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Potenziali di Riduzione Standard a 25C

Semi-Reazione
F2(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> 2HF

E (V)
+3.053

F2(g) + 2e- <==> 2F-

+2.866

H2N2O2(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> N2 + 2H2O

+2.650

O(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> H2O

+2.420

FeO42-(aq) + 8H+ + 3e- <==> Fe3+(aq) + 4H2O

+2.200

F2O(g) + 2H+ + 4e- <==> H2O2 + 2F-

+2.153

S2O82-(aq) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> 2HSO4-(aq)

+2.123

O3(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> O2(g) + H2O

+2.070

S2O82-(aq) + 2e- <==> 2SO42-(aq)

+2.050

Ag2+(aq) + e- <==> Ag+(s) (HClO4 4f)

+1.987

NiO2(s) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> Ni2+(aq) + 2H2

+1.930

Co3+(aq) + e- <==> Co2+(aq) (HNO3 3f)

+1.842

H2O2 + 2H+ + 2e- <==> 2H2O

+1.780

CeOH (aq) + H + 3e <==> Ce (aq) + H2O

+1.715

BiO3 (aq) + 6H + 2e <==> Bi (aq) + 3H2O

+1.700

PbO2(s) + SO4

+1.685

3+

2-

3+

3+

+ 4H + 2e <==> PbSO (s) + 2H2O


+

Au (aq) + e <==> Au(s)

+1.680

MnO4 (aq) + 4H + 3e <==> MnO2(s) + 2H2O

+1.679

HClO2 + 2H + 2e <==> HClO + H2O

+1.645

HClO2 + 3H + 3e <==> 1/2Cl2 + 2H2O

+1.628

HClO(aq) + H+ + e- <==> 1/2Cl2(g) + H2O

+1.611

Ce4+(aq) + 3e- <==> Ce3+(aq)

+1.610

H5IO6 + H + 2e <==> IO3 + 3H2O

+1.601

Bi2O4-(aq) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> 2BiO-(aq) + 2H2O

+1.590

HBrO + H+ + e- <==> 1/2Br2(aq) + H2O

+1.574

HClO2 + 3H+ + 4e- <==> Cl- + 2H2O

+1.570

Mn3+(aq) + e- <==> Mn2+(aq)

+1.541

MnO4-(aq) + 5H+ + 5e- <==> Mn2+(aq) + 4OH-

+1.507

BrO3-(aq) + 6H+ + 5e- <==> 1/2Br2 + 3H2O

+1.482

HClO(aq) + H+ + 2e- <==> Cl-(aq) + H2O

+1.482

ClO3-(aq) + 6H+ + 5e- <==> 1/2Cl2 + 3H2O

+1.470

PbO2(s) + H+ + 2e- <==> Pb2+(aq) + 2H2O

+1.460

ClO3-(aq) + 6H+ + 6e- <==> Cl- + 3H2O

+1.451

Au(OH)3(s) + 3H + 3e <==> Au(s) + 3H2O

+1.450

Ce (aq) + e <==> Ce (aq)

+1.440

4+

3+

2HIO + 2H+ + 2e- <==> I2 + 2H2O

+1.439

Rh (aq) + e <==> Rh (aq) (HNO3 3f)

+1.430

BrO3 (aq) + 6H + 6e <==> Br + 3H2O

+1.423

Au (aq) + 3e <==> Au(s)

+1.420

No (aq) + e <==> No (aq)

+1.4

4+

3+

3+

3+

2+

ClO4 (aq) + 8H + 7e <==> 1/2Cl2 + 4H2O

+1.390

ClO4 (aq) + 8H + 8e <==> Cl + 4H2O

+1.389

Cl2(g) + 2e <==> 2Cl

+1.358

HCrO42-(aq) + 7H+ + 3e- <==> Cr3+(aq) + 4H2O

+1.350

HBrO + H+ + 2e- <==> Br-(aq) + H2O

+1.331

PuO2(OH)2(s) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> Pu(OH)4(s)

+1.325

Au3+(aq) + 2e- <==> Au+(aq)

