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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters www.huawei.com
WCDMA Power Control and
Relevant Parameters
www.huawei.com

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Control and Relevant Parameters www.huawei.com Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Objectives Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: Describe the purpose and

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe the purpose and function of power control

Explain open loop power control and parameters Explain inner loop power control and relevant parameters

Explain outer loop power control and relevant parameters

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Contents 1. Power Control Overview 2. Open Loop Power Control 3. Closed Loop Power Control

Contents

1. Power Control Overview

2. Open Loop Power Control

3. Closed Loop Power Control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Contents 1. Power Control Overview 2. Open Loop Power Control 3. Closed Loop Power Control

Contents

1.

Power Control Overview

2.

Open Loop Power Control

3.

Closed Loop Power Control

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Purpose of Uplink Power Control

Uplink Transmission Character

 

Self-interference system Uplink capacity is limited by interference level Near-far effect Fading

Uplink Power Control Function

Ensure uplink quality with minimum transmission power Decrease interference to other UE, and increase capacity Solve the near-far effect Save UE transmission power

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CDMA system have the embedded characteristics of self-interference, for uplink one user’s transmission power become interference to others.

The more connected users, the higher interference. Generally the capacity is limited by interference level.

WCDMA suffer from Near-far effect, which means if all UE use the same transmission power, the one close to the NodeB may block the entire cell.

Uplink power control can guarantee the service quality and minimize the required transmission power. It will resolve the near-far effect and resist fading of signal propagation. By lowering the uplink interference level, the system capacity will be increased.

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Purpose of Downlink Power Control

Downlink Transmission Character

Interference among different subscribers Interference from other adjacent cells Downlink capacity is limited by NodeB transmission power Fading

Downlink Power Control Function

Ensure downlink quality with minimum transmission power Decrease interference to other cells, and increase capacity Save NodeB transmission power

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The downlink has different characteristics from the uplink, for downlink interference is caused by multi-path, part of one user’s power also become interference to others.

Downlink power from adjacent cells also is one part of interference to the own cell.

Transmission power of NodeB is shared by all users channels, so downlink capacity usually is considered to be limited by transmission power.

Downlink power control also can guarantee the service quality and minimize the required transmission power, so the capacity is maximized in case that interference is lowered.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Effect of Power Control

20 Channel Fading 15 Transmitting power Receiving power 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20
20
Channel Fading
15
Transmitting power
Receiving power
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
0
200
400
600
800
Relative power (dB)

Time (ms)

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Because of channel fading in mobile communication system, the radio signal is deteriorated and fluctuated, the fast power control become one key technology to resist this phenomenon.

In this figure, the channel fading is compensated by the transmitting power, which is adjusted by the fast power control, so the receiving power is almost constant and the radio propagation condition is improved.

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Power Control Classification

Open Loop Power Control

Uplink / Downlink Open Loop Power Control

Closed Loop Power Control

Uplink / Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Uplink / Downlink Outer Loop Power Control

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In WCDMA system, power control includes open loop and closed loop power control.

Open loop power control is used to determine the initial transmission power, and the closed loop power control adjusts the transmission power dynamically and continuously during the connection.

For uplink, the UE’s transmission power is adjusted; and for downlink, the NodeB’s transmission power is adjusted.

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Power Control For Physical Channels

Power control methods are adopted for these physical channels:

" – can be applied, “×" – not applied

Physical

Channel

Open Loop

Closed Loop Power Control

No Power

Control

Power

Inner Loop

Outer Loop

 

Control

Power Control

Power Control

 

DPDCH

√√√√

√√√√

√√√√

×

DPCCH

√√√√

√√√√

√√√√

×

SCH

×

×

×

√√√√

PCCPCH

×

×

×

√√√√

SCCPCH

×

×

×

√√√√

PRACH

√√√√

×

×

×

AICH

×

×

×

√√√√

PICH

×

×

×

√√√√

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Open loop power control is used in two cases:

1. to decide the initial transmission power of PRACH preamble.

2. to decide the initial transmission power of DPCCH / DPDCH.

Closed loop power control is only applied on DPCCH and DPDCH

For other common channels, power control is not applied, they will use fixed transmission power:

The PCPICH power is defined by the PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER parameter as an absolute value in dBm.

All other common channels power is defined in relation with the PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER parameter, and measured in dB.

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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters

MAXTXPOWER

Parameter name: Max transmit power of cell

The recommended value is 430, namely 43dBm

PCPICHPOWER

Parameter name: PCPICH transmit power

The recommended value is 330, namely 33dBm

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MAXTXPOWER

 

Parameter name: Max transmit power of cell

Value Range: 0 to 500

Physical Value Range: 0dBm to 50 dBm, step 0.1dB

The recommended value is 430, namely 43dBm

Content: The sum of the maximum transmit power of all DL channels in a cell.

