnam (7) ^^^^^^ Raa rapu seyagarA, Ata (Ramaswamy Dikshitar) Chalamela, Ata (Swati Tirunal) Nilu Parani Mohamuto, Ata (Patnam Subrahmanya Iyer) Sami ninnE KOri, Adi (Vina Kuppayyar) SAmiki sari evvaro, Adi (Vina Kuppayyar) Athi moham, Adi (Ponnayya Pillai) Manavikai konarada, Adi (Ponnayya Pillai) Pada Varnam (5) ^^^^^^^^^^^ IndumukhI, Ata (Swati Tirunal) Manasime Paritapam, Adi (Iriyamman Thampi) Sakhiye Inda, Rupakam (K. N. Dandayuthasami Pillai) Sami ki Sari Evaro (Kunnakudi Krishna Iyer) Manavi Chekkone radha (Ponnaiah Pillai) Krithi (> 120) ^^^^^ Akshayalinghavibho, Misra Chapu (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Brihadeeswaraya, Adi (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Dakshinamurthe, Jhampa (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Girijaya Jaya, Adi (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Nagalingham, Adi (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Pavanathmajam, Adi (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Sadasivamupasmahe, Adi (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Sri Kamalambikaya, Rupakam (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Subrahmanyam, (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Sundareswaraya, Rupakam (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Tharakeswara, Adi (Muthuswami Dikshitar) Shambho Jagadisa, Adi (Ramaswamy Dikshitar) Sankaracharyam, Adi (Subbarama Dikshitar) Parashakti, Rupakam (Subbarama Dikshitar) Sri Salvatiswara Nayike, Rupakam (Ambi Dikshitar) VA VA VA nI Valli manavala, Adi (Vekateswara Ettappa Maharaja) Ashtanga Yoga, Adi (Kumara Ettappa Maharaja) SaradE SadAsrayE, Tisra Ekam (Krishnasami Ayya) Sankarabharana Sankhachakra, Tisra Ekam (Krishnasami Ayya) SarojadaLa Netri, Adi (SyamA Sastri) Devi Meena Netri, Adi (SyamA Sastri) Nannu karuincham, Ekam (SyamA Sastri) Bhakti Bikshamaiyave, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) Budhiradu, Misra Chapu (Tyagaraja) EdulA NilachE, Adi (Tyagaraja) Enduku Chalamu, Triputa (Tyagaraja) Enduku Peddala, Desadi (Tyagaraja)

Emi Neramu, Adi (Tyagaraja) Ee vidhamulanai, Adi (Tyagaraja) Gata Moha Sritapala, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) Ee varukku Juchinadi, Adi (Tyagaraja) Manasu Swadhina, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) Mariyada Garuda, Adi (Tyagaraja) Nannu Brova kannu, Triputa (Tyagaraja) Napali Srirama, Adi (Tyagaraja) Pahi Ramachandra, Adi (Tyagaraja) Paripalaya dasarathe, Misra Chapu (Tyagaraja) Rama Nanuvina, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) RamA ramana ra ra, Adi (Tyagaraja) Rama Sitarama, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) Sambho Sivasankara, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) Sankara Guruvaralu, Adi (Tyagaraja) Sarasa Netra, Adi (Tyagaraja) Sitapati Kavavayya, Adi (Tyagaraja) Sri Raghuvara Dasarathe, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) Sundareswaruni, Adi (Tyagaraja) Swara Raga Sudha, Adi (Tyagaraja) Vallaga dhanaka, Adi (Tyagaraja) Vishnuvahana, Rupakam (Tyagaraja) Varaleda Ganalola, Adi (Tyagaraja) Guru Charanam Bhaje, Adi (Walajapet Venkataramana Bhagavathar) Kuchela Paripala, Adi (Walajapet Venkataramana Bhagavathar) Aho Chitha Chintaya, Misra Chapu (Swathi Tirunal) Bhakta Parayana, Chapu (Swathi Tirunal) KalayE parvathinatham, Misra Chapu (Swathi Tirunal) Rajeevaaksha, Adi (Swathi Tirunal) Mahyam Kim Anitham, Adi (Swathi Tirunal) Nrtyati Nrtyati, Adi (Swathi Tirunal) Sakhi He Ni Gamikka, Triputa (Swathi Tirunal) Saradindu Vadana, Adi (Swathi Tirunal) Sarasanabha Me, Triputa (Swathi Tirunal) Vande Govindarajam (Margadarsi Sesha Iyengar) Palaya Sri, Adi (Patnam Subrahmanya Iyer) Neram Chukora, Adi (Patnam Subrahmanya Iyer) Enta Nustsu, Adi (Subbaraya Sastri) Mahima Teliya tarama, Rupakam (Anayya) Nalla Nalla Nilavi, Adi (Ghanam Krishna Iyer) Kai Vidalaagaathayya, Adi (Viswanatha Sastri) Koluvaiyunnade, Adi (Shahaji Maharaja) Singarambu Pallika, Adi (Shahaji Maharaja) Ennak Kaninthavan, Adi (Lalithadasar) PanamA Unnal, Rupakam (Vedanayakam Pillai) Uyyum Varai, Tupakam (Vedanayakam Pillai) Thaye Unai Nambinaar, Rupakam (T. Lakshmanan Pillai) Thunbam Illa, Adi (T. Lakshmanan Pillai) Neekela Dayarada, Eka (Pallavi Sesha Iyer) Elagu Dayavachino, Adi (Pallavi Doraiswamy Iyer) Elagu daya Vachure (Pallavi Gopala Iyer) Kadi modi Vadathu, Eka (Arunagirinathar) YEn vandAy, Misra Chapu (Arunachala Kavi) En kanavai kEL, Misra Chapu (Arunachala Kavi) Nannu Karuninchi, Rupakam (Karur Chinna devudu) iTirukkumaranai, Adi (Papanasam Sivan) Sundara rupa Gopalanai, Adi (Papanasam Sivan) Pathipadam PaNivathu, Adi (Papanasam Sivan) Mahalakshmi Jagan Mata, Adi (Papanasam Sivan) Konjam Dayai, Adi (Papanasam Sivan)

Kanjamalaradu, Adi (Papanasam Sivan) AmbA Unaiyee, Adi (Papanasam Sivan) Akhilanda nayaki, Adi (Papanasam Sivan) Nandan Charitthiram, Adi (Gopalakrishna Bharathi) Periya Kizhavan, Adi (Gopalakrishna Bharathi) Thookkiya Tiruvadi, Adi (Suddhananda Bharathiar) Muthukkumarayyane, Rupakam (Ramaswamy Sivan) Gopalakrishna Dayanidhe, Misra Chapu (Nilakanthan Sivan) Un Mel Bharam, Adi (Nilakanthan Sivan) Va Va Kalai Madhe, Adi (Nilakanthan Sivan) Nii ThuNai PurivaayE, Misra Chapu (Kavikunjara Bharathi) Sendhil Adhipan, Triputa (Kavikunjara Bharathi) Valli Kalyanam, Misra Chapu (Kavikunjara Bharathi) KaNapettreenee, Triputa (Kavikunjara Bharathi) Ennay Alayya, Adi (Kotiswara Iyer) Varavenum Vani, Adi (Kotiswara Iyer) Manadhira, Adi (Muthiah Bhagavathar) Sahaja Guna Rama, Adi (Muthiah Bhagavathar) Gangadhara Naga kanaka, Adi (Muthiah Bhagavathar) Chandrasekhara, Adi (Muthiah Bhagavathar) Bhaja Manasa Sarasvati, Adi (Mysore Vasudevachariar) Damodaram Anisam, Adi (Mysore Vasudevachariar) Rama Ninivina, Adi (Mysore Sadasiva Rao) Sudar Vadivela, Adi (Periyasami Thooran) Taayinai Kaanaatha, Adi (Periyasami Thooran) TaruNamidu, Jhampa (Periyasami Thooran) Yemanallo Kane, Adi (Purandharadasa) Vidathi Devathegalu, Adi (Purandaradasa) iSumane Vaishnave, Adi (Purandaradasa) SarvAparAdhavE, Triputa (Purandaradasa) Madi Madi Maidayendu, Misra Chapu (Purandaradasa) Nagalinga Maheswaram, Rupakam (Jayachamaraja Wodaiyar) Recent Melakartha composers ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Sri Subrahmanyam, Adi (M. Balamuralikrishna) Kanda guru, Adi (D. Pattammal) Shambho Sankara, Rupakam (Ashok Madhav) Sri Chakra