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# General Relativity 1: Newton vs Einstein

## Descrizione

Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are the two major pillars of 20th century physics. These theories, launched within five years of one another, revolutionized our understanding of nature. They utterly dismantled the conceptual basis of Newtonian physics that had been the gold standard of science for over 200 years, and introduced radically new concepts that defy human intuition. These theories may represent the greatest upheaval in the history of science. Both Relativity and Quantum Mechanics were launched over 100 years ago, yet we are still digesting their broad and stunning implications. Both theories have been exhaustively tested and confirmed to extraordinary precision; as bizarre as they may seem at first, there is no denying that they describe our world as it really is.

Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity, published in 1905, applies only to special situations in which everything moves with constant velocity — when there are no forces and no accelerations. In particular, Special Relativity assumes that the effects of gravity are negligible. While this theory revolutionized our understanding of many important natural phenomena, there was clearly a need to extend the theory to include forces and, most importantly, to incorporate gravity.

This book is the first of several in the Everyone’s Guide Series devoted to General Relativity. Here, we will compare the theories of gravity of history’s two greatest physicists: Newton and Einstein. We will discuss Einstein’s “Happiest Moment”, when he discovered the Equivalence Principle, and examine its important consequences. We will also discuss some several unexpectedly complex effects of gravity: tidal forces and time dilation.

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### General Relativity 1 - Robert Piccioni

### General Relativity

### 1: Newton vs. Einstein

by

*Robert L. Piccioni, Ph.D. *

*Enjoy Exploring Your Universe *

*with the *

*Everyone's Guide Series *

Published by

Real Science Publishing

3949 Freshwind Circle

Westlake Village, CA 91361, USA

Smashwords Edition

Edited by Joan Piccioni

Copyright © 2013 by Robert L. Piccioni

All rights reserved, including the right of

reproduction in whole or in part, in any form.

Visit our web site: www.guidetothecosmos.com

Published in 2013

**About the Author **

*Robert L. Piccioni, Ph.D. *

Robert and granddaughter Isabella

You are never too young or too old to wonder: Why?

Author, physicist, and science educator, Dr. Robert Piccioni explains the wonders of our universe at universities, high schools, churches, civic and business groups, adult education programs, and on cruise ships.

Robert has a B.S. from Caltech and a Ph.D. in high-energy physics from Stanford University. He has taught at Harvard University and at the Osher Institute at UCLA and CSUCI, where students voted him Teacher of the Year.

He ran eight high-tech companies and holds patents in medical devices, semiconductor technology, and smart energy.

Robert is the award-winning author of three popular science books that are all top-rated by readers young and old and by professional reviewers.

**Checkout Dr. Piccioni's website: **

**www.guidetothecosmos.com **

**for **

** Printed Books, each **top-rated by Amazon readers:

*• Everyone's Guide to Atoms, Einstein, and the Universe *

*• Can Life Be Merely An Accident? *

*• A World Without Einstein *

∙

** DVDs of **his most popular presentations:

• Einstein for Everyone

• Einstein and Light

• General Relativity for Everyone

• The Micro-World of Subatomic Particles

• Dark Matter & Dark Energy

• Can Life Be Merely An Accident?

• Science and Faith

** Newsletters on **the latest scientific developments

*ebook singles *— *The Everyone's Guide Series *

• Einstein's Life: Persistence Overcomes Rejection

• Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity

• Einstein's Theory of General Relativity

• Quantum Mechanics

• Atoms & Telling Time with Timeless Atoms

• Particles & Waves: Opposites All In One

• Our Place in the Universe

• We are Made of Stardust

• Black Holes, White Dwarfs, and Neutron Stars

...and many more

**Dedication **

This book is dedicated to my grandson, Hunter Thomas Johns.

His greatest accomplishment so far is being 9.0 pounds and 23 inches long at birth.

Hunter is