Set this parameter through ADD CELLSETUP, query it through LST CELL and modify it through MOD CELL

PCPICHPOWER

Parameter name: PCPICH transmit power

Value Range: -100 to 500

Physical Value Range: -10dBm to 50 dBm, step 0.1dB

The recommended value is 330, namely 33dBm

Content: This parameter should be set based on the actual environment and the downlink coverage should be guaranteed firstly. If PCPICH transmit power is configured too great, the cell capacity will be decreased, for power resources is occupied by common channel and the interference to traffic channels is also increased.

Set this parameter through ADD PCPICH, query it through LST PCPICH and modify it through MOD CELL

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters

PSCHPOWER or SSCHPOWER

Parameter name: PSCH / SCCH transmit power

The recommended value is -50, namely -5dB

BCHPOWER

Parameter name: BCH transmit power

The recommended value is -20, namely -2dB

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PSCHPOWER or SSCHPOWER

 

Parameter name: PSCH / SCCH transmit power

Value range: -350 to 150.

Physical value range: -35 to 15, step 0.1dB

The recommended value is -50, namely -5dB

Content: The offset between the PSCH / SSCH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power.

For PSCH Power, set it through ADD PSCH, and query it through LST PSCH; for SSCH Power, set it through ADD SSCH, and query it through LST SSCH. And modify it through MOD CELL

BCHPOWER

Parameter name: BCH transmit power

Value Range-350 to 150

Physical Value Range-35 to 15 dB, step 0.1dB

The recommended value is -20, namely -2dB

Content: The offset between the BCH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power.

Set this parameter through ADD BCH, query it through LST BCH, and modify it through MOD CELL

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters

MAXFACHPOWER

Parameter name: Max transmit power of FACH

The recommended value is 10, namely 1dB

PCHPOWER

Parameter name: PCH transmit power The recommended value is -20, namely -2dB

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MAXFACHPOWER

 

Parameter name: Max transmit power of FACH

Value range : -350 to 150

Physical Value Range-35 to 15 dB, step 0.1dB

The recommended value is 10, namely 1dB

Content: The offset between the FACH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power.

Set this parameter through ADD FACH, query it through LST FACH, and modify it through MOD SCCPCH

PCHPOWER

Parameter name: PCH transmit power

Value Range-350 to 150

Physical Value Range-35 to 15 dB, step 0.1dB

The recommended value is -20, namely -2dB

Content: The offset between the PCH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power.

Set this parameter through ADD PCH, query it through LST PCH, and modify it through MOD SCCPCH

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters

AICHPOWEROFFSET

Parameter name: AICH power offset

The default value of this parameter is -6, namely -6dB

PICHPOWEROFFSET

Parameter name: PICH power offset The default value of this parameter is -7, namely -7dB

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AICHPOWEROFFSET

 

Parameter name: AICH power offset

Value Range-22 to 5

Physical Value Range-22 to 5 dB, step 1dB

The default value of this parameter is -6, namely -6dB

Content: The offset between the AICH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power.

Set this parameter through ADD CHPWROFFSET, query it through LST CHPWROFFSET, and modify it through MOD AICHPWROFFSET

PICHPOWEROFFSET

Parameter name: PICH power offset

Value Range-10 to 5

Physical Value Range-10 to 5 dB , step 1dB

The default value of this parameter is -7, namely -7dB

Content: The offset between the PICH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power.

Set this parameter through ADD CHPWROFFSET, query it through LST CHPWROFFSET, and modify it through MOD PICHPWROFFSET

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Contents 1. Power Control Overview 2. Open Loop Power Control 3. Closed Loop Power Control

Contents

1.

Power Control Overview

2.

Open Loop Power Control

3.

Closed Loop Power Control

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Contents 2. Open Loop Power Control 2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview 2.2 PRACH Open

Contents

2. Open Loop Power Control

2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview

2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control

2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

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Open Loop Power Control Overview

Purpose

Calculate the initial transmission power of uplink / downlink channels

Principle

Estimates the downlink signal power loss on propagation path

Path loss of the uplink channel is related to the downlink channel

Application

Open loop power control is applied only at the beginning of connection setup to set the initial power value.

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In downlink open loop power control, the initial transmission power is calculated according to the downlink path loss between NodeB and UE.

In uplink, since the uplink and downlink frequencies of WCDMA are in the same frequency band, a significant correlation exists between the average path loss of the two links. This make it possible for each UE to calculate the initial transmission power required in the uplink based on the downlink path loss.