Peetha, Misra Chapu (Cuddalore SUbrahmanyam) Padam (6) ^^^^^ Amdagadavi, Adi (KshetraJna) Chellambo Palagiri, Adi (KshetraJna) Evate Opana, Misra Chapu (KshetraJna) Ela Tellavare, Triputa (KshetraJna) Moova Gol\pala, Triputa (KshetraJna) Inta Mohamemura, Misra Chapu (KshetraJna) Thillana (3) ^^^^^^^^ Nadru Dhim Dhim, (Ramanathapuram Srinivasa Iyengar) tatta Dhim Dhim tarana Adi (Ponnayya Pillai) --- Adi, (Vina Seshanna) Nottu Swara Sahitayams (Muthuswami Dikshitar) (40) ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Anjaneyam Tisra Ekam Chinthaya Chinthayeham Chathurasra Ekam

Dasarathe Tisra Ekam Deenabandho Tisra Ekam Guruguha Sarasija Chathurasra Ekam Guruguhapada Adi Gurumurthe Rupakam He Maye Tisra Ekam Jagadeesa Chathurasra Ekam Kamalasana Chathurasra Ekam Kancheesa Tisra Ekam Maye Chithkale Tisra Ekam Muchukundavara Tisra Ekam Pahi Durge Chathurasra Ekam Pahimam Tisra Ekam Pankajamukha Tisra Ekam Paradevatha Tisram Paradevathe Rupakam Parvatheepathe Chathurasra Ekam Peethavarnam Tisra Ekam Rajeevalochanam Tisra Ekam Ramachandram Chathurasra Ekam Rama Janardhana Tisra Ekam Sadasiva Chathurasra Ekam Sakalasuravinutha Chathurasra Ekam Sakthisahitha Tisra Ekam Samaganapriye Chathurasra Ekam Sankaravara Rupakam Santhanasowbhaga Tisra Ekam Santhatham Tisra Ekam Santhatham Tisra Ekam Shakthisahitha Tisram Somaskandam Tisra Ekam Sowrividhi Sri Sankara Tisram Syamale Meenakshi Chathurasra Ekam Vagdevi Chathurasra Ekam Vande Minakshi Chathurasra Ekam Varadaraja Pahi Tisra Ekam Varasivapalam Chathurasra Ekam Ragamalika Lines ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Chaturdasa Ragamalika of Muthuswami Dikshitar ``Sri Viswanatham'' features Sankarabharanam in the Charana line ``Sadasrayami Sankarabharanam'' Swathi Tirunal,s Ragamalika ``Pannagendra sayana'' is eight ragams begins with Sankartabharanam, and uses the Ragam as the basic melody. Madurai Somu used to singa Tamil ragamalika in several ragams starting with the line ``SankarabharanE Devi'' Maharajapuram Santhanam sings the 14 Raga malika `Nalinakathimathim' and the line Sankarabharanane Shakti Sakala Samrajya Chamundeswari Sankari' Pallavi Lines ^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The Chatur Raga Pallavi Sankarabharananai Azhaithoodi vadi Kalyani Darbarukku begins with this Ragam and has been made famous by

Ariyakkudi Ramanuja Iyengar, KVN and others. Nataraja Dhayanidhe (sung by MLV) Janya Ragams ^^^^^^^^^^^^ Sankarabharanam claims to have a large number of Janya ragams: The folowing are very popular Janyams. Arabhi, Athana, Bangala, Begada, Behag, Bilahari, Durbar, Durvanki, Devagandhari, Garudadhwani, Gaudamalhar, Hamsadhwani, Hamsavinodhini, Janaranjani, Kadanakuthoohalam, Kaanada, Kannada, Kedaram, Kuranji, Maahuri, Navaroj, Nagadhwani, Narayani, Narayanadesakshi, Nilambari, Phalamanjari, Purnachandrika, Purvagowla, Sahana, Sama, Saraswatimanohari, Sindumandari, Suddha Vasantham, Suddha Saveri, Vasantha ******************************************************** Sources: Sangita Sampradaya Pradarshini, Subbarama Dikshitar Ragas in Carnatic Music, Dr S. Bhagyalekshmy ******************************************************** Narayanaswami