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El Regimiento de la Luisiana-Vol 2

El Regimiento de la Luisiana-Vol 2

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El Regimiento de la Luisiana-Vol 2

81 pagine
46 minuti
Jan 10, 2011


The second of a four volume series designed as a continued practical reenactors guide. Begins with highlights of the Siege of Pensacola; followed by a listing of American colonials who became associates of the regiment. Illustrated. Reenactors’ Notes give useful tips in making uniforms and accruements for living history displays.

Jan 10, 2011

Informazioni sull'autore

Graduation from New York University led to a career in education. An M.A., supported by graduate work (Hofstra), and a doctoral program (CUNY), concluded my formal education. Old books, museums and musty libraries fascinated me. I wanted to bring my findings to life.I discovered a path to the past through living history. While a 12-year member of the Brigade of the American Revolution (1975-1986), I recreated el Regimiento de la Luisiana, which became a practical basis for writing.During the American Bicentennial, my group demonstrated from Canada to Florida. As reenactment-commander, I accepted the surrender of British colors at San Augustine. During my tenure, I participated in instructional exercises on the life and times of common Revolutionary War soldiers at the U.S. Military Academy. I received the prestigious Sons of the American Revolution medal. Research on the Bourbon Family’s role in the Americas triggered travels in Latin America, and Europe.I joined the Kingdom of Spain’s cultural effort to publicize its role during the American Revolution; participated in PBS and; Hollywood films (Sweet Liberty); and worked successfully for the issuance of a Bernardo de Gálvez Stamp.In Arizona, after horseback riding on the Gila River, where de Gálvez ventured, my ‘sketches’ twisted—nonfiction became historical fiction; then came the Journalist of the Magdalena Series, a saga of a family challenged with political upheavals, a border war, and drug expansion as they pioneer aviation.Why fiction? “Fiction, when presented with well-defined characters and plots, best pulls another time from dormant dusty pages and drawings.”Memberships included: Arizona Author’s, Company of Military Historians, Hispanic Society of America, NRA, Romance Writers of America, and Southwest Valley Writers.Past-time: rainforest travelsAuthors: Jeff Shaara, John Jakes, Thomas Fleming, Gary JenningsNext novel: The Eagles of the Sierra Madre

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El Regimiento de la Luisiana-Vol 2 - A. J. Osorio

El Regimiento de la Luisiana:

A description of the

Colonial Spanish Regiment,


with their Manual of Arms of 1768

Alfred J. Osorio

Editing and translation by the author

Folder 2

(Four Folders)

Smashwords Edition for e-books

El Regimiento de la Luisiana: A description of the colonial Spanish Regiment, 1777-1781 with their Manual of Arms of 1768

Copyright 2002, 2008 by Alfred J. Osorio

All rights reserved

Smashwords E-Book Edition, License Notes

This e-book is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This e-book may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each person you share. If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then you should return to and purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

This book is available at

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Osorio, Alfred

El Regimiento de la Luisiana: A description of the colonial Spanish Regiment, 1777-1781 with their Manual of Arms of 1768

Volume 2

1. Military history. 2. Spain. 3. 1700s

ISBN: 978-1-4524-1910-7

Produced in the United States of America

In four volumes

Authors Notes for Volume 2 (Folder 2)

Volume Two continues with the Gálvez Gulf campaigns against the English. Many of the pages have Reenactors Notes for further applications of researched material. Again, these sections are for those who are interested in making their uniforms and accoutrements.

I Alone…the Siege of Fort George, Pensacola, Florida April-May 1781

War Clouds Come to the Gulf…

Fort George stood as the major bastion of British rule in the Floridian panhandle. Its Brigadier General Campbell had 1200 men under arms—regulars and Waldeckers (with another 700 militia, sailors, artillerists, Negroes, hundreds of Native American allies), and 120 Pennsylvania and Maryland Loyalists. His defenders had spent over a year preparing for a possible siege. The event stalled for some time, as a number of hurricanes had hit the region in 1780.

On a March 1781 day, when Campbell saw the enemy’s fleet on the horizon he realized he was greatly outnumbered. Gálvez was determined to capture Fort George, and he came with a convoy of 16 ships with a total force of 1,409 men from el Rey, el Principe, Majorca, España, Soria, Guadalajara, Toledo, Aragón, Navarra, los Voluntarios de Cataluña, la Hibernia, and Ultonia, and las Dragonas del Regimiento de América. The two fixos regiments, la Habana and la Luisiana joined the regulars. The later included 5 officers, 8 noncommissioned officers and 40 men from los grenaderos de la Luisiana; 3 officers, 7 noncommissioned officers and 33 men from los Dragonas de la Luisiana. Its light infantry or chasseurs known as los Cazadores de la Luisiana. They had 5 officers, 13 non-commissioned officers, and 64 men. A colored militia of 5 officers, 24-non-commissioned officers fielded, along with 114 men of the mulatto corps with their 5 officers, 22 non-commissioned officers.

A Negro militia of 101 men arrived in April. Gálvez concluded that they were not enough. He returned to Habana to seek more troops from the captain-general de Cuba, who reluctantly provided him with the balance of a promised 7,000 troops. France pledged 2,000 men with the necessary ships to transport and protect them.

When the combined fleet gathered at the entrance of the inlet, which sheltered Pensacola, the officers quibbled with Gálvez. They refused to enter the waters. The commander of the Spanish fleet concluded that the entrance to Pensacola was too dangerous for his ships. The British had batteries at Fort George and Fort. Barrancas. Gálvez differed with the naval commander, and then turned to Pierre George Rousseau. The hero of an earlier naval battle on Lake Pontchartrain, and a man who was destined to play

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