Wreck Diving Magazine

The All-Out Air and Sea Battle for Guadalcanal (Part 2)

Summer of 1942

Since the Pearl Harbor surprise raid by the Japanese on December 7, 1941, the United States military had yet to significantly enter the war in Europe or North Africa against Germany and Italy (the American invasion of Morocco, Oran and Algiers in North Africa would not occur until November), and had been suffering defeats in Asia to the advancing Japanese with the devastating loss of the Philippines and Wake Island, plus other Americanheld territories. The back-pedaling in the Pacific took a toll on America’s morale, but the tide was about to change as the summer months began during 1942.

After a slap-in-the-face aerial raid by Gen. Jimmy Doolittle’s 16 carrierlaunched B-25 bombers on Tokyo in April, the Japanese advance was first halted in May when a Japanese convoy’s attempt to invade New Guinea’s Port Mosby was thwarted The All-Out Air and Sea Battle for Guadalcanal (Part 2)Text and Photographs by David Prichard and Lily Mak during the Battle of the Coral Sea. A task force of American and Australian ships with the carriers Yorktown and Lexington sank a Japanese light carrier and damaged two other carriers which forced the Japanese to abandon the invasion of Port Mosby. The U.S. Navy suffered the loss of the Lexington due to uncontrollable fires after battle damage and the carrier had to be scuttled. The Japanese also believed they had sunk the Yorktown as well, but it was only damaged, and participated in the turning-point battle the next month.

The Japanese also believed they had sunk the Yorktown as well, but it was only damaged, and participated in the turning-point battle the next month.

The Japanese naval advance was completely stopped in June at the Battle of Midway (nicknamed the “Battle of the Carriers”) when the U.S. Navy task force carrier aircraft (from the Hornet, Enterprise and Yorktown), under Admirals Chester Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance, sank four Japanese aircraft carriers (Akagi, Kaga, Soryu and Hiryu) against the loss of the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown and a destroyer. Japanese fleet commanders Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondo had to send their ships back to Japanese-held territory near Japan and their naval base at Truk Lagoon.

The Push Back

The Japanese plan for the conquest of the Pacific region initially included the invasion of Australia,

Stai leggendo un'anteprima, registrati per continuare a leggere.

Altro da Wreck Diving Magazine

Wreck Diving Magazine5 min letti
SS President Coolidge
In February 1931, a huge ship slid down the slipway at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company in Virginia. The 653-foot-long hulk, which moments later splashed into the water, had a tonnage of 21,936 GRT (gross registered tons) and was to
Wreck Diving Magazine8 min letti
Oland
Oland is an island on the Swedish east coast in the Baltic Sea. The island is 150 km long so there is a lot to see. If there are bad weather conditions on one end, you can always drive to the other end so you can make the most of your stay. Accommoda
Wreck Diving Magazine12 min letti
Skeletons In The Sand
The thrill of shipwreck discovery is often found beneath the water. The excitement of discovery, whether you are the first diver or the most recent, comes as you drop down in the ocean or at the bottom of a lake or river. That being said, diving, esp