However, there is 90MHz frequency interval between uplink and downlink frequencies, the fading between the uplink and downlink is uncorrelated, so the open loop power control is not absolutely accurate.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Contents 2. Open Loop Power Control 2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview 2.2 PRACH Open

Contents

2. Open Loop Power Control

2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview

2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control

2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control

Serving UE Node B RNC 1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request RRC RRC Open loop power
Serving
UE
Node B
RNC
1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request
RRC
RRC
Open loop power
control of PRACH
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
2.
Radio Link Setup Request
NBAP
NBAP
Start
RX
description
3.
Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP
NBAP
4.
ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
5.
Downlink Synchronization
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
6.
Uplink Synchronization
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
Start
TX
description
7. CCCH: RRC
Connection Set up
RRC
RRC
8.
Radio Link Restore Indication
NBAP
NBAP
9. DCCH: RRC
Connection Setup Complete
RRC
RRC
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In access procedure, the first signaling “RRC CONNECTION REQUEST” is transmitted in message part on PRACH.

Before PRACH message part transmission, UE will transmit PRACH preamble, and the transmission power of first preamble is calculated by this PRACH open loop power control.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control

Initial Power Calculation for the First Preamble

When UE needs to set up a RRC connection, the initial power of uplink PRACH can be calculated according to the following formula:

Preamble_Initial_Pow er = PCPICH Transmit Power - CPICH_RSCP +UL Interference + Constant Value For Calculating Initial Tx Power

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In this formula, where

 

PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER defines the PCPICH transmit power in a cell. It is broadcast in SIB5.

CPICH_RSCP means received signal code power, the received power measured on the PCPICH. The measurement is performed by the UE.

UL interference is the UL RTWP measured by the NodeB. It is broadcast in SIB7.

CONSTANT VALUE compensates for the RACH processing gain. It is broadcast in SIB5.

The initial value of PRACH power is set through open loop power control. UE operation steps are as follows:

1. Read “Primary CPICH DL TX power”, “UL interference” and “Constant value” from system information.

2. Measure the value of CPICH_RSCP;

3. Calculate the Preamble_Initial_Power of PRACH.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters

CONSTANTVALUE

Parameter name: Constant value for calculating initial TX power

The recommended value is -20, namely -20dB

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CONSTANTVALUE

Parameter name: Constant value for calculating initial TX power

Value range : -35 ~ -10

Physical Value Range-35 to -10 dB

Content: It is used to calculate the transmit power of the first preamble in the random access process.

Recommended value: -20

Set this parameter through ADD PRACHBASIC, query it through LST PRACH, and modify it through MOD PRACHUUPARAS

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control

Timing relationship of PRACH and AICH

1 access slot Acq. Ind. AICH p-a Pre- Pre- Message amble amble part PRACH p-p
1 access slot
Acq.
Ind.
AICH
p-a
Pre-
Pre-
Message
amble
amble
part
PRACH
p-p
p-m
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After UE transmit the first Preamble on PRACH, it will wait for the corresponding AI (Acquisition Indicator) on the AICH. The timing relationship of PRACH and AICH is shown in above figure.

There will be 3 parameters used to define the timing relationship:

p-p : time interval between two PRACH preambles. p-p is not a fixed value, it is decided by selecting access slot of PRACH preambles,

Here p-p has one restriction, it must be longer than a minimum value p-p min ,

namely p-p p-p min .

p-a : time interval between PRACH preamble and AICH Acquisition Indicator. If UE sends the PRACH preamble, it will detect the responding AI after p-a time.

p-m : time interval between PRACH preamble and PRACH message part. If UE sends the PRACH preamble and receives positive AI from the AICH, it will send the message part after p-m time.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters

AICHTXTIMING

Parameter name: AICH transmission timing Content:

When AICHTXTIMING = 0,

p-p,min = 15360 chips, p-a = 7680 chips, p-m = 15360 chips When AICHTXTIMING = 1,

p-p,min = 20480 chips, p-a = 12800 chips, p-m = 20480 chips

The recommended value is 1

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Parameter AICHTXTIMING is used to define the set of p-p min , p-a , p-m .

AICHTXTIMING

Parameter name: AICH transmission timing

Value range0,1

Content:

When AICHTXTIMING = 0,

 

p-p,min = 15360 chips, p-a = 7680 chips, p-m = 15360 chips

 

When AICHTXTIMING = 1,

 

p-p,min = 20480 chips, p-a = 12800 chips, p-m = 20480 chips

Recommended value: 1

Set this parameter through ADD AICH, query it through LST AICH, and modify it needs de-activated the cell through DEA CELL. After the old configuration of AICH is deleted through RMV AICH , a new AICH can be established through ADD AICH

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control

Power Ramping for Preamble Retransmission

Power Offset P p-m Power Ramp Step Pre- Pre- amble …… Message Pre- amble part
Power Offset P p-m
Power Ramp Step
Pre-
Pre- amble
……
Message
Pre- amble
part
Preamble_Initial
Pre- amble
_Power
amble
####1
####2
####3
####N
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After UE transmit the first Preamble,

If no positive or negative AI on AICH is received after p-a time,

 

UE shall increase the preamble power by POWER RAMP STEP, and retransmit the preamble.

