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The Heart Attack Handbook: A Prevention & Survival Guide

The Heart Attack Handbook: A Prevention & Survival Guide

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The Heart Attack Handbook: A Prevention & Survival Guide

408 pagine
4 ore
Jun 2, 2012


At 44 years old I had a heart attack and like most men I ignored the symptoms. After having 4 stents placed in a cardiac cath lab and 2 days in the hospital I was left feeling depressed and with hundreds of questions.

The Heart Attack Handbook will answer all those questions for you. You'll learn the symptoms of a heart attack for men and women, no, they aren't the same. You'll find out about the latest diagnostic tests that anyone over 40 should have.

You'll also get information on stents, statins, cholesterol medications as well as cholesterol and blood pressure facts you need to know.  And heart healthy diet tips to keep you on the right track.

Anyone can have a heart attack at any time, This book will arm you with the knowledge you need to know to protect yourself and your loved ones.

Jun 2, 2012

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The Heart Attack Handbook - Timothy Bull


Heart Attack Symptoms

Most people believe a heart attack entails massive pain and collapsing to the floor like they see on television. The fact is the vast majority of heart attacks look and feel nothing like this and the minor symptoms are often ignored. In my case my heart attack felt likeindigestion, I had just gotten off a plane from a 16 hour flight and thought the airline food was the culprit. Every now and then I would burp and the indigestion was relieved somewhat so I thought nothing of it, I certainly didn’t think I was having a heart attack.

When I arrived home the indigestion seemed to have passed completely when I experienced a sharp pain in my jaw, a clear sign of a heart attack. Still in denial I had my brother drive me to the hospital. By the time we reached the hospital I had no symptoms at all and felt fine, in fact I never had a symptom again. The doctors ran an EKG and saw what they thought was a minor blip but they thought the test might be bad so they ordered another. Just then my blood work came back and showed enzymes in the blood, a clear signal of a heart event. I had a heart attack.

Every day people experience these symptoms and disregard them to there own peril. Just because you seem healthy and there is no family history doesn’t mean you aren’t at risk. Symptoms such as nausea, back pain, pains in your left arm or side, sharp or dull jaw pains and what seems like indigestion are all subtle hints that you could be having a heart attack and should be taken very seriously. Don’t be embarrassed, call an ambulance, if the heart event gets worse on the way to the hospital they have the necessary means to help you.

Every second you wait you risk further damage to your heart, damage that can never be repaired. Sure, you may experience similar symptoms and it may not be a heart attack but the worst that can happen is you may feel a little silly, but if it is a heart attack there is nothing silly about saving your life. Everyone is familiar with movie heart attacks and sometimes they do manifest in a similar way but most times they are like I have described here. The symptoms can be subtle but if you know what to look for then you are ahead of the game.

When I had my heart attack in 2009 I was lucky that I had known about a shooting pain in the jaw as a heart attack symptom, if I hadn’t I might not be here now to relate my story. We all want to think that this is what happens to other people not me and we ignore such symptoms because we don’t want to believe it is is real and you need to understand this because it could very well save your life and give you many more years with your loved ones. Know the signs of a heart attack.

The Warning Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack

Medical experts agree that with most heart attacks one or more of the following symptoms will occur leading up to the cardiac event. For myself when I had a heart attack back in May of 2009 I started with a sick feeling in my stomach and minor chest pain that felt more like indigestion. To further my thinking that it was indigestion I felt better whenever I belched. I disregarded the initial signs as being indigestion. Fortunately for myself the third symptom I had made me realize quickly that I may be having a heart attack. I had a shooting pain in my lower jaw which is a classic symptom of a heart attack.

Below is a list of the most common symptoms and signs that you may be having a heart attack. If you should experience one or more of these symptoms do not take a chance and get to an emergency room immediately, it could mean the difference between life and death.

Angina (chest pain): This pain has been described many ways and may feel differently to each person that has it. The pain has been described as a discomfort in the center of the chest, a tightness, pressure, numbness, burning, fullness and squeezing pain. The symptom usually acts up for a while and then dissipates only to reappear again. As in my case this symptom is often mistaken for indigestion or heartburn.

