arrett A. Lobell’s article “What Sank ?” (January/February 2019) rightly commemorates a little-known but significant event of WWI. After spending my career at the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, retirement has allowed me time to study the historical significance of submarine and antisubmarine technologies. The fantasy of submarine warfare became a reality during the opening months of WWI when Germany’s torpedoed and sank three British warships in the North Sea. With the arrival off the U.S. coast in July 1918 of , the second of five U-cruisers to cross the Atlantic, naval warfare would never be the same. The loss of brought that reality to America. In a postwar interview, Frederick Körner, an officer aboard , which laid mines at the entrance to the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays, spoke these prophetic words: “We had shown a skeptical world that even the wide expanse of the Atlantic was not enough to keep us from a super-raid to the coast of far-off America. To those who can see into the future, surely this is a warning of what later wars may bring.”

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