This ramping process stops until the number of transmitted preambles has

 

reached the MAX PREAMBLE RETRANSMISSION within an access cycle,

or when the maximum number of access cycles has reached MAX

PREAMBLE LOOP.

If a negative AI on AICH is received by the UE after p-a time,

 

which indicates rejection of the preamble, the UE shall wait for a certain “Back-off Delay” and re-initiate a new random access process.

When a positive AI on AICH is received by UE after p-a time,

it will transmit the random access message after the uplink access slot of the last preamble.

The transmit power of the random access message control part should be POWER OFFSET higher than the power of the last transmitted preamble.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters

POWERRAMPSTEP

Parameter name: Power increase step

The recommended value is 2, namely 2dB

PREAMBLERETRANSMAX

Parameter name: Max preamble retransmission The Recommended value is 20

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POWERRAMPSTEP

 

Parameter name: Power increase step

Value range : 1 to 8

Physical Value Range: 1 to 8 dB

Content: The power increase step of the random access preambles transmitted before the UE receives the acquisition indicator in the random access process.

Recommended value: 2

Set this parameter through ADD PRACHBASIC, query it through LST PRACH, and modify it through MOD PRACHUUPARAS

PREAMBLERETRANSMAX

Parameter name: Max preamble retransmission

Value range : 1 to 64

Content: The maximum number of preambles transmitted in a preamble ramping cycle.

Recommended value: 20

Set this parameter through ADD PRACHBASIC, query it through LST PRACH, and modify it through MOD PRACHUUPARAS

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters

MMAX

Parameter name: Max preamble loop

The recommended value is 8

NB01MIN / NB01MAX

Parameter name: Random back-off lower / upper limit

The recommended value: 0 for both NB01MIN / NB01MAX

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MMAX

 
 

Parameter name: Max preamble loop

Value range: 1 to 32

Content: The maximum number of random access preamble loops.

Recommended value: 8

Set this parameter through ADD RACH, query it through LST RACH, and modify it first de-activated the cell through DEA CELL, then MOD RACH.

NB01MIN / NB01MAX

Parameter name: Random back-off lower / upper limit

Value range: 0 to 50

Content: The power offset between the last access preamble and the message control part. The power of the message control part can be obtained by adding the offset to the access preamble power.

The recommended value: 0 for both NB01MIN / NB01MAX

Set this parameter through ADD RACH, query it through LST RACH, and modify it first de-activated the cell through DEA CELL, then MOD RACH.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters

POWEROFFSETPPM

Parameter name: Power offset

The default value:

-3dB for signalling transmission;

-2dB for service transmission.

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POWEROFFSETPPM

 

Parameter name: Power offset

Value range: -5 to 10dB

Content: The power offset between the last access preamble and the message control part. The power of the message control part can be obtained by adding the offset to the access preamble power.

The recommended value of this parameter is -3dB for signalling transmission , and that -2dB for service transmission

Set this parameter through ADD PRACHTFC, query it through LST PRACH, and modify it de-activated the cell through DEA CELL . After the old configuration of PRACH is deleted through RMV PRACHTFC , a new parameters can be established through ADD PRACHTFC

The PRACH message also consists of control part and data part, here the POWER OFFSET is the difference between the PRACH preamble and the message control part.

The PRACH message uses GAIN FACTOR to set the power of control / data part:

 

GAIN FACTOR BETAC ( c ) is the gain factor for the control part.

GAIN FACTOR BETAD ( d ) is the gain factor for the data part.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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Contents 2. Open Loop Power Control 2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview 2.2 PRACH Open

Contents

2. Open Loop Power Control

2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview

2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control

2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control

Serving UE Node B RNC 1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request RRC RRC Allocate RNTI Select
Serving
UE
Node B
RNC
1. CCCH: RRC
Connection Request
RRC
RRC
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
2. Radio Link Setup Request
NBAP
NBAP
Start
RX
description
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP
NBAP
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
5. Downlink Synchronization
DL DPDCH Open
Loop Power Control
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
6. Uplink Synchronization
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
Start
TX
description
7. CCCH: RRC
Connection Set up
RRC
RRC
8. Radio Link Restore Indication
NBAP
NBAP
9. DCCH: RRC
Connection Setup Complete
RRC
RRC
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Page27

According to the RRC connection establishment procedure, after RNC received the “RRC CONNECTION REQUEST” message, and NodeB set up the radio link for UE, then Iub interface resources is established between NodeB and RNC.