Pain in the extremities or upper torso region of the body: These pains can consist of aching or dull pains in the shoulder or arm muscles as well as the back, neck and jaw areas. The pain can also be a shooting pain down you arms to your fingers or in your neck, jaw and shoulder area. Numbness may also occur.

Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath: If these symptoms come on all of a sudden and you have never had any difficulty with breathing before this is something to get looked at immediately.

Sweating and cold sweat: Another common symptom that often goes overlooked.

Nausea and vomiting: More signs that are often overlooked due to the person thinking they may be getting sick or had bad food. If this symptom comes on suddenly then you should get to a hospital or call for help.

Light headed: feeling very weak or anxious are more symptoms to take seriously if they come upon you suddenly, especially if you are not doing anything strenuous at the moment when you feel this way.

Rapid and irregular heart beats: You may not know if your heart is beating irregularly but you will certainly know if it is beating rapidly and if you arent doing anything strenuous or straining to the body at the time this symptom occurs then it could be a clear indicator of a heart attack coming on.

Just knowing these symptoms is not enough. We fool ourselves into thinking this couldn’t happen to me. Most heart attack victims disregard the initial signs of a cardiac event. I know I did. I disregarded the first two symptoms I had which were pains in my chest and feeling sick to my stomach. I could never have a heart attack so it had to be indigestion. I was wrong and could have easily died thinking that way. It took the third symptom of a shooting pain in my jaw to convince me that I was having a heart attack. That very symptom which was the last symptom I had showed up over 24 hours after the initial symptoms.

Do not take these signs and symptoms lightly. The quicker you act the better chances you have that you will survive the heart attack and the better chances are that the cardiac event will be minor. If you think you are having a heart attack chew an aspirin or two that will release the aspirin into your blood stream faster and thin your blood which could also save your life.

Top Ten Heart Attack Myths

There are a number of myths about heart care and more specifically about heart attack that really need to be dispelled once and for all. We obviously want to stay clear of heart ailments so we carry with us a number of beliefs about things that we consider will either keep us safe from or make us more prone to a heart attack. But many of these may be misguiding or downright wrong. So let us do away with the unnecessary fears and learn what will actually help our hearts.

Below are some common misconceptions about heart attacks:

If you are Physically fit you are not prone to a heart attack: Most of doctors these days in the heightened reality of nutrition and well being stress the fact that those who are overweight, eat out a lot, or do not exercise and lead a sedentary lifestyle are more susceptible to heart attacks. While they are not wrong, those who are thin, do regular exercise and eat a proper healthy diet are not safe from heart attacks either. This is because cholesterol deposits which are the most common cause of clogging of arteries can be present in thin people too. Physical appearance can many times mask an underlying health problem.

Moreover heart problems and heart attacks are also genetic. So if you have a history of heart issues in your family you are more likely to have a hereditary link. There are also factors like diabetes, high cholesterol or high blood pressure that put you at a risk, no matter your weight. Gender and age also matter. So in spite of how healthy you look or feel, get a check up to ascertain your heart’s health!

Heart attack symptoms are easily recognizable: While we are pretty used to watching men, in the typical Hollywood movies, clutching their chests and falling down from what is apparently a heart attack, it usually isn’t so obvious in real life. The classic symptoms of a heart attack include a heavy feeling in the chest that may be painful. But the heaviness or pain may spread to the left arm, neck, or jaw. Another often ignored symptom is indigestion or heart burn, it may just be something you ate or it could be a heart attack.

Symptoms include:

. Chest pain

. Pressure, heaviness or tightness in the chest

. Pain or pressure in the neck or jaw

. Pain or pressure in one or both arms (especially the left)

. Shortness of breath

. Sweating

. Nausea

. Pain or throbbing between the shoulder blades

Many people suffer from heart attacks but assume it is only heartburn or fatigue. When it comes to your heart, it’s important to consult a doctor rather than to self diagnose!