+1.290

PdCl62-(aq) + 2e- <==> PdCl42-(aq) + 2Cl-

+1.290

ClO2 + H+ + e- <==> HClO2

+1.277

N2H5+(aq) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> 2NH4+

+1.270

Tl3+(aq) + 2e- <==> Tl+(aq)

+1.247

O3(g) + H2O + 2e- <==> O2(g) + 2OH-

+1.241

Cr2O72-(aq) + 14H+ + 6e- <==> 2Cr3+(aq) + 7H2O

+1.232

O2(g) + 4H+ + 4e- <==> 2H2O

+1.229

MnO2(s) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> Mn2+(aq) + 2H2O

+1.224

ClO3-(aq) + 3H+ + 2e- <==> HClO2 + H2O

+1.214

Pt (aq) + 2e <==> Pt(s)

+1.200

2+

-</SUP(aq)

2IO3 (aq) + 12H + 10e <==> I2 + 6H2O

+1.195

ClO4 (aq) + 2H + 2e <==> ClO3 + H2O

+1.189

ClO3 (aq) + 2H + e <==> ClO2 + H2O

+1.152

+
+

SeO4 (aq) + 4H + 2e <==> H2SeO3(aq) + H2O


2-

+1.150

[Fe(phenantroline)3] (aq) + e <==> [Fe(phen)3] (aq)

+1.147

Cu (aq) + 2CN + e <==> CuCN2 (aq)

+1.120

RuO2(s) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> Ru2+(aq) + 2H2O

+1.120

Pu5+(aq) + e- <==> Pu4+(aq)

+1.099

Br2(aq) + 2e- <==> 2Br-

+1.087

IO3-(aq) + 6H+ + 6e- <==> I- + 3H2O

+1.085

N2O4(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> 2HNO2

+1.070

Br2(l) + 2e- <==> 2Br-

+1.066

PuO2(OH)2(s) + H+ + e- <==> PuO2OH(s) + H2O

+1.062

[Fe(phen)3]3+(aq) + e- <==> [Fe(phen)3]2+(aq) (H2SO4 1M)

+1.060

N2O4(g) + 4H+ + 4e- <==> 2NO + 2H2O

+1.030

3+

2+

2+

Ir(Cl)62-(aq) + e- <==> Ir(Cl)63-(aq)

+1.020

H6TeO6(s) + 2H + 2e <==> TeO2(s) + 4H2O

+1.020

Pu (aq) + e <==> Pu (aq)

+1.006

4+

3+

RuO4(s) + e <==> RuO4 (aq)


-

+1.000

V(OH)4 (aq) + 2H + e <==> VO (aq) + 3H2O

+1.000

AuCl4-(aq) + 3e- <==> Au(s) + 4Cl-

+0.994

VO22+(aq) + 2H+ + e- <==> VO2+(aq) + H2O

+0.991

HNO2 + H+ + e- <==> NO(g) + H2O

+0.990

HIO + H+ + 2e- <==> I- + 2OH-

+0.987

Pd2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Pd(s) (HClO4 4f)

+0.987

AuBr2-(aq) + e- <==> Au(s) + 2Br-

+0.963

NO3-(aq) + 4H+ + 3e- <==> NO(g) + 2H2O

+0.96

ClO2(aq) + e- <==> ClO2-

+0.954

NO3-(aq) + 3H+ + 2e- <==> HNO2 + H2O

+0.94

2Hg2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Hg22+(aq)

+0.920

H2O2 + 2e- <==> 2OH-

+0.88

N2O4(g) + 2e <==> 2NO2


-

2+

+0.880

AuBr4 (aq) + 3e <==> Au(s) + 4Br

+0.858

Hg (aq) + 2e <==> Hg(s)

+0.851

OsO4(s) + 8He + 8e <==> Os(s) + 4H2O

+0.850

Pd (aq) + 2e <==> Pd(s)

+0.830

2+

2+

1/2O2(g) + 2H (10
+

-7

M) + 2e <==> H2O
-

+0.815

ClO (aq) + H2O + 2e <==> Cl + 2OH

+0.810

Ag+(aq) + e- <==> Ag(s)

+0.799

1/2Hg22+(aq) + e- <==> Hg(s)

+0.799

Hg22+(aq) + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s)

+0.797

Tl3+(aq) + 2e- <==> Tl+(aq) (HCl 1f)

+0.783

TcO4-(aq) + 4H+ + 3e- <==> TcO2(s) + 2H2O

+0.782

Fe3+(aq) + e- <==> Fe2+(aq)

+0.771

Ir(Cl)63-(aq) + 3e- <==> Ir(s) + 6Cl-

+0.770

ReO4-(aq) + 2H+ + e- <==> ReO3(s) + H2O

+0.768

BrO-(aq) + H2O + 2e- <==> Br- + 2OH-

+0.761

ClO2-(aq) + 2H2O + 2e- <==> Cl- + 4OH-

+0.760

Sb5+(aq) + 2e- <==> Sb3+(aq)

+0.750

Ag2O3(s) + H2O + 2e- <==> 2AgO(s) + 2OH-

+0.740

PtCl62-(aq) + 2e- <==> PtCl42-(aq) + 2Cl-

+0.740

H2SeO3(aq) + 4H + 4e <==> Se(s) + 3H2O

+0.740

PtCl42-(aq) + 2e- <==> Pt(s) + 4Cl-

+0.730

H3IO6 + 2e <==> IO3 + 3OH

+0.700

Sb2O5(s) + 4H + 4e <==> Sb2O3(s) + 2H2O

+0.690

O2(g) + 2H + 2e <==> H2O2

+0.682

AgBrO3(s) + e <==> Ag(s) + BrO3


-

+0.680

O2(g) + 2H + 2e <==> H2O2


+

+0.68

ClO2 (aq) + H2O + 2e <==> ClO + 2OH

+0.660

Ag2SO4(s) + 2e <==> 2Ag(s) + SO4

+0.653

2-

AgAcetato(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + Acetato-

+0.640

Sb2O5(s) + 6H+ + 4e- <==> 2SbO+(aq) + 3H2O

+0.640

Hg2HPO4(s) + H+ + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s) + H2PO4-

+0.636

Te4+(aq) + 4e- <==> Te(s) (HCl 2.5f)

+0.630

Pd2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Pd(s) (HCl 1f)

+0.623

PdCl42-(aq) + 2e- <==> Pd(s) + 4Cl-

+0.623

ClO3-(aq) + 3H2O + 6e- <==> Cl- + 6OH-

+0.620

Hg2SO4(s) + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s) + SO42-

+0.616

UO2+(aq) + 4H+ + e- <==> U4+(aq) + 2H2O

+0.612

BrO3-(aq) + 3H2O + 6e- <==> Br- + 6OH-

+0.610

MnO42-(aq) + 2H2O + 2e- <==> MnO2(s) + 2H2O

+0.600

S2O62-(aq) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> 2H2SO3

+0.600

2AgO(s) + H2O + 2e- <==> Ag2O(s) + 2OH-

+0.599

MnO4 (aq) + 2H2O + 3e <==> MnO2(s) + 2H2O

+0.595

TeO2(s) + 4H2 + 4e <==> Te(s) + 2H2O

+0.593

AgNO2(s) + e <==> Ag(s) + NO2

+0.590

RuO4 (aq) + e <==> RuO4 (aq)

+0.590

H3AsO4(aq) + 2H + 2e <==> HAsO2 + 2H2O (HCl 1f)

+0.580

MnO4 (aq) + e <==> MnO4 (aq)

+0.558

I3 (aq) + 2e <==> 3I

+0.536

I2(s) + 2e- <==> 2I-

+0.535

Cu+(aq) + e- <==> Cu(s)

+0.522

Hg2(acetato)2(s) + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s) + 2Acet-

+0.511

ReO4-(aq) + 4H+ + 3e- <==> ReO2(s) + 2H2O

+0.510

Ag2MoO4(s) + 2e- <==> 2Ag(s) + MoO42-

+0.490

NiO2(s) + 2H2O + 2e- <==> Ni(OH)2(s) + 2OH-

+0.490

IO-(aq) + H2O + 2e- <==> I- + 2OH-

+0.485

AgC2O4(s) + 2e- <==> Ag(s) + C2O42-

+0.478

Ag2CO3(s) + 2e- <==> 2Ag(s) + CO32-

+0.477

2-

2-

TeO42-(aq) + 8H+ + 7e- <==> Te(s) + 4H2O

+0.472

Ag2WO4(s) + 2e <==> 2Ag(s) + WO4

+0.466

2-

Ru (aq) + 2e <==> Ru(s)


2+

+0.455

H2SO3(aq) + 4H + 4e <==> S(s) + 3H2O

+0.449

Ag2CrO4(s) + 2e <==> 2Ag(s) + CrO4

2-

+0.446

Rh(Cl)6 (aq) + 3e <==> Rh(s) + 6Cl

+0.440

O2(g) + 2H2O + 4e <==> 4OH

+0.401

Tc (aq) + 2e <==> Tc(s)

+0.400

(CN)2 + 2H + 2e <==> 2HCN

+0.37

ReO4-(aq) + 8H+ + 7e- <==> Re(s) + 4H2O

+0.368

AgOCN(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + OCN-

+0.410

Ag2SeO3(s) + 2e- <==> 2Ag(s) + SeO32-

+0.363

ClO4-(aq) + H2O + 2e- <==> ClO3- + 2OH-<>

+0.360

[Fe(CN)6]3-(aq) + e- <==> [Fe(CN)6]4-(aq)

+0.358

AgIO3(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + IO3-

+0.355

Cu2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Cu(Hg)(s)

+0.345

Ag2O(s) + H2O + 2e- <==> 2Ag(s) + 2OH-

+0.342

Hg2Cl2(s) + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s) + 2Cl- (NaOH 1f)

+0.342

Cu2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Cu(s)

+0.340

VO2+(aq) + 2H+ + e- <==> V3+(aq) + H2O

+0.337

ClO3-(aq) + H2O + 2e- <==> ClO2- + 2OH-

+0.330

UO2 (aq) + 4H + 2e <==> U (aq) + 2H2O

+0.327

BiO (aq) + 2H + 3e <==> Bi(s) + H2O

+0.320

3-

2+

2+

4+

Re (aq) + 3e <==> Re(s)


3+

+0.300

PbO2(s) + H2O + 2e <==> PbO(s) + 2OH

+0.280

Hg2Cl2(s) + 2e <==> 2Hg(s) + 2Cl

+0.268

IO3 (aq) + 3H2O + 6e <==> I + 6OH

+0.260

ReO2(s) + 4H + 4e <==> Re(s) + 2H2O

+0.251

Ru3+(aq) + e- <==> Ru2+(aq)

+0.249

HAsO2(aq) + 3H+O + 3e- <==> As + 2H2O

+0.247

As2O3(s) + 6H+ + 6e- <==> 2As(s) + 3H2O

+0.234

AgCl(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + Cl-

+0.222

SbO+(aq) + 2H+ + 3e- <==> Sb(s) + 2H2O

+0.212

Ag4Fe(CN)6(s) + 4e- <==> 4Ag(s) + Fe(CN)64-

+0.194

SO42-(aq) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> H2SO3 + H2O

+0.172

Co(OH)3(s) + e- <==> Co(OH)2(s) + OH-

+0.170

BiCl4-(aq) + 3e- <==> Bi(s) + $Cl-

+0.168

Pt(OH)2(s) + 2e- <==> Pt(s) + 2OH-

+0.160

BiOCl(s) + 2H + 3e <==> Bi(s) + Cl + H2O

+0.158

Cu (aq) + e <==> Cu (aq)

+0.158

2+

IO3 (aq) + 2H2O + 4e <==> IO + 4OH


-

+0.150

Sn (aq) + 2e <==> Sn (aq)


4+

+0.150

2+

Mn(OH)3(s) + e <==> Mn(OH)2(s) + OH

+0.150

Sn (aq) + 2e <==> Sn (aq)

+0.150

Sb2O3(s) + 6H + 6e <==> 2Sb(s) + 3H2O

+0.144

S(s) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> H2S(aq)

+0.141

S(s) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> H2S(g)

+0.14

Hg2Br2(s) + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s) + 2Br-

+0.139

Sn4+(aq) + 2e- <==> Sn2+(aq) (HCl 1.0 f)

+0.139

Hg2O(s) + H2O + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s) + 2OH-

+0.123

Co(NH3)63+(aq) + e- <==> Co(NH3)63+(aq)

+0.100

Pd(OH)2(s) + 2e- <==> Pd(s) + 2OH-

+0.100

Ir2O3(s) + 3H2O + 6e- <==> 2Ir(s) + 6OH-

+0.100

HgO(s) + H2O + 2e- <==> Hg(s) + 2OH-

+0.098

S4O62-(aq) + 2e- <==> 2S2O32-(aq)

+0.090

AgSCN(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + SCN-

+0.089

AgBr(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + Br-

+0.071

Sn4+(aq) + 2e- <==> Sn2+(aq) (HCl 0.1 f)

+0.070

4+

2+

UO2 (aq) + e <==> UO2 (aq) + 2H2O


2+

+0.062

SeO4 (aq) + H2O + 2e <==> SeO3 (aq) + 2OH

+0.030

Tl2O3(s) + 3H2O + 4e <==> 2Tl (aq) + 6OH

+0.020

2H (aq) + 2e <==> H2(g)

+0.000

2-

2-

CuI2 (aq) + e <==> Cu(s) + 2I

+0.000

AgCN(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + CN-

-0.020

2WO3(s) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> W2O5(s) + H2O

-0.029

W2O5(s) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> 2WO2(s) + H2O

-0.031

Ag2S(s) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> 2Ag(s) + H2S

-0.037

Fe3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Fe(s)

-0.037

Hg2I2(s) + 2e- <==> 2Hg(s) + 2I-

-0.041

Tl(OH)3(s) + 2e- <==> TlOH(s) + 2OH-

-0.050

TiOH3+(aq) + H+ + e- <==> Ti3+(aq) + H2O

-0.055

2H2SO3(aq) + H+ + 2e- <==> 2HS2O4-(aq) + 2H2O

-0.056

P(s)(bianco) + 3H+ + 3e- <==> PH3(g)

-0.063

AsO4 (aq) + 2H2O + 2e <==> AsO2 (s) + 4OH (NaOH 1f)


3-

-0.080

2Cu(OH)2(s) + 2e- <==> Cu2O(s) + 2OH- + H2O

-0.090

WO3(s) + 6H + 6e <==> W(s) + 3H2O

-0.090

P(s)(rosso) + 3H + 3e <==> PH3(g)

-0.111

WO2(s) + 4H + 4e <==> W(s) + 2H2O

-0.119

GeO2(s) + 2H + 2e <==> GeO(s) + H2O

-0.120

Pb (aq) + 2e <==> Pb(Hg)(s)

-0.120

2+

Pb (aq) + 2e <==> Pb(s)


2+

-0.126

CrO4 (aq) + 4H2O + 3e <==> Cr(OH)3(s) + 5OH

-0.130

H2GeO3(aq) + 4H+ + 4e- <==> Ge(s) + 3H2O

-0.130

Sn2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Sn(s)

-0.136

Sn2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Sn(s)

-0.140

Np4+(aq) + e- <==> Np3+(aq)

+0.147

AgI(s) + e- <==> Ag(s) + I-

-0.152

CO2(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> HCOOH

-0.200

Md3+(aq) + e- <==> Md2+(aq)

-0.2

Mo3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Mo(s)

-0.200

2SO42-(aq) + 4H+ + 2e- <==> S2O62- + H2O

-0.220

Cu(OH)2(s) + 2e- <==> Cu(s) + 2OH-

-0.224

Ni2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Ni(s)

-0.230

PbHPO4(s) + H+ + 2e- <==> Pb(Hg)(s) + H2PO4-

-0.244

CdSO4(s) + 2e- <==> Cd(Hg)(s) + SO4-

-0.246

V(OH)4 (aq) + 4H + 5e <==> V(s) + 4H2O

-0.254

V (aq) + e <==> V (aq)

-0.255

3+

2+

PbCl2(s) + 2e <==> Pb(Hg)(s) + 2Cl

-0.262

PbBr2(s) + 2e <==> Pb(Hg)(s) + 2Br

-0.275

H3PO4(aq) + 2H + 2e <==> H3PO3 + H2O

-0.276

Co (aq) + 2e <==> Co(s)

-0.280

Tl (aq) + e <==> Tl(Hg)(s)

-0.334

Tl+(aq) + e- <==> Tl(s)

-0.336

In3+(aq) + 3e- <==> In(s)

-0.338

PbF2(s) + 2e- <==> Pb(Hg)(s) + 2F-

-0.344

TlOH(s) + e- <==> Tl(s) + OH-

-0.345

PbSO4(s) + 2e- <==> Pb(Hg)(s) + SO42-

-0.350

SeO32-(aq) + 3H2O + 4e- <==> Se(s) + 6OH-

-0.350

Cd2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Cd(Hg)(s)

-0.352

PbSO4(s) + 2e- <==> Pb(s) + SO42-

-0.356

PbI2(s) + 2e- <==> Pb(Hg)(s) + 2I-

-0.358

2+
+

Eu3+(aq) + e- <==> Eu2+(aq)

-0.360

Se(s) + 2H + 2e <==> H2Se(aq)


+

-0.360

Cu2O(s) + H2O + 2e <==> 2Cu(s) + 2OH

-0.361

Ti (aq) + e <==> Ti (aq)

-0.368

Tl (aq) + e <==> Tl (aq)

-0.370

In (aq) + e <==> In (aq)

-0.400

In (aq) + 2e <==> In (aq)

-0.400

Cd (aq) + 2e <==> Cd(s)

-0.403

Cr3+(aq) + e- <==> Cr2+(aq)

-0.407

2S(s) + 2e- <==> S22-(aq)

-0.428

Tl2SO4(s) + 4e- <==> Tl(Hg)(s) + 6SO42-

-0.436

Lr3+(aq) + e- <==> Lr2+(aq)

<-0.44

Fe2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Fe(s)

-0.447

Bi2O3(s) + 3H2O + 6e- <==> 2Bi(s) + 6OH-

-0.460

BiOOH(s) + H2O + 3e- <==> Bi(s) + 3OH- + H2O

-0.460

S(s) + H2O + 2e- <==> HS-(aq) + OH-

-0.478

S(s) + 2e- <==> S2-(aq)

-0.48

2CO2(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> H2C2O4

-0.490

2CO2(g) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> H2C2O4

-0.49

In3+(aq) + e- <==> In2+(aq)

-0.490

3+

3+

2+

2+

2+

3+

2+

H3PO3(aq) + 3H+ + 3e- <==> P(s) + 3H2O

-0.490

TiO2(s) + 4H + 2e <==> Ti (aq) + 2H2O

-0.502

S(s) + 2e <==> S

-0.508

2+

2-</SUP(aq>

H3PO2(aq) + H + e <==> P(s) + 2H2O

-0.510

Sb(s) + 3H + 3e <==> H3Sb

-0.510

As(s) + 3H + 3e <==> As3(g)


+

-0.540

HPbO2 (aq) + H2O + 2e <==> Pb(s) + 3OH

-0.540

TlCl(s) + e <==> Tl(Hg)(s) + Cl

-0.555

Fe(OH)3(s) + e- <==> Fe(OH)2(s) + OH-

-0.560

Ga3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Ga(s)

-0.560

TeO32-(aq) + 3H2O + 4e- <==> Te(s) + 6OH-

-0.570

2SO32-(aq) + 3H2O + 4e- <==> S2O32-(aq) + 6OH-

-0.571

PbO(s) + H2O + 2e- <==> Pb(s) + 2OH-

-0.576

ReO4-(aq) + 4H2O + 7e- <==> Re(s) + 8OH-

-0.584

H3PO3(aq) + 2H+ + 2e- <==> H3PO2 + H2O

-0.590

SbO3-(aq) + H2O + 2e- <==> SbO2-(aq) + 2OH-

-0.590

TlBr(s) + e- <==> Tl(Hg)(s) + Br-

-0.606

U4+(aq) + e- <==> U3+(aq)

-0.607

Nb2O5(s) + 10H + 10e <==> 2Nb(s) + 5H2O

-0.640

Ni(OH)2(s) + 2e <==> Ni(s) + 2OH

-0.660

SbO2 (aq) + 2H2O + 3e <==> Sb(s) + 4OH

-0.660

AsO2 (aq) + 2H2O + 3e <==> As(s) + 4OH

-0.680

Ag2S(s) + 2e <==> 2Ag(s) + S


-

-0.705

2-

AsO4 (aq) + 2H2O + 2e <==> AsO2 (s) + 4OH

-0.710

H3B2O3(s) + 3H + 3e <==> B(s) + 3H2O

-0.730

Co(OH)2(s) + 2e- <==> Co(s) + 2OH-

-0.730

Cr3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Cr(s)

-0.744

Ta2O5(s) + 10H+ + 10e- <==> 2Ta(s) + 5H2O

-0.750

Zn2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Zn(Hg)(s)

-0.762

Zn2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Zn(s)

-0.763

TlI(s) + e- <==> Tl(Hg)(s) + I-

-0.769

Se(s) + 2e- <==> Se2-(aq)

-780

HSnO2-(aq) + H2O + 2e- <==> Sn(s) + 3OH-

-0.790

3-

Te(s) + 2H + 2e <==> H2Te(g)(Ag)


+

-0.793

ZnSO4.7H2O(s) + 2e <==> Zn(Hg)(s) + SO4


-

2-

-0.799

Cd(OH)2(s) + 2e <==> Cd(Hg)(s) + 2OH

-0.809

SiO2(s) + 4H + 4e <==> Si(s) + 2H2O

-0.840

P(s) + 3H2O + 3e <==> PH3(g) + 3OH

-0.870

Cr (aq) + 2e <==> Cr(s)

-0.913

2+

SO4 (aq) + H2O + 2e <==> S

-0.930

Sn(OH)62-(aq) + 2e- <==> HSnO2-(aq) + 3OH- + H2O

-0.960

NpO2(s) + H2O + H+ + e- <==> Np(OH)3(s) + 2H2O

-0.962

PO43-(aq) + 2H2O + 2e- <==> HPO32-(aq) + 3OH-

-1.05

PO43-(aq) + 2H2O + 2e- <==> HPO32-(aq) + 3OH-

-1.050

Nb3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Nb(s)

-1.099

No2+(aq) + e- <==> No+(aq)

-1.1

2SO32-(aq) + 2H2O + 2e- <==> S2O42-(aq) + 4OH-

-1.120

Te(s) + 2e- <==> Te2-

-1.143

Fm (aq) + e <==> Fm (aq)

-1.15

V (aq) + 2e <==> V(s)

-1.175

2-

3+

2+

2O3 (aq) + 2OH

2+

Mn (aq) + 2e <==> Mn(s)


2+

-1.185

CrO2 (aq) + 2H2O + 3e <==> Cr(s) + 4OH


-

SiF6 (aq) + 4e <==> Si(s) + 6F


2-

ZnO2 (aq) + 2H2O + 2e <==> Zn(s) + 4OH


2-

-1.200
-1.210

-1.215

H2GaO3-(aq) + H2O + 2e- <==> Ca(s) + 4OH-

-1.220

H2B2O3 (aq) + 5H2O + 8e <==> BH4 (aq) + 8OH

-1.240

Ce (aq) + 3e <==> Ce(Hg)(s)

-1.437

UO2 (aq) + 4H + 6e <==> U(s) + 2H2O

-1.444

HfO2(s) + 4H + 4e <==> Hf(s) + 2H2O

-1.505

Es (aq) + e <==> Es (aq)

-1.55

3+

2+

3+

2+

ZrO2(s) + 4H + 4e <==> Zr(s) + 2H2O

-1.553

Mn(OH)2(s) + 2e <==> Mn(s) + 2OH

-1.560

Ba2+(aq) + 2e- <==>Ba(Hg)

-1.570

Ti2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Ti(s)

-1.630

HPO32-(aq) + 2H2O + 2e- <==> H2PO2-(aq) + 3OH-

-1.650

Be2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Be(s)

-1.70

Md2+(aq) + e- <==> Md+(aq)

-1.7

Al3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Al(s) (NaOH 0.1f)

-1.706

HPO32-(aq) + 2H2O + 3e- <==> P(s) + 5OH-

-1.710

HfO2+(aq) + 2H+ + 4e- <==> Hf(s) + H2O

-1.724

SiO32-(aq) + + 3H2O + 4e- <==> Si(s) + 6OH-

-1.730

ThO2(s) + 4H+ + 4e- <==> Th(s) + 2H2O

-1.789

Sr2+(aq) + 2e- <==>Sr(Hg)

-1.793

U3+(aq) + 3e- <==> U(s)

-1.798

H2PO2-(aq) + e- <==> P(s) + 2OH-

-1.820

Np (aq) + 3e <==> Np(s)


3+

-1.856

N2(g) + 2H2O + 4H + 2e <==> 2NH3OH

-1.870

Th (aq) + 4e <==> Th(s)

-1.899

Fm (aq) + e <==> Fm (aq)

-1.95

Es (aq) + e <==> Es (aq)

-1.98

Pu3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Pu(s)

-2.031

Lr2+(aq) + e- <==> Lr+(aq)

-2.06

Sc3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Sc(s)

-2.077

Es+(aq) + e- <==> Es(s)

-2.2

1/2 H2(g) + e- <==> H-(aq)

-2.23

Ce3+(aq) + 3e- <==> Ce(s)

-2.33

H2AlO3-(aq) + H2 + 3e- <==> Al(s) + 4OH-

-2.350

No+(aq) + e- <==> No(s)

-2.35

ZrO(OH)2(s) + H2O + 4e- <==> Zr(s) + 4OH-

-2.360

Fm+(aq) + e- <==> Fm(s)

-2.37

Mg (aq) + 2e <==>Mg(s)

-2.37

4+
2+
2+

2+

Y3+(aq) + 2e- <==> Y(s)

-2.372

Md (aq) + e <==> Md(s)

-2.4

Eu (aq) + 3e <==> Eu(s)

-2.407

3+

Nd (aq) + 3e <==> Nd(s)


3+

-2.431

Th(OH)4(s) + 4e <==> Th(s) + 4OH


-

-2.480

Ce (aq) + 3e <==> Ce(s)


3+

-2.483

H2B2O3 (aq) + H2O + 3e <==> B(s) + 4OH


-

-2.500

HfO(OH)2(s) + H2O + 4e <==> Hf(s) + 4OH

-2.500

La3+(aq) + 3e- <==> La(s)

-2.522

Be2O32-(aq) + 3H2O + 4e- <==> 2Be(s) + 6OH-

-2.630

Mg(OH)2(s) + 2e- <==>Mg(s) + 2OH-

-2.690

Mg+(aq) + e- <==>Mg(s)

-2.700

Na+(aq) + e- <==> Na(s)

-2.71

Ca2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Ca(s)

-2.76

Sr(OH)2(s) + 2e- <==>Sr(s) + 2OH-

-2.880

Sr2+(aq) + 2e- <==> Sr(s)

-2.89

La(OH)3(s) + 3e- <==> La(s) + 3OH-

-2.900

Ba2+(aq) + 2e- <==>Ba(s)

-2.912

Cs+(aq) + e- <==> Cs(s)

-2.92

K+(aq) + e- <==> K(s)

-2.92

Rb+(aq) + e- <==> Rb(s)

-2.92

Ba(OH)2(s) + 2e <==>Ba(s) + 2OH

-2.990

Ca(OH)2(s) + 2e <==>Ca(s) + 2OH

-3.020

Li (aq) + e <==> Li(s)

-3.040

N2(g) + 2H + 2e <==> 2HN3

-3.100

Eu (aq) + 2e <==> Eu(s)

-3.395

Ca (aq) + e <==>Ca(s)

-3.800

Sr (aq) + e <==>Sr(s)

-4.100

2+
+
+