When DCH-FP of Iub interface finished downlink and uplink synchronization, the downlink DPCH starts to transmit, and DPDCH initial transmission power is calculated through open loop power control.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

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DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control

When a dedicated channel is set up, the initial power of downlink DPDCH can be calculated according to the following formula:

R

Eb

P CPICH

P

=

(

 

)

DL

 

P Total

Initial

W

No

( Ec / No )

CPICH

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In this formula, where

 

R is the requested data bitrate by the user

W is the chip rate

(Eb/No) DL is the Eb/No target to ensure the service quality. RNC searches for the (Eb/No) DL dynamically in a set of pre-defined values according to specific cell environment type, coding type, bitrate, BLER target and etc.

(Ec/Io) CPICH is the CPICH signal quality measured by UE, then it is sent to RNC through RACH.

is the orthogonality factor in the downlink. In Huawei implementation, is set to 0.

P total is the total carrier transmit power measured at the NodeB

The initial transmission power of downlink DPDCH could be calculated through this formula, then, initial transmission power of downlink DPCCH can be obtained according to the power offset: PO1, PO2 and PO3.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-29

DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control

1 timeslot Downlink Transmit Power PO2 PO1 PO3 Data1 TPC TFCI Data2 Pilot DPDCH DPCCH
1 timeslot
Downlink
Transmit
Power
PO2
PO1
PO3
Data1
TPC
TFCI
Data2
Pilot
DPDCH
DPCCH
DPDCH
DPCCH
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This figure shows the power offset of downlink DPCH :

PO1 is the power offset of DPCCH TFCI bits to DPDCH data bits.

PO2 is the power offset of DPCCH TPC bits to DPDCH data bits.

PO3 is the power offset of DPCCH Pilot bits to DPDCH data bits.

The values of PO1, PO2 and PO3 are configured on RNC.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-30

DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control Parameter

TFCIPO

Parameter name: TFCI power offset

The recommended value is 0, namely 0dB

TPCPO

Parameter name: TPC power offset

The recommended value is 12, namely 3dB

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TFCIPO

 

Parameter name: TFCI power offset

Value range : 0 to 24

Physical value range: 0 to 6 dB, step: 0.25

Content: The offset of TFCI bit transmit power from data bit transmit power in each time slot of radio frames on DL DPCH

Recommended value: 0

Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through SET FRC

TPCPO

Parameter name: TPC power offset

Value range : 0 to 24

Physical value range: 0 to 6 dB, step: 0.25

Content: The offset of TPC bit transmit power from data bit transmit power in each time slot of radio frames on DL DPCH

Recommended value: 12

Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through SET FRC

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-31

DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control Parameter

PILOTPO

Parameter name: Pilot power offset

The recommended value is 12, namely 3dB

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PILOTPO

Parameter name: Pilot power offset

Value range : 0 to 24

Physical value range: 0 to 6 dB, step: 0.25

Content: The offset of pilot bit transmit power from data bit transmit power in each time slot of radio frames on DL DPCH

The recommended value is 12, namely 3dB

Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through SET FRC

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-32

Downlink Power Control Restriction

The power of downlink dedicated channel is limited by an upper and lower limit for each radio link.

The DL DPDCH power could not exceed Maximum_DL_Power, nor could it be below Minimum_DL_Power.

RLMAXDLPWR / RLMINDLPWR

Parameter name: RL Max / Min DL TX power

The recommended value is shown in the following table.

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Note: Both downlink open loop and close loop power control will be limited by this parameter.

RLMAXDLPWR

 

Parameter name: RL Max DL TX power

Value range : -350 to 150

Physical Value Range-35 to 15 dB, step 0.1dB

Content: The maximum downlink transmit power of radio link. This parameter should fulfill the coverage requirement of the network planning, and the value is relative to [PCPICH transmit power]

Set this parameter through ADD CELLRLPWR , query it through LST CELLRLPWR, and modify it through MOD CELLRLPWR

RLMINDLPWR

Parameter name: RL Min DL TX power

Value range : -350 to 150

Physical Value Range-35 to 15 dB, step 0.1dB

Content: The minimum downlink transmit power of radio link. This parameter should consider the maximum downlink transmit power and the dynamic range of power control, and the value is relative to [PCPICH transmit power].

Since the dynamic range of power control is set as 15dB, this parameter is recommended as [RL Max DL TX power] – 15 dB.