No chest pain, no heart attack: Most of us believe that if we were having a heart attack, it would involve having chest pain. But as mentioned above recognizing a heart attack isn’t that easy. The classic signs include chest pain but it needn’t really cause chest pain. According to CNN, 40 to 60 percent of all heart attacks are unrecognized by their victims. If you’re having some sort of unusual discomfort in your back, chest or upper arms, whether or not it is in the middle of your back or the middle of your chest, don’t wait until your heart stops, call an ambulance. Never drive yourself to the hospital if you think you are having a heart attack as you might kill yourself and others doing so.

Women do not suffer from heart attacks: Since women in movies do not clutch at their hearts and collapse to the floor it is assumed that women do not suffer from heart attacks. True, women are less prone to heart attacks before menopause due to the presence of estrogen, which protects them from heart attacks, but post menopause women are just as prone to heart attacks as men are, in fact, probably more so.

According to statistics: [courtesy Women's Heart Foundation]

Worldwide, 8.6 million women die from heart diseases each year (including heart attacks), accounting for a third of all deaths in women.

Women are twice as likely as men to die within the first few weeks after suffering a heart attack.

38% of women and 25% of men die within one year of a first recognized heart attack.

Women share the same symptoms as men for a heart attack

Women do not usually experience the commonly expected chest pain as men do when they suffer from heart attacks. 71% of women experience early warning signs of heart attack with sudden onset of extreme weakness that feels like the flu – often with no chest pain at all. Nearly two-thirds of the deaths from heart attacks in women occur among those who have no history of chest pain at all. Even if they do experience mild chest discomfort they simply do not perceive it to be a heart attack like men do. So they must get any abnormal pain checked out.

Here are some of the symptoms of female heart attack:

Shortness of breath


Unusual fatigue



Abdominal discomfort that may seem like indigestion

Medical professionals are challenged to respond to women’s milder symptoms, due to insufficient information and often times when women present in the emergency room with a heart attack they are initially misdiagnosed.

If you have a pain in your chest, you must not sit around and wait to see if it goes away.

If you’re having significant chest discomfort, shortness of breath, or any other symptoms that suggest a heart attack, call 911 or any clinic’s emergency number. If you delay treatment when you are having a heart attack you could cause irreparable damage to your heart and it could also prove to be fatal.

Emotions play no role in a heart attack: It is possible to die of fright, or for that matter grief, anger, joy, or just about any other intense emotion. Though usually victims are older and likely to be in unstable health conditions, even younger people could be so affected. It is possible for a terrifying event to trigger a fatal heart attack.

Multiple scientific studies show that important mind and body connections exist for health in general and cardiovascular health in particular. Your levels of stress and wellbeing are extremely important for your cardiovascular health. Higher stress levels or negative emotions like anger or depression could burden your heart pumping due to release of certain hormones in our blood stream like adrenalin. You should therefore look for ways and means to reduce stress and negative emotions in your lives.

Heart attacks are for the old

Though predominantly those who are older are more prone to having a heart attack, it is possible to start developing coronary artery disease as a teenager especially these days with fast food and junk food being a primary source of nutrition for many young people. People in their 20s and 30s have suffered from heart attacks. A heart-healthy lifestyle needs to begin in the childhood, so that kids don’t develop bad habits that they carry to adulthood. Parents should encourage their kids to exercise, limit time spent in front of the television or computer screen, and partake of healthy, well-balanced meals.

Children, who are obese, have high blood pressure or a family history of heart disease are at a higher risk. Also, although rare, some children (usually due to genetic differences) can have unusually high cholesterol and thus an increased risk for heart disease.

Another problem today is the kind of lifestyle that we live. Especially the young working population today lives an unbalanced life with no exercise, a lot of junk food and high stress levels. Not to mention overexposure to technology and the sedentary lifestyle it promotes that is proving to harm our lives. For the young it is especially necessary to have regular checkups and a conscious effort to maintain a well balanced life.

New Warning Sign of Heart Attack

Myocardial infarction, or heart attack, can happen fast and kill quickly. But scientists at the University of Connecticut Health Center say they have found a protein fragment in the blood that can be a predictor of heart attack. The protein in question is called Caspase-3 p17. Elevated levels of it, said researchers, is a red flag for trouble.

