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Diaphragm Paralysis, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

Diaphragm Paralysis, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

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Diaphragm Paralysis, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

Lunghezza:
115 pagine
52 minuti
Editore:
Pubblicato:
Feb 29, 2020
ISBN:
9780463135853
Formato:
Libro

Descrizione

This book describes Diaphragm Paralysis, Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases

The diaphragm is a muscular sheet that separates the chest and abdominal cavities.

This muscle is regulated by the phrenic nerve.

The diaphragm is an important part of the breathing process.

Similar to any other part of the body, the diaphragm can too get paralyzed or injured due to a range of causes present.

Since diaphragm has an important part in the breathing process, a diaphragm paralysis may produce difficulty in breathing.

Diaphragm paralysis does not produce the breathing to stop completely as there are other muscles near the diaphragm which help in breathing but the breathing in such cases is very labored since these other muscles are not as physically powerful as the diaphragm.

Diaphragm paralysis is rare.

Whether the paralysis happens in one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) sides of the diaphragm, all patients will have some quantity of reduction in lung capacity.

Unilateral diaphragm paralysis often has no symptoms.

If unilateral diaphragm paralysis happens in patients with significant heart or lung disorders, symptoms can become present.

Diaphragm paralysis may be unilateral or bilateral meaning that either one side of the diaphragm becomes paralyzed or both sides of the diaphragm become paralyzed.

If diaphragm paralysis is unilateral then the disorder is not quite severe and the patient may still able to function, and it does not produce any dangerous symptoms.

In cases where there is bilateral diaphragm paralysis then the symptom start is quite rapid and it is indicated as an emergency situation needing immediate treatment before the patient enters into respiratory distress which may in turn be fatal for the patient.

Bilateral diaphragm paralysis may be further complicated by the evidence of certain other underlying illnesses which may produce respiratory failure.

Breathing difficulties are most serious with bilateral diaphragm paralysis.

The movement of the diaphragm below the lungs makes the breathing process possible.

Contraction of the diaphragm muscle induces expansion of the lungs by producing negative pressure around them.

The expansion of the lungs draws air into the lungs, resulting in the inspiration phase of the breathing cycle.

Relaxation of the diaphragm muscle decreases the negative pressure around the lungs, causing elastic recoil of the lungs back to their original sizes.

This thrusts the air out of the lungs, resulting in the expiration phase of the breathing cycle.

The contractions and relaxations of the diaphragm are regulated by nerve signals emanating from the respiratory centers present in the brain.

These signals are transmitted to the diaphragm by the phrenic nerve.

Damage to the phrenic nerve can cause diaphragm paralysis.

Since diaphragm has a critical part in the breathing process, the paralysis of this muscular sheet can affect (and even stop) the breathing process

Breathing may not stop completely and immediately with a diaphragm paralysis.

Other accessory breathing muscles that help in the breathing process can still allow a person to breathe.

The breathing in these cases will be highly labored since the accessory muscles are not as strong as the diaphragm.

The main causes of diaphragm paralysis can be categorized:

1. Diseases involving the nerves
a. Tumors
b. Cervical radiculopathy
c. Shingles
d. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
e. Multiple sclerosis
f. Trauma or surgery

2. Diseases affecting the muscles
Some disorders are polymyositis, muscular dystrophy and direct injury to the diaphragm muscle

CT scan can diagnose diaphragm paralysis

TABLE OF CONTENT
Introduction
Chapter 1 Diaphragm Paralysis
Chapter 2 Causes
Chapter 3 Symptoms
Chapter 4 Diagnosis
Chapter

Editore:
Pubblicato:
Feb 29, 2020
ISBN:
9780463135853
Formato:
Libro

Informazioni sull'autore

Medical doctor since 1972.Started Kee Clinic in 1974 at 15 Holland Dr #03-102, relocated to 36 Holland Dr #01-10 in 2009.Did my M.Sc (Health Management ) in 1991 and Ph.D (Healthcare Administration) in 1993.Dr Kenneth Kee is still working as a family doctor at the age of 70.However he has reduced his consultation hours to 3 hours in the morning and 2 hours inthe afternoon.He first started writing free blogs on medical disorders seen in the clinic in 2007 on http://kennethkee.blogspot.com.His purpose in writing these simple guides was for the health education of his patients which is also his dissertation for his Ph.D (Healthcare Administration). He then wrote an autobiography account of his journey as a medical student to family doctor on his other blog http://afamilydoctorstale.blogspot.comThis autobiography account “A Family Doctor’s Tale” was combined with his early “A Simple Guide to Medical Disorders” into a new Wordpress Blog “A Family Doctor’s Tale” on http://ken-med.com.From which many free articles from the blog was taken and put together into 1000 eBooks.He apologized for typos and spelling mistakes in his earlier books.He will endeavor to improve the writing in futures.Some people have complained that the simple guides are too simple.For their information they are made simple in order to educate the patients.The later books go into more details of medical disorders.He has published 1000 eBooks on various subjects on health, 1 autobiography of his medical journey, another on the autobiography of a Cancer survivor, 2 children stories and one how to study for his nephew and grand-daughter.The purpose of these simple guides is to educate patient on health disorders and not meant as textbooks.He does not do any night duty since 2000 ever since Dr Tan had his second stroke.His clinic is now relocated to the Buona Vista Community Centre.The 2 units of his original clinic are being demolished to make way for a new Shopping Mall.He is now doing some blogging and internet surfing (bulletin boards since the 1980's) startingwith the Apple computer and going to PC.The entire PC is upgraded by himself from XT to the present Pentium duo core.The present Intel i7 CPU is out of reach at the moment because the CPU is still expensive.He is also into DIY changing his own toilet cistern and other electric appliance.His hunger for knowledge has not abated and he is a lifelong learner.The children have all grown up and there are 2 grandchildren who are even more technically advanced than the grandfather where mobile phones are concerned.This book is taken from some of the many articles in his blog (now with 740 posts) A Family Doctor’s Tale.Dr Kee is the author of:"A Family Doctor's Tale""Life Lessons Learned From The Study And Practice Of Medicine""Case Notes From A Family Doctor"

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Anteprima del libro

Diaphragm Paralysis, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions - Kenneth Kee

Diaphragm Paralysis,

A

Simple

Guide

To

The Condition,

Diagnosis,

Treatment

And

Related Conditions

By

Dr Kenneth Kee

M.B.,B.S. (Singapore)

Ph.D (Healthcare Administration)

Copyright Kenneth Kee 2020 Smashwords Edition

Published by Kenneth Kee at Smashwords.com

Dedication

This book is dedicated

To my wife Dorothy

And my children

Carolyn, Grace

And Kelvin

This book describes Diaphragm Paralysis, Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases which is seen in some of my patients in my Family Clinic.

(What You Need to Treat Diaphragm Paralysis)

This e-Book is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This eBook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each reader.

If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy.

Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

Introduction

I have been writing medical articles for my blog: http://kennethkee.blogspot.com (A Simple Guide to Medical Disorder) for the benefit of my patients since 2007.

My purpose in writing these simple guides was for the health education of my patients.

Health Education was also my dissertation for my Ph.D (Healthcare Administration).

I then wrote an autobiography account of my journey as a medical student to family doctor on my other blog: http://afamilydoctorstale.blogspot.com.

This autobiography account A Family Doctor’s Tale was combined with my early A Simple Guide to Medical Disorders into a new Wordpress Blog A Family Doctor’s Tale on http://kenkee481.wordpress.com.

From which many free articles from the blog was taken and put together into 800 eBooks.

Some people have complained that the simple guides are too simple.

For their information they are made simple in order to educate the patients.

The later books go into more details of medical disorders.

The first chapter is always from my earlier blogs which unfortunately tends to have typos and spelling mistakes.

Since 2013, I have tried to improve my spelling and writing.

As I tried to bring the patient the latest information about a disorder or illness by reading the latest journals both online and offline, I find that I am learning more and improving on my own medical knowledge in diagnosis and treatment for my patients.

Just by writing all these simple guides I find that I have learned a lot from your reviews (good or bad), criticism and advice.

My diagnosis and treatment capability has improved tremendously from my continued education.

I am sorry for the repetitions in these simple guides as the second chapters onwards have new information as compared to my first chapter taken from my blog.

I also find repetition definitely help me and maybe some readers to remember the facts in the books more easily.

I apologize if these repetitions are irritating to some readers.

Chapter 1

Diaphragm Paralysis

What is a Diaphragm paralysis?

The diaphragm is a muscular sheet that separates the chest and abdominal cavities.

This muscle is regulated by the phrenic nerve.

The diaphragm is an important part of the breathing process.

Similar to any other part of the body, the diaphragm can too get paralyzed or injured due to a range of causes present.

Since diaphragm has an important part in the breathing process, a diaphragm paralysis may produce difficulty in breathing.

Diaphragm paralysis does not produce the breathing to stop completely as there are other muscles near the diaphragm which help in breathing but the breathing in such cases is very labored since these other muscles are not as physically powerful as the diaphragm.

Diaphragm paralysis is rare.

Whether the paralysis happens in one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) sides of the diaphragm, all patients will have some quantity of reduction in lung capacity.

Unilateral diaphragm paralysis often has no symptoms.

If unilateral diaphragm paralysis happens in patients with significant heart or lung disorders, symptoms can become present.

Diaphragm paralysis may be unilateral or bilateral meaning that either one

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