Set this parameter through ADD CELLRLPWR, query it through LST CELLRLPWR, and modify it through MOD CELLRLPWR

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-33

Downlink Power Restriction Parameters

Referential configurations for typical services:

Service

RL Max Downlink Transmit Power

RL Min Downlink Transmit Power

Downlink SF

 

CS Domain

12.2 kbps AMR

-3

-18

128

28

kbps

-2

-17

64

32

kbps

-2

-17

64

56

kbps

0

-15

32

64

kbps

0

-15

32

 

PS Domain

8 kbps

-8

-23

128

32

kbps

-4

-19

64

64

kbps

-2

-17

32

144

kbps

0

-15

16

256

kbps

2

-13

8

384

kbps

4

-11

8

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-34

Contents 2. Open Loop Power Control 2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview 2.2 PRACH Open

Contents

2. Open Loop Power Control

2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview

2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control

2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-35

UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control

Serving UE Node B RNC 1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request RRC RRC Allocate RNTI Select
Serving
UE
Node B
RNC
1. CCCH: RRC
Connection Request
RRC
RRC
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
2. Radio Link Setup Request
NBAP
NBAP
Start
RX
description
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP
NBAP
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
5. Downlink Synchronization
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
6. Uplink Synchronization
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
Start
TX
description
7. CCCH: RRC Connection Set up
RRC
RRC
Open Loop Power
Control of UL DPCCH
8.
Radio Link Restore Indication
NBAP
NBAP
9. DCCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete
RRC
RRC
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page35

According to the RRC connection establishment procedure, after RNC sent the “RRC CONNECTION SETUP” message, UE will try to synchronize with NodeB, and the uplink DPCCH starts to transmit, here DPCCH initial transmission power is calculated through open loop power control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-36

UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control

The initial power of the uplink DPCCH can be calculated according to the following formula:

DPCCH_ Initial_ Power = DPCCH_ Power_Offset CPICH _ RSCP

Where

CPICH_RSCP means the received signal code power, the received power measured on the CPICH.

DPCCH_Power_Offset is provided by RNC to the UE via RRC signaling.

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For Huawei, DPCCH_Power_Offset is calculated with the following formula:

DPCCH _ Power _ Offset

=

PCPICH Transmit Power

+

UL Interference

+

Default Cons tan t Value

Where

 

PCPICH Transmit Power defines the PCPICH transmit power in a cell.

UL Interference is the UL RTWP measured by the NodeB.

Default Constant Value reflects the target Ec/No of the uplink DPCCH preamble.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-37

UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control Parameter

DEFAULTCONSTANTVALUE

Parameter name: Constant value configured by default

The recommended value is -27, namely -27dB.

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DEFAULTCONSTANTVALUE

Parameter name: Constant value configured by default

Value range : -35 to -10 , unit :dB

Content: This parameter is used to obtain DPCCH_Power_Offset, which is used by UE to calculate the initial transmit power of UL DPCCH during the open loop power control process.

Recommended value: -27

Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through SET FRC

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-38

Uplink Power Control Restriction

During the operation of uplink power control, the UE transmit power shall not exceed the Maximum Allowed Uplink Transmit Power.

MAXALLOWEDULTXPOWERFOR(SERVICE)

Parameter name: Max allowed UE UL TX power

The recommended value is 24, namely 24 dBm.

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MAXALLOWEDULTXPOWERFOR(CONV, STR, INT, BAC)

Parameter name: Max allowed UE UL TX power

Value range: -50 to 33

Physical value range: -50 to 33 dBm. Step: 1

Content: The maximum allowed uplink transmit power of a UE in the cell, which is related to the network planning.

Recommended value: 24

Set this parameter through ADD CELLCAC, query it through LST CELLCAC, and modify it through MOD CELLCAC

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-39

Contents 1. Power Control Overview 2. Open Loop Power Control 3. Closed Loop Power Control

Contents

1.

Power Control Overview

2.

Open Loop Power Control

3.

Closed Loop Power Control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-40

Contents 3. Closed Loop Power Control 3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview 3.2 Uplink Inner

Contents

3. Closed Loop Power Control

3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview

3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control

3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control

3.4 Outer Loop Power Control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-41

Closed Loop Power Control Overview

Why closed loop power control is needed?

Open loop power control is not accurate enough, it can only estimate the initial transmission power.

Closed loop power control can guarantee the QoS with minimum power. By decreasing the interference, the system capacity will be increased.

Outer Loop

Inner Loop

 

BLER mea >BLER tar SIR tar

SIR tar

SIR mea >SIR tar TPC=0

TPC

BLER tar

BLER mea <BLER tar SIR tar

SIR mea <SIR tar TPC=1

 

TPC=0

Power

TPC=1

Power

Until BLER mea =BLER tar

Until SIR mea =SIR tar

 
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Inner Loop Power Control

The receiver compares SIR mea (measured SIR) with SIR tar (target SIR), and decide the TPC to send.

If SIR mea is greater than SIR tar , the TPC is set as “0” to increase transmission power

If SIR mea is less than SIR tar , the TPC is set as “1” to decrease transmission power

TPC is sent to the transmitter in DPCCH, the transmitter will adjust the power according to the value of received TPC.

Through inner loop power control, the SIR mea can be ensured to approach SIR tar .

Outer Loop Power Control

The receiver compares BLER mea (measured BLER) with BLER tar (target BLER), and decide how to set the SIR tar .

If BLER mea is greater than BLER tar , the SIR tar is increased

If BLER mea is less than BLER tar , the SIR tar is decreased

The adjusted SIR tar is sent for the inner loop power control, then it will be used in previous process to guide the transmitter power adjustment.

Through outer loop power control, the BLER mea can be ensured to approach BLER tar .

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-42

Contents 3. Closed Loop Power Control 3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview 3.2 Uplink Inner

Contents

3. Closed Loop Power Control

3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview

3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control

3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control

3.4 Outer Loop Power Control

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-43

Uplink Inner Loop Power Control

NodeB compares the measured SIR to the preset target SIR, then derives TPC and sends the TPC Decision to UE.

Compare SIRmea with SIRtar SIRmea >>>> SIRtar TPC = 0 SIRmea SIRtar TPC = 1

TPC = 0 SIRmea SIRtar → → → → TPC = 1 Set SIRtar Inner Loop

Set SIRtar

Inner Loop
Inner Loop

NodeB

Transmit TPC

UE

TPC Decision ( 0, 1 ) Single RL / Soft HO PCA1 / PCA2 Generate
TPC Decision
( 0, 1 )
Single RL / Soft HO
PCA1 / PCA2
Generate TPC_cmd
( -1, 0, 1 )
Adjust DPCCH Tx
△△△△DPCCH =△△△△TPC××××TPC_cmd
Adjust DPDCH Tx
( c , d )
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RNC sends SIR tar (target SIR) to NodeB and then NodeB compares SIR mea (measured SIR) with SIR tar once every timeslot.

 

If the estimated SIR is greater than the target SIR, NodeB sends TPC “0” to UE on downlink DPCCH TPC field.

Otherwise, NodeB sends TPC “1” to UE.

After reception of one or more TPC in a slot, UE shall derive a single TPC_cmd (TPC command, with value among -1,0,1):

 

For UE is in soft handover state, more than one TPC is received in a slot, so firstly multiple TPC_cmd is combined.

Two algorithms could be used by the UE for deriving the TPC_cmd, those are PCA1 and PCA2 (PCA means Power Control Algorithm).

When deriving the combined TPC_cmd, UE shall adjust the transmit power of uplink DPCCH with a step “UL Closed Loop Power Control Step Size“, as following:

 

DPCCH =TPC×TPC_cmd

This adjustment is executed on the DPCCH, then associated DPDCH transmit power is calculated according to DPDCH / DPCCH power ratio d / c .

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-44

Uplink Inner Loop PCA1 with Single Radio Link

For single radio link and PCA1, UE derives one TPC_cmd in each time slot as follows:

TPC

TPC_cmd

……

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

1

0

1 ……

……

-1

1

1

-1

1

1

-1

1

1 -1

 

……

This control is performed in each time slot, so the power control frequency is 1500Hz

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When UE has single radio link, only one TPC will be received in each slot. In this case, the value of TPC_cmd shall be derived by PCA1 as follows:

 

If the received TPC is equal to 0, then TPC_cmd for that slot is –1.

If the received TPC is equal to 1, then TPC_cmd for that slot is 1.

According to DPCCH channel structure, there are 15 time slots in a 10ms radio frame, and the control is performed once in each time slot, so the frequency of uplink inner loop PCA1 is 1500Hz.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-45

Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Single Radio Link

For single radio link and PCA2, UE derives one TPC_cmd in each 5-slot group as follows:

   

10ms radio frame

   

TPC

 

Group 2

 

Group 3

 
 

Group 1

     
……

……

TS0

TS1

TS2

TS3

TS4

TS5

TS6

TS7

TS8

TS9

TS10

TS11

TS12

TS13

TS14

……

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

1

……

0

0

0

0

-1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

……

0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 …… TPC_cmd This control is performed

TPC_cmd

This control is performed in each 5-slot group, so the power control frequency is 300Hz

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When UE has single radio link, only one TPC will be received in each slot. In this case, the value of TPC_cmd shall be derived by PCA2 as follows:

 

For the first 4 slots of a set, TPC_cmd = 0.

For the fifth slot of a set, UE make the decisions on as follows:

 

If all 5 TPC within a group are 1, then TPC_cmd = 1 in the 5th slot.

If all 5 TPC within a group are 0, then TPC_cmd = -1 in the 5th slot.

Otherwise, TPC_cmd = 0 in the 5th slot.

According to DPCCH channel structure, there are 15 time slots in a 10ms radio frame, and the control is performed once in each 5-slot group, so the frequency of uplink inner loop PCA2 is 500Hz.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-46

Uplink Inner Loop with Soft Handover

When UE enters soft handover state, on the NodeB side, there are two phases :

Uplink synchronization phase

Multi-radio link phase

On UE side, UE will receive different TPCs from different RLS in one time slot. Therefore, the UE should combine all the TPCs to get a unique TPC_CMD.

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On the NodeB side, there are two phases during the soft handover state:

 

Uplink synchronization phase

 

The NodeB should send durative “TPC = 1” to the newly-added RL before successful synchronization.

 

Multi-radio link phase

 

Each NodeB and each cell will estimate the SIR individually and the general TPC individually. Therefore, the UE may receive different TPC from different RLS.

Especially, when UE is in softer handover state, it means UE has radio links to the same NodeB, in this case, these RLs (Radio Link) belong to the same RLS (Radio Link Set), and the all TPCs are the same from each RL.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-47

Uplink Inner Loop PCA1 with Soft Handover

For each slot, combine TPC from the same RLS, then get W i

each slot, combine TPC from the same RLS, then get W i Get TPC_cmd based on

Get TPC_cmd based on TPC_cmd = (W 1 , W 2 , … W N )

CELL1 CELL2 RL1-1 RL1-2 RLS1 RLS2 RLS3 CELL3 CELL4
CELL1
CELL2
RL1-1
RL1-2
RLS1
RLS2
RLS3
CELL3
CELL4

RLS1-TPC (W 1 )

RLS2-TPC (W 2 )

RLS3-TPC (W 3 )

TPC_cmd

……

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

……

……

1

0

1

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

……

……

0

0

1

0

0

1

1

0

1

1

……

……

-1

-1

1

-1

-1

1

-1

-1

-1

-1

……

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When UE is in soft handover state, multiple TPC will be received in each slot from different cells in the active set. UE will generate the TPC_cmd by PCA1 as follows:

1. Combine the TPC from the same RLS and derive the Wi

When the RLs (Radio Link) are in the same RLS (Radio Link Set), they will transmit the same TPC in a slot. In this case, the TPCs from the same RLS shall be combined into one.

After combination, UE will obtain a soft symbol decision Wi for each RLSi.

2. Combine the TPC from different RLSs and derive the TPC_cmd

UE derives TPC_cmd, it is based on a function and all the N soft symbol decisions Wi:

TPC_cmd = (W 1 , W 2 , … W N ),

Where TPC_cmd can only take the values 1 or -1.

In Huawei implementation, the function shall fulfil the following criteria:

If the TPCs from all RLSs are “1”, the output of shall be equal to “1” ;

If one TPC from any RLS is “0”, the output of shall be equal to “-1”.

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-48

Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Soft Handover

Combine TPC from same RLS in each time slot

Soft Handover Combine TPC from same RLS in each time slot Calculate TPC_temp i for each

Calculate TPC_temp i for each RLS i

in each time slot Calculate TPC_temp i for each RLS i Calculate TPC_cmd If any TPC_tempi

Calculate TPC_cmd If any TPC_tempi = -1, TPC_cmd = -1

 

1

N

 

If

TPC

_

temp

i

> 0.5

, TPC_cmd = 1

 

N

i = 1

Otherwise, TPC_cmd = 0

CELL1 CELL2 RL1-1 RL1-2 RLS1 RLS2 RLS3 CELL3 CELL4
CELL1
CELL2
RL1-1
RL1-2
RLS1
RLS2
RLS3
CELL3
CELL4
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When UE is in soft handover state, multiple TPC will be received in each slot from different cells in the active set. UE will generate the TPC_cmd by PCA2 as follows:

1. Combine the TPC from the same RLS.

When the RLs are in the same RLS, they will transmit the same TPC in a slot. In this case, the TPCs from the same RLS shall be combined into one.

2. Calculate the TPC_temp i for each RLS

UE derives TPC_temp i through the same way in the last slide, as follows:

For the first 4 slots of a group, TPC_temp i = 0.

For the 5th slot of a group:

 

If all 5 TPCs within a group are 1, then TPC_temp i = 1 in the 5th slot.

If all 5 TPCs within a group are 0, then TPC_temp i = -1 in the 5th slot.

Otherwise, TPC_temp i = 0 in the 5th slot.

3. Calculate the TPC_cmd

UE derives TPC_cmd through the following criteria:

If any TPC_temp i is equal to -1, TPC_cmd is set to -1.

If

1

N

N

=

1

i

TPC _ temp

i >

0.5

, TPC_cmd = 1

Otherwise, TPC_cmd = 0

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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters

N-49

Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Soft Handover

   

10ms/frame

   

TPC

 

Group 1

   

Group 2

   

Group 3

 
   

TS0

TS1

TS2

TS3

TS4

TS5

TS6

TS7

TS8

TS9

TS10

TS11

TS12

TS13

TS14

 

RLS1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

0 1

1

0

0

 

……

RLS2

1

1