We’ve discovered a new biomarker for heart attack, and showed that apoptosis, or a particular kind of cell death, is a cause of heart muscle damage. lead researcher Dr. Bruce Liang said in a statement. The ability to see a heart attack coming with a simple blood test and to develop new therapies to block apoptosis would enable us to get a head start on treatment and preserve crucial heart muscle and cardiac function.

Liang said a test for the protein fragment should work in humans, but has not yet met regulatory approval.

Getting a jump start on heart attacks is important work. There are more than a million coronary attacks each year in America, according to the American Heart Association. Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in this country, taking almost half a million people each year.

The research was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and included scientists from the Mayo Clinic and the Mayo Medical School, Rochester, Minn.

Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction (MI) means that part of the heart muscle suddenly loses its blood supply. Without immediate treatment, this can lead to damage to the affected part of the heart. An MI is often called a heart attack or a coronary thrombosis.

The heart pumps blood into arteries (blood vessels) which take the blood to every part of the body. The heart muscle, like all muscles, always needs a good blood supply. The coronary arteries take blood to the heart muscle. The main coronary arteries branch off from the aorta. (The aorta. is the large artery that takes oxygen-rich blood from the heart chambers to the body.) The main coronary arteries divide into smaller branches then take blood to all parts of the heart muscle. If someone has an myocardial infarction, a coronary artery, or one of its smaller branches is suddenly blocked. The part of the heart muscle supplied by this artery loses its oxygen and blood supply. This part of the heart muscle is at risk of dying, unless the blockage is quickly undone. The word ‘infarction’ means death of some tissue due to a blocked artery which stops blood from getting past.

If one of the main coronary arteries is blocked, a large part of the heart muscle is affected. If a smaller branch artery is blocked, a smaller amount of heart muscle is affected. In people who survive an myocardial infarction, the part of the heart muscle that dies (‘infarcts’) is replaced by scar tissue over the next few weeks.

A small myocardial infarction occasionally happens without causing pain (a ‘silent myocardial infarction’). It may be pain-free, or sometimes the pain is mild and you may think it is only heartburn or ‘wind’. Collapse and sudden death may occur with a large or severe myocardial infarction.

Myocardial infarction is easier to diagnose these days due to the increase in technology advances. myocardial infarction may become avoidable through greater education and healthier choices in lifestyle.

The Reality of the Hollywood Heart Attack

It’s often stated that an extremely important matter is serious as a heart attack. This is rather ironic, simply because many Americans don’t take heart attacks seriously enough by understanding the warning indicators or how to react.

About 1.2 million Americans every year suffer a heart assault and over 40 % of them die. Almost half of all heart attack deaths happen before the individual reaches the hospital. Several lives might be saved if victims had been given clot-dissolving drugs along with other artery-opening remedies inside 1 hour of symptom onset.

Shockingly, most heart attack victims wait 2 or more hours after symptom onset prior to looking for medical help simply simply because they don’t acknowledge the accurate warning signs-expecting a heart assault to be sudden and intense, like a so-called Hollywood Heart Attack, where a person clutches his or her chest and falls over as often observed within the movies and television-and don’t understand the significance of calling 911.

Here’s why every second counts: The coronary heart is a muscular organ that functions 24 hours every day, pumping blood with oxygen and other nutrients towards the body. Blood is supplied towards the coronary heart via coronary arteries. A heart assault occurs when the supply of blood to an region of the coronary heart muscle is blocked, generally by a clot within the coronary artery. The longer an artery is obstructed and also the blood provide is cut off, the much more heart muscle will die and be replaced by scar tissue. Depending on the extent of heart muscle harm, a coronary heart attack might be deadly or disabling.

Treatments for a coronary heart attack work to open the blocked artery to restore blood flow as fast as possible to stop or limit coronary heart muscle injury and to lessen the chance of a repeat assault. To be most beneficial, heart assault remedies should be given as soon as possible-inside 1 hour of symptom onset.

Medications consist of:

Fibrinolytic, or clot-dissolving, therapy: prevents or limits coronary heart muscle harm by dissolving artery-blocking clots.

Aspirin: acts to thin the blood and reduce the size of the blood clot all through a heart attack.

Nitrates (such as nitroglycerin): relax blood vessels and cease chest pain.

Beta blockers: reduce nerve impulses towards the heart and blood vessels, making the coronary heart beat much more slowly and with much less force.

Physicians might also perform a special procedure-either in the course of a heart attack or afterwards-to improve blood flow to the heart muscle when coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked. These procedures consist of coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery.

Act in Time to Heart Attack Signs, a public education campaign of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, is being revitalized this year through the sponsorship of PDL BioPharma, Inc. The goals from the campaign are to inform Americans about the warning indicators of a coronary heart assault and also to urge them to call 911 instantly.

Getting the best information on Online CPR is no easy task these days. If you are searching for much more info on Online CPR, then I recommend you make your prior study so you will not end up becoming misinformed, or significantly worse, scammed.

Ladies, learn symptoms of heart attack

Ladies, you are just as much at risk for a heart attack as men and in certain cases you are at even more risk as men. It’s time to stop thinking a heart attack can’t happen to you and start learning what you can not only do to prevent a heart attack but what the warning signs and symptoms are and what you should do.

There are a lot of things we can all do to help prevent a heart attack and the following are the most recognized preventative measures.

Heart Attack Preventative Measures:

Exercise: At least 30 minutes a day 5 days a week goes a long way in keeping you fit and keeping your body working as it should.

Eat a Healthy Diet: Maintain a diet that is low in saturated fat, cholesterol and avoid unnecessary salt intake.

Maintain a healthy body mass index: While these indexes are usually off a little if you maintain a healthy diet and exercise you should be able to maintain a healthy body mass index. Keep in mind BMI calculators never take into account weight distribution.

Don’t Smoke: If you do smoke, quit. If you don’t smoke don’t start. Get regular checkups: Your doctor is your friend and getting checked regularly especially for lipid levels and blood pressure is very important.

While these preventive measures are great if you don’t know the signs and symptoms of a heart attack it might already be to late.

While there are a myriad of things that women can do to prevent a heart attack if you don’t know the warning signs and symptoms of a heart attack then it may already be too late. Not only woman still hold the belief that they aren’t as subjective to a heart attack as men, even medical personal including doctors continue to misdiagnose women entering the emergency room with a heart attack and part of the reason is that symptoms of a heart attack can vary from men to women.

Men often present with tightness in the chest and or chest pain, pain radiating down the left arm, shortness of breath and profuse sweating. While the most common traits in a woman’s heart attack are almost always different. While women do present with chest pain often it is usually more of a feeling of discomfort. Another symptom common in a woman’s heart attack seem to be nausea which is often misdiagnosed as food poisoning. Unusual fatigue is another common symptom for women that often is misdiagnosed until too late.

While women do present with the same classic symptoms as men they are usually singular in nature such as just shortness of breath or just neck pain which can be attributed to many things.

Often the reason given for female symptoms of heart attack differing from males symptoms comes down to the fact that women often experience blockages in much smaller vessels within the heart where men tend to have occurrences in the major coronary arteries. Men often develop sudden onset of heavy symptoms where in a woman the symptoms may come on much more slowly and not as dramatic.

We can all have a heart attack at any time but if you are over forty you should talk with your physician about heart attacks and ask if it would be a good idea to start taking daily low dose aspirin. Everyone should carry full strength aspirin (325mg tablet) with them at all times. If you think you are having a heart attack immediately put the aspirin tablet in your mouth and chew it up before swallowing it. This could save your life if you are having a heart attack.

Depression and Heart Attacks

20 years ago if you had a heart attack and survived chances are you spent a significant amount of time in the hospital. Your doctor or doctors would be around daily and everyone from the nurses to the food servers would be checking on you to make sure you were doing okay. Back then if you had a blocked artery that caused your heart attack you had 2 choices depending on how badly it was blocked. A bad blockage would mean heart bypass surgery where a minor blockage meant drugs to bust the blockage.

Either way you spent at least 2 to 3 weeks in the hospital. Nowadays if you have a heart attack from a severely blocked artery chances are you will have heart catheterization and a stent would be placed in the affected area. After 3 days in the hospital being monitored you’ll be sent

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