As physical stress is applied to the human body, the natural response is for it to adapt to accommodate this stress. If the same stress is applied over a longer period of time without break, the body’s adaptation will peak, plateau, and then decline. By organizing a long training period into a number of phases, you can avoid these plateaus and reach higher levels of fitness and performance than ever before.

Here are the basics

The macrocycle is the major time period that constitutes a competition year. Comprised of 2 or more mesocycles, it’s most often 6 months to 1 year in length, depending on the competition schedule, but can be up to 4 years for Olympic athletes.

Mesocycles are

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