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# VOLTAGE SERIES FEEDBACK AMPLIFIER Aim: (a) To verify input-output waveforms of voltage series feedback amplifier.

(b) To obtain its Mid band gain and bandwidth. Requirements: PC with Multisim software. Circuit diagram:
VCC 12V

R3 33kohm

R2 1.5kohm Q1 BC107BP C1

XSC1 G A B T

C2

## 10uF V1 10mV 7.07mV_rms 1000Hz 0Deg R4 6.8kohm

10uF R1 470ohm

Theory: In voltage series feedback amplifier, sampling is voltage and series mixing indicates voltage mixing. As both input and output are voltage signals and is said to be voltage amplifier with gain Avf. Band width is defined as the range frequencies over which gain is greater than or equal to 0.707 times the maximum gain or up to 3 dB down from the maximum gain. Bandwidth (BW) = fh - fl. where fh = Upper cutoff frequency and fl = Lower cutoff frequency. Cutoff frequency is the frequency at which the gain is 0.707 times the maximum gain or 3dB down from the maximum gain. In all feedback amplifiers we use negative feedback, so gain is reduced and bandwidth is increased. Avf = Av/[1+Av] and BWf.= BW [1+ Av] Where Avf = Gain with feedback Av= Gain with out feedback =feedback gain BWf = Bandwidth with feedback and BW = Bandwidth without feedback Output resistance will decrease due to shunt connection at output and input resistance will increase due to series connection at input. So R0f=R0/[1+Av ] and Rif=Ri[1+Av ]. Where R0f = Output resistance with feedback R0 = Output resistance without feedback. Rif = Input resistance with feedback Ri = Input resistance without feedback One can observe 00 phase shift as output is taken at the emitter.

Procedure: 1. Connect the components as per the circuit diagram. 2. Observe the input and output waveforms in Channels A and B of Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) simultaneously. 3. Draw the waveforms with their amplitudes and time periods. 4. Observe the phase difference between input and output. 5. Perform AC analysis and obtain frequency response plot with maximum gain, lower and upper cutoff frequencies and bandwidth. 6. Perform post process and obtain frequency response plot with maximum gain in decibles, lower and upper cutoff frequencies and bandwidth. 7. Compare results of steps 5 and 6. .

## Input amplitude = Output amplitude = Time period = Phase shift = 2. AC analysis:

Maximum gain = Lower cutoff frequency = Upper cutoff frequency = Bandwidth = 3. Post process:

Maximum gain in decibles = Lower cutoff frequency = Upper cutoff frequency = Bandwidth = Conclusion: Result: