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Achilles Tendinitis, A Simple Guide to the Condition, Treatment and Related Diseases

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Sintesi

The Achilles Tendon is the body’s largest tendon
Achilles tendinitis occurs when the tendon is swollen and tender
Inflammation occurs due to the calf muscles overstretching
Passive stretching is due to frequent walking and jumping

Young male adults are affected more than female
Overexertion leads to many tendinitis in males
There may severe pain and difficulty in running
If untreated the stretched tendon may result in tearing

It is important the tendon is rested and iced
The blood supply to the tendon must not be compromised
X-rays and MRI will the confirm the severity
Severe rupture of the tendon may require surgery

Treatment is by reduction of strenuous activities
Followed by strengthening exercise and physiotherapy
A brace or cast will keep the heel and tendon still
To allow the very important Achilles tendon heal

-An original poem by Kenneth Kee

Interesting Tips about the Achilles Tendinitis

A Healthy Lifestyle

1. Take a well Balanced Diet

2. Rest of the tendon

Hot compress may help reduce inflammation

Splints or bandaging of the tendon and heel area and ankle to rest the tendons

Pain killers such as NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) for pain

Muscle relaxant to relax muscles

Local injection of local anesthetic and long acting steroid should be avoided because of danger of rupture of tendon.

Avoid over usage of the Achilles tendon

Strengthen the muscles and tendons with exercises

Surgical reattachment of Achilles tendon may be necessary if torn.

3. Keep bones and body strong

Bone marrow produces our blood

Eat foods rich in calcium like yogurt, cheese, milk, and dark green vegetables.

Eat foods rich in Vitamin D, like eggs, fatty fish, cereal, and fortified milk.

Eat food rich in Vitamins B and C such as green vegetables and fruits

Zinc and other minerals are important to the body

4. Get enough rest and Sleep

Avoid stress and tension

5. Exercise and stay active.

It is best to do weight-bearing exercise such as walking, jogging, stair climbing, dancing, or lifting weights for 21⁄2 hours a week.

One way to do this is to be active 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week.

Begin slowly especially if a person has not been active.

6. Do not drink more than 2 alcohol drinks a day for a man or 1 alcohol drink a day for a woman.

Alcohol use also increases the chance of falling and breaking a bone.

Alcohol can affect the neurons and brain cells.

7. Stop or do not begin smoking.

It also interferes with blood supply and healing.

Cigarettes contain more than forty types of hazardous and possibly cancer causing chemicals which can harm the smokers and those around them

Chapter 1

Achilles Tendinitis

What is Achilles Tendinitis?

Achilles Tendinitis is the inflammation and swelling of the Achilles tendon.

What are the causes of Achilles Tendinitis?

Causes:

The cause of Achilles Tendinitis is due:

1. Injury or trauma to the Achilles tendon-minor tears in the tendon of these muscles is always present in injury

2. Repetitive over usage of Achilles tendon especially in a runner

What are the symptoms and signs of Achilles Tendinitis?

Onset is usually gradual unless due to injury

Symptoms:

1. Pain on movement of the Achilles tendon

2. Swelling of the Achilles tendon affected at the lower leg and heel

3. Stiffness of the Achilles tendon - inability to stretch

4. Pain often radiates into the foot

Signs:

1. Swelling of the affected Achilles tendon

2. Pain and local tenderness of the affected Achilles tendon

3. Dry crepitus on movement of the Achilles tendon is present
4. X-rays are usually normal although an ultrasound may show minor tears in the tendon.

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